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close this bookTowards Sustainable Water Resources Management - A Strategic Approach (European Commission, 1998, 351 pages)
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View the documentForeword
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close this folderIntroduction - The Guidelines: A Summary
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View the documentAim and scope
View the documentStructure of the Guidelines
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close this folderPart I: The Strategic Approach: Rationale and key concepts
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close this folderChapter 1: Water resources management: The challenges
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View the documentThe acceleration of progress in meeting basic water needs
View the documentInternational thinking on water: The consensus
View the documentThe creation of new partnerships
View the documentDifferent perspectives: North and South
close this folderManaging water resources equitably, efficiently and sustainably: Guiding principles
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View the documentInstitutional and management principles
View the documentSocial principles
View the documentEconomic and financial principles
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close this folderManaging water resources equitably, efficiently and sustainably: Programmatic contexts
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View the documentFocus Area 1: Water resources assessment and planning (WRAP)
View the documentFocus Area 2: Basic water supply and sanitation services (BWSS)
View the documentFocus Area 3: Municipal water and wastewater services (MWWS)
View the documentFocus Area 4: Agricultural water use and management (AWUM)
close this folderOverview of actions implied by adopting the Strategic Approach
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close this folderPriority themes for action
View the documentInstitutional development and capacity-building
View the documentBuilding participatory structures and gender equity
View the documentNatural resource management
View the documentExpansion of the knowledge base
View the documentDemand management and pricing
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close this folderPart II: The strategic approach: Application
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close this folderIntroduction
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View the documentProject Cycle Management (PCM)
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close this folderIdentification
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close this folderWater resource assessment and planning
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View the documentInstitutional and Management Principles
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close this folderBasic water supply and sanitation services
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close this folderMunicipal water and wastewater services
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close this folderAgricultural water use and management
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View the documentInstitutional and Management Principles
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close this folderFormulation
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close this folderWater resource assessment and planning
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View the documentInstitutional and Management Principles
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View the documentEconomic and Financial Principles
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close this folderBasic water supply and sanitation services
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View the documentInstitutional and Management Principles
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View the documentEconomic and Financial Principles
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View the documentTechnological Principles
close this folderMunicipal water and wastewater services
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View the documentTechnological Principles
close this folderAgricultural water use and management
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close this folderFinancing
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close this folderAll focus areas
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View the documentChecklist for Section 1: Summary
View the documentChecklist for Section 2: Background
View the documentChecklist for Section 3: Intervention
View the documentChecklist for Section 4: Assumptions
View the documentChecklist for Section 5: Implementation
View the documentChecklist for Section 6: Factors ensuring sustainability
View the documentChecklist for Section 7: Monitoring and evaluation
View the documentChecklist for Section 8: Conclusion and proposal
close this folderImplementation
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View the documentImplementation Monitoring¹
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close this folderEvaluation
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close this folderAll focus areas
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View the documentOperational monitoring¹
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close this folderPart III: Aids for the application of the strategic approach
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close this folderChapter 12: Glossary of key concepts
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View the documentAppropriate modern technology
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View the documentBeijing Global Platform for Action
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View the documentDecentralised co-operation
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View the documentEcosystem management
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View the documentHygiene (or health) education
View the documentIndigenous Technical Knowledge (ITK)
View the documentIntegrated water resources management
View the documentInternational water law
View the documentKnowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) studies
View the documentMarginal cost pricing
View the documentMetering
View the documentMonitoring Indicators
View the documentParticipation
View the documentParticipatory Appraisal
View the documentParticipatory Irrigation Management (PIM)
View the documentParticipatory Technology Development (PTD)
View the documentPolicy Review
View the document'Polluter pays' principle
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View the documentRamsar Convention
View the documentRegulatory systems
View the documentRe-use and recycling of water
View the documentRiver Basin Organisations (RBOs)
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View the documentSubsidiarity principle
View the documentTariffs
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View the documentTransboundary waters
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View the documentWater Markets
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View the documentWillingness-to-pay (WTP) surveys
close this folderChapter 13: Programme and project aids
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View the document1. Stakeholder Analysis
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View the document3. National and International Water Law
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View the document6. Participatory (Rural) Appraisal - PRA
View the document7. Participatory Irrigation Management (PIM)
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View the document12. Estimating benefits from water resources investments
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close this folderEC Funding Sources for the Application of the Strategic Approach
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close this folderThe EC and Development Co-operation
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View the documentThe Lomé Convention
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close this folderThe EC Financing Framework for Development Co-operation
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View the documentEuropean Development Fund
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close this folderStandard formats for terms of reference
close this folder1. Standard format terms of reference for a Water Resources Country Study
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View the documentA. Study background
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View the documentAppendix I: Standard Reporting Format for a Water Resources Country Study
close this folder2. Standard format Terms of Reference for a Pre-feasibility Study
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close this folder3. Format Terms of Reference for a Feasibility Study
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close this folder4. Standard format Terms of Reference for an Evaluation1
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View the documentAppendix I: Standard Reporting Format for an Evaluation Study
View the documentSelected Bibliography
View the documentAcronyms
View the documentAcknowledgements

Water User Associations

Water User Associations normally comprise a formal, usually legally-bound, group of farmers (or water users), often grouped around a particular canal or borehole, with responsibility for managing and maintaining the part of the system that serves them. These Associations have come into existence as a result of governmental determination, often with donor support, to devolve some of the responsibility for the management and maintenance of irrigation (or domestic water and wastewater) services from central government onto users. Motivated by the search for efficiency and cost-savings, the creation of Water User Associations can be seen as a form of privatisation, with the government agency adopting the role of service provider rather than operator. Water User Associations can also be seen as a means of community participation and community ownership of services. The degree of responsibility for the service and its maintenance varies from one model to another. In principle, their creation should lead to greater user commitment and reduced government intervention. To date, success with this approach towards devolution of services has varied considerably. Further information: User Organisations for Sustainable Water Services, World Bank, 1997. Impacts of Irrigation Management Transfer: A review of the Evidence, IIMI, 1997.