ANNEXE


APPENDICESAPPENDIX - I

Cultivated crop plants of Bangladesh

Crop                  Scientific Name                  Growing Season          Status    
Cereals                                                                                  
Rice                  Oryza sativa                     Rabi and Kharif         Major     
Wheat                 Triticum aestivum                Rabi                    Major     
Maize                 Zea mays                         Rabi and Kharif         Minor     
Barley                Hordeum vulgare                  Rabi                    Minor     
Pearl Millet          Panicum miliaceum                Rabi                    Minor     
Fox Tail Millet       Setaria italica                  Rabi                    Minor     
Triticale             Triticale                        Rabi                    Minor     
Pulses (Grain                                                                            
legumes)                                                                                 
Grasspea              Lathyrus sativus                 Rabi                    Major     
Lentil                Lens culinaris                   Rabi                    Major     
Chickpea              Cicer arietinum                  Rabi                    Major     
Mungbean              Vigna radiata                    Rabi                    Major     
Blackgram             Vigna mungo                      Rabi                    Minor     
Pigeonpea             Cajanus cajan                    Rabi and Kharif         Minor     
Cowpea                Vigna unguiculata                Rabi and Kharif         Minor     
Oilseeds                                                                                 
Mustard               Brassica spp.                    Rabi                    Major     
Groundnut             Arachis hypogea                  Rabi and Kharif         Major     
Sesame                Sesamum indicum                  Rabi and Kharif         Major     
Linseed               Linum usitatissimum              Rabi                    Minor     
Niger                 Guizotia abyssinica              Rabi                    Minor     
Safflower             Carthamus tinctorius             Rabi and Kharif         Minor     
Coconut               Cocos nucifera                   Round the year          Major     
Vegetables                                                                               
Brinjal (Eggplant)    Solanum melongena                Rabi and Kharif         Major     
Radish                Raphanus sativus                 Rabi                    Major     
Bottle gourd          Lagenaria siceraria              Rabi                    Major     
Tomato                Lycopersicon esculentum          Rabi                    Minor     
Squash                Cucurbita moschata/pepo          Rabi and Kharif         Major     
Pumpkin               Cucurbita maxima                 Rabi                    Minor     
Cucumber              Cucumis sativus                  Kharif                  Major     
Marfa, Phuti          Cucumis melo                     Rabi                    Minor     
Bitter gourd          Momordica charantia              Kharif                  Minor     
Teasle gourd          Momordica dioica                 Kharif                  Major     
Snake gourd           Trichosanthes anguina            Kharif                  Minor     
Amaranth              Amaranthus spp./gangeticus       Rabi and Kharif         Minor     
Spinach               Spinacea oleracea                Rabi                    Minor     
Lima bean             Phaseolus lunatus                Rabi                    Minor     
French bean           Phaseolus vulgaris               Rabi                    Minor     
Country bean          Dolichos purpureus               Rabi                    Major     
Ribbed gourd          Luffa acutungula                 Rabi                    Minor     
Songe gourd           Luffa cylindrica                 Kharif                  Minor     
Indian spinach        Basella alba                     Kharif                  Minor     
Okra                  Abelmoschus escunletus           Kharif                  Major     
Ash gourd             Benincasa hispida (B.            Kharif                  Major     
                      cerifera)                                                          
Cheena sak            Brassica spp.                    Rabi                    Major     
Bathua                Chenopodium album                Rabi                    Minor     
(Appendix-I contd.)                                                                      
Crop (Vegetables      Scientific Name                  Growing Season          Status    
contd.)                                                                                  
Water melon           Citrulus vulgaris                Kharif                  Major     
Kalmi sak             Ipomea aquarica  (I. reptans)    Kharif                  Minor     
Winged bean           Psophocarpus tetragonolobus      Rabi                    Minor     
Potato                Solanum tuberosum                Rabi                    Major     
Sweet potato          Ipomoea batatus                  Rabi                    Major     
Arum                  Colocasia esculenta              Round the year          Major     
Yam bean,Shak aku     Pachyrrhizus tuberosus           Round the year          Minor     
Yam                   Dioscorea spp.                                           Minor     
Spices                                                                                   
Chilli                Capsicum annum/frutescens        Rabi and Kharif         Major     
Turmeric              Curcuma domestica/longa          Rabi                    Major     
Coriander             Coriandrum sativum               Rabi                    Minor     
Black cumin           Nigella sativa                   Rabi                    Minor     
Fenugreek (Methi)     Trigonella foenum-graceum        Rabi                    Minor     
Black pepper          Piper nigrum                     Rabi                    Minor     
Cuminseeds (Jeera)    Cuminum cyminum                  Rabi                    Minor     
Ginger                Zingiber officinale              Rabi                    Major     
Onion                 Allium cepa                      Rabi                    Major     
Garlic                Allium sativum                   Rabi                    Major     
Join                  Carum capticum                   Rabi                    Minor     
Fruits                                                                                   
Jackfruit             Artocarpus heterophyllus         A tree, fruits in       Major     
                                                       Kharif                            
Mango                 Mangifera indica                 A tree, fruits in       Major     
                                                       Kharif                            
Litchi                Litchi chinensis                 A tree, fruits in       Minor     
                                                       Kharif                            
Guava                 Psidium guajava                  A tree, fruits in       Minor     
                                                       Kharif                            
Watermelon            Citrullus lanatus (C. vulgaris)  Rabi                    Major     
Lime                  Citrus aurantifolia              A tree, fruits in       Minor     
                                                       Kharif                            
Lemon                 Citrus limon                     A tree, fruits in       Minor     
                                                       Kharif                            
Pomelo                Citrus grandis                   A tree, fruits in       Minor     
                                                       Kharif                            
Mandarin              Citrus reticulata                Rabi                    Minor     
Sweet orange (Malta)  Citrus sinensis                  A tree, fruits in Rabi  Minor     
Carambola (Kamranga)  Averrhoa carambola               A tree, fruits in       Minor     
                                                       Kharif                            
Fibre crops                                                                              
Cotton                Gossypium  spp.                  Rabi and Kharif         Minor     
Jute                  Corchorus  spp.                  Kharif                  Major     
Mesta and Kenaf       Hibiscus spp.                    Kharif                  Minor     
Sunnhemp              Crotalaria juncea                Rabi                    Minor     
Sugar crops                                                                              
Sugarcane             Saccharum officinale             Rabi and Kharif         Major     
Date palm             Phoenix sylvestris               A tree, fruits in       Minor     
                                                       Kharif                            
Beverage                                                                                 
Tea                   Camellia sinensis                A tree, harvested in    Major     
                                                       Kharif                            
Narcotics                                                                                
Tobacco               Nicotiana tabacum, N. rustica    Rabi                    Minor     
Green manuring crops                                                                     
Sunnhemp              Crotalaria juncea                Rabi                    Minor     
Sesbania (Shon pat)   Sesbania spp.                    Kharif                  Minor     
Source: Mondal, M. H. 1990. Plant genetic resources activities in Bangladesh. Proc.     
South Asia National Coordinators Meeting, 21-24 March, 1990, held at IBPGR Regional     
Office for South Asia, NBPGR Campus, Pusa, New Delhi - 110 012, India.                  

