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close this bookFeasibility Study for Facilitating Access to Databases and Documentation in Technical and Vocational Education in UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres (NCHRD - ROEAS, 1995, 102 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentChapter 1: Introduction
View the documentChapter 2: UNEVOC and its International, Regional, and National Networks
View the documentChapter 3: Proposed structure of UNEVOC Network in the Arab States Region:
View the documentChapter 4: Information Technology, Available Facilities and Advancements
View the documentChapter 5: Facilitating Access to Databases and Documentation in TVE in UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres
View the documentChapter 6: Technical Requirement
View the documentChapter 7: Financial Implications
View the documentChapter 8: Conclusions
View the documentReferences
View the documentAnnex (1) UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres in the Arab States

Chapter 5: Facilitating Access to Databases and Documentation in TVE in UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres

5.1. The need to facilitate access

Is there a need to facilitate access to databases and documentation in TVE?

To answer this question the following is to be considered:

The lack of proper knowledge, technical and vocational education and training, and practical experience in specific areas of technology may result in:

· Applying very limited R&D activities.

· Shirting emphasis from one sector of economy to another before mastering TVE and production technologies.

· Below standard local technical and vocational know-how.

This leads to the importing expensive, and urgently needed highly technical goods, which necessitates the importing of taxing expensive technical maintenance personnel.

Thus, the actual role of the country will be transferring the use of technology at a high cost (consuming and utilizing produce only) rather than transferring technology and actively cooperating in its development.

The gap between developing countries and developed industrialized countries are increasing in many fields. The developed countries are leaping in the direction of advancement by devising and employing new technologies through investing heavily in R&D activities, while the developing countries are crawling if not standing still. For example, they are evolving very rapidly in the development and advancement of information technology and informatics fields while the developing countries are importing and transferring the usage and utilization of these fields in the broad sense.

The developing countries will not be able to bridge the huge gap. This is due to many reasons some of which are: the meager funding means and the lack of qualified expertise and the proper know-how, and the shift of emphases and priorities towards fulfilling the immediate basic needs.

Standing still will widen the gap. So it is imperative that the developing countries, which include a number of the Arab States, follow the developed countries according to their own pace and ability. They should be provided with adequate resources and capabilities to cope with such rapid change and development and narrow the gap as much as possible. They need transferring, adaptation, customization and developing, according to their environmental and social requirements, selective approaches in the new technologies and the acquirement of proper knowledge, education, training, and practical experience in many areas, some of which are:

· Planning and administration.
· Technology transfer management.
· State-of-the-art knowledge.
· Developing and executing R&D activities.
· TVE, skills, and know-how approaches.

Databases and documentation are integral utilities in these areas. The generation, production, storing, transmittal, acquirement, access, and retrieval of the information and knowledge they contain provides the proper tools to execute the activities involved. So there is need to facilitate access to databases and documentation in these areas, and especially in TVE.

The following are prerequisites to achieve national Socio-economic development, growth and high degree of national self-reliance. They include achieving facilitating access to databases and documentation in TVE:

· National aspirations:

· A strong driving force of national pride, will, determination and persistence to endure and conquer the difficulties that it may face. If there is a will, there is a way.

· The willingness of taking risks.

· Bold and responsible political leadership which:

· Supports the national aspiration.

· Translates responsible and factual scientific, technological and specialized recommendations and resolutions into practical, realistic and workable decisions and policies and regulations.

· Provides funds, and investment that supports the decisions and policies and regulations established.

· Unites the dispersed and some times duplicated and redundant units, manpower, material, and individual separate efforts into a complimentary entity of units and establishments of knowledge, information, know-how and developed technologies.

Cooperates and coordinate with other countries in setting up the proper regulations for exchanging information, expertise, professional scientific, technical and vocational knowledge, know-how and skills, and developing complementary technologies.

· Well planned national development policy formulated, on hand, approved, and supported politically to be implemented, or should be in the process of implementation. It should cover pertinent fields such as:

· State-of-the-art Planning, and management development.

· Continuously developing proper infrastructures to cater for new technologies and services.

· Supporting and nourishing professional scientific, technical and vocational knowledge, know-how and skills and executing R&D activities which are the main source of knowledge of Science and Technology. The involvement and proper usage of R&D will achieve the desired development and growth:

· Establishing, developing, adapting and sustaining, on a national scale, information databases, along with their facilities, communication structures and networks, and their proper infrastructure. Databases supplies those who are involved in TVE, general education, management, R&D, and other activities in industrial, agricultural, and other sectors of the economy with the needed pertinent information.

