Cover Image
close this bookFinancing Technical and Vocational Education: Modalities and Experiences (UNEVOC, 1996, 64 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
Open this folder and view contentsFinancing Vocational Education and Training in Developing Countries
Open this folder and view contentsFinancing Vocational Education: Concepts, Examples and Tendencies
View the documentTable: Public Expenditure on Education
View the documentAnnex: List of UNEVOC Publications

Table: Public Expenditure on Education



Educational expenditure



Total

Vocational

Country

Year

as % of GNP

as % of total
government
expenditure

as % of public
current expenditure
on education

Africa

Botswana6

1991

8.2

18.7

5.5


1992

7.5

14.8

...

Cameroon7

1990

3.4

19.6

...


1991

3.0

16.9

Ethiopia

1992

5.1

11.9

...


1993

6.4

...

0.9

Ghana

1989

3.5

24.3

...


1990

3.1

24.3

4.9

Mauritius

1985

3.8

9.8

1.2


1990

3.7

11.8

...

North America

Canada

1991

7.4

...

...


1992

7.6

14.3

...

Costa Rica

1992

4.5

21.4

...


1993

4.6

20.2

86.7

Mexico

1992

4.9

...

...


1993

6.0

...

96.0

United States of America

1985

4.9

15,5

...


1990

5.3

12.3

...

South America

Argentina10

1992

3.1

15.7

...


1993

3.3

12.4

...

Chile11

1992

2.8

12.9

...


1993

2.7

...

5.7

Colombia12

1992

3.1

...

...


1993

3.5

12.3

...

Ecuador

1992

2.7

19.2

10.0


1993

3.0

...

...

Uruguay

1991

2.9

16.6

...


1992

2.8

15.4

10.5

Asia

Bangladesh13

1991

2.2

11.3

...


1992

2.3

8.7

2.3

China

1992

2.0

12.2

...


1993

1.9

12.2

...

India

1991

3.8

11.9

...


1992

3.7

11.5

...

Indonesia14

1992

2.2

...

...


1993

1.3

...

8.3

Israel

1990

5.8

10.5

14.6


1991

5.8

10.6

14.6

Japan

1990

4.7

16.5

...


1991

4.7

16.6

...

Jordan15

1992

3.9

9.1

...


1993

4.6

11.6

1.8

Malaysia16

1992

5.5

16.9



1993

5.1

...

2.9

Nepal17

1991

2.7

12.3

...


1992

2.9

13.2

3.5

Pakistan18

1990

2.6

...

...


1991

2.7

...

...

Philippines19

1992

2.3

...

...


1993

2.4

...

...

Singapore

1980

2.8

7.3

5.1


1985

4.4

...

...

Europe

France20

1992

5.7

...

...


1993

5.8

...

...

Germany, Fed. Rep. of

1990

4.0

8.6

...


1991

4.1

11.6

...

Norway

1991

7.9

14.1

...


1992

8.4

13.6

...

Sweden

1991

8.0

14.0

...


1992

8.3

12.6

...

United Kingdom

1990

4.9

...

...


1991

5.2

...

...

Oceania

Australia

1990

5.4

14.8

...


1991

5.5

14.1

...

Fiji21

1991

4.9

...

...


1992

5.6

18.6

...

Source: UNESCO, Statistical Yearbook 1995, tables 4.1 and 4.3

... = data not available

6For 1992, expenditure of the Ministry of Education only

7Expenditure of the Ministry of Education only

8Expenditure of the Ministry of Education only

9Expenditure of the Ministry of Education only

10For 1990, expenditure of the Ministry of Education only

11For 1990, expenditure of the central government only

12Expenditure of the Ministry of Education only

13Expenditure of the Ministry of Education only

14For 1993, expenditure of the Ministry of Education only

15For 1992, expenditure on third level education not included

16Expenditure of the Ministry of Education only

17“Regular” and “development” expenditure

18Not including expenditure on education by “other ministries” which are not directly related to education

19Expenditure of the Ministry of Education only

20Metropolitan France

21Expenditure of the Ministry of Education only