APPENDIX - II

Edible fruit species in Bangladesh forests

SL.    Species                   Family        Description          Distribution          
No.                                                                                       
1.     Alangium salvifolium      Alangiaceae   Small deciduous      Chittagong,           
       (L.f.) Wangerin (Aikha,                 tree or straggling   Chittagong Hill       
       Ankura,  Akarkanta)                     shrub                Tracts, village       
                                                                    groves                
2.     Anthocephalus chinensis   Rubiaceae     Tall deciduous tree  Chittagong Hill       
       (lamk.) Rich ex Walp.                                        Tracts, Dhaka,        
       (Kadam)                                                      Mymensingh, Dinajpur  
3.     Antidesma ghaesembilla    Euphorbiacea  Deciduous shrub or   Chittagong,           
       Gaertn. (Khudijam)        e             small tree           Chittagong Hill       
                                                                    Tracts, Cox's         
                                                                    Bazar, Dhaka,         
                                                                    Dinajpur              
4.     Artocarpus chaplasha      Moraceae      Large deciduous      Chittagong, Cox's     
       Roxb. (Chaplash,                        tree                 Bazar, Chittagong     
       Chambal)                                                     Hill Tracts, Dhaka,   
                                                                    Dinajpur, Sylhet,     
                                                                    Madhupur              
5.     Artocarpus lakoocha       Moraceae      Medium sized         Chittagong, Cox's     
       Roxb. (Dewa)                            deciduous tree       Bazar, Chittagong     
                                                                    Hill Tracts, Dhaka,   
                                                                    Dinajpur, Sylhet,     
                                                                    Madhupur              
6.     Baccaurea ramiflora       Euphorbiacea  Small to medium      Chittagong, Cox's     
       (Roxb.) Muell-Arg.        e             sized evergreen      Bazar, Chittagong     
       Lour. (B. sapida)                       tree                 Hill Tracts, Sylhet   
       (Latka)                                                      (usually in shady     
                                                                    places)               
7.     Bauhinia vahlii  W. et    Caesalpiniac  Gigantic             Dhaka, Mymensingh,    
       A. (Chehur)               eae           tredrillar woody     (small forests)       
                                               climber (attaining                         
                                               35 m and  60 m                             
                                               diameter                                   
8.     Buchanania lanzan         Anacardiacea  Medium sized         Chittagong, Cox's     
       Spreng. (B. latifolia     e             evergreen tree       Bazar, Chittagong     
       Roxb.)                                  (Trunk looks like    Hill Tracts,          
                                               crocodile skin)      Sundarbans            
9.     Bauea burmanica Griff.    Anacardiacea  Medium sized         Chittagong, Cox's     
                                 e             evergreen tree       Bazar, Chittagong     
                                                                    Hill Tracts,          
                                                                    Dhaka,Mymensingh,Syl  
                                                                    het.                  
10.    Bridelia retusa Spreng.   Euphorbiacea  Small to medium      Chittagong,           
       (Kamkui, Kantakhasi,      e             sized deciduous      Chittagong Hill       
       Kosoi)                                  tree                 Tracts,               
                                                                    Dhaka,Mymensingh      
11.    Calamus erectus  Roxb.    Palmae        Erect, tuft, very    Chittagong,           
       (Kadam Bet)                             thorny cane          Chittagong Hill       
                                                                    Tracts, Sylhet        
12.    Calamus rotung  L.        Palmae        Slender climbing     Chittagong,           
       (Chanci Bet) C. tenuis                  cane with long stem  HillTracts,           
       Roxb.  (Bhandari Bet)                                        Sunamganj,Sundar-ban  
                                                                    s                     
13.    Carallia brachiata        Rhizophorace  Medium sized to      Chittagong, Cox's     
       (Lour.) Merr.  (C.        ae            tall evergreen       Bazar, Chittagong     
       lucida Roxb.) (Rajcow,                  tree with            Hill Tracts,          
       Khenargachh)                            horizontal           Mymensingh,Sylhet     
                                               branches green                             
                                               thick leaves                               
14.    Cleistocalyx              Myrtaceae     Small to medium      Chittagong            
       operaculatus (Roxb.)                    sized tree, thick    (Andhermanik &        
       Herr. & Perry  (Eugenia                 leaves with small    Dhoom) growing in     
       operculata Roxb.)                       of jam (?) when      Savanas, Madhupur     
       (Tepajam,  Thengajam,                   bruised and turn     sal forest,           
       Batijam)                                red or purplish      Dinajpur (Singra).    
                                               when shedding                              
15.    Cordia dichotoma Forest   Ehretiaceae   Medium sized         Chittagong, Cox's     
       f.  (C. myxa Roxb.)                     deciduous tree       Bazar, Chittagong     
       (Bahanari, Laskkara)                                         Hill Tracts,          
                                                                    Mymensingh,Sylhet     
16.    Dillenia indica  L.       Dilleniaceae  Medium sized semi    Chittagong, Cox's     
       (Chalta)                                deciduous tree       Bazar, Chittagong     
                                               with redish smooth   Hill Tracts, in       
                                               bark                 villages throughout   
Appendix II (contd.)                                                                      
SL.No  Species                   Family        Description          Distribution          
.                                                                                         
17.    Dillenia pentagyna        Dilleniaceae  Medium sized to      Chittagong, Cox's     
       Roxb. (Hargoja, Akshi,                  large deciduous      Bazar, Chittagong     
       karkota. Ajugi)                         tree                 Hill Tracts, Dhaka,   
                                                                    Mymensingh,Sylhet     
                                                                    (usually growing      
                                                                    inSavanas)            
18.    Diospyros peregrina       Ebenaceae     Small to medium      Grows wild in         
       Gaertn,. (D.                            sized evergreen      different forests     
       embryopteris Pers.)                     tree fluted lofty                          
       (Deshi Gab)                             black trunk                                
19.    Diospyros toposia         Ebenaceae     Medium sized to      Chittagong,           
       (Buch.) Ham (D.                         large evergreen      Chittagong Hill       
       racemosa Roxb.)                         tree with black      Tracts, usually       
       (Gabgulal)                              rough bark           growing in moist      
                                                                    places                
20.    Ehretia acuminata  R.     Ehretiaceae   Small to medium      Chittagong,           
       Br. (E. serrata Roxb.)                  sized semi           Chittagong Hill       
       (Kaloaza, Kulaza)                       evergreen tree       Tracts, Sylhet        
 21.    Elaeocarpus                             Medium sized         Chittagong,          
       floribundus  Blume.       Elaeocarpace  evergreen tree       Chittagong Hill       
       (Belphol)  E. robusta     ae            with alwayas some    Tracts, Sylhet,       
       Roxb.  (Jalpai)  (E.                    crimson redish old   Mymensingh            
       tectorius  (Lour.)                      leaves                                     
       Poir.)                                                                             
22.    Emblica officinalis       Euphorbiacea  Small to medium      Chittagong,           
       Gaertn. Phyllanthus       e             sized deciduous      Chittagong Hill       
       emblica L.                              tree with            Tracts, Sylhet,       
                                               beautiful            Dhaka, Mymensingh.    
                                               pinnately compound   Dinajpur              
                                               leaf-like foliage                          
                                               although the                               
                                               leaves are simple                          
23.    Erioglossum rubiginosum   Sapi ndaceae  Evergreen large      Chittagong,           
       Blume. E. edule Blume                   shrub or small to    Chittagong Hill       
       (Amlaki)                                medium sized tree    Tracts, and villages  
                                               with young parts                           
                                               densely covered by                         
                                               rusty golden                               
                                               tomentum                                   
24.    Ficus auriculatus Lour.   Moraceae      Small to medium      Chittagong Hill       
       F. roxburghii Wall. F.                  sized very silky     Tracts, Sitapahar,    
       macrophylla Roxb.                       evergreen tree       on Kaptai Road.       
       (Dumur)                                                                            
25.    Ficus racemosa L. (F.     Moraceae      Medioum sized        Chittagong,           
       glomerata Roxb.)                        tree, deciduous      Chittagong Hill       
       (Jagdumur)                              for short time       Tracts, Cox's Bazar   
                                               with redish broen    and throughout the    
                                               smooth bark          country               
26.    Ficus hispida  L.         Moraceae      Large shrub or       Grows in all forest   
       (Tkoska, Kakdumur)                      small tree with      areas and in waste    
                                               l;arge opposite,     places throughout     
                                               very coarse          the country           
                                               (hairy) leaves.                            
27.    Firmiana colorata Roxb.   Sterculiacea  Medium sized         Chittagong,           
       R. Br.(Sterculia          e             deciduous tree       Chittagong Hill       
       colorata Roxb.) (Faisa                                       Tracts, Sylhet,       
       Udal, Pata Gota)                                             Dhaka, Mymensingh     
28.    Flacourtia jangomas       Flacourtiace  Small to medium      Chittagong,           
       (Lour.) Raeusch,          ae            sized deciduous      Chittagong Hill       
       (Paniala, Kukluki) F.                   tree with compound   Tracts, Cox's         
       cataphracta Roxb. ex                    branched spines on   Bazar, Sylhet.        
       Willd. (Ujal)                           the main trunk                             
29.    Flacourtia indica         Flacourtiace  Much thorny bushy    Chittagong, Cox's     
       (Burm. f.) Merr. (F.      ae            deciduous shrub to   Bazar, Sylhet.        
       ramontchii (L.)                         small tree           Mymensingh, Dhaka     
       Heritt.;F. sepiaria                                                                
       Roxb. ) (Beuchi,                                                                   
       Paniala)                                                                           
30.    Garcinia cowa Roxb. G.    Guttifereae   Tall evergree        Chittagong,           
       kydia Roxb. (Kaglichu)                  glabrous tree with   Chittagong Hill       
                                               drooping branches    Tracts, Sylhet        
                                               and exuding yellow                         
                                               latex                                      
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
Appendix-II (contd)                                                                       
SL.No  Species                   Family        Descriprion          Distribution          
.                                                                                         
31.    Garcinia xanthochymus     Guttifereae   Medium sized         Chittagong Hill       
       Hook.f. (Tamal, Dambel)                 semi-deciduous       Tracts                
                                               tree with copious                          
                                               yellow latex                               
32.    Grewia tiliaefolia        Tiliaceae     Medium sized         Chittagong, Hill      
       Vahl.(Dhaman)                           deciduous tree       Tracts                
33.    Madhuca indica J.F.       Sapotaceae    Medium sized         Forests of Dinajpur   
       Gmell. M. latifolia                     deciduous tree       (Dharmapur, Santal    
       Roxb.  Bassia latifolia                 with white latex     Village)              
       Roxb. (Mahua)                           and large leathery                         
                                               leaves crowded at                          
                                               the end of branches                        
34.    Mangifera sylvatica       Anacardiacea  Large evergreen      Chittagong,           
       Roxb. (Jangli Am)         e             tree                 Chittagong Hill       
                                                                    Tracts, Cox's         
                                                                    Bazar, Sylhet         
35.    Melastroma                Melastomacea  Bushy shrub with     Chittagong, Cox's     
       malabathricum L.          e             purple coloured      Bazar, Sylhet,        
       (Datranga, Lutki)                       flowers                                    
36.    Microcos paniculata  L.   Melastomacea  Small to medium      Chittagong,           
       Grewia microcos  Wall.    e             sized tree or shrub  Chittagong Hill       
       ex Mast. (Asar, Patka)                                       Tracts, Cox's         
                                                                    Bazar, Sylhet         
37.    Nypa fruticans            Palmae        Stemless             Chittagong, Hill      
       Wurmb.(Golpata)                                              Tracts, Sylhet        
38.    Paramigyna citrifolia     Rutaceae      Spiny scandant       Chittagong,           
       Hook. f.  (Ban Nebu,                    shrub with           Chittagong Hill       
       Karipa)                                 recurved spines      Tracts, Sylhet        
39.    Parkia roxburghii  G.     Mimosaceae    Tall unarmed tree,   Chittagong,           
       Don. P. javanica                        bipinnate leaves     Chittagong Hill       
       Merr.(Sapota)                          and small leaflets.  Tracts (Bandarban)    
40.    Phoenix paludosa  Roxb.   Palmae        Soboliferous         Mangrove forests of   
       (Hintal)                                gregarious palm      Sundarbans.           
                                               (bushy when young)                         
                                               can grow stem up                           
                                               to 6m                                      
41.    Randia spinosa  Poir.     Rubiaceae     Small deciduous      Chittagong, Hill      
       R. dumetorum                            tree or large shrub  Tracts, Cox's         
       Lam.(Mainphal)                                               Bazar,                
                                                                    Sylhet,Dhaka,Dinajpu  
                                                                    r                     
42.    Randia uliginosa  DC.     Rubiaceae     Small to medium      Sylhet, Chittagong    
       (Piralu)                                sized tree or        Hill Tracts           
                                               large shrub with                           
                                               redish  brown bark                         
43.    Rhizophora mucronata      Rhizophorace  Small to mid-        Sundarbana oand      
       Poir. (Haoa, Khamo,       ae            sized tree with      other tidal forests   
       Jhanna)                                 leathery leaves                            
                                               ,stilt roots                               
44.    Sarcolobus globosus       Asclepiadace  Glabrous trwining    Sundarbans and        
       Wall. (Baolilata)         ae            shrub                tidal creeks of       
                                                                    Chgittagong           
45.    Schleichera oleosa        Sapindaceae   Lartge deciduous     Dhaka, Chittagong,    
       (Lour.) Oken.  S.                       tree with much       Mymensingh            
       trijuga Willd. (Kusum,                  fluted knotty trunk                        
       Lakkha)                                                                            
46.    Semicarpus anacardium     Anacardiacea  Small deciduous      Mymensingh, Dhaka,    
       L. (Beula, Bhelatuki)     e             tree with large      Chittagong,           
                                               leaves corowded at   Chittagong Hill       
                                               the end of the       Tracts                
                                               branchlets                                 
47.    Shorea robusta  Gaertn.   Dipterocarpa  Mid-sized            Dhaka, Mymensingh,    
       (Gajari)                  ceae          semideciduous tree   Comilla, Sal;illa     
                                                                    of Sylhet             
48.    Sonneratia caseolaris     Sonneratiace  Small to medium      Sundarbans and        
       L. (S. acida L.)          ae            sized evergreen      other coastal areas   
       (Orali, Choila)                         tree with yellow                           
                                               drooping branches                          
49.    Spondias pinnata  (L.)    Anacardiacea  Medium sized to      Chittagong, Dhaka,    
       Kurz. (Amra)  S.          e             large deciduous      Cox's Bazar and       
       mangifera  Willd.         Anacardiacea  tree                 villages throughout   
       (Amletung)                e                                  the country           
50.    Sterculia foetida  L.     Sterculiacea  Tall deciduous       Cox's Bazar and       
       (Jangli Badam)            e             tree with nearly     Chittagong            
                                               horizontal whorled                         
                                               branches and                               
                                               digitate                                   
51.    Stixis suaveolens         Caparidiacea  Large unarmed        Chittagong Hill       
       (Roxb.) Pierre.           e             woody climber        Tracts and            
       (Roydsia sauveolens                                          Chittagong            
       Roxb.)                                                                             
52.    Syzygium claviforum       Myrtaceae     Medium sized         Chittagong, Cox's     
       Roxb. Wall ex Cowan &                   evergreen tree       Bazar and             
       Cowan. (Nalijam)                                             Chittagong Hill       
                                                                    Tracts                
53.    Syzygium fruticosum       Myrtaceae     Small tree and       Almost all forest     
       (Roxb.) D.C. Eugenia                    large shrub          areas and waste       
       fruticosa  Roxb.                                             falloe land in        
       (Banjam, Khudijam)                                           villages              
54.    Syzygium macrocarpa       Myrtaceae     Small to medium      Chittagong            
       Eugenia macrocarpa                      sized tree           (hazarikhil), Cox's   
       Roxb.                                                        Bazar, Sylhet         
55.    Terminalia belerica       Combretaceae  Tall deciduous tree  Chittagong,           
       (Gaertn.) Roxb.(Bahera,                                      Chittagong Hill       
       Baragachh)                                                   Tracts, Dhaka,        
                                                                    Mymensingh            
56.    Terminilia catappa  L.    Combretaceae  Tall deciduous       Chittagong,           
       (Deshi Badam, Kath                      tree with whorled    Chittagong Hill       
       Badam)                                  branching habit      Tracts                
                                               and the leaves                             
                                               clustered at the                           
                                               end of branhes                             
57.    Terminilia chebula        Combretaceae  Middle sized to      Chittagong, Cox's     
       Retz and T. citrina                     large deciduous      Bazar (Chunati),      
       Roxb. ex                                tree                 Hill  Tracts          
       Flem.(Haritaki)                                                                    
58.    Willughbea edulis         Apocynaceae   Large woody          Almost all forest     
       Roxb. (Lata Am,  Lali                   climbing shrub       areas and in          
       Am)                                     with dark brown      villages              
                                               bark having milky                          
                                               latex                                      
59.    Zizyphus oenoplea  (L.)   Rhamnaceae    Scrambling           Almost all forest     
       Mill. (Ban Boroi, Got                   climbing shrubwith   areas & in villages   
       Boroi)                                  short,  often                              
                                               solitary prickles                          
                                               at the base of the                         
                                               leaves                                     
60.    Zizyphus rugosa  Lamk.    Rhamnaceae    Large deciduous      Chittagong            
       (Anai,  Jangli Boroi)                   scrambling armed     (Hinguli), Sylhet     
                                               shrub or small tree  (Borshijura), Dhaka   
                                                                    (Sreipur) and         
                                                                    Dinajpur              

