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close this bookForestry Training Manual: Inter-America Region (Peace Corps, 1986)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentTrainer guidelines
Open this folder and view contentsTraining program overview
View the documentForestry observation guide for site visit
Open this folder and view contentsGetting ready
View the documentConducting the training program
View the documentWeekly evaluation form
View the documentSession I - Welcome, expectations, and evaluation criteria
View the documentDaily schedule for technical training I
View the documentSession II - Special projects
View the documentSession III - The forest of the world, Peace Corps forestry goals, the individual volunteers' roles
View the documentSession IV - Language class
View the documentSession V - Record keeping
View the documentSession VI - Journal keeping and setting
View the documentSession VII - Flowers, seeds, the beginning
View the documentSession VIII - Spanish language class
View the documentSession IX - Non-verbal communication
View the documentSession X - Basic site selection, planning and layout of a nursery
View the documentSession XI - Spanish lesson
View the documentSession XII - Cultural values
View the documentSession XIII - Soil preparation, seed bed sowing, and reproduction by clippings
View the documentSession XIV - Spanish language
View the documentSession XV - Communication through illustration
View the documentSession XVI - Fertilizers, watering and containers
View the documentSession XVII - Spanish language
View the documentSession XVIII - Protection and record keeping
View the documentSession XIX - Individual interviews
View the documentWeekly evaluation form
View the documentSession XX - Planting trees
View the documentSession XXI - Spanish language session
View the documentSession XXII - Introduction to extension
View the documentSession XXIII - The principals of pruning and thinning learning how to make and use a diameter tape
View the documentSession XXIV - Spanish language
View the documentSession XXV - Volunteer's role as an extensionist
View the documentSession XXVI - Pacing, plane table, rustic transit and compass
View the documentSession XXVII - Spanish language
View the documentSession XVIII - Forestry extension
View the documentSession XXIX - Forest menstruation
View the documentSession XXX - Spanish language
View the documentSession XXXI - Working with groups as an extension worker
View the documentSession XXXII - Agro-forestry
View the documentSession XXXIII - Spanish language
View the documentSession XXXIV - Lesson plan and use of visual AIDS in teaching
View the documentSession XXXV - Small research projects
View the documentSession XXXVI - Individual interviews
View the documentSession XXXVII - Soils
View the documentSession XXXVIII - Spanish language
View the documentSession XXXIX - Community analysis introduction
View the documentSession XL - Soil erosion
View the documentSession XLI - Spanish language
View the documentSession XLII - Problem analysis
View the documentSession XLIII - Watershed management
View the documentSession XLIV - Spanish language
View the documentSession XLV - Review of expectations - Mid way
View the documentSession XLVI - Spanish language
View the documentSession XLVII - Species report
View the documentSession XLVIII - Forestry issues
View the documentSession XLIX - Spanish language
View the documentSession L - Field trip overview
View the documentSession LI - Ecology teams give presentations
View the documentSession LII - Individual interviews
View the documentSession LIII - Review of field trips
View the documentSession LIV - Project planning: Goal setting
View the documentSession LV - Spanish language
View the documentSession LVI - Resources
View the documentSession LVII - Compost heap. Insect collection. Light gaps
View the documentSession LVIII - Spanish language
View the documentSession LIX - Cultural shock - Are we ready for it?
View the documentSession LX - Grafting and fruit trees
View the documentSession LXI - Spanish language
View the documentSession LXII - Professional approaches to interaction with host country officials
View the documentSession LXIII - Final interviews
View the documentSession LXIV - Graduation

Session III - The forest of the world, Peace Corps forestry goals, the individual volunteers' roles

Total Time:

2½ hours.

Goals

- To provide a global view of forestry today and in the future.
- To provide information on Peace Corps forestry goals.
- To bring the individual volunteer's role into perspective.
- To have participants brainstorm key problems and possible solutions concerning forestry, reforestation, aforestation in and around their sites.

Overview

This session is no bring into focus the global view of the world's disappearing forest. Discussion then moves to Peace. Corps goals in forestry and finally brings into perspective the role of the individual volunteer. It also allows trainees to search for possible problems and propose solutions based on their observations at their future sites.

