|Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - People's Republic of China (UNEVOC - ACEID, 1996, 18 p.)|
|3. Acceleration of the Reform of TVE in China to Suit the Needs of Market Economy System|
With the development of a market economy and the open-door policy, tourist trade in cities and the third industry have developed fast. Vocational schools should readjust timely their specialties and curricula in accordance with the demands of the number and the specifications of the labour force.
Therefore, vocational schools in cities added such kinds of specialties as tourism, hotel service, cosmology, hairdressing, motor repairing, communication, information services etc. As for the vocational schools in rural areas, with the shift of the rural labour force to the second and third industries, they added specialties such as multi-cultivation, repair service, construction, dressmaking etc., and restructured the curricula accordingly.
The third industry is sure to develop much faster under a market economy system, in this case, vocational education should keep pace with it. In Beijing, the West District Government claimed that the ratio of the third industry in the region will reach 80 per cent by the year 2000. That's a great challenge to vocational educators of the region.
On the other hand, we are now restructuring and standardising the list and contents of specialties of secondary TVE, including three kinds of secondary vocational schools.