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close this bookTraditional Food Plants of Kenya (National Museum of Kenya, 1999, 288 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentLocal names
View the documentColour plates
Open this folder and view contentsSpecies accounts
View the documentAppendix: Nutritional composition of edible parts of plants
View the documentGlossary
View the documentBibliography
View the documentList of families and species
View the documentBack Cover

Local names

* = exotic

Bajun


Also see under Swahili.



abiro

Maerua decumbens

mchunda-kula

Ximenia americana

mkuraki

Manilkara sulcata

myae

Strychnos spinosa

ukwaju

Tamarindus indica

warendi

Manilkara mochisia



Boni


dabeh

Landolphia kirkii

daber

Landolphia kirkii

digi

Dioscorea dumetorum

gonyooriya

Phoenix reclinata

gurguo

Hoslundia opposita

halas

Uvaria scheffleri

kedura

Sesamum calycinum

kuragi

Manilkara sulcata

malamoto

Annona senegalensis

mangales

Garcinia livingstonei

mangula

Strychnos madagascariensis

mangula

Strychnos spinosa

mangura

Strychnos madagascariensis

mangura

Strychnos spinosa

mede

Hyphaene coriacea

mishothie

Hoslundia opposita

mkalashote

Vitex ferruginea

mkalijote

Vitex mombassae

mlamote

Annona senegalensis

mogalishat

Vitex ferruginea

mukai

Tamarindus indica

mulilago

Antidesma venosum

ngogaje

Antidesma venosum

oh

Hyphaene coriacea

ong

Borassus aethiopum

sheshubla

Dialium orientale

shishobli

Dialium orientale

sisin

Sesamum calycinum

tomur

Uvaria acuminata

tsina

Scutia myrtina

tumorr

Uvaria acuminata

unglise

Garcinia livingstonei



Boran (Borana)


Note: c- is pronounced ch-. Many of the words with k- here are normally written with q-; thus kalkacha would be written qalqaca.

adesa

Rhus natalensis

agarnyaab

Maerua decumbens

andarak

Lannea triphylla

andaraka

Lannea schimperi

awagino

Flueggea virosa

baabido (gum)

Acacia senegal

baddan

Balanites aegyptiaca

baddan

Balanites rotundifolia

badoda

Cucurbita moschata

bariyub

Maerua decumbens

bododa

Cucurbita maxima

boraati

Aerva lanata

buge

Lagenaria siceraria

bun

Coffea arabica

burate-harre

Cucumis dipsaceus

buriri

Vangueria madagascariensis

burquqe

Acacia nilotica

burquqis

Acacia nilotica

burra diima

Acacia senegal

buruudo

Grewia villosa

buruuri

Vangueria apiculata

chame

Vigna membranacea

chati

Catha edulis

dabobes

Ximenia americana

daboobes

Rhus natalensis

dadach

Acacia tortilis

dadacha

Acacia tortilis

dagams

Carissa edulis

dakar

Boswellia neglecta

dakkar

Boswellia neglecta

dakkar gurate

Boswellia neglecta

dakkara

Boswellia neglecta

daraara

Aerva lanata

deeka

Grewia tenax

deeka-diima

Grewia tenax

deeka-imimo

Grewia tenax

deka

Grewia tembensis

denyo

Mimusops fruticosa

didisa

Sclerocarya birrea

dirraa

Commiphora rostrata

gaabbe

Vatovaea pseudolablab

gabbe

Vatovaea pseudolablab

gadda

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

gadu

Thylachium thomasii

galgacha-hareh

Boscia coriacea

galgethoom

Digera muricata

garse

Dobera glabra

gda

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

getgedaan

Digera muricata

hancha-dakkara (resin)

Boswellia neglecta

hancha-lubadin (incense)

Boswellia neglecta

harores

Cordia sinensis

huda

Salvadora persica

iddado

Acacia senegal

irgegud

Grewia tenax

jajab

Berchemia discolor

jejab

Berchemia discolor

kada

Syzygium guineense

karaa

Strychnos henningsii

karo

Bridelia taitensis

kate

Lantana trifolia

kone

Hyphaene compressa

kumude

Lannea alata

kurawa

Dovyalis abyssinica

kurkuurah

Ziziphus mauritiana

kurquura

Ziziphus mucronata

kurte

Cyphia glandulifera

ladana

Canthium pseudosetiflorum

luuftoole

Corchorus tridens

luuftoole

Corchorus trilocularis

maa

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

madeer

Cordia sinensis

madeer-qoowe

Cordia sinensis

mader

Cordia monoica

mader-boor

Cordia sinensis

maqala

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

meeti

Hyphaene compressa

meti

Phoenix reclinata

misinga

Sorghum bicolor

moorodah

Grewia villosa

murie

Grewia tenax

od

Ficus sycomorus

oda

Ficus sycomorus

odda

Ximenia americana

ogomdi

Grewia villosa

pika

Pappea capensis

qaaleda

Meyna tetraphylla

qadu

Thylachium thomasii

qalqalq

Boscia coriacea

qoone

Hyphaene compressa

qotte

Cordia monoica

quaqura

Ziziphus mauritiana

roka

Tamarindus indica

roqa

Tamarindus indica

sapans diima

Acacia senegal

sarkam

Grewia tenax

tafi

Eragrostis tef

tende

Phoenix dactylifera

toga

Hydnora abyssinica

uda

Ximenia americana

urbu-ree (fruit)

Acacia tortilis

waachu

Acacia seyal

waachu-adi

Acacia seyal

waaqu-hallu

Acacia seyal

wachu dima

Acacia seyal var. fistula

wanreh

Lannea alata

woda

Ficus sycomorus



Chonyi


Note: the prefix chi- in most Mijikenda groups will normally change to ki- for Giriama


chibuzi

Vernonia cinerea

chidungadunga

Bidens pilosa

chidungadunga

Bidens spp.

chikosho

Corchorus olitorius

chikosho

Corchorus tridens

chikosho

Corchorus trilocularis

chimbiri

Keetia zanzibarica

chirenje

Lagenaria siceraria

chirunji

Nymphaea nouchali

chiswenya

Amaranthus hybridus

chivuma nyuchi

Aerva lanata

dzadza

Commelina africana

dzadza

Commelina forskaolii

dzadza

Commelina imberbis

fudu (fruit)

Vitex spp.

fula (fruits)

Sclerocarya birrea

kahawa

Coffea arabica

kipuru

Lagenaria siceraria

kunazi (fruits)

Ziziphus mauritiana

kunde

Vigna unguiculata

kwamba (fruits)

Flueggea virosa

maburu (leaves)

Colocasia esculenta

mabwe (leaves)

Ipomoea batatas

mahwa

Solanum macrocarpon

manga (tuber)

Manihot esculenta

mani ga mabenda (leaves)

