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close this bookChallenges for the 21st Century: A Gender Perspective on Nutrition through the Life Cycle - Nutrition policy paper No. 17 (UNSSCN, 1998, 116 p.)
close this folderChapter 9: The Second Abraham Horwitz Lecture, 1998. Breastfeeding: From Biology to Policy
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe Biology of Breastfeeding
View the documentGlobal Patterns
View the documentBarriers to Optimal Breastfeeding
View the documentBreaking the Barriers with the Baby Friendly Community Initiative - The Gambia
View the documentPolicy Issues
View the documentA Challenge to SCN Member Agencies
View the documentReferences
View the documentClosing Comments
View the documentComment from the Reviewer

References

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Consensus Statement (1988) Breastfeeding as a family planning method. Lancet 2:1204-1205.

Davies-Adetugbo AA (1997) Socio-cultural factors and the promotion of exclusive breastfeeding in rural Yoroba communities of Osun State, Nigeria. Social Science and Medicine 45:113-125.

Dermer A (1998) Breastfeeding and women’s health. Journal of Women’s Health 7:427-433.

Dunn DT, Newell ML, Ades AE, Peckman CS (1992) Risk of human immunodeficiency virus type I transmission through breastfeeding. Lancet 340:585-588.

Editorial (1994) A warm chain for breastfeeding. Lancet 344(8932): 1239-1240.

Hatloy A and Oshaug A (1997) Human milk: an invisible food resource. Journal of Human Lactation 13:299-305.

Innocenti Declaration on the Protection, Promotion and Support of Breastfeeding, 1 August 1990, Florence, Italy. UNICEF, New York.

Kyenkya-Isabirye M and Magalhaes R (1990) The mother support group role in the health care system. International Journal of Gynecology & Obstetrics 31, Suppl 1:85-90.

Labbok MH, Perez-Escamilla R, Peterson A, Coly S (1997) Breastfeeding and child spacing country profiles. Institute for Reproductive Health, Washington, DC.

Levine R and Huffman S (1990) The Economic Value of Breastfeeding, the National, Public Sector, Hospital and Household Levels. A Review of the Literature. Prepared for the Social Sector Policy Analysis Project of the USAID operated by the Academy for Educational Development, Washington, DC.

Morse JM, Jehle C, Gamble D (1990) Initiating breastfeeding: a world survey of the timing of postpartum breastfeeding. International Journal of Nursing Studies 27:303-313.

Obermeyer CM and Castle S (1997) Back to nature? Historical and cross-cultural perspectives on barriers to optimal breastfeeding. Medical Anthropology 17:39-63.

Radford A (1992). The ecological impact of bottle-feeding. Breastfeeding Review 2:204-208.

Saadeh R (ed) with Labbok M, Cooney K, Koniz-Booher P (1993) Breastfeeding: The Technical Basis and Recommendations for Action. Chapters, p93-102. WHO, Geneva.

Short R (1992) Breastfeeding, fertility and population growth. In: Nutrition and Population Links. ACC/SCN Symposium Report Nutrition Policy Discussion Paper No. 11, Chapter 4, p33-47. ACC/SCN, Geneva.

UNICEF (1994) What the world’s religions teach about child nutrition and breastfeeding. BFHI NEWS: The Baby-Friendly Hospital Newsletter, December 1994. UNICEF, New York.

UNICEF (1997a) The Progress of Nations. UNICEF, New York.

UNICEF (1997b) Norwegian entitlements give parents leave to be with children. BFHI NEWS: The Baby-Friendly Hospital Newsletter, May 1997. UNICEF, New York.

Villapando S and Hamosh M (1998) Early and late effects of breastfeeding: does breastfeeding really matter? Biology of the Neonate 74:177-191.

Virtainen SM, Rasanen I, Ylonen K, Aro A, Clayton D, Langholz B, Pitkanniemi J, Savilahti E, Loumnamaa R, Tuomilehto J, Akerblom HK (1993) Early introduction of dairy products associated with increased risk of IDDMM in Finnish Children. Diabetes 42:1786-1790.

Wellstart International (1992) Breastfeeding: A Natural Resource for Food Security. Paper prepared by Huffman SL, Rasmusson E, Newman V, O’Gara C. Wellstart International, Washington, DC.

WHO (1989) Protecting, Promoting and Supporting Breastfeeding: The Special Role of Maternity Services. A joint WHO/UNICEF statement. WHO, Geneva.