The Agreement for the Establishment of the Indian Ocean Tuna Commission was approved by the FAO Council at its Hundred and fifth Session (November 1993) by Resolution No. 1/105.
Pursuant to paragraph 1 of Article IV of the Agreement, membership in the Commission is open to Members and Associate Members of FAO (a) that are: (i) coastal States or Associate Members situated wholly or partly within the Area; (ii) States or Associate Members whose vessels engage in fishing in the Area for stocks covered by this Agreement; or (iii) regional economic integration organizations of which any State referred to in subparagraphs (i) or (ii) above is a member and to which that State has transferred competence over matters within the purview of this Agreement; and (b) that accept this Agreement in accordance with the provisions of paragraph 1 of Article XVII.
In accordance with paragraph 2 of Article IV of the Agreement, the Commission may, by a two-thirds majority of its Members, admit to membership any other States that are not Members of FAO, but are Members of the United Nations or of any of its Specialized Agencies or of the International Atomic Energy Agency, provided that such States (a) are (i) coastal States situated wholly or partly within the Area; or (ii) States whose vessels engage in fishing in the Area for stocks covered by this Agreement; and (b) have submitted an application for membership and a declaration made in a formal instrument that they accept this Agreement as in force at the time of acceptance in accordance with paragraph 2 of Article XVII.
In accordance with paragraph 1 of Article XVII of the Agreement, acceptance of the Agreement by any Member or Associate Member of FAO shall be effected by the deposit of an instrument of acceptance with the Director-General.
As provided for in Article XVIII, the Agreement entered into force on 27 March 1996, date of deposit of the tenth instrument of acceptance. The Agreement was registered with the Secretariat of the United Nations on 3 June 1996.
Parties to the Agreement
The following participants deposited their instruments of acceptance on the corresponding date indicated:
Australia: 13 Nov 1996
Eritrea: 9 Aug 1994
European Community: 27 Oct 1995
France: 3 Dec 1996
India: 13 Mar 1995
Japan: 26 Jun 1996
Korea, Republic of: 27 Mar 1996
Madagascar: 10 Jan 1996
Mauritius: 27 Dec 1994
Pakistan: 27 Apr 1995
Seychelles: 26 Jul 1995
Sri Lanka: 13 Jun 1994
Sudan: 3 Dec 1996
Thailand: 17 Mar 1997
United Kingdom: 31 Mar 1995