Abelmoschus esculentus

mauyu (fruits)

Adansonia digitata

mbalazi (fruit)

Cajanus cajan

mbata (flesh)

Cocos nucifera

mdungatundu

Dovyalis abyssinica

mdungu

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

mfudu madzi

Vitex ferruginea

mfudu

Vitex mombassae

mfudu

Vitex payos

mfudu-unga

Vitex payos

mfudukoma

Vitex mombassae

mfula

Sclerocarya birrea

mgugune

Ziziphus mucronata

mhango (leaves)

Cucurbita maxima

miraa

Catha edulis

miunga (plural)

Acacia spp.

mkayamba

Piliostigma thonningii

mkayukayu

Cordia sinensis

mkoma

Hyphaene compressa

mkone

Grewia bicolor

mkone

Grewia spp.

mkonga

Balanites aegyptiaca

mkuha

Dobera glabra

mkuha

Dobera loranthifolia

mkulu

Berchemia discolor

mkwakwa

Strychnos madagascariensis

mnavu jangaa

Solanum nigrum

mnavu

Solanum nigrum

mnavu tsaka

Solanum nigrum

mnazi*

Cocos nucifera

mng'ambo kapehe

Mimusops fruticosa

mng'ambo

Manilkara sansibarensis

mnyumbu

Lannea schweinfurthii

mpea (leaves)*

Manihot esculenta

mpupu

Lablab purpureus

mpweke

Diospyros squarrosa

mshomoro

Lantana camara

mswaki

Salvadora persica

mtamba-kiko

Meyna tetraphylla

mtambachiko

Canthium glaucum

mtandamboo

Carissa edulis

mtandamboo

Carissa tetramera

mtikiti

Citrullus lanatus

mtongazi

Landolphia petersiana

mtsemeri

Acacia nilotica

mtserere

Hoslundia opposita

mtsumbwi

Dialium orientale

mtsunga

Launaea cornuta

mtsunga wa utsungu

Launaea cornuta

mtundukula

Ximenia americana

mubalazi

Cajanus cajan

mudungatundu

Flacourtia indica

mudzipo

Salacia madagascariensis

mueza-moyo

Salvadora persica

mugazija*

Manihot esculenta

muhama

Sorghum bicolor

muizu-wa-arisa

Thylachium thomasii

mukunazi

Ziziphus mauritiana

mukuyu

Ficus sycomorus

mukwamba

Flueggea virosa

munago

Manilkara mochisia

mung'ambo

Manilkara sansibarensis

munga

Acacia nilotica

musimbiji

Antidesma venosum

mutserere

Hoslundia opposita

mutsumbwi

Dialium orientale

mutunguru

Thylachium thomasii

muungo

Landolphia kirkii

muyu

Adansonia digitata

muzhumaa

Cymbopogon citratus

muzungi

Moringa oleifera

mwangani

Cleome gynandra

nago (fruits)

Manilkara mochisia

nazi (fruits)*

Cocos nucifera

nduma (tuber)

Colocasia esculenta

ng'ambo (fruits)

Manilkara sansibarensis

nzugu mawe

Vigna subterranea

pupu (fruits)

Lablab purpureus

tendegwa

Vigna subterranea

tsafe

Vigna unguiculata

tsalakushe

Asystasia gangetica

ufuha

Sesamum orientale

vimumunye (edible)

Lagenaria siceraria

viyogbwe (root)*

Ipomoea batatas

viyogbwe

Ipomoea batatas

vombo

Corchorus olitorius

wimbi

Eleusine coracana



Daasanach (Merille)


bal-burach

Digera muricata

barbar

Grewia villosa

bunite

Dactyloctenium bogdanii

daal-guo,

Coccinia grandis

daale (fruit)

Coccinia grandis

damich

Grewia tenax

damich-arab

Grewia tembensis

dang'ite

Acacia senegal

dhuorich

Boscia coriacea

dong'od-nee-dhieroka

Boswellia eglecta

dong'od-salab-g'ayyua

Commiphora rostrata

g'ayyuka

Commiphora rostrata

gabite

Ziziphus mauritiana

hocholoch*

Moringa oleifera

holshe

Commelina benghalensis

huluf

Maerua decumbens

kadite

Dobera glabra

kerech-dhata

Commiphora africana

kulidhe

Hyphaene compressa

kuute

Balanites rotundifolia

seech-geebe

Acacia tortilis

suriech

Grewia bicolor

yierit-etha

Kedrostis gijef



Digo


chigbwada

Manihot esculenta

chigundigundi

Acacia nilotica

chikuse

Vernonia cinerea

chiswenya

Amaranthus dubius

chiswenya

Amaranthus graecizans

dradra

Commelina benghalensis

dzedza

Commelina forskaolii

dzedza

Commelina imberbis

futsure

Asystasia gangetica

futswe

Asystasia gangetica

kigundi

Acacia nilotica

kihuro

Antidesma venosum

kikwata

Acacia senegal

kisambwe

Garcinia livingstonei

kitoria (fruit)

Landolphia kirkii

libugu

Landolphia kirkii

mbara

Diospyros mespiliformis

mbokwe

Annona senegalensis

mbuyu

Adansonia digitata

mbwana nyahi

Rhus vulgaris

mchindu

Phoenix reclinata

mdungu

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

mfundukoma

Vitex mombassae

mfunga-tanzu

Garcinia livingstonei

mgorodo

Ziziphus mucronata

mgwanyahi

Rhus natalensis

mhama

Sorghum bicolor

mkoma

Hyphaene compressa

mkoma lume

Hyphaene compressa

mkone

Grewia tembensis

mkulu

Diospyros mespiliformis

mkunguma

Sorindeia madagascariensis

mkwaju

Tamarindus indica

mkwamba

Flueggea virosa

mlenda

Corchorus olitorius

mng'ongo

Sclerocarya birrea

mnyondoiya

Flacourtia indica

mpira

Landolphia kirkii

mrenda

Sesamum calycinum

msami

Synsepalum brevipes

mtandamboo

Carissa edulis

mtandamboo

Carissa tetramera

mtsekeshe

Piliostigma thonningii

mtserere

Hoslundia opposita

mtundakula

Ximenia americana

mudhungu

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

mudzala

Uvaria acuminata

mugiaki

Syzygium guineense

muhonga

Strychnos madagascariensis

muhonga

Strychnos spinosa

mumbweni

Uvaria acuminata

mung'ambo

Manilkara sansibarensis

munyunzu

Keetia zanzibarica

mutseketse

Piliostigma thonningii

mutsunga

Launaea cornuta

muvuma

Vangueria apiculata

muziahi

Syzygium cordatum

muziahi

Syzygium guineense

muziyahe

Syzygium guineense

mviru

Vangueria infausta

mwambangoma

Balanites aegyptiaca

mwatsaka wa bara

Corchorus olitorius

mzangatchango

Antidesma venosum

tala-kushe

Asystasia gangetica

toro

Nymphaea nouchali

ufuha

Sesamum orientale

utundi

Sarcostemma viminale



Duruma


(Also see Giriama)


kifuka

Vernonia cinerea

lufia

Vernonia cinerea

madungatundu

Flacourtia indica

mdzala

Uvaria acuminata

msanzanza

Sorindeia madagascariensis

mugumo

Borassus aethiopum



Embu


Also see vernacular names in other Central Bantu groups



gikwa

Dioscorea minutiflora

ikwa (plural)

