|Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - Thailand (UNEVOC - ACEID, 1996, 30 p.)|
As mentioned before. Thailand has experienced rapid growth; especially in industrial and service sectors. A shortage of qualified manpower has become a major problem for the country. Even though vocational and technical education in Thailand has been an important system and has produced a large number of graduates, a mismatching of graduates in both quantity and quality still exists. Therefore a major policy on human resource development in the Seventh National Development Plan (1992-1996) should speed up the production of TVE in the fields where there are shortages as well as improve the quality of existing TVE Programs.
Encouraging participation of enterprises in TVE has become a major issue to speed up production and quality improvement. This is to make sure that TVE graduates match industrial requirements. Furthermore, TVE institutions can avoid waste of resources and time by producing matching graduates. A national policy which encourages participation of enterprises includes the following:
1. Encouraging and supporting a greater private sector role in providing education and training .services.
· Liberalise the education sector by improving and relaxing rules and regulations.
· Encourage cooperation between public education and training institutions and private .enterprises in organised skill training programs in various forms such as .apprenticeships etc.
2. Facilitating private sector participation in the planning of education and production of .manpower as well as in formulating curriculum and training to ensure that the quality of the graduates meets demands of the labour market.
3. Encouraging close cooperation between education institutions and industries of permit the educational system the better to meet the needs of the labour market and to keep up with technological progress.
4. Allowing schools to undertake projects to increase industrial related experiences and increase student training in factories.
5. Expanding cooperation between schools and factories to encourage more technical education for factory workers and more practical factory training opportunities for students.