5.2. Databases and Documentation Role in TVE:

Facilitating access to TVE Databases and documentation will be very beneficial in furnishing UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres with the latest International, Regional, and National TVE information, and will assist in supplying highly professional, accurate, timely, specialized, categorized, and effective information that is required in the following activities involved in the development of national TVE discipline:

· Conducting research activities as a prelude for national TVE discipline planning, and policies, strategies, legislation and regulations formulation according to the national available funding and priorities and environment.

· Appointing, selecting, designating, and assigning, national planners, policy makers and strategies developers.

· Conducting skills developing symposia for planners, policy makers and strategies developers.

· Establishing the national plan for national TVE discipline development.

· Reconstructing national policy for the national TVE discipline development. Identifying Priorities and major issues involved.

· Translating the national policy into binding effective legislation and regulations.

· The Provision of the required funds to execute the national TVE discipline.

· Developing viable national strategies for the national TVE discipline development.

· Conducting skills developing symposia for the Managers of the national TVE discipline.

· Undertaking the actual management of the developed national TVE discipline.

· Conducting research as a prelude for developing national TVE curricula. Issues of concern are: Curricula development methodologies, new technologies, modernization, adaptation and involved diversities with the national environment and plans, updating, design, prototypes, and implementation procedures.

· Providing literacy in Information Technology (state of the art).

· Exploring, investigating, and examining future trends in Information Technology, and using its applicable new advancements.

· Selecting, appointing and commissioning curricula designers and developers.

· Conducting skills developing training seminars for curricula designers and developers.

· Preparing, organizing, conducting, and completing curricula design, development and implementation.

· Curricula monitors and assessors involvement in performing the feedback, analysis, evaluation, and upgrading curricula tasks. Periodically and/or continuously.

· Developing, monitoring and continuos upgrading of courses (teaching materials) according to curricula and technology changes. Using The information technology advancements, if available, i.e. Multimedia authoring system and if available authoring language and/or other courseware software.

· Preparing, organizing, and conducting training programmes, courses, workshops, and study groups for training teachers/trainers.

Every mentioned activity could be supported by international, regional, and national TVE databases and documentation, including the activities involved in developing TVE national databases and documentation.

5.3. Information communication networking facilities and Databases And Documentation

Computer information technology and network facilities are Important tools for establishing and applying improvements in TVE areas of development in UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres. They include computer hardware and software facilities, information packages and databases, multimedia applications, communication, and network structure facilities.

Since UNEVOC is a new structure, there are few UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres that have TVE computer information technology and network facilities, the scale of which is low to moderate. These existing facilities may possibly require upgrading or modification.

Other UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres do not have such elaborate facilities. They should be equipped with the required TVE computer information technology and network facilities.

UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres of Member States could help in establishing the required facilities.

Regionally and nationally, the idea of information communication networking in general, and in this case, with respect to TVE, implies cooperation, inter-linking, sharing expertise, sharing information, closer links between TVE, industry and the world of work, cooperation in setting up and implementing policies and strategies, cooperation in curricula development, sharing resources, and accessing databases through computer communication network links.

Computer information technology and network facilities are found in many general organizations and specialized institutions in both public and private sectors. Through their databases and documentation they provide TVE information, This information can be earmarked as complementary TVE databank.

By establishing a Regional, sub-regional and National information group network facilities, each UNEVOC Centre and Associate Centres can utilize these TVE databank within the developed network.

The use of the information group network facilities can enrich the national information databank of The UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres as follows:

· Interconnecting with international TVE databases and documentation, and general international databanks.

· Eliminating information redundancy and duplication.

· Furnishing reliable and accurate TVE information which leads to clear and flawless decision making and produces good results.

· Enabling quick and easy information provision, retrieving, accessing and efficiently using available UNEVOC national, and sub-regional TVE databases and documentation, and international TVE databanks.

No matter where TVE databases and documentation are located, The pertinent, up-to-date, highly professional State-of-the-Art information they will provide, will be readily available and at the fingertips of TVE information seeker (user) through information group network facilities.

Facilitating access to TVE databases and documentation will be very valuable asset for UNESCO Member States and UNEVOC Centres. By providing them with the latest International, Regional, and National TVE information facilitating access can assist in:

5.3.1. Planning and Administration:

TVE databases and documentation can support:

· TVE planners, policy and strategy formulators, and legislators in:

· Shaping mature plans,

· Formulating sound policies,

· Devising effective strategies,

· Setting rational legislation and regulations.

