Cover Image
close this bookDevelopments in Technical and Vocational Education: A Comparative Study - Trends and Issues in Technical and Vocational Education (UNESCO, 1978, 144 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the document1. Introduction
View the document2. Educational systems
View the document3. Policy, planning and administration
View the document4. The three phases of technical and vocational education
View the document5. The implementation of technical and vocational education
View the document6. Development problems and trends in innovation
View the document7. Conclusions
Open this folder and view contentsAppendixes
View the documentBack Cover


This study is the first title in a new series, ‘Trends and Issues in Technical and Vocational Education’. The series is addressed to teacher-educators, administrators, planners and all those interested in the current and possible future status of technical and vocational education on an international scale. The long-term objective is to promote the implementation of Unesco’s Revised Recommendation concerning Technical and Vocational Education which was adopted by the General Conference of Unesco at its eighteenth session in 1974.

The present comparative study had its origin in reports submitted by the twenty-three countries that participated in an international conference held in Denver, Colorado, United States of America, in June 1976. This conference (and a number of similar conferences) highlighted the need for more accurate information in technical and vocational education, particularly as regards ongoing reforms and innovations. It was felt, therefore, that Unesco would render a service to its Member States by publishing these reports in the form of a condensed comparative study.

We wish to express our appreciation to all those who prepared these reports along given guidelines, thus greatly facilitating the comparative analysis. We also wish to thank Dr Mary Ann Calkins Pilain, Unesco consultant, who compiled the first draft of the study which was then sent out for revision to the authorities concerned. The final version is based on the comments received from these countries.

The views expressed in this book are those of the individuals concerned and do not necessarily reflect those of Unesco. The designations employed and the presentation of the material do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Unesco Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country, territory, city or area or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers or boundaries.