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close this bookTrends in Articulation Arrangements for Technical and Vocational Education in the South East Asian Region (RMIT, 1999, 44 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentOverview
View the documentAustralia
View the documentIndonesia
View the documentMalaysia
View the documentThe Philippines
View the documentSingapore
View the documentThailand
View the documentConclusions
View the documentReferences
View the documentInterviews

References

Overview

(1) Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific, UNESCO PROAP, (RMIT) Melbourne, 1994.

(2) UNESCO and International Labour Organisation, Technical and Vocational Education and Training, Paris/Geneva, 1964, Para 14.

(3) Vocational and Technical Education and Training, World Bank, Washington, 1991, pp. 9, 19, 65.

(4) Middleton, John., et. al, in Skills for Productivity - Vocational Education and Training in Developing Countries, The World Bank, Oxford University Press, New York, 1993, p. 199.

(5) Learning: The Treasure Within, Report to UNESCO of the International Commission on Education for the Twenty-first Century, (The Delors Report), UNESCO, Paris, 1996.

(6) Higher Education - The Lessons of Experience, International Bank for Reconstruction and Development, The World Bank, Washington, 1994, p.5.

Australia

(1) Jackson, David (Ed.), Asia Pacific Business Guide - Australia, McGraw-Hill, Sydney, 1997, pp. 13 - 29.

(2) Australian International Education Foundation, Australian Qualifications Framework, (Leaflet), c. 1995.
Blanksby, Vivian., & Bruhn, Peter., Technical and Vocational Education and Training in Australia’ in Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - Australia, UNESCO PROAP, (RMIT) Melbourne, 1994.

(3) Tertiary Education in Australia, Report of the Committee on the Future of Tertiary Education in Australia to the Australian Universities Commission (Martin Report), 2 Vols., Melbourne, 1964.

(4) Parkinson, Kevin., The Articulation of TAFE Middle-Level and Higher Education Courses in Australia, TAFE National Centre for Research and Development, Adelaide, 1985.

(5) Cited in Credit Transfer: A Discussion Paper, National Board of Employment, Education and Training, AGPS, Canberra, 1989.

(6) Golding, Barry., Tertiary Transfer: The Unacknowledged Pathway from University to TAFE, (Victorian) Office of Training and Further Education, Issues Paper 2, Melbourne, 1995, p. 2.

(7) Russell, Jean., Post-Compulsory Education and Training Arrangements in the Australian States and Territories, National Board of Education, Employment and Training, AGPS, Canberra, 1993.

(8) Trembath, Richard., et. al., The Cross-Sectorial Experience - An Analysis of Credit Transfer in Victoria’s Dual Sector Institutions, Melbourne, 1996, p. 33.

(9) Golding, Barry., et al., Changing Context, Moving Skills: Generic Skills in the Context of Credit Transfer and the Recognition of Prior Learning, National Board of Employment, Education and Training, AGPS, Canberra, 1996.

(10) Learning for Life, Review of Higher Education Financing and Policy, A Policy Discussion Paper (The West Report), Department of Employment, Education, Training and Youth Affairs, AGPS, Canberra, 1998, p. 4.

Indonesia

(1) Jackson, David (Ed.), Asia Pacific Business Guide - Indonesia, McGraw-Hill, Sydney, 1997, pp. 75 - 86.

(2) Suwarna, Achmad., ‘Skills Toward 2020 - A Plan to Improve and Coordinate Skills Training in Indonesia’, A paper presented at the UNESCO UNEVOC Regional Conference in Conference Proceedings: Policy Development and Implementation of Technical and Vocational Education for Economic Development in Asia and the Pacific, RMIT, Melbourne, 1997, p. 19.

(3) Djojonegoro, Wardiman., ‘Education and Training for Business and Industry’, a paper delivered at the Australia and Indonesia - Linking and Matching Education and Training for Industry Conference, Jakarta, 16th June 1994, p. 17.

(4) Walinono, Hasan., Vocational Education and Training in Indonesia: System and Issues, A paper presented at the Education and Training for Industrial Growth Conference, Jakarta, 17th July 1995, p. 8.

