|Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - People's Republic of China (UNEVOC - ACEID, 1996, 18 p.)|
The TVE system cultivates various kinds of personnel for Chinese socialist construction, including well-educated elementary and intermediate technical personnel, managerial personnel, skilled workers and other labourers.
The State Council of China issued a decision on energetically developing TVE, urged to reach the goal gradually in 1990s, on the basis of the need for the social and economic development that most of newly recruited labour forces receive necessary basic technical and vocational training, that those who take on a special or professional job should be trained more strictly and systematically.
Currently about 20 million people will enter the labour force each year. Most of them need technical and vocational training to some extent. Besides, for better economic development, the second industry will be getting adjusted and optimised while the third industry will increase rapidly. Therefore, a large labour force in agriculture will transfer to small towns' enterprises or to the third industry. So, these labourers need technical and vocational training as well.
We must develop energetically technical and vocational education in order to meet the above-mentioned demand for labour. The State Education Commission planned, in the field of regular education, to increase the enrolment ratio of TVE up to 55-60 per cent of the total enrolment at senior high school level by the end of the century. Meanwhile, higher level and rural elementary level TVE will develop accordingly, and various kinds of vocational training will be provided for graduates from general primary and secondary (both junior high and senior high) schools in towns and villages who want to get employment.
According to the State Council, by the end of this century, a framework of the TVE system will be initially established with Chinese-specific features, a rational structure, various types, complete sets of specialities, articulation from elementary to higher level and developing itself harmoniously with other elements of the educational system.