· Assessment of presently existing and in use TVE plans, Policies, strategies, legislation, and administration.

· Evaluation of presently existing and in use TVE Financing Strategies.

· Surveying, studying, and reviewing, the objective and their realization in the interaction, communication, relations, cooperation, and coordination between TVE, educational and vocational institutions and organizations, and the world of work.

By furnishing a wealth of reliable, infallible, and appropriate information contained in numerous International, Regional, and National TVE Databases and Documentation (the information is diversified in composition, content, type and nature, and numerous to be stated).

Some of these TVE databases and documentation are:

· Databases containing information covering TVE planning strategies, policy formulation, legislation, and regulations, models (short, middle and long rang schemes), preparation, Implementation, evaluation, revisions, adjustments and restructuring.

· Databases containing information covering management structures, methodologies and development in TVE administration.

· Databases containing information covering financing and funding strategies, considerations, requirement, prerequisites, availability, and sources.

· Databases containing information covering national TVE environment, and background influencing and controlling factors, discipline and support.

· Databases containing information covering available TVE resources and infrastructure.

· Databases containing information covering Socio-economic conditions and their impact on TVE.

· Databases containing information covering the World of Work (Industries, Enterprises, and others), employment, TVE institutions and organizations, and National Social Environment interactions.

· Databases containing information covering case studies, research, statistical and analytical results and indicators that can be used as tools for:

· Performance analysis, evaluation and assessment of the presently existing TVE plans, policies, strategies, financing, legislation, regulations, and administration.

· Performance analysis, evaluation and assessment of the objective and their realization concerning the presently existing interaction, communication, relations, cooperation, and coordination between TVE, educational and vocational institutions and organizations, and the world of work.

· Databases containing information covering other countries experiences in similar TVE areas of development databases.

5.3.2. Curricula and course development, counseling and guidance:

They can support in monitoring, evaluation, and development of the following TVE areas of development:

· TVE curricula, education and training programmes, courses and courseware; and

· Counseling and guidance methodologies and activities.

Information can be provided to all those who are involved in these TVE areas of development. They may include:

· TVE staff, researchers, analysts;

· Professional specialists and experts in deferent fields such as:

Educational psychology;
Educational sociology;
Curriculum appraisal and assessment;
Educational management;
Course material content, and others;

· Participants in study groups, workshops, meetings, symposia, and training seminars; and

· Teachers/trainers, students/trainees and information seekers.

Information can be furnished to cover many activities in these TVE areas of development such as:

· Surveying, exploring, reviewing, researching, and studying:

The current International, Regional, and National trends, technologies, disciplines, and innovations;

Their structures, mediums, background, environment, prerequisites, and requirements;

Their purpose, value, usefulness, superiority, advantages; and

Their handicap, limitations, shortcoming, disadvantage and flaws; and

The possibility of adapting the feasible of these technologies and disciplines.

· Examining, reviewing, evaluating, and assessing the presently existing local national methodologies, disciplines and activities.

· Appraising the impact of social and environmental changes on these methodologies, disciplines and activities through several methods, such as field testing, monitoring teachers/trainer and student/trainee rating scale and feedback, and others.

· Considering the Viability of these methodologies, disciplines and activities, and their aptitude, usefulness, advantages, limitations, disadvantage, flaws, obsolescence, and the need of basic reconstruction or minimal updating.

· Planning, designing and developing methodologies, disciplines and activities that are:

Well suited;
Well balanced;
Maintaining distinct objective and standards;
Complying with the social and environmental backgrounds and requirements; and
Adhering to the suitable latest technologies.

Some of the reliable and appropriate, International Regional, and National TVE Databases and Documentation that covers these TVE areas of development are: (the information is diversified in composition, content, type and nature, and numerous to be stated).

· Databases containing information covering curricula development and Implementation methodologies, disciplines, activities and guidelines.

· Databases containing information covering counseling and guidance methodologies, disciplines, activities and guidelines.

· Databases containing information covering available resources and infrastructure.

· Databases containing information covering TVE educational and training programmes, courses and courseware development and implementation specifications methodologies, disciplines, activities and guidelines for:

· Student education and training,
· Teachers education and training (Training the teachers/trainer)

· Databases containing information covering case studies, research, statistical and analytical results and indicators of TVE that can provide information to execute:

· Performance analysis, cost benefit analyses, evaluation, and assessment of the activities and accomplishments of presently existing:

Curricula development and implementation,
Counseling and guidance,
Education and training programmes and courses,
Education and training courseware development and implementation.