(5) Hadihardaja, Joetata., ‘Private Higher Education in Indonesia: Current Developments and Existing Problems’, in Private Higher Education in Asia and the Pacific, Final Report of a Regional Seminar organized by UNESCO PROAP and SEAMO RIHED at Xiamen University, China, 31st October - 3rd October 1995, Part II Seminar Papers, pp. 30 - 46.

(6) Atmakusuma, Achjari., ‘Private Higher Education in Indonesia: Evolution and Reform’, Proceedings of a Conference, University of California, Berkeley, April 1991, Berkeley 1993, pp. 129 -139.

(7) Thomas, R. Murray., A Chronicle of Indonesian Education The First Half Century 1920-1970, Chopmen Enterprises, Singapore, 1973, p. 145.

(8) Moedjiman, M., Director General - Manpower Training and Productivity Development, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Interview 14th October 1997.

(9) Suwama, op.cit., p. 21.

(10) Training and the Labor Market in Indonesia: Productivity Gains and Employment Growth, World Bank Report No 16990 - IND, (Education Sector Unit, East Asia and the Pacific Region), July 1997, p. 75.

(11) Pakpahan, Jorlin., Director, Directorate Technical and Vocational Education, Ministry of Education and Culture, Interview 18th October 1997.

(12) Nokano, Synmit., Head of Section, International Higher Education Institution Cooperation, Director General of Higher Education, Ministry of Education and Culture, Interview 14th October 1997.

(13) Hadihardaja, op. cit., p. 30.

(14) Cited in Suwama, op. cit; p. 22.

(15) Djojonegoro, op. cit., p.2.
Bakri, Mohamad., “The Development of Technical and Vocational Education in Malaysia - A case Study in Quality Improvement’ in Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - Indonesia, UNESCO PROAP, (RMIT) Melbourne, 1994, pp. 7 - 8.
The Concept of Pendidikan Sistem Ganda in Vocational Secondary School in Indonesia, National Council for Vocational Education, Jakarta, 1996.

(16) Suwarna, op. cit., p. 7.

Malaysia

(1) Human Resource Development and Training Guide, 2nd Edition, Challenger Concept Sdn Bhd, Kuala Lumpur, 1996, p. 6. Jackson, David (Ed.), Asia Pacific Business Guide - Malaysia McGraw-Hill, Sydney, 1997, pp. 98 - 107.

(2) Hee Tieng Fok, ‘The Development of Technical and Vocational Education in Malaysia - A case Study in Quality Improvement’ in Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - Malaysia, UNESCO PROAP, (RMIT) Melbourne, 1994, pp. 7-8.

(3) Education Guide Malaysia, 4th Edition, Challenger Concept Sdn Bhd, Kuala Lumpur, 1997, pp. 6 -17.

(4) Malaysia - Enterprise Training, Technology and Productivity, World Bank/Government of Malaysia, Washington, 1997, p. 109.

(5) Nuraizah, Abdul Hamid, ‘Private Higher Education in Malaysia: Current Development and Future Directions”, in Private Higher Education in Asia and the Pacific, Final Report of the Regional Seminar organized by UNESCO PROAP and SEAMO RIHED at Xiamen University, China, 31st October - 3rd October 1995, Part II Seminar Papers, pp. 73 - 82.

(6) Course Directory 1997, Malaysian Institute of Management, Kuala Lumpur.

(7) Talha, Mohamad., ‘The Workers Institute of Technology’, in Pallai, Patrick., (Ed.) Industrial Training in Malaysia, Institute of Strategic and International Studies, Kuala Lumpur, 1994.

Philippines

(1) Jackson, David (Ed.), Asia Pacific Business Guide-Philippines, McGraw-Hill, Sydney, 1997, pp. 120-131.

(2) Equipping the Citizen Worker for Global Competitiveness, Technical Education and Skills Development Authority, Manila, c. 1995.

(3) Miravalles, Lemuel. M., National Profiles in Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - Philippines, UNESCO PROAP, Bangkok, 1995, pp. 1 - 5.

(4) Guiang, A., Country Report - Republic of the Philippines, A paper delivered at the International Symposium on Technical and Vocational Education, Beijing, September 1993.

