|Sustainable Energy News - No. 06 September 1994 (INFORSE, 1994)|
European INforSE Meeting
The third European INforSE meeting took place in Deister, Germany July 9 with participants representing 12 organizations from 10 countries.
After the election of the chairman and the rapporteur, the first point on the agenda was the adoption of bylaws for INforSE-Europe. After a long discussion and a number of smaller amendments, the proposed bylaws were adopted by unanimous decision. The adoption of the bylaws was a major step for the formalization of INforSE - Europe. The bylaws affirm the principle that all core members can act on behalf of INforSE - Europe after notifying the European coordinators of the proposed activity, if the coordinators do not object to the proposed activity.
The coming activities of INforSE Europe were discussed in the framework of the action plan for 1994-95. Major activities will be the INforSE Campaign, continued lobbying activities, support of member activities, and continued fund-raising. It was also decided that INforSE - Europe will support the Walk Across Europe for A Nuclear-Free World 1995 and its information activities on sustainable energy. It was decided to continue with only 2 working groups:
· the Seminar 1995 Working Group, consisting of Georg Loser (BUND, Germany) and Gunnar Olesen (OVE, Denmark). - the Campaign Working Group consisting of Emil Bedi (FAE, Slovakia) and Gunnar Olesen.
More working groups can be formed during the year, if necessary.
Emil Bedi and Gunnar Olesen were re-elected as coordinators. The next INforSE - Europe meeting will take place during the 1995 European Sustaimble Energy Seminar in July 1995.
In Europe, the INforSE campaign is now carried out under the title Sustainab1e Energy, Employment, and Social Development. The background paper for the campaign was discussed at the seminar in Deister, July 1994, and an amended version is now ready and available from the INforSE coorditors. The paper is supplemented with a proposal on micro-hydro for Central and Eastern Europe, and will be supplemented later with other specific proposals.
A number of campaign presentations and round tables are scheduled for the rest of 1994 and 1995. The first presentation was at Europe's largest consumer fair for environmental products, Oko '94. in Freiburg, Germany. During the fall of 1994, the following activities are planned:
· A one-day roundtable between energy and environmental NGOs and trade-unions in Bratislava, Slovakia in the end of October. The roundtable will be used to present and discuss proposals for sustainable energy andjob creation. There will be proposals for different technologies: biomass, cogeneration micro hydropower, etc., and there will be proposals for a CO2/energy tax for Central and Eastern European countries. Contact Emil Bedi (ph/fax: +42-7-364665).
A one-day seminar in Bonn during the last half of November in cooperation with BUND. In the seminar there will be presentations of new German studies of energy, environment, and employment. Contact BUND or INforSE - Europe (ph/fax +45 8610 6466/6188); launching a mobile exhibition on sustainable energy for Central and Eastern Europe.
An important part of the European campaign is participating in the international INforSE campaign. Besides the international events, there are several national events focussing on the campaign theme in Germany, Spain, Denmark and other countries.
Energy Seminar '94
For the 5th time, Western and Eastern European NGOs met for a week in July to share ideas and knowledge, get better informed and build up contacts to cooperate towards sustainable energy solutions in their respective countries. As in previous years, the INforSE Europe annual meeting was held on the day following the seminar. The main organisers were the Energie- und Umweltzentrum and OVE/INforSE.
The seminar was held in a unique place, Energie- und Umweltzentrum (the Energy and Environment Center), 30 km from Hannover, Germany. The center itself is a demonstration of different low-energy and environmentally friendly solutions. The lecture rooms and the living rooms of the participants are in the new low-energy guest building. The center is well equipped with several demonstration objects and projects like different insulation patterns, PV panels, rain water recycling systems, etc. The newest projects are a Zero-Energy House and two wind turbines which were built in cooperation with the Center.
The lectures, workshops, and discussions covered different aspects, including practical, theoretical, and political issues. The topics of the work shops were: Solar Energy, Low Energy Housing, Energy Saving Techniques, Sustainable Energy and Employment, Cooperation on a European Level. Presentations included the issue of the Climate Change Program of Hannover,energy taxations, and the European Union Energy Programs. During the excursion, the participants visited the Solar Energy Research Institute and an ecological renovated block of city houses for 400 people. The planning of the renovation was done in cooperation with the people living there. Among other energy-saving measures that were taken, the walls were insulated, windows were changed, and a cogeneration plant was installed.
