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close this bookWHO Information Series on School Health - Document 4 - Healthy Nutrition: An Essential Element of a Health-Promoting School (FAO - WHO, 1998, 61 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentACKNOWLEDGEMENTS
View the documentFOREWORD
Open this folder and view contents1. INTRODUCTION
Open this folder and view contents2. CONVINCING OTHERS THAT HEALTHY NUTRITION IS IMPORTANT
Open this folder and view contents3. CONVINCING OTHERS THAT NUTRITION INTERVENTIONS IN SCHOOLS WILL REALLY WORK
Open this folder and view contents4. PLANNING THE INTERVENTIONS
Open this folder and view contents5. INTEGRATING NUTRITION INTERVENTIONS WITHIN VARIOUS COMPONENTS OF A HEALTH-PROMOTING SCHOOL
Open this folder and view contents6. EVALUATION
View the documentANNEX 1. IMPORTANT CONDITIONS OF MALNUTRITION WHICH AFFECT PRESCHOOL- AND SCHOOL-AGE CHILDREN (Ref: 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 16, 48, 75)
View the documentANNEX 2. BASIC QUESTIONS AND METHODS OF DATA COLLECTION FOR SITUATION ANALYSIS
View the documentANNEX 3. COMMON BEHAVIOURS AND CONDITIONS RELATED TO HEALTHY EATING
View the documentANNEX 4. EXAMPLES OF DIETARY GUIDELINES AND FOOD GUIDES FOR THE GENERAL PUBLIC
View the documentANNEX 5. SELECTED WHO EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES TO PROMOTE HEALTHY EATING
View the documentANNEX 6. SELECTED AGE-APPROPRIATE EDUCATIONAL STRATEGIES TO PROMOTE HEALTHY EATING
View the documentANNEX 7. EXAMPLES OF CURRICULUM ADDRESSING EMOTIONAL AND SOCIO-CULTURAL INFLUENCES RELATED TO HEALTHY EATING AND SUGGESTED INSTRUCTIONAL STRATEGIES
View the documentANNEX 8. EXAMPLES OF COMMUNITY AND FAMILY INVOLVEMENT AND OUTREACH
View the documentANNEX 9. WORLD DECLARATION ON NUTRITION
View the documentANNEX 10. OTTAWA CHARTER FOR HEALTH PROMOTION (1986)
View the documentREFERENCES

ANNEX 3. COMMON BEHAVIOURS AND CONDITIONS RELATED TO HEALTHY EATING

Behaviours:

¨ Eating behaviours which enhance health and learning abilities and reduce malnutrition (7):

- Eating a variety of mostly cereal foods/breads, vegetables and fruit

- Choosing whole grain foods and fresh produce

- Eating foods containing important vitamins and minerals such as vitamin A, vitamin C, Iron, Iodine

- Using sugar, fat and salt in moderation

- Choosing a low-fat diet

- Drinking adequate amounts of safe water for health and thirst-quenching

- Exclusively breast-feeding infants up to four to six months of age (40)

¨ Eating behaviours which enhance physical, social and mental health:

- Enjoying regular meals

- Eating with family and friends to reaffirm social ties (39)

- Balancing food intake with physical activities for fitness and weight management

- Eating in moderation

- Breast-feeding of infants

¨ Food safety behaviours which help avoid food-borne infections (24):

- Washing hands and food thoroughly and keeping table surfaces and cooking utensils clean

- Cooking food thoroughly and eating cooked foods immediately

- Storing and reheating left-over cooked foods thoroughly

- Protecting foods from insects, rodents or other animals

- Using safe water

- Breast-feeding of infants

Conditions:

¨ Conditions which enhance safe and healthy eating:

- Availability of safe water and waste disposal
- Access to low-cost healthy food
- Social support for healthy eating