· Databases containing information covering other Various relevant areas of interest.

5.3.3. TVE - UNEVOC Rosters:

UNESCO Member States and UNEVOC Centres can also be provided with information covering: rosters in TVE areas of development through International, Regional, and National TVE Databases and Documentation, (the information is diversified in composition, content, type and nature, and numerous to be stated).

Some of these TVE databases and documentation are:

· Databases containing information covering available resources and infrastructure, professional scientific, technical and vocational know-how and skills.

· Databases containing information covering planners, policy and strategy formulators, and legislators.

· Databases containing information covering financing organizations.

· Databases containing information covering TVE institutions and organizations, Industries, Enterprises, and others, (world of work).

· Databases containing information covering curricula designers and developers.

· Databases containing information covering designers and developers of TVE educational and training programmes, courses, and courseware (institutions and individuals).

· Databases containing information covering presently available education and training programmes, courses, and courseware applications and packages in TVE and general education:

· Student education and training,
· Teachers education and training (Training the teachers/trainer)

· Databases containing information covering TVE:

· Consultants, researchers, analysts;

· Professional specialists and experts in deferent fields such as:

Educational psychology;
Educational sociology;
Curriculum appraisal and assessment;
Educational management;
Course material content, and others;

5.3.4. TVE - UNEVOC Inventory:

Furthermore, UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres can be furnished with UNEVOC International, Regional and National inventory of activities and functions via TVE databases and documentation.

Some of these TVE databases and documentation are:

· Databases containing information covering prepared, conducted, or completed research studies.

· Databases containing information covering published papers.

· Databases containing information covering organized, conducted, or completed case studies.

· Databases containing information covering organized, or held study groups.

· Databases containing information covering organized, or conducted workshops.

· Databases containing information covering organized, or held meetings.

· Databases containing information covering organized, or held conferences.

· Databases containing information covering organized, or held symposia.

· Databases containing information covering organized, conducted, or completed training seminars.

· Databases containing information covering other activities and functions.

5.3.5. General Education:

International, Regional, and National Databases and Documentation are numerous in General Education. UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres moreover can be capable of obtaining information pertaining to general education by means of these databases and documentation, (the information is diversified in composition, content, type and nature, and numerous to be stated).

Some of these TVE databases and documentation are:

· Student acceptance and registration computer application system and database.

· Graduates Placement computer application system and database.

· Specialization of new graduates computer application system and database.

· Current professional status computer application system and database.

· Cooperation between private sector and the work market computer application system and database.

· Database containing information covering training facilities system and.

· Databases containing information covering the role of schools in local communities.

· Databases containing information covering the role of students in social development.

· Databases containing information covering education role in national Socio-economic development computer application system and database.

· Databases containing information covering many other subjects.

TVE databases and documentation are valuable tools. They can support every activity in TVE areas of development.

5.4. Action Plan and Implementation:

UNEVOC is a new structure. Since its launching in 1992 UNEVOC Centres and Associate Centres are cooperating in many functions and activities. It needs encouragement, support, nourishment, and above all support of all nations to be capable to elevate and enhance improvements in areas of development in TVE.

5.4.1. Proposal for Establishment Development and Implementation:

UNEVOC regional, sub-regional and national focal points (UNEVOC Centres) are prerequisites for the establishment of information communication networks to facilitate access to databases and documentation in TVE. Each will facilitate the linkages and the establishment of such network facilities.

In order to establish full computer and information technology, network facilities, and software for UNEVOC Centres (Focal Points) and Associate Centres, the following steps can be initiated:

Step One:

1. Select and designate a specialized team (Two computer consultant/systems analysts) to perform:

On site requirement analyses study for each individual UNEVOC Centre (Focal Point) and Associate Centre, this requirement analyses study will be:

A. For the establishment (for the first time) of full computer and information technology, network facilities, and software for UNEVOC Centre (Focal Point)/Associate Centre, the activities are:

· Studying and analyzing TVE databases and documentation information software and the computer and information technology and network facilities required;

· Designing the networking that would be used as the infrastructure for accessing data and information;

· Generating:

Draft specification of an appropriate hardware configuration and its related facilities, system software, RDBMSs, LAN network facilities and other needed assorted development software packages; and

Draft specification of an appropriate TVE databases and documentation information software.