Dioscorea minutiflora

kaua

Coffea arabica

kinya (fruit)

Lagenaria siceraria

makunu

edible fungi

managu

Solanum nigrum

mbiruiru (fruit)

Vangueria spp

mbota*

Physalis peruviana

mtogotorgo

Pachystigma schumannianum

mucimoro*

Lantana camara

mugaa

Acacia spp

mugimbi

Eleusine coracana

mugumo

Ficus natalensis

mugumo

Ficus thonningii

mukawa

Carissa edulis

mukengeria

Commelina benghalensis

mukombi*

Setaria italica

mukuu

Ficus sycomorus

munathi*

Cocos nucifera

muramba

Adansonia digitata

muthithi

Tamarindus indica

mutimoko*

Annona cherimola

muvia

Sorghum bicolor

mwere

Pennisetum glaucum

nathi (fruit)*

Cocos nucifera

ndare

Rubus spp

ndaugu

Oxygonum sinuatum

ndende*

Phoenix dactylifera

nduma*

Colocasia esculenta

ngwaci

Ipomoea batatas

njavi

Lablab purpureus

njugu

Cajanus cajan

nthoroko

Vigna unguiculata

nzavi

Lablab purpureus

rungu

Lagenaria siceraria

rwoga

Amaranthus graecizans

rwoga

Amaranthus spp

thatha

Urtica massaica

ugimbi

Eleusine coracana



English and standard names

Abyssinian banana

Ensete ventricosum

Abyssinian tea

Catha edulis

African ebony

Diospyros mespiliformis

African fan palm

Borassus aethiopum

African olive

Olea africana ssp. africana

air potato

Dioscorea bulbifera

amaranth

Amaranthus dubius

amaranth*

Amaranthus graecizans

amaranth*

Amaranthus hybridus

Arabian tea

Catha edulis

arrow poison plant

Acokanthera oppositifolia

arrow poison plant

Acokanthera schimperi

Bambara bean

Vigna subterranea

Bambara groundnut

Vigna subterranea

baobab

Adansonia digitata

bastard mustard

Cleome gynandra

ben tree*

Moringa oleifera

bird plum

Berchemia discolor

black-galled acacia

Acacia drepanolobium

black nightshade

Solanum nigrum

black plum

Vitex doniana

black plum

Vitex payos

blackjack*

Bidens pilosa

blue lotus of Egypt

Nymphaea nouchali

blue water lily

Nymphaea nouchali

bonavist bean

Lablab purpureus

borassus palm

Borassus aethiopum

bottle gourd

Lagenaria siceraria

brown ivory

Berchemia discolor

buffalo thorn

Ziziphus mucronata

bulrush millet

Pennisetum glaucum

bush okra

Corchorus olitorius

calabash gourd

Lagenaria siceraria

calabash

Lagenaria siceraria

camel foot

Piliostigma thonningii

camphor basil

Ocimum kilimandscharicum

Cape fig

Ficus sur

careless weed

Amaranthus spinosus

cassava*

Manihot esculenta

cat's whiskers

Cleome gynandra

catch thorn

Ziziphus abyssinica

Ceylon raspberry*

Rubus niveus

Ceylon spinach

Basella alba

cherimoya*

Annona cherimola

Chinese date

Ziziphus mauritiana

Chinese spinach

Amaranthus hybridus

cider tree

Sclerocarya birrea ssp. caffra

clove basil

Ocimum gratissimum

clove*

Syzygium aromaticum

coconut*

Cocos nucifera

coco yam*

Colocasia esculenta

coffee

Coffea arabica

crow foot grass

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

custard apple*

Annona squamosa

date palm*

Phoenix dactylifera

deleb palm

Borassus aethiopum

desert date

Balanites aegyptiaca

doum palm

Hyphaene compressa

doum palm

Hyphaene coriacea

drumstick tree*

Moringa oleifera

East Indian basil

Ocimum gratissimum

Egyptian lotus

Nymphaea lotus

Egyptian mimosa

Acacia nilotica

Egyptian thorn

Acacia nilotica

Ethiopian cabbage

Brassica carinata

Ethiopian mustard

Brassica carinata

false medlar

Vangueria infausta

false sandalwood

Ximenia americana

fever plant

Ocimum kilimandscharicum

finger millet

Eleusine coracana

foxtail millet*

Setaria italica

frankincense

Boswellia carterii

frankincense

Boswellia frereana

frankincense

Boswellia neglecta

giant yellow mulberry

Myrianthus holstii

gourd

Lagenaria siceraria

governor's plum

Flacourtia indica

Guinea oil palm

Elaeis guineensis

gum arabic

Acacia senegal

horned cucumber

Cucumis metuliferus

horseradish tree

Moringa oleifera

horseradish tree

Moringa stenopetala

hyacinth bean

Lablab purpureus

Indian plum

Flacourtia indica

Indian plum

Ziziphus mauritiana

Indian spinach

Basella alba

Italian millet*

Setaria italica

ivy gourd

Coccinia grandis

jackal berry

Diospyros mespiliformis

jackal plum

Pappea capensis

jambolan*

Syzygium cumini

Java plum*

Syzygium cumini

jelly melon

Cucumis metuliferus

Jew's mallow

Corchorus olitorius

jujube

Ziziphus mauritiana

jute

Corchorus olitorius

Kaffir orange

Strychnos spinosa

kat

Catha edulis

Kei apple*

Dovyalis caffra

khat

Catha edulis

lablab bean

Lablab purpureus

Malabar gourd*

Cucumis ficifolia

Malabar spinach

Basella alba

morula

Sclerocarya birrea ssp. caffra

mustard tree

Salvadora persica

Natal orange

Strychnos spinosa

oil palm

Elaeis guineensis

okra

Abelmoschus esculentus

Palmyra palm

Borassus aethiopum

pearl millet

Pennisetum glaucum

pharaoh's fig

Ficus sycomorus

pigeon pea

Cajanus cajan

potato yam

Dioscorea bulbifera

prickly amaranth*

Amaranthus spinosa

prostrate amaranth

Amaranthus graecizans

purple amaranth

Amaranthus blitum (A. lividus)

