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close this bookCommercialization of Non-Timber Forest Products in Amazonia (NRI, 1993)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAbbreviations
View the documentGlossary
View the documentSummary
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentRubber and extractive reserves
View the documentOther extractive products
View the documentImpact of commercialization
View the documentThe future of extractivism
View the documentResearch and development priorities
View the documentConclusions
View the documentReferences
View the documentAppendix 1
View the documentAppendix 2

Appendix 1

Description of the most important commercial NTFPs in Amazonia

Lescure and De Castro (1992)

ACAl PALM

Euterpe Olerala Mart. The fruit makes a highly prized drink and the hearts, under the name Palmito, are the basis of a canning industry producing Palm Hearts.

ANDIROBA

Carapa spp. Meliaceae. The seeds are collected for medicinal oil and made into soap suitable for skin care.

BABACU

Orbinia martiana Barb Rodr. Arecaceae.


The seeds are collected for processing into an edible oil.

BALATA

Manilkara Bidentata A. DC. Chev


Sapotaceae. The solid latex become an inelastic gum similar to gutta percha.

BORRACHA

Solid latex of various species of Hevea


(Euphorbiaceae)

CASTANHA

The seed of Bertholletia excelsa H.B.K.


Lecthidaceae internationally known as the Para nut or Brazil nut.

CAUCHO

Castilloa ulei Warb. Moraceae. The latex solidifies to form an elastic gum similar to that obtained from Hevea.

COPAlBA

Copaifera spp. Caesalpiniacea. The oleo resin has anti-bacteria properties and is used in skin care soaps.

CUMARU

Dipteryx odorata (Aubl) Willd,


Papilionaceae. The seeds are harvested to prepare the essential oil, coumarin.

LICURI

Syagrus coronata (Mart.) Beccari


Arecaceae. This produces a vegetable wax.

MACARANDUBA Manilkara buberi (Ducke) Chev.


Sapotaceae. This forms a solid latex which is an inelastic gum similar to balata.

PIACAVA

A fibre derived from Leopoldica piassaba(Wallace), in Amazonia or from Attalea funifera in northeast Brazil.

SORVA

Couma spp. (Apocynaceae). An edible gum.

TIMBO

Plants toxic to fish of the genera


Tephrosia, Derris and Lonchocarpus


(Caesalpiniaceae), which are harvested for their roots to extract rotenoid derivatives.

TUCUMU

A fibre derived from various Astrocaryum


(Arecaceae).

UCUUBA

(Virola spp. Myristicaceae). The oil containing seeds are harvested for oil used in soap manufacture.

PAU ROSA

Rosewood oil is derived from the species


Aniba Rosueodora and Aniba ducke. Koster(Lauraceae).