· The resulting requirement analyses study report should take the form of the overall requirements for TVE databases and documentation information software and should also include the minimum requirements needed for priority implementation.

B. For improving, upgrading, or expanding presently existing full computer and information technology, network facilities, and software at a UNEVOC Centre (Focal Point)/Associate Centre, the activities are:

· Study and analyze the requirements to improve and upgrade or expand existing computer and information technology facilities.

· Design the proposed improved, upgraded, or expanded network that would be used as the infrastructure for accessing data and information;

· Generate

Draft specification of the appropriate proposed improved, upgraded, or expanded hardware configuration and its related facilities, system software, RDBMSs, LAN network facilities and other needed assorted development software packages; and

Draft specifications of an appropriate proposed improved, upgraded, expanded or new TVE databases and documentation information software.

· This specifications document should take the form of the overall requirements for all TVE databases and documentation information software and should also include the minimum requirements needed for priority implementation.

C. For the establishment of communications links between national UNEVOC Centre (Focal Point) and its UNEVOC Associate Centres, and also the national specialized TVE institutions.

D. For the establishment of regional and sub-regional communication links between UNEVOC Centres (Focal Points).

3. Establish a coordinating committee to oversee communication links between the UNEVOC Centres (Focal Points).

4. As a result of the requirement analysis study, and for each National UNEVOC Centre (Focal Point) (and if possible, Associate Centre), the actual establishment of new basic Infrastructure, (full computer and information technology, network facilities, and software), or the actual upgrading, and expanding the in-house existing Infrastructure. Along with the use of wordprocessing, spreadsheet, and statistical packages (office environment computer applications). This may be performed as follows: See Figure (5.1)


Figure (5.1): the establishment of basic required TVE databases and documentation Infrastructure For each National UNEVOC Centre (Focal Point)

A. In order to establish, for the first time, in UNEVOC Centres (Focal Points) and Associate Centres full computer and information technology, network facilities, and software to facilitate access to TVE databases and documentation, and provide the proper services, the following activities are recommended to be executed:

· Conducting requirement analyses stated above.

· The result of which is the establishment of a Computer and Information unit linked directly to top management so as to be directly up to date with all the development, upgrading, and updating requests and requirements of TVE databases and documentation by management.

· The provision of proper, well suited Computer and information technology facilities:

· Capable of manipulating large database with an acceptable speed.

· Capable of communicating with other Computer and information technology facilities using the standard communication protocols.

· Communication NetWare, protocols, and devices (Modems, Multiplexors, Communication Cards, Hubs, Routers, Terminal Servers, Connectors, Terminators and others required facilities should be available for establishing National, Sub-regional and/or regional networks.

· UPS (Uninterrupted Power Supply), is recommended to give power continuity for the minimum of 15 minuets using backup batteries during power failure. This UPS will allow the operators to shutdown the system using the normal procedures.

· The provision of proper portable, scalable, and open (machine independent) Database management system

· Devising security procedures to protect the computer site, the hardware and software. The security measures includes:

· locked doors with passwords.

· back-ups of the database and the system software in other places far from the computer site. These copies will be used in the case of file corruption or natural disasters.

· Information security to prevent un-authorized persons accessing TVE databases and documentation.

· Employing computer specialists with the capabilities of managing the computer unit and developing software using the new methodologies and disciplines. The computer personnel can be classified according to job requirement, for example:

· Head computer and Information unit.

· Systems Analysts and database administrator with practical experience in systems analysis and design and database structuring and administrating with minimum of B.Sc. in computer science.

· Programmers with experience in database programming with B.Sc. in computer science.

· data entry staff, document controllers other personnel (UNEVOC Focal Point staff)

· Training in database design and programming and using new technologies of software development tools and facilities is recommended.

· The database development team should:

· Have good insight and familiarity with the actual functions and needs of the users.
· Conduct proper database establishment and development procedures.

· Priorities of information classification should be well though of and planned by the management.

· Detailed in depth study and hands on knowledge of each TVE databases and documentation information software functions is essential.

· Full cooperation between the database developing team and the users is a must. This is to:

· Get the right information from the right sources.

· Recognize the interactions and interrelationships between information fields and sources to be able to design fully integrated systems.

· Design the proper transcription forms, screens, reports, and others.

· Use the proper tables and information directories.

· Define accurate data dictionary and the information flow.

· Development (programming) of each TVE database and documentation information software should be done according to standards.