purslane

Portulaca oleracea

quick weed*

Galinsoga parviflora

rubber vine

Landolphia kirkii

sandpaper tree

Cordia monoica

sausage tree

Kigelia pinnata (K. africana)

scarlet gourd

Coccinia grandis

Senegal date

Phoenix reclinata

sesame

Sesamum orientale

sorghum

Sorghum bicolor

sorrel

Rumex usambarensis

sour plum

Ximenia americana

soursop*

Annona cherimola

spider flower

Cleome gynandra

spider herb

Cleome gynandra

spiked millet

Pennisetum glaucum

spiny amaranth*

Amaranthus hybridus ssp. Hybridus

spiny amaranth*

Amaranthus spinosus

spiny cucumber

Cucumis metuliferus

spleen amaranth*

Amaranthus hybridus

stinging nettle

Urtica massaica

Sudan gum arabic

Acacia senegal

sunhemp

Crotalaria ochroleuca

sweet basil

Ocimum basilicum

sweet potato*

Ipomoea batatas

sycamore fig

Ficus sycomorus

tallow nut

Ximenia americana

tamarind

Tamarindus indica

taro*

Colocasia esculenta

teff

Eragrostis tef

toothbrush bush

Salvadora persica

torchwood

Balanites wilsoniana

tree hibiscus

Azanza garckeana

umbrella thorn

Acacia tortilis

vine spinach

Basella alba

water berry

Syzygium cordatum

water berry

Syzygium guineense

water lily

Nymphaea lotus

water lily

Nymphaea nouchali

water pear

Syzygium guineense

water spinach

Ipomoea aquatica

watermelon

Citrullus lanatus

whistling thorn

Acacia seyal ssp. fistula

whistling thorn

Acacia drepanolobium

white lotus

Nymphaea lotus

wild custard apple

Annona senegalensis

wild date palm

Phoenix reclinata

wild date

Phoenix reclinata

wild plum

Ximenia americana

wild soursop

Annona senegalensis

wild tea

Lippia javanica

winter lotus

Nymphaea lotus

winter spinach

Ipomoea aquatica

wonderberry

Solanum nigrum

yeheb

Cordeauxia edulis



Gabra


See also Borana names for equivalents. Note: c- is pronounced ch-. Many of the words with k- are normally written with q-; thus burk'uk'e would normally be written burquqe.



aadde

Salvadora persica

baddana

Balanites aegyptiaca

baddana

Balanites rotundifolia

buratte

Cucumis dipsaceus

burk'uk'e

Acacia nilotica

burquqe

Acacia nilotica

c'iimap'a

Vigna frutescens

d'addaca

Acacia tortilis

d'eeka

Grewia tenax

dabobbessa

Rhus natalensis

dagams

Carissa edulis

dakkara

Boswellia neglecta

gaabbe

Vatovaea pseudolablab

gaale

Kedrostis gijef

gaddaa

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

gelgedaana

Digera muricata

hammeesaa

Commiphora africana

iddaad'o

Acacia senegal

iddaado

Acacia seyal

iddad'o

Acacia seyal

k'alk'acca

Boscia coriacea

k'arraaru

Acokanthera schimperi

k'urk'uura

Ziziphus abyssinica

luftoole

Corchorus tridens

luftoole

Corchorus trilocularis

mad'eer

Cordia sinensis

meetti

Hyphaene compressa

ogomdi

Grewia villosa



Giriama (Giryama)


Notes:

(a)

Some writers would prefer to omit the u that follows the prefix m-, while others would prefer to retain it. Thus mfula may also appear as mufula.

(b)

The prefix ka- is diminutive

(c)

The prefix ki- in Giriama will normally change to chi- for other Mijikenda groups.

(d)

The suffix -koma implies its use as a food is forbidden.

(e)

Some of the names below may be a corruption of Chonyi and Sanya names.



budzi

Vernonia cinerea

burutula

Asystasia gangetica

bwere

Ipomoea batatas

bwere-mlungu

Ipomoea aquatica

dungatundu (fruit)

Dovyalis abyssinica

dzadza

Commelina africana

dzadza

Commelina forskaolii

dzadza

Commelina imberbis

fudu (fruit)

Vitex spp.

fula (fruits)

Sclerocarya birrea

fulafula (fruits)

Sclerocarya birrea

gune (tuber)

Nymphaea nouchali

kadzadza

Commelina africana

kadzadza

Commelina forskaolii

kahawa

Coffea arabica

kahedtho

Ipomoea mombassana

kibudzi

Vernonia cinerea

kidungadunga

Bidens spp.

kigbwada (leaves)*

Manihot esculenta

kigulukimwenga

Digera muricata

kikosho

Corchorus olitorius

kikosho

Corchorus tridens

kikosho

Corchorus trilocularis

kimbiri

Oxygonum salicifolium

kindwi (fruit)

Phoenix reclinata

kipuru

Lagenaria siceraria

kirunji

Nymphaea nouchali

kiswenya

Amaranthus hybridus

kiswenya-chamiya

Amaranthus spinosus

kivuma nyuchi

Aerva lanata

kunazi (fruits)

Ziziphus mauritiana

kwamba (fruits)

Flueggea virosa

logatsi

Amaranthus graecizans

mafa

Solanum macrocarpon

marabu (fruits)

Cucurbita maxima

matikiti

Citrullus lanatus

mauyu (fruits)

Adansonia digitata

mazaladowe (fruits)

Uvaria scheffleri

mbalazi (fruit)

Cajanus cajan

mbat'the

Diospyros consolatae

mbata (flesh)

Cocos nucifera

mbathe

Strychnos henningsii

mbokwe

Annona senegalensis

mdevere

Flacourtia Indica

mdungatundu

Dovyalis abyssinica

mdungu

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

mfudu

Vitex mombassae

mfudu

Vitex payos

mfudu-madzi

Vitex ferruginea

mfudu-unga

Vitex payos

mfudukoma

Vitex mombassae

mfula

Sclerocarya birrea

mfuranje

Canthium glaucum

mgugune

Ziziphus mucronata

miraa

Catha edulis

miunga (plural)

Acacia spp.

mjungumoto

Salvadora persica

mkalakala

Bridelia cathartica

mkambi-kikambi

Asystasia gangetica

mkayamba

Piliostigma thonningii

mkayukayu

Cordia sinensis

mkindu

Phoenix reclinata

mkindwi

Phoenix reclinata

mkoma

Hyphaene compressa

mkone

Grewia bicolor

mkone

Grewia spp.