(5) Valismo, Mona.,’ Private Higher Education in the Philippines: Performance and Challenges in the 21st Century’, in Private Higher Education in Asia and the Pacific, Final Report of a Regional Seminar organized by UNESCO PROAP and SEAMO RGHDBD at Xiamen University, China, 31st October - 3rd October 1995, Part II Seminar Papers, pp. 86 - 102.

(6) Santos, A., ‘Meeting the Engineering Manpower Needs of Industry’, A paper delivered at the National Consultative Conference in Engineering Education, 16th March 1993, in Proceedings of the National Consultative Conference on Engineering Education, Manila, 1993, pp. 25 -29.

(7) Poole, M., Changing Negative Attitudes and Perceptions of Young People Towards Vocational Education, South East Asian Ministers of Education Organization (SEAMEO), Manila, 1990, p. 37.

(8) Arcelo, A., Guiang, A., Secondary Education in Asia: A Comparative Study of Alternative Patterns of Development, Finance and Positioning 1960 -1990, Case Study: Philippines, (c.1994).

(9) Dizon, Caesar., Dean, Don Bosco Technical College, Mandaluyang City, Metro Manila, Interview 9th December 1996.

(10) Trinidad, Carlos., Vice-President for Academic Affairs, Technological University of the Philippines, Interview 6th December 1996.

(11) Mendenilla, Marjorie., Head, Meralco Foundation Institute, Pasig City, Metro Manila, Interview 10th December 1996. Abrillo, H., ‘Continuing Education for Industry: The Meralco Foundation Experience’, in Alternative Futures Towards a Learning Society, Foundation for Continuing Education, Manila, 1997, pp. 73 - 81.

(12) Bucao, Professor Avelina., Director Polytechnic University of the Philippines -Technical College, Interview 11th December 1996.

(13) Vea, Professor Reynaldo., Dean, College of Engineering, University of the Philippines Manilla, Interview 10th December 1996.

(14) Guiang, Alcestis., Deputy Director General, Technical Vocational Education and Training, TESDA, Interview 13th December 1996.

(15) Adopting the Expanded Tertiary Education Equivalency and Accreditation Program as an Integral Part of the Educational System and Designating the Commission of Higher Education as the Authority Responsible for its Implementation, Executive Order No. 33, Manila, 10th May 1996.

Singapore

(1) Jackson, David (Ed.), Asia Pacific Business Guide - Singapore, McGraw-Hill, Sydney, 1997, pp. 136 - 148.

(2) Education in Singapore, Ministry of Education, Singapore, 1994. Schooling in Singapore Secondary Education Special Express Normal, Ministry of Education, Singapore 1997.

(3) Radhakrishna, M., National Profiles in Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - Singapore, UNESCO PROAP, 1995, p. 2.

(4) Selvaratnam, Viswanthan., Innovations in Higher Education - Singapore at the Competitive Edge, World Bank Technical Paper Number 222, World Bank, Washington, 1997, p. vii.

(5) Wong, Soon Teck, Singapore’s New Education System - Education Reform and National Development, Institute of South East Asian Studies, Singapore, 1988.

(6) Kwong, J., Kooi, S., Evolution of Educational Excellence - 25 Years of Education in the Republic of Singapore, Longmans, Singapore, 1994, p. 25.

(7) Prospectus 97/98, Institute of Technical Education, Singapore, 1996. Annual Report 96/97, Institute of Technical Education, Singapore, 1997. Foon, Tham Kin., Divisional Director, Institute of Technical Education, Interview 28th October 1997.

(8) Singapore 1997, Ministry of Information and the Arts, Singapore, 1997. pp. 215 - 222.
Ngee Ann Polytechnic Prospectus 1997 - 1998, Singapore, 1997.
NgeeAnn Polytechnic Annual Report 1996 - 1997, Singapore, 1997.
Siraj, Zaibun., Director International Liaison Unit, Ngee Ann Polytechnic,
Interview 29th October 1997.

(9) Wong, Joanna., Registrar, National University of Singapore, Interview 28th October 1997.

