|Case Studies on Technical and Vocational Education in Asia and the Pacific - Indonesia (UNEVOC - ACEID, 1996, 44 p.)|
Linking technical and vocational education institutions and industry should be carried out continuously to improve the quality of the graduates. The involvement of industry and the world of work should be started from the planning stage, and continue with the implementation, evaluation and placement of graduates. This is to guarantee the relevance of the technical and vocational education as the work force producer, and industry as the user.
The form of cooperation at the planning stage could be in curriculum development, syllabi, preparing a list of new equipment, proposing new locations and new study program. In the implementation stage, the form of cooperation could be provided on the job training both for students and teachers, the use of facilities in industry by the school institution or the use of school facilities by industry, the use of expertise by both sides having mutual benefit.
The cooperation in the evaluation stage could be conducted in the involvement of trade test and the validation of the program. Through this cooperation, industry will also participate in the placement of graduates. This cooperation with industry is the realisation of the education law, that the responsibility of education is not only on the Governments shoulders but also on students, parents and the community.
The 1992 Ministerial decree points out the activities of cooperation as follows:
1. Inform each other on the development of technological science and arts
2. Inform each other on the supply and demand of manpower
3. Make use of resources of both sides
4. The opportunity to improve the skill and keep the competence of the staff up-to-date
5. Cooperation on production unit and promotion activities
6. On-the-job training for students and work experience in industry for teachers
7. Evaluation of curriculum and learning result
8. Certification of vocational skill
9. Placement and tracer study
Most technical and vocational schools maintain cooperation with industry for carrying out on-the-job training program of their students based on the curriculum requirement. Some schools have organised a link with industry by establishing an advisory committee. The output of the committee among others is a validated curriculum which suit the needs of local industries.
To support the growth of tourism industry, the technical and vocational education organises education for providing manpower in the field of travel, hotel management, food services and bakery. The close cooperation between these study programs and relevant industry has been successfully maintained since the planning stage of the curriculum, the development and the implementation of the program including regular on-the-job training of the students in the real work of tourism industry.
The cooperation of school institution and industry could be institutionalised in the form of institutional partnership that has mutual benefit.
A model of institutionalised cooperation is established between Aviation Senior Technical School in Bandung and the IPTN (Nusantara Aeroplane Industry), where the IPTN donates machines and materials for student workshop practice as well as on the job training both for teachers and students. Jobs for the graduates have also been provided, especially for all the first batch of graduates (1988). It is planned that the form of involvement of IPTN in the future (starting 1994) will be in the form of an apprenticeship program.
The cooperation between the Bandung Aviation Senior Technical School has also been maintained with the national and private aviation enterprises such as Garuda Indonesia Airways, Merpati and Mandala especially in the employment of the graduates.