mkone-kilaa

Grewia tenax

mkonga

Balanites aegyptiaca

mkuha

Dobera glabra

mkuha

Dobera loranthifolia

mkulu

Berchemia discolor

mkulube

Diospyros mespiliformis

mkwakwa

Strychnos madagascariensis

mlori

Uvaria acuminata

mnavu mahombo

Physalis mimina

mnavu

Solanum nigrum

mnavu-jangaa

Solanum nigrum

mnavu-tsaka

Solanum nigrum

mnazi

Cocos nucifera

mng'ambo

Manilkara sansibarensis

mng'ambo-kapehe

Mimusops fruticosa

mnthungu

Lannea alata

mnyumbu

Lannea schweinfurthii

mpupu

Lablab purpureus

mpweke

Diospyros squarrosa

mrenda

Sesamum calycinum

mswaki

Salvadora persica

mtamba-kiko

Meyna tetraphylla

mtandamboo

Carissa edulis

mtandamboo

Carissa tetramera

mtoria

Landolphia kirkii

mtsami

Mimusops fruticosa

mtsami

Synsepalum brevipes

mtsami

Synsepalum msolo

mtsemeri

Acacia nilotica

mtserere

Hoslundia opposita

mtsumbwi

Dialium orientale

mtundukula

Ximenia americana

mubalazi

Cajanus cajan

mubenda

Abelmoschus esculentus

mudungatundu

Flacourtia indica

mudzaladowe

Uvaria scheffleri

mudzipo

Salacia madagascariensis

mueza-moyo

Salvadora persica

mufodzohi

Garcinia livingstonei

mufula

Sclerocarya birrea

mugazija*

Manihot esculenta

mugumo

Borassus aethiopum

muhama

Sorghum bicolor

muizu-wa-arisa

Thylachium thomasii

mujaje

Strychnos madagascariensis

mujaje

Strychnos spinosa

mukimbiri

Keetia zanzibarica

mukipo

Salacia madagascariensis

mukunazi

Ziziphus mauritiana

mukuyu

Ficus sycomorus

mukwamba

Flueggea virosa

mulori

Uvaria acuminata

munago

Manilkara mochisia

mung'ambo

Manilkara sansibarensis

munga

Acacia nilotica

munyee

Dovyalis macrocalyx

munyhee

Dovyalis macrocalyx

murabu (leaves)

Cucurbita maxima

mushomoro

Lantana camara

musimbiji

Antidesma venosum

musishwi

Commiphora africana

mutakuma

Annona senegalensis

mutokera

Dioscorea bulbifera

mutongazi

Landolphia petersiana

mutsedzi

Manilkara sulcata

mutserere

Hoslundia opposita

mutsuchwi

Commiphora africana

mutsumbwi

Dialium orientale

mutsunga

Launaea cornuta

mutunguru

Thylachium thomasii

muungo

Landolphia kirkii

muviru

Vangueria infausta

muyu

Adansonia digitata

muzhumaa

Cymbopogon citratus

muzungi

Moringa oleifera

muzungu wa mboko

Lagenaria siceraria

muzungwi

Moringa oleifera

muzunzwi

Keetia zanzibarica

mviru

Vangueria infausta

mwanakabaga

Lannea schimperi

mwangani

Cleome gynandra

mzaladowe

Uvaria scheffleri

nago (fruits)

Manilkara mochisia

nazi (fruits)*

Cocos nucifera

ng'ambo (fruits)

Manilkara sansibarensis

nzugu mawe

Vigna subterranea

pupu (fruits)

Lablab purpureus

talakushe

Asystasia gangetica

thalakushe

Asystasia gangetica

t(h)oro (tuber)

Nymphaea nouchali

tsafe

Vigna unguiculata

tsatsatsa (leaves)

Cucurbita maxima

ufuha

Sesamum orientale

viazi tamu*

Ipomoea batatas

vilo(ro)ri (fruits)

Uvaria acuminata

vimumunye (edible)

Lagenaria siceraria

vitoria (fruit)

Landolphia kirkii

viyogwe*

Ipomoea batatas

vombo

Corchorus olitorius

vongonya

Asysatasia gangetica

wimbi

Eleusine coracana



Ilchamus (Iltiamus, Njemps)

i-okuronit

Amaranthus dubius

i-okuroniti

Amaranthus dubius

ikilorit

Acacia nilotica

ikiloriti

Acacia nilotica

ikogom

Grewia tembensis

ikogomi

Grewia tembensis

ilkogomi

Grewia tenax

l-naboli

Ficus sycomorus

lama

Ximenia americana

lamai

Ximenia americana

lamalogi

Maerua decumbens

lamaloki

Maerua decumbens

lamayoki

Maerua decumbens

lamayokin

Maerua decumbens

lderende

Ziziphus mucronata

lderendei

Ziziphus mucronata

lderkesi

Acacia senegal

lera

Acacia seyal

lerai

Acacia seyal

lgweita

Cordia sinensis

limambai

Ziziphus mucronata

lkunyi

Acacia tortilis

lmampaai

Ziziphus mauritiana lam.

lmampaan

Ziziphus mauritiana lam.

lmang'wa

Sclerocarya birrea

lmang'wai

Sclerocarya birrea

lmisigiyo

Rhus natalensis

lmisigiyoi

Rhus natalensis

lmomo

Solanum nigrum

lmomoi

Solanum nigrum

lmuleel

Cordia monoica

lmuleelin

Cordia monoica

loisuki

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

lokuronit

Amaranthus graecizans

lokuroniti

Amaranthus graecizans

longoosoiron

Flueggea vimsa

lousuk

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

lousukui

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

lowa

Balanites aegyptiaca

lowei

Balanites aegyptiaca

lparrua

Hyphaene compressa

lparruai

Hyphaene compressa

lpupo

Grewia villosa

lpupoi

Grewia villosa

ltepes

Acacia tortilis

muleelin

Cordia monoica

nkampiror

Lannea triphylla

nkampurok

Lannea triphylla

nkampurori

Lannea triphylla

olmomoi

Solanum nigrum

raprapa

Amaranthus dubius

raprapa

Amaranthus graecizans

salapani

Cordia sinensis

sek

Cordia monoica

seki

Cordia monoica

sericho

Boscia coriacea

serichoi (plural)

Boscia coriacea



Kamba


Notes: The prefixes mu- and ki- are normally used interchangeably, thus kiae may also be referred to as muae. The letter r is normally used in Mwingi District only.


ikii

Lagenaria siceraria

ikulutui

Ensete ventricosum

ikunu

mushroom

ikwasi (tuber)

Ipomoea batatas

ilenge

Cucurbita maxima

ilenge

Cucurbita moschata

imondiu

Coccinia grandis

imore

Coccinia grandis

ithookwe

Vigna membranacea

itikitiki

Citrullus lanatus

itula

Commelina benghalensis

iunga (plural)

Acacia drepanolobium

ivole

Tylosema fassoglense

kamumama

Portulacca spp.