Source: Das, D.K. 1987. Edible fruits of Bangladesh forests. Bull. No. 3 Plant Taxonomy Series, BFRI, 16 pp. Local name(s)in parenthesis (bold letters)

APPENDIX - III

Medicinal plants available in Bangladesh

Sl. No.  Species name         Local name              Family        Location              
1.       Abroma augusta  L.   Ulatkambal              Sterculiacea  All over the country  
                                                      e                                   
2.       Abelmoschus          Bhindi, Dheras, Okra    Malvaceae     All over the country  
         esculentus  W &                                                                  
         A.(Hibiscus                                                                      
         esculentus L.)                                                                   
3.       Abrus precatorius    Kunch, Rati, Chanyi,    Leguminosae   Dhaka, Chittagong,    
         L..                  Kaich, Gungchi, Gujna                 Chittagong Hill       
                                                                    Tracts,               
                                                                    Mymensingh,Sylhet     
4.       Abutilon indicum     Petari, Jhampi, Jhumka  Malvaceae     All over the          
         (L.) (Sweet.) G.                                           country              
         Don                                                                              
5.       Acalypha indica L.   Muktajhuri, Biral       Euphorbiacea  All over the country  
                              hatchi, Swetbasanta     e                                   
6.       Achyranthes aspera   Apang, Upatlangra       Amaranthacea  All over the country  
         L.                                           e                                   
7.       Acorus calamus L.    Bach, Gharbach,         Araceae       All over the          
                              Swetbach                              country, especially   
                                                                    in low lying areas    
                                                                    of Dinajpur           
8.       Adhatoda vasica      Basak, Bakas, Adulsa    Acanthaceae   All over the          
         Nees.                                                      country, especially   
                                                                    in low lying areas    
                                                                    of Dinajpur           
9.       Aegle marmelos       Bel                     Rutaceae      All over the          
         (L.) Correa                                                country, especially   
                                                                    in low lying areas    
                                                                    of Dinajpur           
10.      Agati grandiflora    Bakphul, Agasta,        Leguminasae   All over the          
         Desv. (Sesbania      Buko, Bak, Agati                      country, especially   
         grandiflora (L.)                                           in low lying areas    
         Pers.)                                                     of Dinajpur           
11.      Alangium             Baghankura, Dhalakura   Alangiaceae   All over the          
         salvifolium Thw.                                           country, especially   
                                                                    in low lying areas    
                                                                    of Dinajpur           
12.      Aloe vera  Tawin.    Ghritakanchan,          Agavaceae     All over the          
         (A. barbadensis      Gheekachu,                            country, especially   
         Mill.)               Ghritakumari,                         in low lying areas    
                              Musabbar                              of Dinajpur           
13.      Amaranthus           Kanta Notey, Kanta      Amaranthacea  All over the          
         spinosus Willd.      Denga, Katamiris        e             country, especially   
                                                                    in low lying areas    
                                                                    of Dinajpur           
14.      Andrographis         Kalomegh, Mahatita      Acanthaceae   Dinajpur,             
         paniculata  (Burm                                          Chittagong,           
         f.) Wall ex  Nees                                          Chittagong Hill       
                                                                    Tracts                
15.      Cymbopogon           Lemonghas, Gandhatrina  Gramineae     All over Bangladesh   
         citratus (DC) Stapf                                                              
16.      Annona squamosa  L.  Ata, Sharifa,           Annonaceae    All over Bangladesh   
                              Sitaphal, Luna                                              
17.      Argemone mexicana    Shial Kanta, Bara       Papavaraceae  All over Bangladesh   
         L.                   Shial Kanta,                                                
                              Kengrabiji                                                  
18.      Aristolochia         Iswarar Mul             Aristolochia  All over              
         indica  L.                                   ceae          Bangladesh,           
                                                                    especially in         
                                                                    Chittagong, Hill      
                                                                    Tracts                
19..     Asparagus            Shata Muli, Hilum       Liliaceae     Madhupur, Sylhet,     
         racemosus  Willd                                           Chittagong            
20.      Boerhaavia repens    Punarnava,              Nyctaginacea  Dhaka, Mymensingh,    
         L. (B. diffusa L.)   Gandhapurna, Swetpurna  e             Chittagong, Dinajpur  
21.      Bryophyllum          Patharkuchi,            Crassulaceae  All over Bangladesh   
         calycinum Salisb.    Patiapuri, Kafpata                                          
22.      Caesalpinia crista   Let Kanta               Leguminosae   All over              
         L. (C. nuga L.)                                            Bangladesh,Chittagon  
                                                                    g, Hill tracts, and   
                                                                    estuarine areas       
23.      Calophyllum          Sultan Champa,          Guttifereae   Along the sea shore   
         inophyllum L.        Punnag, Kannyal, Nag                  and inland in         
                              Champa, Gulab, Kath                   Barisal district      
                              Champa, Panial                                              
24.      Calotropis           Bara Akand, Gur Akand   Asclepiadace  All over Bangladesh   
         gigantea  R. Br.                             ae                                  
25.      Canna orientalis     Sarbajaya, Phena        Cannaceae     All over Bangladesh   
         Rosc.(C. indica L.)                                                              
26.      Canscora decussata   Daukuni                 Gentianaceae  All over Bangladesh   
         (Roxb.) Roem &                                                                   
         Schultz                                                                          
27.      Cassia alata L.      Dad Mardan, Dadmari     Leguminseae   All over Bangladesh   
28.      Clerodendrum         Bhant, Ghetu,           Verbenaceae   All over Bangladesh   
         viscosum Gaertn.     Ghetuphul                                                   
29.      Clitoria ternatea    Aparajita, Nila         Leguminosae   All over Bangladesh   
         L.                   Aparajita                                                   
30.      Coccinea             Telakucha, Vinbu, Kak   Cucurbitacea  All over Bangladesh   
         cordifolia  (L.)     Jhinga, Kawoaluli,      e                                   
         Cogn. (C. indica W   Kanduri, Kuchila,                                           
         & A.)                Mamakola, Makal                                             
31.      Curcuma amada        Amada, Faliya           Zingiberacea  All over Bangladesh   
         Roxb.                                        e                                   
                                                                                          