Sustainable Energy Seminar 1995
The preliminary date and venue of next year's European Sustainable Energy Seminar are July 3-8 in Slovakia near Bratislava. The vision is to hold a seminar that will unite the European NGOs working for sustainable energy, and to do it as a joint activity of INforSE Europe, Greenway Energy Group, Climate Network Europe, and WISE, World Information Service on Energy. During the seminar there will be a visit to some practical examples of sustainable energy usage: of solar energy and biomass in Austria and of geothermal energy in Slovakia. The European INforSE meeting 1995 will take place during the seminar, probably on July 8.
The Gardony Declaration
At the Greenway Energy Group Conference in Gardony, Hungary, May 2529, NGO representatives from 18 Central and Eastern European countries formulated an energy policy agenda, The Gardony Declaration. The main proposals of the agenda are: make integrated resource planning (IRP) the standard approach for energy investment decisions; implement demand-side management (DSM) programs in all energy sectors; introduce clear and independent regulation of utilities, when they are due to be privatized; coordinate programs to support renewable energy projects; make a moratorium on all part built nuclear plants, and implement immediate phase-out plan for nuclear reactors; setting tough targets for pollution reductions in order to respect the ecological limits of the planet; promote public participation and free access to data on the energy systems.
EU Energy Market and Greenbook on Energy
The new proposals from the European Union Commission for common electricity and gas markets were discussed among the EU energy ministers in June, but no final agreement was reached. The German Presidency of the EU has announced that it will propose a new compromise this fall. Such a compromise will probably concentrate on the electricity market, and limit new EU-regulations. Hopefully it will also address the environmental parts of the electricity sectors' duties as public service companies. This important reference to environment was missing in the proposal from the EUCommission. It remains lo be seen whether any agreement on a German compromise can be reached. It is quite possible that the discussions on internal energy markets will just continue as they have done since the first proposal from the Commission in 1992. In June, the EU Energy Ministers also started a new discussion process, leading to a Greenbook on Energy. The Greenbook, in itself a discussion paper, is now under preparation by the EU-Commission. The General Directorate on Energy has started the process by consulting the energy industry. The energy Commissioner, Marcelino Oreja, will give the first presentation of the issue at the EU Energy Minister meeting, November 30. The Greenbook itself shall only identify the elements of the debate leading up to a new EU energy policy. Two issues for the agenda will without doubt be a follow up of the EU energy goals for 1995 (that were not reached regarding energy efficiency), and the question of including an energy article in the EU-Treaty, when this Treaty is revised at the EU prime ministers' conference in 1996.
Mainly based on EC Energy Monthly, August l S. 1994 and information from the Danish Ministry of Energy.
More Renewables in the KU?
"In the year 2010 renewable energy sources can, and with the collaborative efforts between all actors should, substitute the equivalent of 15% of conventional primary energy demand in the European Union". This was one of the expert conclusions from The Madrid Conference that was organised by the European Commission, DG XVII (Directorate General for Energy).
With the current EU policies, renewable energy will only contribute 6.5% by 2010 according to The European Renewable Energy Study, which was published also by EC DG XVII. This is despite the fact that the EU has the technical potential for renewables to supply as much as 47% (1990).
Sources: Renewable Energy.Journal, EC DG XVII & Renew 89, NATTA.
New Czech Energy Fund
Work on establishing a Revolving Fund for financing energy efficiency projects is taking place in the Czech Republic. The Fund is planned to be initiated early in 1995. A survey of the Czech economy has been made, including assessment of the potential for energy efficiency projects eligible for Fund money and investigation of the banking sector to gauge institutional interest in managing and administering the Fund. A seminar on September 6, 1994 presented the Revolving Fund.
(Source: NEWS at SEVEn, Sept. 1994)
European Solar Prize 1994
The European Solar Prize will be awarded for the first time on October 3 in Vienna. The prize is awarded in 7 different categories to organizations, individuals, municipalities, industry, etc. who have made special efforts in promoting solar energy.