|The Role of Technical and Vocational Education in the Educational System in Ghana (UNEVOC, 1994, 46 p.)|
There are several shortcomings and deficiencies in the existing technical and vocational education system in Ghana. However, it is hoped that with the implementation of the steps currently being taken by Government, the system will be developed to such an extent that it will provide quality manpower for industry and commerce and generally make for economic progress.
There will be qualitative improvement in the technical manpower available for use by various sectors of the economy. Since the technical institutions will run courses and programmes geared closely to the manpower needs of industry and commerce, there is likely to be a regular and adequate supply of the needed technical manpower at the various levels.
One of the major causes of unemployment in Ghana is the existence of a large number of unemployed young men and women who have had the benefit of only general education up to the basic level, and so are fit for only white-collar jobs, which in most cases are non-existent. However, when the technical and vocational education system is developed, a good number of the Ghanaian youth can opt for technical and vocational education so as to be equipped with job-oriented skills. Such a situation will help to reduce the level of unemployment among the youth, more so when many of them will be capable of being self-employed.
The products of an improved technical and vocational education system will help to strengthen and sustain Ghana's growing national economy by helping industry and commerce to achieve their main objectives of producing goods and providing services that the people need. There will be improvement in the living standards of the people in the areas of nutrition, health, housing, education and welfare, thus bringing about an acceptable quality of life for everyone.
When the technical vocational education system in Ghana is improved, skills training can be given in traditional as well as non-traditional areas. Therefore, more goods will be produced for home consumption as well as for export in both the traditional and non-traditional areas, thus earning more foreign exchange for the country.