Appendix-III (contd.)                                                                     
Sl No.   Species name         Local name              Family        Distribution          
32.      Curcuma aromatica    Ban Haldi, Jangli       Zingiberacea  All over Bangladesh   
         Salisb. (C.          Haldi                   e                                   
         zeodaria  Roxb.)                                                                 
33.      Curcuma zedoaria     Shathi, Ekangi,         Zingiberacea  All over Bangladesh   
         Rosc.                Phaulga, Kachuri        e                                   
34,      Datura innoxia       Dhutra                  Solanceae     All over Bangladesh   
         Mill. (D. metel                                                                  
         (L.) Sims.                                                                       
35.      Datura stramonium    Dhutra                  Solanaceae    All over Bangladesh   
         L.                                                                               
36.      Eclipta alba  (L.)   Kesuti, Kesaraj,        Asteraceae    All over Bangladesh   
         Hassk.               Keoti, Kalo Keshi,                                          
                              Bhangra,                                                    
37.      Eclipta erecta  L.   Bhimraj                 Asteraceae    All over Bangladesh   
         (E. prostata  L.)                                                                
38.      Eupatorium           Assam Lata, Bara        Asteraceae    All over Bangladesh   
         odoratum   L.        Shialmuti, German                                           
                              Lata, Pishab                                                
39.      Euphorbia            Tesra Mansha,           Euphorbiacea  All over Bangladesh   
         antiquorum  L.       Nerasij, Sibgach,       e                                   
                              Tiktasij, Bajbaran                                          
40.      Eupatorium ayapana   Ayapan                  Asteraceae    All over Bangladesh   
         Vent.                                                                            
41.      Ficus hispida  L.    Kak Dumur, Dumur,       Moraceae      All over Bangladesh   
                              Dhungri, Thoska                                             
42.      Heliotropium         Hati Sur, Hatisud       Boraginaceae  All over Bangladesh   
         indicum  L.                                                                      
43.      Hemidesmus indicus   Anantamul               Asclepiadace  Mymensingh,           
         R. Br.                                       ae            Sundarbans, Sylhet    
44.      Holarrhena           Kurchi, Kuteswar,       Apocynaceae   Dhaka, Chittagong,    
         antidysenterica      Kuruz, Kuruchi,                       Chittagong Hill       
         (Heyne ex Roth.)     Indrejab, Grimallika,                 Tracts, Mymensingh,   
         Wall.                Kutuz                                 Sylhet, Dinajpur      
45.      Hydnocarpus kurzii   Chaulmoogra, Bolgach,   Flacourtiace  Chittagong,           
         (King) Warb.         Hiddigach               ae            Chittagong Hill       
         (Teraktogenes                                              Tracts                
         kurzii King)                                                                     
46.      Hydrocotyle          Thankuni, Thulkuri,     Umbelliferea  All over Bangladesh   
         asiatica  L.         Brahmanbuti             e                                   
47.      Ipomea digitata  L.  ?                       Convolvulace  All over Bangladesh   
                                                      ae                                  
48.      Ipomea hederacea     Nil Kalmi               Convolvulace  All over Bangladesh   
         Jacq. (I. nil                                ae                                  
         Meissn)                                                                          
49.      Ipomea turpethum     Noapata, Tori,          Convolvulace  All over Bangladesh   
         (L.)  R. Br.         Cheuri, Dudh Kalmi      ae                                  
50.      Ixora coccinia  L.   Rangan (Lal), Rajana    Rubiaceae     All over Bangladesh   
51.      Jasminum sambac      Beli, BanaMallika,      Oleaceae      All over Bangladesh   
         (L.) Ait.            Malshi, Mogra                                               
52.      Jatropha curcas  L.  Baghverenda,            Euphorbiacea  All over Bangladesh   
                              Banbherenda             e                                   
53.      Jatropha             Lalbherenda, Nikunta    Euphorbiacea  All over Bangladesh   
         gossypifolia Roxb.                           e                                   
54.      Lawsonia inermis     Mendi, Mehedi, Hena,    Lythraceae    All over Bangladesh   
         L. (L. alba Lamk.)   Sudi                                                        
55.      Leucas aspera        Dulfi, Dandakalash,     Labiateae     All over Bangladesh   
         (Willd.) Spreng      Swetadrone                                                  
56.      Mollotus             Kamela, Sindur          Euphorbiacea  Sylhet, Chittagong,   
         philipinensis                                e             Chittagong Hill       
         Muell. Arg                                                 Tracts, Dinajpur,     
                                                                    Dhaka, Myemsnsingh    
57.      Mentha spicata  L.   Pudina                  Labiateae     All over Bangladesh   
         (M. viridis L.)                                                                  
58.      Mimosa pudica  L.    Lajjabati, Lajak        Leguminaseae  All over Bangladesh   
                                                      (Mimosae)                           
59.      Mirabilis jalapa     Sandha Malati,          Nyctaginacea  All over Bangladesh   
         L.                   Sandhamoni,             e                                   
                              Krishnakoli                                                 
60.      Moringa oleifera     Sajina, Sanja           Moringaceae   All over Bangladesh   
         Lam.                                                                             
61.      Nelumbo nucifera     Padma, Raktapadma       Nymphaeaceae  All over Bangladesh   
         Gaertn. (Nelumbium                                                               
         speciosum Willd.)                                                                
62.      Nerium indicum       Karabi, Rakta Karabi    Apocynaceae   All over Bangladesh   
         Mill. (N. odorum                                                                 
         (Ait.) Soland)                                                                   
63.      Nyctanthes           Seuli, Shephalika,      Oleaceae      All over Bangladesh   
         arbor-tristis   L.   Singhra, Harshinghra,                                       
                              Shefali                                                     
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
Appendix-III (contd.)                                                                     
Sl. No.  Species name         Local name              Family        Location              
64.      Ocimum sanctum L.    Kalo Tulsi, Tulsi       Labiateae     All over Bangladesh   
65.      Ocimum basilicum L.  Babui Tulsi, Dulal      Labiateae     All over Bangladesh   
                              Tulsi, Sada Tulshi,                                         
                              Sabja                                                       
66.      Opuntia dillenii     Phani Mansha,           Cactaceae     All over Bangladesh   
         Haw.                 Nagkana, Nagphana,                                          
                              Bidar                                                       
67.      Phyllanthus          Amlaki, Amla, Aula      Euphorbiacea  Chittagong,           
         emblica  L.                                  e             Chittagong Hill       
         (Emblica                                                   Tracts, Mymensingh,   
         officinalis                                                Dinajpur              
         Gaertn,)                                                                         
68.      Piper longum  L.     Pipla, Pipul            Piperaceae    Chittagong,           
                                                                    Chittagong Hill       
                                                                    Tracts, Mymensingh,   
                                                                    Dinajpur, mostly in   
                                                                    Sylhet                
69.      Plumbago indica      Raktachita,Raktachitra  Plumbaginace  All over Bangladesh   
         L.  (P. rosea  L.)   Agnichita, Lalchita,    ae                                  
70.      Plumbago zeylanica   Chita, Chitra, Chitrak  Plumbaginace  All over Bangladesh   
         L.                                           ae                                  
71.      Portulaca oleracea   Bara Laniya, Bara       Portulacacea  All over Bangladesh   
         L.                   Nunia                   e                                   
72.      Randia dumetorum     Mankanta, Manphal,      Rubiaceae     Chittagong, Sylhet,   
         Lamk.                Mainkanta, Belong,                    Mymensingh            
                              Mainphal, Pendel                                            
73.      Rauwolfia            Sarpagandha, Chhota     Apocynaceae   Chittagong, Sylhet,   
         serpentina  Benth    Chadar, Chhota Chand                  Mymensingh            
74.      Rauwolfia            Bara Chadar             Apocynaceae   Chittagong,           
         canescens  L.                                              Sylhet,Mymensingh     
75.      Ricinus communis     Venna, Bherenda,        Euphorbiacea  All over Bangladesh   
         L.                   Reri, Gab Bherenda      e                                   
76.      Sapindus             Bara Ritha              Sapindaceae   Chittagong            
         trifoliatus  L.                                                                  
77.      Saraca indica  L.    Ashoke                  Leguminoseae  Chittagong,           
                                                                    Chittagong Hill       
                                                                    Tracts                
78.      Sida acuta  Burm.    Kureta, Urisia          Malvaceae     All over Bangladesh   
79.      Sida cordifolia  L.  Berela, Bola Kureta     Malvaceae     All over Bangladesh   
80.      Smilax macrophylla   Bulkumia, Kumari        Liliaceae     All over Bangladesh   
         Roxb.                Lata, Bara Kumari                                           
                              Lata, Kamarika                                              
                              Muktajhuri                                                  
81.      Solanum nigrum  L.   Kakmachi, Gurkamai,     Solanaceae    All over Bangladesh   
                              Phuti Begun                                                 
82.      Solanum              Kantakini, Kantakiri    Solanaceae    All over Bangladesh   
         xanthocarpum                                                                     
         Schrad. & Wend.                                                                  
83.      Streblus asper       Ash sheora, Harbi,      Urticaceae    All over Bangladesh   
         Lour                 Khirnasta, Harbon,      (Moraceae)                          
                              Hekra                                                       
84.      Tephrosia purpurea   Bannil, Lohamori,       Leguminaseae  Dhaka, Chittagong,    
         Pers.                Sarpunkha                             Sylhet, Mymensingh    
85.      Tinospora            Gulancha                Menispermace  Dhaka, Chittagong,    
         cordifolia (                                 ae            Sylhet, Mymensingh    
         Willd.) Hook f                                                                   
86.      Tylophora indica     Anantamul               Asclepiadace  Dhaka, Chittagong     
         (Burm. f.) Merr.                             ae                                  
         (T. asthmatica Wt.                                                               
         & Arn.)                                                                          
87.      Vitex negundo   L.   Nishinda, Bara          Verbenaceae   All over Bangladesh   
                              Nishinda, Sabdbhalu,                                        
                              Nigunda, Samalu                                             
88.      Vitex peduncularis   Harina, Arsol,          Verbenaceae   Dhaka, Chittagong     
                              Baruna, Goda                                                
89.      Vitis                Harbhanga Lata,         Vitaceae      All over Bangladesh   
         quadrangularis       Harjora, Marmaria Lata                                      
         Wall                                                                             
90.      Woodfordia           Dhaiphul, Dhain,        Lythraceae    Chittagong, Hill      
         floribunda Salis.    Urisia                                Tracts                
91.      Xanthium indicum     Ghagra, Lehra           Asteraceae    All over Bangladesh   
         Koenig                                                                           
         (Xanthium            Chhota Ghagra,          Asteraceae    All over Bangladesh   
         strumarium  L.)      Bichaphal, Banokra,                                         
                              Khagra                                                      

Source: Rashid, M. H., M. Mohiuddin and R. A. Chowdhury. 1988. Short descriprions of medicinal plants of Bangladesh (in Bangla).

Bulletin No. 1. MFP Series., BFRI. 27 pp.

APPENDIX - IV

Crop plants and their wild relatives/ allied species available in Bangladesh

Family        Crop         Allied species            Local name                 Status     
Agavaceae     Dwarf        Agave anguistifolia       Agave                      Wild       
              Sisal                                                                        
                           A. cantula  Roxb. (A.     Agave. Cantala, Bilati     Wild/      
                           americanaL.)              Pat, Konga, Bilati         Cultivatd  
                                                     Anaras, Bakas Pata,                   
                                                     Ghaial                                
              Bow-string   Sansevieria               Murba, Sutahara, Suti      Cultivate  
              Hemp         hyacinthoides  (L.)       mukhi                      d          
                           Druce (S. zeylinica                                             
                           (L.) Willd)                                                     
Amaranthacea  Amaranths    Amaranthus  gangeticus    Lalshak, Denga, Kanka      Cultivate  
e                          L.                        Nati                       d          
                           A. lividus  Roxb.         Gobroa Natey               Wild       
                           A. polygamus  L.          Champa Notey, Lalchamla    Wild       
                                                     Notey, Swetmugra                      
                           A. spinosus   L.          Kanta Notey, Kantamiris    Wild       
                           A. tenuifolius  Willd.    Genti Notey, Delechukali   Wild       
                           A. tricolor L. (A.        Lalshak, Denga, Kankanati  Cultivate  
                           gangeticus  L.)                                      d          
                           A. viridis  L.            Notey, Notey Shak          Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           A. viridis  L. var.       Bon Notey, Tuntuni Notey   Wlld       
                           fasciata                                                        
Anacardiacea  Mango        Mangifera indica  L.      Aam                        Cultivate  
e                                                                               d          
                           M. longipes  Griff.       Jangli Aam, UriAam         Wild       
                           M. sylvatica  Roxb.       Jangli Aam, Lakhi Aam,     Wild       
                                                     Uri Aam                               
              Cashewnut    Anacardium occidentale    Kaju, Kaju Badam, Hujli    Cultivate  
                           L.                        Badam                      d          
Annonaceae                 Anona reticulata  L.      Nona, Nona Ata, Ram        Cultivate  
                                                     Phal, Badla Ata            d          
                           A. squamosa  L.           Ata, Sharifa, Sita Phal,   Cultivate  
                                                     Luna                       d          
Aquifoliacea  Paraguay     Ilex godajam  Colebr.     Jangli Gewa                Wild       
e             Tea                                                                          
Araceae       Aroids       Alocasia indica           Man Kachu                  Cultivate  
                           (Roxb.) Schott  (A.                                  d          
                           macrorrhiza  Schott)                                            
                           Colocasia esculenta       Kachu, Mukaddam Kachu      Wild/      
                           (L.) Schott.                                         Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           Colocasia antiquorum      Shilkeli Kachu, Mukhi      Wild/      
                           (Schott)                  kachu, Bahumukhi Kachu     Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           Colocasia nymphaefolia    Jangli Kachu, Sar kachu,   Wild       
                           Kunth                     Kali Kachu                            
Asteraceae    Safflower    Carthamus tinctorius  L.  Kushum Phul, Kajira        Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                                                                                           
              Chrysen-the  Chrysenthemum             Chandra Mallika,           Cultivate  
              mum          coronarium  L.            Gulchini, Guldani          d          
              Niger Seed   Guizotia abyssinica       Kalo Til, Ram Til, Guji,   Cultivate  
                           Cass.                     Surgoza                    d          
              Chicory      Cichorium intybus  L.     Kasni, Hinduba             Cultivate  
                                                                                d?         
              Sunflower    Helianthus annuus  L.     Shurja Mukhi               Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Lettuce      Lactuca sativa  L.        Lettuce                    Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Averrhoaceae  Carambola    Averrhoa camambola  L     Kamranga                   Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Basellaceae   Indian       Basella alba L. (B.       Pui Shak                   Cultivate  
              Spinach      rubra  L.)                                           d          
Bombacaceae   Kapok        Ceiba pentandra  (L.)     Shimul, Swet Shimul,       Wild       
                           Gaertn                    Kapok                                 
Bromeliaceae  Pineapple    Ananas sativus  Schult.   Anaras                     Cultivate  
                           f.  (A. cosmos  L)                                   d          
                           Merr.).                                                         
Camelliaceae  Tea          Camellia sinensis (L.)    Assam Tea                  Cultivate  
                           Kuntze var. assamica                                 d          
                           C. sinensis  (L.)         China Tea                  Cultivate  
                           Kuntze var. sinensis                                 d          
                           C. sinensis  (L.)         Combodian Tea              Cultivate  
                           Kuntze var. cambodiensis                             d          
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
Appendix IV (Contd.)                                                                      
Family        Crops        Allied species                                                  
Camelliaceae (contd.)                                                                     
                           Hybrids (involving                                   Cultivate  
                           assamica, sinensis,                                  d          
                           combodiensis)                                                   
                           C. caudata                                           Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           C. japonica                                          Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           Camellia kissi                                       Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           C.  irrawadiensis                                    Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           C. sesanquc                                          Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           Thea wallichi                                        Wild       
Cannaceae     Indian Shot  Canna indica  L.          Sarbajaya                  Cultivate  
                                                                                d/ Wild    
Caricaceae    Papaya       Carica papaya  L.         Pepe                       Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                                                                                           
Chenopodiace  Beet         Beta vulgaris  L.         Beet, Beet Palong          Cultivate  
ae                                                                              d          
                                                                                           