kamusuusuu

Crotalaria brevidens

kiae

Ziziphus abyssinica

kiae

Ziziphus mucronata

kiathani

Flacourtia indica

kieema

Basella alba

kikalwa

Grewia bicolor

kikangakanywa

Garcinia livingstonei

kikathani

Flacourtia indica

kikoe

Commelina forskaolii

kikole

Acacia senegal

kikolya

Lannea alata

kikowe

Commelina africana

kikowe

Commelina forskaolii

kikowe

Commelina imberbis

kikungi

Cucumis dipsaceus

kikwa

Dioscorea minutiflora

kikwasu

Tamarindus indica

kikweo

Acokanthera oppositifolia

kilali

Uvaria scheffleri

kilia

Saba comorensis

kilului

Balanites aegyptiaca

kimee

Strychnos spinosa

kimowe

Coccinia grandis

kimuu

Vitex payos

kimuya

Coccinia grandis

kimuya

Coccinia trilobata

king'ole

Acacia senegal

king'olola

Acacia senegal

kinondo

Boswellia neglecta

kinyonywe

Rumex usambarensis

kinyua

Acacia hockii

kinyukwi

Portulacca spp.

kiongoa

Momordica rostrata

kiongwa

Saba comorensis

kiongwa

Landolphia buchananii

kisaa

Manilkara mochisia

kisaaya

Berchemia discolor

kisambalau*

Syzygium cumini

kisanawa

Berchemia discolor

kisemei

Acacia nilotica

kisewa

Acacia seyal

kisiu

Dobera glabra

kisiu

Dobera loranthifolia

kisyoo

Dobera glabra

kitae

Rubus apetalus

kitae

Rubus pinattus

kitelanthia

Antidesma venosum

kithaala

Lannea rivae

kithaala

Lannea triphylla

kithaalwa

Lannea triphylla

kithaalwa

Lannea triphylla

kithambalau*

Syzygium cumini

kithauna

Lannea schimperi

kithea

Cordia sinensis

kithei

Cordia monoica

kitheu

Rhus tenuinervis

kithia

Cordia sinensis

kithoona

Lannea schimperi

kithumula

Tamarindus indica

kitolanthia

Antidesma venosum

kitolosuu

Ziziphus mucronata

kitootoo

Meyna tetraphylla

kitootoo

Pachystigma schumannianum

kitotoo

Meyna tetraphylla

kitulu

Solanum nigrum

kitumbuu

Scutia myrtina

kitungu

Lannea alata

kitungu

Commiphora africana

kitungulu

Thylachium thomasii

kituva

Grewia tembensis

kiumo

Ficus thonningii

kiunga

Acacia drepanolobium

kiva

Pappea capensis

kyaa

Manilkara mochisia

kyae

Strychnos spinosa

kyambatwa

Cucumis dipsaceus

kyanga

Manihot esculenta

kyongoa

Momordica rostrata

kyongonywe

Rumex abyssinicus

kyuasi

Lannea schweinfurthii

kyunyu

Erucastrum arabicum

luta

Sesamum calycinum

mae (fruits)

Strychnos spinosa

mailiungi

Catha edulis

makulo (fruits)

Annona senegalensis

makunu (plural)

edible fungi

maongwa (fruits)

Landolphia buchananii

mauw'a (fruits)

Sclerocarya birrea

mba (fruit)

Pappea capensis

mbisavisi (fruit)

Lantana spp.

mbu (fruit)

Grewia villosa

mbueni (fruit)

Syzygium spp.

mbumbu

Lablab purpureus

muaa

Acacia tortilis

muae

Ziziphus mucronata

muamba

Adansonia digitata

muandi

Bridelia taitensis

mukakai

Cleome gynandra

mukala

Antidesma venosum

mukambua

Dovyalis abyssinica

mukanga

Garcinia livingstonei

mukanu

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

mukauw'u

Kedrostis pseudogijef

mukawa

Carissa edulis

mukayau

Salvadora persica

mukenea

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

mukindu

Phoenix reclinata

mukinyai

Euclea divinorum

mukiti*

Lantana camara

mukolokolo

Piliostigma thonningii

mukoma

Hyphaene compressa

mukomoa

Vangueria infausta

mukomoa

Vangueria madagascariensis

mukomoa

Vangueria volkensii

mukomoa

Vangueria volkensii

mukomole

Pachystigma schumannianum

mukukuma

Uvaria scheffleri

mukuluu

Flueggea virosa

mukumuti

Keetia gueinzii

mukururu

Flueggea virosa

mukuthi

Euclea divinorum

mukuyu

Ficus sycomorus

mulaa

Acacia tortilis

mulawa

Grewia bicolor

munatha

Maerua decumbens

munathi*

Cocos nucifera

munganga*

Bidens pilosa

munzee*

Bidens pilosa

musee*

Bidens pilosa

musemeli

Acacia nilotica

musomolo*

Lantana camara

musovasovi

Hoslundia opposita

musovi

Hoslundia opposita

musuu

Cajanus cajan

musyavisi

Lantana spp.

muteleli

Vangueria infausta

muteta

Strychnos henningsii

muthaalwa

Lannea rivae

muthaalwa

Lannea triphylla

mutheu

Rhus vulgaris

mutheu

Rus natalensis

muthiiti

Lippia kituiensis

muthunga

Launaea cornuta

mutomoko

Annona cherimola

mutomoko

Annona senegalensis

mutoo

Azanza garckeana

mutote

Carissa edulis

mutula

Ximenia americana

muu (fruit)

Vitex payos

muuw'a

Sclerocarya birrea

muvisavisi

Lantana trifolia

muvisavisi

Lantana ukambensis

muvisavisi

Lantana viburnoides

muvu

Grewia villosa

muvuena

Syzygium cordatum

muvueni

Syzygium cordatum

muvueni

Syzygium guineense

muvya

Sorghum bicolor

mwaamba

Adansonia digitata

mwanga

Manihot esculenta

mwee

Pennisetum glaucum

mweya

Acacia xanthophloea

mwianzo

Cleome gynandra

ndae (fruit)

Rubus spp.

ndelanthia (fruit)

Antidesma venosum

ndootoo (fruit)

Pachystigma schumannianum

ndote (fruit)

Carissa edulis

ndula (fruit)

Ximenia americana

ndungu (fruits)

Commiphora africana

ndungu (fruits)

Lannea alata

nduva (fruits)

Grewia tembensis

ng'athu

Cyphia glandulifera

ng'athu

Eriosema shirense

ngaatu

Cyperus blysmoides

ngaatu

Cyperus giolii

ngalwa (fruit)

Grewia bicolor

ngangakanywa (fruit)

Garcinia livingstonei

ngavu*

Physalis peruviana

ngawa (fruit)

Carissa edulis

ngiima

Lablab purpureus

nginyai (fruit)

Euclea divinorum

ngolya (fruit)

