|Agroforestry In-service Training: A Training Aid for Asia & the Pacific Islands (Peace Corps, 1984)|
0800 - 1000 hrs.
WORKSHOP ADMINISTRATION; EXPECTATIONS; GOALS AND
Participants will understand the administrative procedures for the week. They will come to agreement on the goals and objectives of the IST and understand the agenda and training methodology to be utilized.
· Explain the session.
· Participants divide into pre-defined groups to identify individual expectations of the IST and of the workshop staff.
· As a group, list expectations.
· Staff then presents their perceived goals and expectations and compare them to those of the participants.
· Training agenda is presented and discussed.
· Modification in goals and objectives as well as the agenda are made to meet new expressed needs and a final version is agreed upon.
· The Adult Learning Theory is discussed.
Newsprint, markers, masking tape.
1015 - 1115 hrs.
To understand the importance of working in the field as a team. To develop a stronger and more confident working relationship and understanding among PCVs and their HCN counterparts.
· Trainer leads discussion on what it means to be a counterpart.
· Divide into counterpart teams (PCV & HCN) and list their motivations for working in development.
· Small groups present lists and report on their motives. Trainer then leads discussion concerning common motives listed.
· Trainers conduct role play between PCV and HCN simulating a counterpart team working relationship. It should be done by a female and male trainer.
· Trainer leads discussion of role play.
Newsprint, markers, and two trainers for role play.
1115 - 1200 hrs.
WOMEN IN DEVELOPMENT (WID) SLIDE SHOW AND
The participants will recognize and be able to discuss the role of women in the development process and more specifically in forestry and to that end, the importance of integrating women into the community analysis and project planning procedure.
· Women in Development slide show presentation.
· Trainer leads discussion of the slide show and how it relates to women in forestry, more specifically, women's role in forestry in the respective work sites/countries of the trainees.
· Discuss how women can be integrated into the project planning process.
· Discuss the counterpart roleplay done in an earlier session and the relationship between the female PCV and her male HCN counterpart.
Women in Development Slide Show.
1330 - 1515 hrs.
CONCEPTS OF AGROFORESTRY, HISTORY AND DEVELOPMENT;
CLASSIFICATION AND COMPARISON OF AGROFORESTRY SYSTEMS
The participants will have an understanding of the history and development of agroforestry and be able to discuss and classify different agroforestry systems and state their advantages and disadvantages.
Procedure: Lecture should include:
· An historical perspective of traditional agroforestry systems beginning with slash and burn agriculture through its stabilization. Include cultural changes through time and its effect on the system of agriculture practiced.
· Several ways of classifying agroforestry systems (by spatial arrangements, by sequence and by major product).
· How different components within an agroforestry system utilize the different soil and light stratas.
· Process of selecting the appropriate combination of crops, animals and trees for agroforestry systems.
· Discussion of lecture.
Handout: New Directions in Agroforestry: The Potential of Tropical Legume Trees; Selection of Legume Trees for Agroforestry. By Dr. Napoleon Vergara.
1530 - 1630 hrs.
ECOLOGY AND CONSERVATION
The participants will have a general understanding of the problems, their origins and the effect that the loss of tropical forests is having on the ecology. They will then be able to discuss potential solutions and how those solutions relate to their involvement in development assistance.
Through group discussion, led by a trainer, the participants will be able to:
· Identify the ill effects of deforestation on the ecology.
· Identify the origins/causes of deforestation both natural and those induced by humans.
· Propose and discuss possible solutions to the problems deforestation poses on the ecology and relate those potential solutions back to their particular work sites.
1630 - 1730 hrs.
LAND USE PLANNING
The participants will have a working understanding of the methodology and the sequence of events that go into land use planning and its implications on project success or failure.
Procedure: Lecture should include:
· Definition of land use planning: A process of judging the best use of a piece of land to achieve the goals of the users.
· Guidelines for setting goals and objectives in land use planning. Process should include data gathering within the community concerning their needs and the parcel of land to be utilized.
· How and what kind of information to be researched in the land use planning process.
· Instructions for mapping a land use plan.
1745 - 1830 hrs.
PRESENTATION OF AGROFORESTRY
The participants will have a clear understanding of what the objective of the group agroforestry project is and the steps to take to reach that objective.
· Trainer explains to the participants that they will be conducting a site survey in a local community.
· The methodology for the site survey is briefly explained. Further the participants are informed as to the type of data to collect and who in the community is best to interview as they attempt to obtain the needed information. Participants are reminded of the morning session regarding the role of women in development.
· It is explained to the trainees that they will be expected to do an oral presentation at the end of the training.
The original expectation was for the participants to design an agroforestry system based on information gathered during their community field visit. As a result of several group discussions throughout the training, the style and content of presentations were left to the discretion of each group. This produced some very interesting presentations ranging from the intended agroforestry plan to what would the next step be in the community analysis/information gathering process.
END OF EACH DAY
REVIEW AND PROCESSING
For each participant to have a clear understanding of the day's activities and how they relate to the overall goals and objectives of the IST. To provide an opportunity for the review of the next days activities and objectives.
Procedure: Trainer leads a group discussion which should include:
· A review of each session and whether the session objectives were met.
· Discussion of any unfinished sessions.
· Feedback on how training is proceeding.
· A review of the next day's schedule and goals.
The review and processing session was repeated at the end of each day.