(10) Directory Programmes & Services, Singapore Institute of Management, July/December 1997.
Singapore 1997, Ministry of Information and the Arts, Singapore, 1997, pp. 214-215.
Hee, Tan Jing, Chief Operating Officer and Boon, Chong Keng, Assistant Executive Director, Singapore Institute of Management, Interview 27th October 1997.

(11) LaSalle College of the Arts, Singapore, 1996.

(12) Higher Education and Training · Malaysia · Singapore, 4th Edition, WENCOM Career Consultancy, Kuala Lumpur, 1997, pp. 170- 196.

(13) Khoo Kay Chai, TVE in Singapore’ in ‘Sustainable Human Development and the Role of TVE: The Asia Pacific Perspective for the Year 2000 and Beyond’, in Proceedings 20th Anniversary Seminar and Consultative Meeting, Columbo Plan Staff College for Technician Education, Manilla, Philippines, December 1993.

Thailand

(1) Intrakamhaeng, Gobporn., National Profiles in Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - Thailand, Bangkok, UNESCO PROAP, 1995, pp. 1 - 5.

(2) Jackson, David (Ed.), Asia Pacific Business Guide - Thailand, McGraw-Hill, Sydney, 1997, p.172.

(3) Thailand Vision 2020’, Bangkok Post, 27th July 1997, Perspective p. 1.

(4) Rangsitpol, Sukavich,. Minister for Education, Education for Life: Thailand’ most important Challenge, A paper presented at the Foreign Correspondents Club of Thailand, 2nd April 1997.

(5) Boonpiyathud, Sa-Nguan, Head Supervisory Planning Unit, Department of Vocational Education, Ministry of Education, Bangkok, Interview 22nd April 1997. Bunnag, Sirikul, ‘Baht 170 billion allocated to expand, reform existing system’, Bangkok Post, 22nd April 1997, Home, p. 2.

(6) Choomnoon, Siripan., et.al.. Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - Thailand, UNESCO PROAP, (RMIT) Melbourne, 1994, pp. 7 - 8.

(7) Choomnoon, op. cit., p. 3.

(8) Kulachol, Thanu., ‘Private Higher Education in Thailand’, in Private Higher Education in Asia and the Pacific, Final Report of a Regional Seminar organized by UNESCO PROAP and SEAMO RIHED at Xiamen University, China, 31st October - 3rd October 1995, Part II Seminar Papers, pp. 109 -127.

(9) Sheehan, Brian., Thailand - An Introduction to Thailand, Its People, Trade and Business Activity, 3rd Edition, Typescript, 1995, p.60.

(10) Skills Development 1995, Department of Skills Development, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Bangkok, 1996, pp. 2 - 4, 28 - 39. Skill Development Statistics 1995, Ministry of Labour and Social Welfare, Bangkok, 1996, p. 17.
DOVE ‘94-95, Department of Vocational Education, Bangkok, 1996. Popongsakom, Nipon., ‘On the Job Training in Thai Industry’ in Education Options for the Future of Thailand, Vol II, Bangkok, 1991.

(11) Facts and Figures 1995/96, King Mongkut’s Institute of Technology North Bangkok, 1997.

(12) Rajamanagla Institute of Technology, (Information leaflet). Ministry of Education, Bangkok, c. 1997.

(13) Development of Mechatronics Engineering Course at Bachelor Degree level in Pathumwan Technical College, Department of Vocational Education, Bangkok, 1996.

(14) Intrakamhaeng, op. cit., p. 17.

(15) Siriuk, Pisit, Vice-President for Research and Development, Rajamangala Institute of Technology, Interview 30th April 1997.

(16) Country Education Profiles Thailand, National Office of Overseas Skills Recognition, Canberra, 1996, p. 19.

(17) Kulachol, op. cit., p. 113.

(18) Development of Mechatronics Engineering Course at Bachelor Degree level in Pathumwan Technical College, op. cit., pp. 4-5.

(19) Moonpinit, Booncha., “Thailand: Development Policies for the Provision of Quality TVE Programs’, A paper presented at the UNESCO UNEVOC Regional Conference in Conference Proceedings: Policy Development and Implementation of Technical and Vocational Education for Economic Development in Asia and the Pacific, RMIT, Melbourne, 1997, p. 2.