Lannea alata

ngomo

Cyphia glandulifera

ngomoa (fruit)

Vangueria spp.

ngomole (fruit)

Pachystigma schumannianum

ngweo (fruit)

Acokanthera oppositifolia

nthei (fruit)

Cordia monoica

nthooko

Vigna unguiculata

nthoona (fruit)

Lannea schimperi

nthumula (fruit)

Tamarindus indica

nzaala (fruits)

Lannea triphylla

nzaaya (fruits)

Berchemia discolor

nzanawa (fruits)

Berchemia discolor

nzavi

Lablab purpureus

nzavisi (fruit)

Lantana spp.

nzola

Ipomoea lapathifolia

nzola

Ipomoea oenotherae

nzooko

Vigna unguiculata

nzumula (fruit)

Tamarindus indica

nzuu (fruits)

Cajanus cajan

sake

Cleome gynandra

telele

Amaranthus dubius

telele

Maranthus graecizans

telele

Amaranthus hybridus

telele munene

Amaranthus hybridus

terere*

Amaranthus dubius

terere

Amaranthus graecizans

terere

Amaranthus hybridus

uimbi

Eleusine coracana

ukuku

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

ukuku

Dactyloctenium giganteum

ukwasi

Ipomoea batatas

ukwasi wa nthi

Ipomoea mombassana

ulaa (fruits)

Acacia tortilis

uthunga

Launaea cornuta

w'oa

Amaranthus dubius

w'oa

Amaranthus graecizans

w'oa

Amaranthus hybridus

walange

Digera muricata

woa

Amaranthus graecizans

yanga (tuber)

Manohot esculenta



Kambe


Note: The prefix chi- in most Mijikenda groups will normally change to ki- for Giriama.

Chibudzi

Vernonia cinerea

chikosho

Corchorus olitorius

chikosho

Corchorus tridens

chikosho

Corchorus trilocularis

chimbiri

Keetia zanzibarica

chimbiri

Oxygonum salicifolium

chirenje

Lagenaria siceraria

chirunji

Nymphaea nouchali

chiswenya*

Amaranthus hybridus

chivuma nyuchi

Aerva lanata

dzadza

Commelina africana

dzadza

Commelina forskaolii

dzadza

Commelina imberbis

fudu (fruit)

Vitex spp.

fula (fruits)

Sclerocarya birrea

kahawa

Coffea arabica

kipuru

Lagenaria siceraria

kunazi (fruits)

Ziziphus mauritiana

kunde

Vigna unguiculata

kwamba (fruits)

Flueggea virosa

matikiti

Citrullus lanatus

mauyu (fruits)

Adansonia digitata

mbalazi (fruit)

Cajanus cajan

mbata (flesh)*

Cocos nucifera

mbokwe

Annona senegalensis

mdungatundu

Dovyalis abyssinica

mdungu

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

mfudu

Vitex mombassae

mfudu

Vitex mombassae

mfudu

Vitex payos

mfudu-madzi

Vitex ferruginea

mfudu-unga

Vitex payos

mfudukoma

Vitex mombassae

mfula

Sclerocarya birrea

mgugune

Ziziphus mucronata

miraa

Catha edulis

miunga (plural)

Acacia spp.

Mkayamba

Piliostigma thonningii

mkayukayu

Cordia sinensis

mkoma

Hyphaene compressa

mkone

Grewia bicolor

mkone

Grewia spp.

Mkonga

Balanites aegyptiaca

mkuha

Dobera glabra

mkuha

Dobera loranthifolia

mkulu

Berchemia discolor

mkulwe

Diospyros mespiliformis

mkwakwa

Strychnos madagascariensis

mnavu

Solanum nigrum

mnavu-jangaa

Solanum nigrum

mnavu-tsaka

Solanum nigrum

mnazi*

Cocos nucifera

mng'ambo kapehe

Mimusops fruticosa

mng'ambo

Manilkara sansibarensis

mnyumbu

Lannea schweinfurthii

mnyumbu

Lannea schweinfurthii

mpupu

Lablab purpureus

mpweke

Diospyros squarrosa

mswaki

Salvadora persica

mtamba-kiko

Meyna tetraphylla

mtambachiko

Canthium glaucum

mtandamboo

Carissa edulis

mtandamboo

Carissa tetramera

mtsemeri

Acacia nilotica

mtserere

Hoslundia opposita

mtsumbwi

Dialium orientale

mtundukula

Ximenia americana

mubalazi

Cajanus cajan

mudungatundu

Flacourtia indica

mudzipo

Salacia madagascariensis

mudzipo

Salacia madagascariensis

mudzipo

Salacia madagascariensis

mueza-moyo

Salvadora persica

mugazija*

Manihot esculenta

muhama

Sorghum bicolor

muhama

Sorghum bicolor

muizu-wa-arisa

Thylachium thomasii

mukunazi

Ziziphus mauritiana

mukuyu

Ficus sycomorus

mukwamba

Flueggea virosa

munago

Manilkara mochisia

mung'ambo

Manilkara sansibarensis

munga

Acacia nilotica

mupea (leaves)*

Manihot esculenta

mushomoro

Lantana camara

musimbiji

Antidesma venosum

mutongazi

Landolphia petersiana

mutserere

Hoslundia opposita

mutsumbwi

Dialium orientale

mutsunga

Launaea cornuta

mutunguru

Thylachium thomasii

muungo

Landolphia kirkii

muwele

Pennisetum glaucum

muyu

Adansonia digitata

muyu

Adansonia digitata

muzungwi

Moringa oleifera

mwangani

Cleome gynandra

nago (fruits)

Manilkara mochisia

nazi (fruits)*

Cocos nucifera

ng'ambo (fruits)

Manilkara sansibarensis

nzugu mawe

Vigna subterranea

pupu (fruits)

Lablab purpureus

talakushe

Asystasia gangetica

tendegwa

Vigna subterranea

tsafe

Vigna unguiculata

ufuha

Sesamum orientale

vimumunye (edible)

Lagenaria siceraria

viyogwe*

Ipomoea batatas

vombo

Corchorus olitorius

wimbi

Eleusine coracana



Keiyo (Elgeyo)


chepkerta

Amaranthus hybridus

chepkerte

Amaranthus hybridus

kiprutyot (fruit)

Acacia nilotica

kipsongik

Eleusine coracana

kisuchot

Solanum nigrum

komoluet

Vangueria madagascariensis

komoluet

Vangueria volkensii

moosong'

Sorghum bicolor

moosongik

Sorghum bicolor

nderemia

Basella alba

ng'osonaik (plural)

Balanites aegyptiaca

ng'oswet

Balanites aegyptiaca

ng'osyet (fruit)