              Quinoa       Chenopodium album  L.     Betosok, Batua Shak        Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           C. ambrosioides  L.       Chandan Beto               Wild?      
              Spinach      Spinacea oleracea  L.     Palong, Palong Shak        Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Convolvulace  Sweet        Ipomoea batatus  Lamk.    Misti Alu                  Cultivate  
ae            potato                                                            d          
              and allies                                                                   
                           I. alba L.( I. bonanox    Halkalmi,Dudh Kalmi        Wild       
                           L.)                                                             
                           I. aquatuca  Forsk.       Kalmishak, Kalmi           Wild       
                           (I. reptans  Poir)                                              
                            I. pescaprae  (L.) R.    Chgalkuri, Dupati Lata     Wild       
                           Br.  (I. biloba  Forsk.)                                        
                           I. cairica  (L.) Sweet    Rail Lata                  Wild       
                           I. fistulosa   Mart. ex   Dholkalmi, Ddaru Kalmi,    Wild       
                           Choisy  (I.               Policelat                             
                           crassicaulis  (Benth)                                           
                           Roxb)                                                           
                           I. hederacea  Jacq.       Nil Kalmi                  Wild       
                           (I. nil  Meissn.)                                               
                           I. indica  (Burm. f.      Pravatrani                 Wild       
                           Merr. (I. learil  Lam.)                                         
                           I. mauritiana  Jacq.      Bhuikumra, Muralia Lata    Wild       
                           (I. paniculata  (L.)                                            
                           Br.)                                                            
                           I. maxima  (L. f.) Don    Bankalmi                   Wild       
                           (I. sepiaria  Koen. ex                                          
                           Roxb.)                                                          
                           I. pestigridis  L.        Languli Lata,              Wild       
                           I. quamoclit  L.          Taru Lata, Kunja Lata      Wild/      
                           (Quamoclit pinnata        Kamla Lata, Gote Lata      Cultivate  
                           Boj.)                                                d          
                           I. turpethum  (L.) R.     Noa Pata, Tori, Cheuri                
                           Br.                                                             
                           I. vitifolia  Bl.         Karma Lata, Kam Lata                  
Crucifereae   White        Brassica alba  Hook.      Sadasarisha, Dhuprai       Cultivate  
              Mustard                                                           d          
              Mustard      B. campestris  L. var.    Sarisha                    Cultivate  
                           sarsoon  Prain                                       d          
              Mustard      B. campestris  L.var .    Tori, Sarisha              Cultivate  
                           toria Duthie & Fuller                                d          
                           B. integrifolia           Keel Rai                   Cultivate  
                           (West.) Schultz.(B.                                  d          
                           juncea var. agrostis                                            
                           Prain)                                                          
              Brown        B. juncea  L.             Rai Sarisha, Bara Rai,     Cultivate  
              Mustard                                Jhuni, Chanchi             d          
              Rapeseed     B.  napus  L.             Maghi, Tori, Sarisha       Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Black        B. nigra  (L.) Koch.      Kalo Sarisha               Cultivate  
              Mustard                                                           d          
              Cauliflower  B. oleracea  L. var.      Phul Kopi                  Cultivate  
                           botrydis                                             d          
              Broccoli     B. olerecea L. var.       Brocoli                    Cultivate  
                           italica                                              d          
                           B. rapa  L.               Shalgam                    Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           B. rugusa  Prain var.     Lahisag                    Wild/      
                           cunefolia                                            Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Garden       Lepidium sativum  L.      Halim, Halim Shak          Wild/      
              Cress                                                             Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Radish       Raphanus satiivus  L.     Mula                       Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                                                                                           
Appendix IV  (contd.)                                                                     
Family        Crop         Allied species            Local name                 Status     
                                                                                           
Cucurbitacea  Wax Gourd    Benincasa hispida  L.     Chal Kumra                 Cultivate  
e                          (Thunb.) Cogn.(B.                                    d          
                           cerifera  Savi.)                                                
              Coccinia     Coccinia indica  L        Telakucha, Kakjhinga       Wild ..    
              Melon        Cucumis melo  L.          Bangi, Kakri, Kharbuj,     Cultivate  
                                                     Khermia                    d          
              Cucumber     Cucumis sativus  L.       Khira, Shasha, Mome        Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Sweet Gourd  Cucurbita maxima  Duch.   Kumra, Misti Kumra         Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Squash       Cucurbita moschata        Safra Kumra                Cultivate  
                           Duch.                                                d          
              Squash       Cucurbita pepo  DC        Dhada Kadu, Kumra,         Cultivate  
                                                     Khetpapra                  d          
              Colocynth    Citrullus colocynthis     Makal. Indrayan            Wild       
                           (L.) Schrad.                                                    
              Watermelon   Citrullus lanatus         Tarmuj                     Cultivate  
                           (Thunb.) Mans. (C.                                   d          
                           vulgaris  Schrad.)                                              
              Hodgsonia    Hodgsonia macrocarpa      Makal                      Wild       
                           (Bl.) Cogn. (H.                                                 
                           heteroclita  HK. f. )                                           
              Bottle       Lagenaria siceraria       Lau, Kadu, Pani Lau        Cultivate  
              Gourd        (Mol.) Stan. (L.                                     d          
                           vulgaris  Ser.)                                                 
              Ribbed       Luffa acutangula  Roxb.   Jhinga, Ghosa Lata         Cultivate  
              gourd                                                             d          
                           L.  amara Roxb.           Tita Dhundul               Wild       
                           L. echinata  Roxb.        Bidal, Ghosa Lata          Wild       
              Sponge       L. cylindrica (L.) Roem   Dhundul, Purul, Totpola    Wild/      
              Gourd        (L. aegyptiaca  Mill.)                               Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Bitter       Momordica charantia  L    Korola, Kerala Karola      Cultivate  
              Gourd                                                             d          
                           M. cochichinensis         Kakrol                     Cultivate  
                           Spreng.                                              d          
              Teasle       Momordica dioica  Roxb.   Kakrol                                
              Gourd                                                                        
              Snake Gourd  Trichosanthes anguina     Chichinga                  Cultivate  
                           L.                                                   d          
              Trichosanth  Trichosanthes bracteata   Makal                      Wild       
              es           (Lam.) Voigt.                                                   
                           T. cordata  Roxb.         Bhui kakra                 Wild       
                           T.cucumerina  L.          Ban Patol, Ban Chichinga   Wild       
                           T. dioica  Roxb.          Patol                      Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           T.  lobata  Roxb.         Ban Chichinga              Wild       
                           T. palmata  Roxb.         Makal                      Wild       
Dioscoreacea  Yams and     Dioscorea belophylla      Shora Alu                  Wild/      
e             allies       (Prain) Haines                                       Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Aerial yam   D. bulbifera  L. (D.      Roth Alu                   Wild/      
                           sativa Thunb.)                                       Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Lesser yam   D. esculenta  (Lour.)     Sushni Alu, Mou Alu        Cultivate  
                           Burk. (D. aculeata                                   d          
                           (Lour) Burk)                                                    
                           D. pentaphylla  L.        Jhum Alu, Jhunihana Alu    Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           D. pubera  Bl.(D.         Kukur Alu, Kaku Alu        Wld/       
                           aguina Roxb.)                                        Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           D. wallichi  Hook         Goantia  Alu               Widl/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Euphorbiacea  Tung         Aleurites molluccana      Japhal Akhrot              Cultivate  
e                          Willd.                                               d          
                                                                                           
              Cassava      Manihot esculenta         Shimul Alu, Kasava,        Cultivate  
                           Crantz. (M. ultissima     Tapoica                    d          
                           Pohl.)                                                          
                                                                                           
              Castor       Ricinus comminis  L.      Reri, Bheranda, Venna      Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Gramineae     Adlay,       Coix gigantica  Roxb.     Denga Gurgur               Wild       
              Job's Tears  C. lachryma-jobi   L.     Tasbi, Gurgur, Gurguri,    Wild       
                                                     Kalo kunch, Kawoa kathi               
              Japanese     Echinocloa colonum        Shyama Ghas                Wild       
              millet       (L.) Link                                                       
              BarnYard     E. crussgalli  (L.) P.    Bara Shyama Ghas           Wild       
              millet       Beauv.                                                          
                           E. stagnina  (Retz.) P.   Dul, Parua                 Wild       
                           Beauv.                                                          
              Finger       Eleusine coracana  (L.)   Marna, Marua               Wild?      
              millet       Gaertn.                                                         
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                          
Appendix IV  (contd.)                                                                     
Family        Crop         Allied species            Local name                 Status     
Gramineae     Fowl-foot    Eleusine  indica  (L.)    Malanga Kuri, Malan Kuri   Wild       
(contd.)      grass        Gaertn.                                                         
              Teff         Eragrostis tenella        Koni                       Cultivate  
                           (L.) P. Beauv.                                       d          
              Barley       Hordeum vulgare  L        Jab                        Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Bulrush      Pennisetum typhoides      Bajra                      Cultivate  
              millet       (Burm)  Stap f.(P.                                   d          
                           typhoidum)                                                      
              Pearl        Panicum milliaceum  L.    Cheena                     Cultivate  
              Millet                                                            d          
              Foxtail      Setaria italica  (L.)     Kaon, Kangu, Kangui,       Cultivate  
              millet       P. Beauv.                 Kora, Kaknidana,           d          
                                                     Shyamdhat                             
              Foxtail      S. glauca  (L.)           Kauni, Banaspati Ghash     Wild       
              millet       P.Beauv. (Panicum                                               
              allies       flavescens  Sw.)                                                
                           S. pallide-fusca          Pinginatchi                Wild       
                           (Schum) Stapf.                                                  
                           S. verticillata  (L.)     Dorabiari                             
                           P.Beauv.                                                        
              Barley       Hordeum vulgare  L.       Jab, Barley                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Rice         Oryza sativa  L.          Dhan, Chaul                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Rice allies  O. minuta                 Buno Dhan                  Wild       
                           O. nivara                 Buno Dhan                  Wild       
                           O. officinalis            Buno Dhan                  Wild       
                           O. rufipogon  Griff.      Buno Dhan. Jhara Dhan      Wild       
                           (O. fatua Koen. ex                                              
                           Trin.)                                                          
                           Porteresia coarctata      Harkata                    Widl/      
                           (Oryza coarctata  Roxb.)                             Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           Oryza  hybrid   Swarm:    -                          Wild       
                           (rufipogon/nivara)                                              
              Sugarcane    S.  officinarum  L.       Aakh, Kushur, Kushail,     Cultivate  
                                                     Gendari                    d          
              Sugarcane    Saccharum bengalense      Munja Ghas                 Wild       
              allies       Retz.  (S. munja  Roxb.)                                        
                           Sclerostachya fusca       Khuri                      Wild       
                           (Roxb.) Camus (Sacharum                                         
                           fuscum  Roxb.)                                                  
                           S. spontaneum  L.         Kash, Kaicha, Khag,        Wild       
                                                     Khagra, Kaisha                        
              Sorghum      Sorghum bicolor (S.       Joar                       Cultivate  
                           vulgare  Pers.)                                      d          
              Johnson's    S. halepense  (L.) Pers.  Kanta Much                 Cultivate  
              grass                                                             d          
              Triticale    Triticosecale             Triticale                  Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Wheat        Triticum aestivum  L.     Gom                        Cultivate  
                           (T. vulgare L.)                                      d          
              Maize        Zea mays  L.              Bhutta                     Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Bermuda      Cynodon dactylon          Durba, Bubla,Durba Ghas    Wild       
              grass        (Pers.)                                                         
              Other        Panicum flavescens  Sw.   Bashpati Ghas              Wild       
              Grasses                                                                      
                           P. paludosum  Roxb.       Barti, Barati, Kalam       Wild       
                           P. punctatum  Burm.       Karing Ghas                Wild       
                           P. satigerum  Retz.       Bara Jalgenti              Wild       
                           Paspalidium flavidum      Bolai Mandi, Karing Ghas   Wild       
                           (Retz.)  A. camus                                               
                           Paspalidium punctatum     Petinar                    Wild       
                           Burm. A. camus (Panicum                                         
                           punctatum Burm)                                                 
              Kodo millet  Paspalum scrobiculatum    Goicha, Khoda Dhan         Wild       
                           Boj                                                             
Guttifereae   Mangosteen   G. mangostana  L.         Mangostin                  Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Garcinia     Garcinia cowa  Roxb.      Kau, Kaglichu                         
                           G. morella  Desr.         Swarna Khiri                          
                           G. xanthochymus  Hook.    Tamal, Dambel                         
                           f.                                                              
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           

