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close this bookCase Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - Thailand (UNEVOC - ACEID, 1996, 30 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentKEY FACTS
View the documentABBREVIATIONS
View the documentINTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contents1. AN ANALYSIS OF PRESENT SITUATION
View the document2. THE EXISTING TECHNICAL AND VOCATIONAL EDUCATION (TVE) SYSTEM
View the document3. PROBLEMS
Open this folder and view contents4. HUMAN RESOURCE DEVELOPMENT POLICIES AND INNOVATION MEASURES
View the document5. POLICIES TO PROMOTE CLOSE LINKAGES BETWEEN TVE INSTITUTIONS AND INDUSTRIES
View the document6. EXISTING LINKAGES
View the documentCASE STUDY 1
View the documentCASE STUDY 2
View the documentCASE STUDY 3
View the documentREFERENCES

KEY FACTS

Area

518,115.02 sq km

Population

57,788,965 persons, male: 29,018,092 female: 28,770,873

Population growth rate

1.2%

Official title of country

Thailand


Climate and geography

The country has a tropical climate with a high degree of humidity. Average low temperature is 20 degrees Celsius and high temperature is 37 degrees Celsius. There are seasons which include hot (March and May), rainy (June to October), and cool (November to February). Thailand is situated in the heart of Southeast Asia and as a gateway to Indochina, Thailand borders with Lao in the north and northeast, the Union of Myanmar in the north and west; the Andman Sea in the west; Cambodia and the Gulf of Thailand in the east; and Malaysia in the south.

Official language

"Thai" is the national and official language

Ruling party

Democratic Party

Head of government

Mr Chuan Leekpai, Prime Minister

Currency used

Baht

Political system

Thailand has been a democratic constitutional monarchy since 1932. At present, the parliament is composed of 270 appointed senators and 360 elected representatives. The Prime Minister is selected from among the members of the House of Representatives.


Education

Educational system is 6-3-3. That is six years of primary education, three years of lower secondary, and another three years of upper secondary. Six years of schooling is compulsory. Nine years of compulsory education is planned to implement in the next five year plan (1997-2001).

Social Welfare

Basic health care, occupational training, income tax exempt for the poor, and public residents for the old age people are provided. Funds for living expenses of workers during a certain period of unemployment are required for enterprises to provide.

Economy

Agriculture is the main occupation which involves about 65% of total number of population. Thai economy has grown at an average of 10.5% annually during 1987-1991, and is expected to grow at least 8% annually in the next few years. Industry, construction, and services are major sectors contributing to economic growth.