Exercises

1. Participants brainstorming of problems and solutions.
2. Lecture on global views, Peace Corps goals, individual perspective .

Materials:

Flip charts, marker pens, tape.

Exercise I - and solutions in forestry at the volunteer trainees's work sites

Total Time:

1 hour.

Overview

The purpose of this exercise is to have participants brainstorm and record problems and solutions in forestry at their work sites.

Procedures:

Time

Activities


1. Trainer asks for groups to form based on geographical site locations; i.e., those with similar climate, species, etc. Trainer then asks groups to spend a minute brainstorming problem that they observed while on their site visits and list them on newsprint. Next after problems have been listed, list possible solutions.

45 minutes

2. Small geographical groups present their lists of problems and solutions to large groups.


3. Trainer then summarizes the activity and points out similarities and differences.

Trainer's Note: These lists should also be saved as they will he used again as a part of a later exercise. It is best to keep then posted if possible.

Exercise II - Overview of Forestry from a Global Perspective, the Peace Corps Coals, and the Individual Volunteers Role

Total Time:

1 hour, 10 minutes

Overview

The purpose of this exercise is to give information on the world problems in forestry. To state the Peace Corps goals and to give hope to the individual volunteer that they can play a part in changing the grim prediction for the world's forests.

Procedures

Time

Activities


1. Trainer, or if possible visiting authority on forestry, gives lecture on global picture. Lecture outline follows.

GLOBAL DEFORESTATION

I. Causes of Deforestation

A. Clearing for Agriculture

(1) Shifting agriculture
(2) Colonization
(3) Unemployment
(4) Land tenure
(5) Cattle raising

B. Firewood Gathering

(1) 4/5 of volume removed from tropical forests is for firewood.
(2) Charcoal Production

C. Logging

(1) Clearcutting
(2) Damage to standing timber left 55% of stand
(3) Little reforestation

II. Success of reforestation will include:

A. Technical proficiency
B. Personal fulfillment
C. Agency accomplishment
D. Community involvement

III. Selection of areas of action out of awareness of total picture.

A. Results of Deforestation

(1) Erosion
(2) Loss of raw material
(3) Situation - River; darn
(4) Soil infertility
(5) Economic loss
(6) Extinction of flora and fauna
(7) Lack and/or reduction of water
(8) Lack of toilet paper


2. Trainer or if possible Program Manager from Peace Corps gives lecture on Peace Corps goals for forestry.

Lecture outline

20 minutes

A. Ideal: Educate people to:

1 ) Conservation
2) Rational utilization of resources

B. Practical: Plant as many trees as possible.

C. What to do:

1. Agency Problems

a. Political
b. Emphasis on technical
c. Lack of interest
d. Efforts do not address problems
e. Lack of resources
f. Laws
g. No cooperation with other agencies; no cooperation among field of specialization

2. Campesino/community Problems

a. Have other problems to solve
b. Getting people together is difficult
c. Level of education is usually low
d. Cultural habits difficult to work with

20 minutes

3. Trainer gives the lecture on what the individual can do. Outline follows.

D. The Answer?

1. Forestry Measures

a. Agroforestry systems
b. Village woodlots
c. Intensive plantations
d. Better management Reserves
e. Regulating logging practices
f. Application of known technology
g. Research

2. Enabling Actions

a. National development patterns
b. Alternatives -food supply
c. Increase crop yields
d. Land tenure
e. Effective attention energy
f. Conservation of forest products
g. Better stoves - recycling
h. Reduce waste
i. Population

Trainer's Note: In the back of this section are sample lectures. You will want to put these views in your own words. However, depending on resource people available at the time of training you may not need to worry about lecture preparation.

15 minutes

4. Trainers and/or speakers ask for questions from participants. Trainer summarizes - pointing out that volunteers are a part of a large picture and have a valuable job to do and that we are going to spend the next 5 weeks getting ready to do that job.

15 minutes

5. At this time the director of conference/training center may want
to say a few words of welcome and give tour of training facilities.