· Testing of each developed TVE databases and documentation information software should be done according to standards to insure full integration.

B. In order to improve and upgrade, in UNEVOC Centres (Focal Points) and Associate Centres, presently existing full computer and information technology, network facilities, and software to facilitate access to TVE databases and documentation, and provide the proper services, the following activities are recommended to be executed:

· Conducting requirement analyses stated above.

· The provision of the proper proposed improved, upgraded, or expanded computer and information technology facilities.

· The provision of the proper proposed improved, upgraded, or expanded Communication Netwar, protocols, and devices (Modems, Multiplexors, Communication Cards, Hubs, Routers, Terminal Servers, Connectors, Terminators and others required facilities should be available for the enhancement of National, Sub-regional and/or regional network linkage.

· The provision of proper proposed improved, upgraded, or expanded Database management system

· Setting up proposed improved security procedures.

· Training in the appropriate proposed improved, upgraded, or expanded database, in design and programming and in using new technologies of software development tools and facilities is recommended

· Detailed in depth study and hands on knowledge of each appropriate proposed improved, upgraded, expanded, or new TVE databases and documentation information software.

· Development (programming) of each proposed improvement and upgrading on presently existing TVE database and documentation information software, or each proposed new TVE database and documentation information software should be done according to standards.

· Testing of each developed TVE databases and documentation information software should be done according to standards to insure full integration.

Step Two:

· Establishing, developing, or upgrading application systems, databases are documentation.

· Establishing WIDE AREA NETWORK (WAN) links with General International databases through information providers such as ORBIT and INTERNET, (facilitating access to International TVE databases and documentation) it is recommended to authorize UNEVOC national centre (Focal Point) only to carryout link establishment. Associate Centers (If possible) and Specialized national institutions will be accessed via national centre (Focal Point) only.

· Establishing or maintaining WAN links and starting E-Mail between UNEVOC national centre (Focal Point), Associate Centers, and National Network of specialized TVE institutions that utilizes individual information networks. This is to avoid information duplication and redundancy, and to exchange viable information and expertise among individual national institutions.

· When application systems, databases are documentation are established, then the expansion requirements will be in order. The increasing volume of information will require expansion in storage. When viable information is available for access and the users are trained to interact with the computer facilities, the number of users will increase, this means increasing the number of personal computer units, i.e. expansion.

· Introducing Multimedia Authoring System for local use, providing assistance, training, and expertise, on national basis, in courseware development, and Introducing other required information technology applications to national UNEVOC centre and associate centres could start at this step. Sound planning and strategy will assign the proper units to carryout the required activities, and will provide the units with the proper facilities.

· Establishing WAN links and starting E-Mail between the following five UNEVOC focal points (These five UNEVOC Focal Points will be the Regional and Sub-Regional Focal Points) (facilitating access to Regional and Sub-Regional TVE databases and documentation): See Figure (5.2) and (5.3)

· UNEVOC Regional Focal Point/UNESCO Regional office for Education in the Arab States (UNEDBAS).

· One Sub-Regional Focal Point at the Asian Arab States.

· One Sub-Regional Focal Point at the Read Sea basin states.

· One Sub-Regional Focal Point at the Arab Gulf States.

· One Sub-Regional Focal Point at the North African Arab States.


Figure (5.2.): Establishing WAN links with General International databases, establishing UNEVOC Regional and Sub-Regional Network


Figure (5.3): Establishing WAN links with General International databases, establishing UNEVOC Regional and Sub-Regional Network in the Arab States Region

Step Three:

· Establishing WAN links and starting E-Mail between UNEVOC focal points (UNEVOC Centres) within the Sub-Regional that have the technical capabilities and are computerized, and only those that have the facilities of direct information exchange. This is to establish the smooth and speedy use of networks. Cooperating with UNESCO for the use of its established regional networks, and linking between UNEVOC Centres to exchange viable information and expertise among regional institutions via E-Mail, Databases and Documentation and other relevant information media.

This step will conclude facilitating access to TVE databases and documentation in UNEVOC Network (internationally, regionally, sub-regionally, and nationally). See figures (5.4) and (5.5)


Figure (5.4): Establishing Linkage within the Sub-Regional UNEVOC Focal Points. Establishing the Sub-Regional Networks


Figure (5.5): Establishing The Linkage Between the Sub-Regional UNEVOC Focal Points. Establishing the Sub-Regional Networks in the Arab States Region