                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
Appendix IV  (contd.)                                                                     
Family        Crop         Allied species            Local name                 Status     
Leguminaseae  Wattle       Acacia nilotica  (L.)     Babla, Kikor               Wild/      
                           Del. (A. arabica (Lam.)                              Cultivate  
                           Willd.)                                              d          
                           A. catechu  Willd.        Khair, Katha, Khadira,     Cultivate  
                                                     Khair babul                d          
                           A. catechuoides  Wall.    Khair                      Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           A.  concinna  DC.         Banritha, Lat babul,       Wild/      
                                                     Kuchui                     Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           A. farnesiana  (L.)       Gokul, Belati Babul        Wild/      
                           Willd.                                               Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           A. intsia  Willd.         Kuchai                     Wild       
                           A. monoliformis           Akashmoni, Sonajhuri       Wild/      
                           Griseb.                                              Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           A. pennata  (L.) Willd.   Aila, Bisoal, Sembi        Wild       
                           A. suma  Ham              Sami, Sankata, Laingach,   Wild       
                                                     Chaikanta, Saukanta                   
                           A. tomentosa  Willd.      Salsai Babla               Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Groundnut    Arachis hypogea  L.       Cheen Badam                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Pigeon pea   Cajanus cajan  (L.)       Arhar, Arhar Dal           Cultivate  
                           Huth. (C. indicus                                    d          
                           Spreng)                                                         
              Chickpea     Cicer arietinum  L.       Chola, Chana, Boot         Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Sunnhemp     Crotalaria juncea  L.     Shon Pat, Shon, Ghore      Cultivate  
                                                     Shon                       d          
              Sunnhemp     C.  incana  L.            Chhoto Jhunjhuna           Wild       
              allies                                                                       
                           C. prostrata  Roxb.       Chhoto Jhunjhuna           Wild       
                           C. retusa  L.             Atasi, Bil Jhanjhana       Wild       
                           C. saltiana  Andr.        Chhoto Jhunjhuna,          Wild       
                                                     Jhanjhani                             
                           C. spectabilis  Roth      Pipli Jhanjhani            Wild       
                           (C. sericea  Retz.)                                             
                           C. verrucosa  L.          Jhanjhania                 Wild       
              Derris and   Deris elliptica  Benth.   Tubamul                    Wild       
              allies                                                                       
                           D. indica  (Lamk.)        Makrigilla                 Wild       
                           Benth.                                                          
                           D. robusta  Benth.        Koroi, Jangaria,           Wild/      
                                                     Jumurja, Miringa,Jamruja   Ciultivat  
                                                                                ed         
                           D. scandens  Benth.       Noa lata, Kamiria lata,    Wild       
                                                     Maora gota, Noshoth                   
                           D. trifolia  Lour. (D.    Kali Lata Felia Lata,      Wild       
                           uliginosa  Benth.)        Pan Lata, Pan Gota, Gila              
                                                     lata, Goali Lata                      
              Soybean      Glycine  max  (L.)        Soybean, Gari Kalai        Cultivate  
                           Merr. (G. soja  (L.)                                 d          
                           Swieb. & Zuce)                                                  
              Indigo       Indigofera linifolia      Bhangara                   Wild       
                           Retz.                                                           
                           I. tinctoria  L.          Nil                        Wild       
Leguminaseae  Lentil       Lens culinaris  Medik.    Musur, Musuri Dal          Cultivate  
                           (L. esculenta  Moen.)                                d          
                           Medicago denticulata      Moyna                      Wild       
                           Willd.                                                          
              Yam Bean     Pachyrrhizus erosus       Shak Alu                   Wild/      
                           (L.) Urban                                           Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Beans        Phaseolus acontifolius    Ban moog, Gaheri,          Cultivate  
                           Jacq.                     Birimoog                   d          
                           P. adenanthus  Mey.       Ban Barbati                Wild       
                           P. sublobatus  Roxb.      Ghora Moog                 Wild       
                           Vigna sublobatus)                                               
                           P. trilobatus (Vigna      Rakhal Kalai, Magani,      Wild       
                           trilobatus)               Mugani                                
                           P. vulgaris   (L.) Schr.  Bakla, Faras Bean, Kalo    Wild       
                                                     Basak                                 
                           Pisum arvense  L.         Chhto Motor                Wild       
              Pea          P. sativum  L.            Motor, Kabuli Motor        Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Winged Bean  Psophocarpus              Pakhal Sim, Kunari Sim,    Wild/      
                           tetragonolobus  DC.       Karat Sim                  Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                                                                                           
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
                                                                                          
Appendix IV  (contd.)                                                                     
Family        Crop         Allied species            Local name                 Status     
Leguminaseae  Tamarind     Tamarindus indica  L.     Tetul, Amli                Wild/      
(contd.)                                                                        Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Field Bean   Vicia faba  L.            Bara Sim, Bakla Sim        Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           V. hirsuta  Coch.         Masur Chana                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           V. sativa  L.             Ankari                     Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           Vigna catjang  Walp.      Lalsha, Barbati            Cultivate  
                           var. sinensis                                        d          
              Blackgram    V. mungo  (L.) Hepper     Mashkalai. Tikhakalai      Cultivate  
                           (Phaseolus. mungo  L.)                               d          
                           V. pilosa  Bak.           Jhikrai, Malkenia          Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Mungbean     V. radiata   (L.)         Sona Moog, Moog, Hani      Cultivate  
                           Wilezck  (P. radiatus     Moog                       d          
                           L.)                                                             
                           V. sinensis  Endl. ex     Barbati, Lalsha            Cultivate  
                           Hassk (V. catjang Walp                               d          
                           var. sinensis  Prain)                                           
              Cowpea       V.  unguiculata  Endl.    Barbati                    Cultivate  
                           ex Hassk                                             d          
Liliaceae     Onion        A. cepa  L.               Piaz                       Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Garlic       A. sativum  L.            Rasun                      Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Asparagus    Asparagu racemosus  L.    Satamuli, Hilum            Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Linaceae      Flax/Linsee  Linum usitatissimum  L.   Tishi, Chikna, Masina      Cultivate  
              d                                                                 d          
Malvaceae     Okra         Abelmoschus esculentus    Dheras, Bhindi,            Cultivate  
                           (L.) Moen.  (Hibiscus                                d          
                           esculentus  L)                                                  
              Tree cotton  Gossypium  arboreum       Kapas, Karpas              Cultivate  
                           var. conansis  L.                                    d          
              Comilla      G. arboreum/herbaceum     Tula                       Cultivate  
              Cotton       L.                                                   d          
              Khaki        G. arboreum/herbaceum  L  Khaki Tula                 Cultivate  
              cotton                                                            d          
                           Hibiscus abelmoschus  L.  Mushak Dana, Kalo Kasturi  Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Kenaf        H. cannabinus  L.         Kenaf, Mesta pat, Bimli    Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           H. ficulenus  L.          Jangli Bhindi, Jangli      Wild       
                                                     Dheras, Ban Dheras                    
                           H. hirtus  L.             Lal Surjamukhi             Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           H. macrophyllus  Roxb.    Kashipala, Kashiaudal,     Wild/      
                                                     Chania                     Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           H. manihot  L.            Gajasuddhi, Dumbula,       Wild/      
                                                     Paresh, Palas Pipul,       Cultivate  
                                                     Paresh Pipul               d          
              China rose   H. rosa-sinensis  L.      Joba, Jaba Phul, Rakta     Cultivate  
                                                     Jaba, Daru                 d          
              China rose   H. schizopetalus  L.      Jhumko Joba, Latkan Joba   Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Roselle      H. subdariffa   L. var.   Mesta Pat, Kenaf, Mesta    Cultivate  
                           altissima                                            d          
              Roselle      H. sabdariffa   L. var.   Chukair, Chukur            Cultivate  
                           subdariffa                                           d          
                           H. syriacus  L.           Sada joba, Nil Joba        Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           H. tiliaceus  L.          Bolai, Bhola, Belapata,    Wild       
                                                     Chewla                                
                           H. vitifolius  L.         Ban Karpas                 Wild       
Marantaceae   Arrrowroot   Maranta arundinacea  L.   Araroot, Takhur                       
Moraceae      Jackfruit    Artocarpus                Kanthal                    Cultivate  
                           heterophylluys  Lamk.                                d          
                           (A. integrifolia  L. f.)                                        
              Chaplash     A. chaplasha  Roxb.       Chaplash, Chambal, Cham    Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           A. lakucha  Buch- Ham     Deua, Deo Phal, Dephal,    Wild/      
                           (A. lakoocha  Roxb.)      Deo Cham, Barta, Dalo      Cultivate  
                                                     Dalo Madar                 d          
              Hemp         Cannabis sativa  L. (C.   Siddhi, Bhang, Kef, Ganja  Wild/      
                           indica  Lamk.)                                       Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Ficus &      Ficus altissima  Bl.      Bot, Prab                  Wid        
              allies                                                                       
                           F. benghalensis  L.       Krishna Bot                Wild       
                           var. krishnae  (C. DC.)                                         
                           Corner (F. krishnae  C.                                         
                           DC.)                                                            
                           F. comosa  (F. bejamina   Pakur, Jir, Kamruo         Wild       
                           L.)  (Roxb. ) Kurtz                                             
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
                                                                                           
Appendix IV  (contd.)                                                                     
Family        Crop         Allied species            Local name                 Status     
Moraceae(con  Ficus and    F. carica  L              Dumur Anjir                Wild       
td)           allies                                                                       
                           F. cunea  Buch.-Ham.      Jaga Dumur, Sadimadi,      Wild       
                                                     Joya Dumur                            
                           F. elastica  Roxb.        Bor, Ata Bor, Bharatio     Wild       
                                                     Rubber                                
                           F. glaberrima  Bl.        Kakri                      Wild       
                           F. glomerata  Roxb.       Jaga Dumur, Gulang Dumir   Wild       
                           F. hederaceae  Roxb.      Dumur, arkath              Wild       
                           (F. scandes  Roxb.)                                             
                           F. heterophylla  L. f.    Ghati Shaora, Bala         Wild       
                           var. heterophylla   L.    Dumur,Balam Dumur,                    
                                                     Bolalat                               
                           F. heterophylla   L. f.   Bhui Dumur                 Wild       
                           var. repens                                                     
                           F. hispida  L. f.         Kak Dumur, Dhungri         Wild       
                           F. hirta  Vahl            Dangra, Khanda Dumur,      Wild       
                                                     Pakur, Khuska Dumur                   
                           F. infectoria  Roxb.      Pakur                      Wild       
                           F. krisnnae  C. DC        Krishna Bot                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           F. lacor  Buch.-Ham.      Pakur                      Wild       
                           (F. infectoria  Roxb.)                                          
                           F. lanecolata  Ham        Buti Dumur, Eri Gachh      Wild       
                           F. lepidosa  Wall.        Katgularia, Jir, Kamrup               
                           F. nervosa  Roth          Batrella                   Wild       
                           F. racemosa  L. (F.       Jaga Dumur, Gulang Dumur   Wild       
                           glomerata  Roxb.)                                               
                           F. religiosa   L.         Asswath, Pipal, Pan Bot    Wild       
                           F. rostrata  Lamk.        Paraboha                              
                           F. rumphil  Bl.           Hijulia, Gaya Asswath      Wild       
                           F. semicordata            Jaga Dumur, Sadimasi       Wild       
                           Buch.-Ham. ex Smith (F.                                         
                           cunea  Buch.-Ham. ex                                            
                           Roxb.)                                                          
              Mulberry     Morus indica  L. (M.      Tut, Tunt                  Cultivate  
                           alba  L.)                                            d          
Musaceae      Bananas      Musa ornata   Roxb.       Ram Kola, Bamanigi Kola    Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           M. paradisiaca   L.       Kach Kola                  Cultivate  
                           var. paradisiaca                                     d          
                           M. paradisiaca   L.       Kola, Kathali Kola         Cultivate  
                           var. sapientum                                       d          
                           M. sapeentum  L. var      Aitta Kola, Aite Kola      Cultivate  
                           sylvestris                                           d          
Myristicacea  Nutmeg and   Myristica fragrans        Jaiphal, Jayatri           Wild/      
e             allies       Houtt                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           M. longifolia  Wall.      Amboala                    Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           M. malabarica   Lamk.     Jayatri                    Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Myrtaceae     Clove and    Eugenia aquea   Burm. f.  Jambo                      Wild       
              allies                                                                       
                           E. balsamea   Wt.         Ekdarya                    Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           E. bracteata   Roxb.      Hijli Menadi               Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           E. claviflora   Roxb.     Nali Jam, Lamba Nali Jam   Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           E. cymosa   Ram.          Khoir Jam                  Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           E. formosa  Wall.         Phul Jam                   Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           E. lancaefolia   Roxb.    Para Jam                   Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           E. macrocarpa   Roxb.     Chalta Jam                 Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           E. operculata  Roxb.      Boti Jam, Thenga Jam,      Wild/      
                                                     Patia Jam, Dhepu Jam       Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           E. wallichi  Wt.          Kharkhara Jam              Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Guava        Psidium guajava  (L.)     Peyara, Gaya, Sabri        Cultivate  
                           Bat.  (P. guayava  L.)                               d          
                                                                                           
                            Syzygium cumuni  (L.)    Jam, Jaman, Kalo jam       Cultivate  
                           Skeel  (E. jambolana                                 d          
                           Lam.)                                                           
                           S. jambos   L.            Golap Jam                  Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Oxalidaceae   Oxalis       Oxalis corniculata  L.    Amrul, Amboli,             Cultivate  
                                                     Chukatripati               d          
Appendix IV  (contd.)                                                                     
Family        Crop         Allied species            Local name                 Status     
Palmae        Betel Nut    Arecha catechu  L.        Supari, Gua                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           A. triandra  Roxb.        Ban Gua, Ban Supari        Wild       
              Palmyra      Borassus flabellifer  L.  Tal                        Wild/      
              Palm                                                              Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Coconut      Cocos nucifera  L.        Narikel, Dab                          
              Oilplalm     Elaeis guineensis Jacq.   Palm Tal                   Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Date Palm    Phoenix . sylvestris      Khajur, Khejur, Khagi      Cultivate  
              and          (L.) Roxb.                Khejur                     d          
              allies                                                                       
                           Ph. caerulea              Jhumko                                
              Date Palm    Ph. dactylifera   L.      Arabi Khejur Pindi Khejur  Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           Ph. paludodsa  Roxb.      Hintal, Hital, Hantal                 
Pedaliacveae  Sesame       Sesamum indicum  L.       Til, Jangli Til, Sanki     Cultivate  
                           (S. orientele  L.)        Til, Kalo Til              d          
Piperaceae    Piper        Piper betel   L.          Pan, Tambuli               Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           P. chaba  Hunter          Choi, Chab                 Wild       
                           P. cubeba  Vahl           Kababchini                 Wild       
                           P. longum  L.             Pepul, Pipla               Wild       
                           P. nigrum  L.             Gol Marich                 Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           P. peepuloides  Roxb.     Pepul                      Wild       
Polygonaceae  Buckwheat    Fagopyrum esculentum      Dhanchi                    Cultivate  
                           Moen.                                                d          
Puniaceae     Pomegranate  Punica granatum  L.       Dalim, Anar                           
Rhamnaceae    Jujuba and   Zizyphus mauritania       Kul, Boroi,                Cultivate  
              allies       Lamk,                                                d          
                           Z. oenoplea  (L.)         Ban Boroi, Gram Boroi,     Wild       
                                                     Shea Kul, Got Boroi                   
                           Z. rugosa  Lamk           Anai, Jangli Boroi         Wild       
Rosaceae      Berries      Rubus tinctorium  L       Manjistha                  Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           Rubus hexagynus  Roxb.    Hira Chhara, Hira Chura    Wild/      
                                                                                Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Quinine      Cinchona officinalis  L.  Cinchona, Quinine          Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Coffees      Coffea arabica. L         Kafi                       Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           C.  benglanensis  Roxb.   Bannya Kafi                Wild       
              Citrus       Citrus aurantifolia       kagji Labu Nebu, Nimbu,    Cultivate  
                           (Christ. & Panz.) Sw.     Lebu                       d          
                           C. chrysocarpa  Lush.     Kamala, Kamala Lebu        Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           C.  grandis  (L.)         Jambura, Batabi Lebu,      Cultivate  
                           Osdbeck                   Moha Nembu                 d          
                           C. limettoides  Tanaka    Mitha Nebu                 Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           C. limon  (L.) Burm. f.   Gora Lebu, Karna Lebu      Cultivate  
                           (C. medica var. limon                                d          
                           L.)                                                             
                           C. reticulata  Blanco     Kamla, Kmla Lebu           Cultivate  
                           (C. chrysocarpa  Lush)                               d          
                           C. sinensis  (L.) Osbeck  Malta, Moushandhi          Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Sapindaceae   Litchi       Nephelium litchi  Lamb.   Lichu                      Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           N. longana  Camb.         Ash Phal                   Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
              Sapodilla    Manilkara zapota          Chabeda, Chiku, Safeda     Cultivate  
                           (Achras zapota  L..;                                 d          
                           Manilkara achras  Mill.                                         
                           )                                                               
                           Manilkara hexandra        Khir Khejur                           
                           (Mill.) Fosb (Mimusips                                          
                           hexandra  Roxb.)                                                
Solanaceae    Peppers      Capsicum annuum  L.       Kancha Morich, Kacha       Cultivatd  
                                                     Lanka,                                
                           C. frutescens  L.         Marich, Lanka Morich,      Cultivatd  
                                                     Dhani Lanka, Dhani Morich             
              Tomato       Lycopersicon esculentum   Tomato, Bilati Begun Gur   Cultivatd  
                           Mill.  (L. lycopersicum   Begun                                 
                           (L) Karst                                                       
              Tobaccos     N.  rustica               Deshi Tamak                Cultivatd  
                           N. tabacum  L.            Tamak                      Cultivatd  
                           N.  plumbaginifolia       Ban Tamak,                 Wild       
                           Viv.                                                            
              Egg plant    S. melongena  Wall        Begun ,Bagun               Cultivatd  
              and allies                                                                   
                           S. melongena  Wall.       Kuli Begun                 Cultivate  
                           var. esculenta                                       d          
                                                                                           
Table  IV                                                                                  
(contd.)                                                                                   
Solanaceae    Eggplant     Solanum filicifolium      Tit Begun, Goth Begun,     Wild       
(Contd.)      and allies   Ort.  (S. torvum  Sw.)    Hat Begun                             
                           S. ferox  L.              Gota Begun, Ram Begun,     Wild       
                                                     Bagh Gota                             
                           S. indicum  L.            Phutki Begun, Baikur,      Wild       
                                                     Tit Begun, Brihati Begun              
                           S. nigrum  L.             Gurkamai, Kakmachi,        Wild       
                                                     Phuti begun                           
                           S. spirale  L.            Bagua                      Wild       
                           S. surrattense  Burm.     Kanti Kiri, Kantakini      Wild       
                           f.  (S. xanthocarpum                                            
                           Schrad.Wendl.                                                   
                           S. sysimbrifolium         ???????                               
              Potato       S. tuberosum  L.          Alu, Gol Alu               Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
                           S. verbascifolium  L.     Urusa                      Wild       
Sterculaceae  Cocao        Theobroma cacao  L.       Koko, Chokolet             Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Tiliaceae     Jute         Corchorus capsularis  L.  Pat, Tita Pat, Bogi Pat,   Cultivate  
                                                     Sada Pat, Nalte, Nalita    d          
                                                     Pat, Maricha, Naricha                 
                           C. olitorius  L.          Tosha Pat, Mitha Pat,      Cultivate  
                                                     Bogi Pat                   d          
                           C.  aestuans  L. (C.      Tita Pat, Jangli Pat       Wild       
                           acutangulus  Lamk.)                                             
                           C. fascicularis  Lam.     Jangli Pat, Bil Nalita     Wild       
Umbeliferae   Celery       Apium graveolens  L       Chiruti, Chiluri           Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Urticaceae    Ramie        Boehmeria nivea  (L)      Kankhura, Kankura.         Cultivate  
                           Gaud.                                                d          
                           B. platiphylla  D. Don.   Ulichara                   Wild       
Vitaceae      Grape &      Vitis adnata   Roxb       Alinga Lata                Wild       
              allies       (Wall.)                                                         
                           V. assamica  Laws.        Amasha Lata                Wild       
                           V. glabrata  Heyne        Goda, Guaria               Wild       
                           V. lanceolaria  Laws.     Horinia lata               Wild       
                           V. latifolia  Roxb.       Govila, Panibel            Wild       
                           V. pedata  Vahl           Goali Lata                 Wild       
                           V. quadrangularis Wall    Har Bhanga Lata,           Wild       
                                                     Harjora,                              
                           V. setosa  Wall.          Goali Lata                 Wild       
                           V. trifolia  (l.) Don     Anal Lata, Amal Lata,      Wild       
                                                     Sonekeshar                            
              Grape        V. vinifera  L.           Angur, Kismis              Cultivate  
                                                                                d          
Zingiberacea  Turmeric     Curcuma longa L. (C.      Halud, Haldi               Cultivate  
e                          domestica Vahl)                                      d          
                           C. zodoria  Rosc.         Shathi, Ekangi, Phaulga,   Cultivate  
                                                     Kachuri                    d/ Wild    
              Cardamom     Elettaria cardamomum      Elachi, Chhoto Elachi      Cultivate  
                           Maton.                                               d          
              Ginger       Zingiber purpureum        Ban Ada, Baumurga Gach     Wild       
              allies       Rosc. (Z. casumnar                                              
                           Roxb.)                                                          
              Ginger       Zingiber officinale       Ada                        Cultivate  
                           Rosc.                                                d          
              Ginger       Zingiber rubens  Roxb.    Murga Gach                 Wild       
              allies                                                                       
                           Zingiber zerumbet  Sm.    Mahabaribach, Narkasur     Wild       

Sources: Huq, A. M. 1986. Plant Names of Bangladesh. Bangladesh National Herbarium, Dhaka.

Purseglove, J. W. 1974. Tropical Crops. Monocotyledons. TheEnglish Language Book Society & Longman,

London.

Purseglove, J. W. 1974. Tropical Crops. Dicotyledons. TheEnglish Language Book Society & Longman, London.

Simmonds, N. W. (ed.). 1979. Evolution of Crop Plants. Longman, London & New York.

APPENDIX - V

Research progress in evaluation of forest species

Category      Species name               Local name              Seed origin              
A. Species    Acacia catechu Willd.      Khair, Katha,           probably India           
introduced                               Khadira, Khair Babul                             
              A. nilotica (L.) Del.      Babla, Kikar            Sri Lanka                
              (A. arabica (Lam.)                                                          
              Willd.)                                                                     
              Anacardium occidentale L.  Kaju, Kaju Badam,       India & Pakistan         
                                         Hijli Badam                                      
              Dalbergia sisso Roxb.      Shishu kath             Malaysia                 
              Mevca brasiliensis                                 not known                
              Paraserianthes falcatara                           perhaps Honduras         
              Swietennia macrophylla     Bara Mehogini           Burma & India            
              King.                                                                       
              Tectona grandis L. f.      Segun, Teak                                      
B.            Eucalyptus camaldulensis                           Pettord, Australia       
Reccommen-                                                                                
    ded       Leucaena leucocacephala    Ipil-Ipil               The Philippines          
species       (Lamk. ) de Wit.                                                            
              Norus indica                                       India & Pakistan         
              Pinus carribeae UAI        Pine                    Hondurus                 
              hondurensis                                                                 
              Xylia dolabriformis        Loha Kath, Pinkado      Burma                    
              Benth.                                                                      
C. Species    Acacia feximifolius                                Garo Hills, India        
    under     Alianthus grandis                                  Sadhya (?) &  Assam      
    arboreta  Aleurites fordii                                   Malaysia                 
    trial     A. montana                                         Malaysia                 
              Anogeissus acuminata       Chakua, Esri, Hiuri     Central India            
              Wall.                                                                       
              Artocarpus acuminata                               Western Ghat, India      
              A. hirsuta                                         Uganda                   
              Chlorophora excelea                                Darang/ Assam, India     
              Chukrassia labudaris                               India                    
              Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.  Shitshal                Australia                
              Eucalyptus alba                                    Australia                
              E. botryaides                                      Australia                
              E. citriodora Hook.        Eucalyptus              Australia                
              E. robusta                                         Australia                
              E. grandis (?)                                     Australia                
              E. saligna(?)                                      Australia                
              Eugenia alba                                       Andamans, India          
              Lagerstroemia hypoleuca                            Malaysia                 
              Melia azadarach L.         Poma, Moha Nim,Bokain   Thailand                 
              Pinus kesiya                                       Thailand                 
              P. merkusii                                        Honduras                 
              P. occarpa                                         Tanzania                 
              P. radiata                                         Kachar, India            
              Podocarpus nerifolia Don.  Jinaru, Banspata        South India              
              Plerocarpus marsupium                              S. India                 
              P. sanialinus                                      Andamans, India          
              Sterculia campanudata                              Hondurus                 
              Swietennia mahagoni        Mehogini                ?                        
              (L.) Jacq.                                                                  
D. Species    Acacia senegal                                     West Africa              
              Arancaria angustifolia                             not known                
performed                                                                                 
     poorly   A. cummuhumii ?                                    not known                
in                                                                                        
              Canarium emphyllum                                 Andamans, India          
arboreta                                                                                  
     trial    Dipterocarpus griffithii                           Bhutan                   
              Eucalyptus globulus                                Australia                
              E. marculata                                       Australia                
              E. sideropholia                                    Australia                
              E. umbellata ?                                     Australia                
              Greviollot robusta                                 Australia                
              Manglietia insignis ?                              Lakhshmipur ?            
              Mansomia altissima                                 Nigeria                  
                                                                                         
Appendix - V (contd.)                                                                    
Category      Species name               Local name              Seed origin              
D. Species    Michelia clifolia                                  India                    
              M. oblonga  Wall.          Sundi                   Tejpur, Assam, India     
performed                                                                                 
     poorly   M. insignis                                        Tejpir, Assam, India     
in                                                                                        
              Pancevia rulignosa                                 Assam, India             
arboreta                                                                                  
     trials   Phoehe gosparensis                                 Assam, India             
              Pinus ellilii                                      USA                      
              P. insularis                                       not known                
              P. longifolia                                      India                    
              P. sinensis                                        Mauritius                
              P. thunbergii                                      not known                
              Palygala arillata                                  Sri Lanka                
              Sanilalum album                                    South India              
              Shorea assamica                                    Assam, India             
E. Species    Acacia cyanophylla                                 not known                
that                                                                                      
     failed   A. karoo                                           not known                
to                                                                                        
     grow     Agathes pahnerstonii ?                             not known                
              Calamus seipionan                                  Mullaca, Indonesia       
              Pinus ayacahuite                                   not known                
              P. canariensis                                     not known                
              P. douglasiana                                     not known                
              P. michoacana                                      not known                
              P. monlezumae                                      not known                
              P. pinaster                                        not known                
              Pinus pseudostrobus                                not known                
              Podorecarpus falcatus ?                            not known                
              Populus clone 214                                  not known                
              Populus clone 262                                  not known                
              Populus nigra ?                                    not known                
              Populus trihocarpa ?                               not known                
              Populus wisdengii                                  not known                
              Salix grees                                        not known                
              Texalian grees                                     not known                
Source: BFRI                                                                            

APPENDIX - VI

Some of the recommendations made in the National Conservation Strategy (NCS) of Bangladesh

(NCS was prepared under the auspices of IUCN with financial assistance from NORAD)

- Inclusion of conservation of the environment and the resource bases and their sustainable use in

the national Constitution:

- redefinition of the goals of rural development, conservation and sustainable development in the medium and long term perspectives;

- bottom up approach for planning for rural development for appropriate reflection of local needs, resource endowments, socio-psychological aspects, environmental considerations and sustainable use of resources;

- environmental impact assessment as a component in planning from the grassroot level;

- joint mass awareness programmes on conservation and sustainable development by the Government and NGOs;

- Incentives for conservation of scarce resources, both renewable and non-renewable by easily making available alternative resources or finances;

- focus of conservation and sustainable development in the research and training programmes of government agencies and NGOs;

- amendment of existing laws relevant to environmental aspects, conservation and sustainable resource base to cover specific related problems in the rural sectors; enactment of new laws in appropriate sectors of rural resource management and development; and priority in implementation of existing laws

(Source: Huq, M. F. 1991. International Union for Conservation of Nature Natural Resources - The World Conservation Union, National Conservation Strategy of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council. Towards Sustainable Development: Rural Development and NGO Activities in Bangladesh. Dhaka, 1991)

- formulation of a comprehensive National Land Use Policy;

- detailed land resource assessment;

- prevention of activities leading to land degradation;

- proper allocation of land for urban and rural areas;

- formulation of a comprehensive National Land Use Policy ;

- detailed land resources assessment ;

- prevention of activities leading to land degradation;

- proper allocation of land for urban and rural areas

- inclusion of resource conservation studies at every level of education curricula to make the future generations more conscious to the adverse result of extravagances;

- awareness creation on and public participation in resource conservation for their own welfare and for their children;

(Source: Rahman, M. R. 1991. International Union fore Conservation of Nature Natural Resources - The World Conservation Union, National Conservation Strategy of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council. Towards Sustainable Development: Land Resources in Bangladesh, Dhaka 1991).

- updating the syllabi of environmental education at various stages;

- greater emphasis on research on environmental issues in universities and research institutes of the country.

- Creation of inter-disciplinary Centres or Institutes of Environmental studies in universities;

- training on Environmental Impact Assessment for personnel involved;

- organisation of mobile song and drama troupes to popularise environmental issues;

(Source: Sharafuddin, A. M. 1991. International Union for Conservation of Nature Natural Resources - The World Conservation Union, National Conservation Strategy of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council. Towards Sustainable Development: Environmental Awareness and Education in Bangladesh, Dhaka, 1991.)

- lands regarded as unproductive, whether under government ownership (khas land), protected forests or unclassified state forests be allotted to dedicated environmentalists who have prepared the ground for future afforestation;

- the legislation concerning living resources in Bangladesh is marred by failures to implement laws, lack of coordination among agencies responsible to look after genetic resources. The problem is further accentuated by inadequate training facilities and low salaries of field staff. Before promulgation of legislation, it is important to ensure that the law is ecologically, economically and socially feasible. Public education programmes should precede and also follow the enforcement of laws to help the public to understand and support it;

- the institutional capacity of Ministry of Environment and Forest, established only in 1989, and the Forest Department to promote and administer conservation activities is yet to be developed to the required mark;

- Constraints limiting private forestry has restricted private sector involvement. The Government should encourage private enterprises interested in afforestation and adequate khas land allotted to those who have already done satisfactory spade of work in the venture;

- severe restrictions should be imposed to harvest important medicinal plants from the wild; cultivation of such species on commercial scale should be encouraged. (The number of medicinal plants in a revised list by the National Herbarium exceeds 500).

- forestry projects managed by local people may be the solution to the problems caused by deforestation;

- conversion of natural forests to plantation of exotic species needs to be carefully assessed;

- inland and coastal flood control measures should take cognisance of the protection of local flora and fauna;

- conservation of wild genetic resources, both ex situ and in situ is now a matter of urgency;

- coordinated conservation action will depend on development on at least a primary cross sector inventory of wild genetic resources, thus allowing identification of species in need of attention;

- categories of wild plants of high priority for in situ conservation include the wild relatives of fruit and oil crops, commodity and industrial crops, timber species and plants used as forage and fibres;

- there is strong basis for in situ genebanks in the region; field programmes on in situ conservation should be guided by priorities identified at the country level, taking into consideration the biological and economic needs;

- systematic, ecological and geographic data are stressed as a background to germplasm collection and conservation;

- attempts at in situ conservation are likely to fail where there is intense pressure for land, weak legislation and implementation of laws, and public opinion unaware of the need for conservation;

- preferred efforts ate collection of as much reproductive materials as possible as ex situ conservation before the resources are destroyed (other countries in the region e.g. Nepal, Sri Lanka, etc. have already established ex situ collections of medicinal plants: FAO, 1984).

- adequate storage facilities for seeds or vegetative stocks are necessary with a duplication of collections to prevent risks of loss;

- recalcitrant seeds, to which belong fruit and nut species and many timber species have to be maintained as living plants (in situ genebanks) to protect wild gene pools of value for plant breeding;

- national botanic gardens can serve as centres for maintenance of genetic diversity, and the preservation of genetic materials located within the gardens provide the best chance for long time survival;

- information on the biology and variation on species will help decide the suitable type of conservation ( in situ, ex situ as living trees, ex situ as reproductive materials or a combination of all three);

- there is need to maintain Natural Regeneration Plots (NRPs) in the hill forests for sustainable development of natural stands and to provide pasture for the wildlife;

- the orchid flora constitute one of the richest genetic resources in Bangladesh. Their preservation, (a) through protection of natural habitats as National Parks, (b) specialisation in orchid species in institutions like Botanic Gardens, (c) public awareness through displays and information shows, mass media and orchid societies should be promoted;

- the major constraint in the implementation is a lack of trained personnel. There is a clear need for a major push in training personnel in various aspects of conservation of genetic resources;

- immediate studies on biological diversity should concentrate on perennial plants with poorly known and are of potential value for production of food, fibre, oils and pharmaceuticals;

- the awareness for the need of conservation has to be created even at the pre-schooling stage to be continued at primary and secondary levels emphasising on the production of low cost educational; materials (posters with graphic designs, photography, audio-visual); this should go hand in hand with the creation of Nature Clubs are children will be taught and encouraged to identify common useful plants and flowers, birds and other animals and to learn their ecosystem.

- Marshes and wetlands of particular significance as special biotic reserves should be managed

including inventorying, research, monitoring and evaluation, and planning for their sustainable development . An ecologically and socio-economically acceptable basis for managing wetlands including their fisheries have to be developed and applied to promote the conservation of their genetic resources through quantifying their benefits.

- Data bases on wild key species of ecological and socio-economic value are urgently needed. Regional information service on survey and authentication of indigenous germplasm of potential economic value such as legumes should be developed. Collaboration with National Botanical Research Institute of India at Lucknow and International Database System at Kew should be sought. This is prerequisite for taking up field studies on important wild resources like legumes. Training courses on computer database for documentation and information system linkage have to developed and implemented at the National Herbarium and other relevant institutions.

(Source: Khan, M. S. 1991. International Union fore Conservation of Nature Natural Resources - The World Conservation Union, National Conservation Strategy of Bangladesh, Bangladesh Agricultural Research Council. Towards Sustainable Development: Genetic Resources in Bangladesh, Dhaka 1991).