Balanites aegyptiaca

nterere

Corchorus olitorius

saka

Cleome gynandra

siwot

Urtica massaica

suchot

Solanum nigrum

tamanges

Uvaria scheffleri

tamangesig

Uvaria scheffleri

tamangesyat (singular)

Uvaria scheffleri

tungururak (fruit)

Flacourtia indica

tungururwet

Flacourtia indica



Kikuyu


Note: the prefix mu- normally signifies the singular and mi- the plural form.



cong'e

Oxygonum sinuatum

gatumia

Portulaca oleracea

gatumia

Portulaca quadrifida

gikwa

Dioscorea minutiflora

hatha

Urtica massaica

ihindu

Ensete ventricosum

ikwa (plural)

Dioscorea minutiflora

inagu

Solanum nigrum

kagiri

Lantana camara

kahua

Coffea arabica

kahurura*

Cucumis ficifolia

kaiyaba*

Dovyalis caffra

kang'ei

Galinsoga parviflora

kanyuria*

Cucumis ficifolia

karumaa

Syzygium cordatum

kigerema

Coccinia grandis

kigerema

Coccinia trilobata

kinya

Lagenaria siceraria

kiruru

Acokanthera oppositifolia

kiururu

Acokanthera oppositifolia

macahi (leaves)

Lablab purpureus

mahura nugu (fruits)

Strychnos spinosa

mairungi

Catha edulis

makunu

edible fungi

managu

Solanum nigrum

mararia

Erucastrum arabicum

marenge*

Cucurbita maxima

marera nugu (fruits)

Strychnos spinosa

mathoroko (leaves)

Vigna unguiculata

matuya (fruits)

Myrianthus holstii

mbiru (fruit)

Vangueria spp.

mboco*

Phaseolus vulgaris

minji*

Pisum sativum

mubiru

Vangueria apiculata

mubiru

Vangueria infausta

mubiru

Vangueria madagascariensis

mubiru

Vangueria volkensii

mubiru-ng'ombe

Vangueria volkensii

mucege*

Bidens pilosa

mucohi

Lippia kituiensis

mugaa

Acacia hockii

mugaa

Acacia nilotica

mugaa

Acacia seyal

mugagatio

Rumex abyssinicus

mugagatio

Rumex usambarensis

mugimbi

Eleusine coracana

mugu

Landolphia buchananii

mugu-wa-munyati

Landolphia buchananii

mugua nugu

Aloe secundiflora

mugucwa

Zanthoxylum usambarense

mugumo

Ficus thonningii

mugumo-ciano

Mimusops kummel

mugunguma

Keetia gueinzii

muhehenje*

Bidens pilosa

muheheti

Zanthoxylum usambarense

muhia

Sorghum bicolor

muhika-naihu

Asystasia mysorensis

muhindu

Ensete ventricosum

muhoigwa

Antidesma venosum

muhukura

Mondia whiteii

muhura-thi

Strychnos spinosa

muhuru

Vitex doniana

muieri

Syzygium cordatum

mukambura

Dovyalis abyssinica

mukawa

Carissa edulis

mukengeria

Commelina africana

mukengeria

Commelina benghalensis

mukenia

Lantana trifolia

mukigi

Lantana camara

mukinda

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

mukinda

Dactyloctenium giganteum

mukindu

Phoenix reclinata

mukinyai

Euclea divinorum

mukinyai

Euclea schimperi

mukinyei

Euclea divinorum

mukoe

Syzygium cordatum

mukoe

Syzygium guineense

mukombi*

Setaria italica

mukondwe

Antidesma venosum

mukuo

Cordia monoica

mukuu

Cordia monoica

mukuyu

Ficus sur

mukuyu

Ficus sycomorus

mungu

Lagenaria siceraria

murama

Piliostigma thonningii

murangari

Scutia myrtina

murerema

Basella alba

muricu

Acokanthera schimperi

muriru

Syzygium cordatum

muroro

Flacourtia indica

muroroma

Ximenia americana

mururu

Acokanthera oppositifolia

mutandambogo

Scutia myrtina

mutare

Rubus apetalus

mutare

Rubus pinatus

mutare-kigombe

Rubus volkensii

muteta

Strychnos henningsii

mutherengendi

Grewia tembensis

mutherengendin

Grewia similis

mutherengendu

Grewia similis

muthigi

Cordia monoica

muthigio

Rhus natalensis

muthigio

Rhus vulgaris

muthigira

Hydnora abyssinica

muthiriti

Lippia kituiensis

muthoroti

Lippia kituiensis

muthuga

Launaea cornuta

muthunga

Launaea cornuta

muthunga

Sonchus schweinfurthii

mutuhacu

Flacourtia indica

mutuya

Myrianthus holstii

mwere

Pennisetum glaucum

nagu (fruit)

Solanum nigrum

nathi*

Physalis peruviana

ndare (fruit)

Rubus spp.

ndirikumi

Pappea capensis

nduma*

Colocasia esculenta

nduma ya mwanake

Colocasia spp.

ngawa (fruits)

Carissa edulis

ngoe (fruit)

Syzygium cordatum

nguirubi

Ipomoea oenotherae

nguyu (fruit)

Ficus sur

nguyu (fruit)

Ficus sycomorus

njahi

Lablab purpureus

njugu

Cajanus cajan

nyaragita

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

nyatana

Lantana camara

rungu

Lagenaria siceraria

ruta

Sesamum calycinum

rutana

Lantana camara

terere

Amaranthus blitum (A. lividus)

terere

Amaranthus dubius

terere

Amaranthus graecizans

terere

Amaranthus hybridus

terere wa gikuyu

Amaranthus graecizans

terere wa kigombe

Amaranthus spinosus

terere-wa-ng'ombe

Amaranthus spinosus

thabai

Urtica massaica

thageti

Cleome gynandra

thagiti

Cleome gynandra

theregendu (fruit)

Grewia similis

thigiu (fruits)

Rhus natalensis

thigiu (fruits)

Rhus vulgaris

thoroko

Vigna unguiculata

togotia

Erucastrum arabicum

ugimbi

Eleusine coracana



Kipsigis


bek ap torit

Lantana trifolia

chebitet

Acacia nilotica

chebitet

Acacia tortilis

cheplekwelet

Keetia gueinzii

cheplemindet

Erucastrum arabicum

chepleminik

Erucastrum arabicum

cheptokdogan

Amaranthus hybridus

cherungut

Hoslundia opposita

chesarebut

Grewia tembensis

degainmatniet

Rubus volkensii

engongaat

Pappea capensis

isagek (plural)

Cleome gynandra

isakiat

Cleome gynandra

isakyat

Cleome gynandra

isoiyot

Solanum nigrum

kelichot

Amaranthus dubius

kelichot

Amaranthus graecizans

kimolwet

Vangueria apiculata

kimolwet

Vangueria infausta

kimolwet

Vangueria madagascariensis

kimolwet

Vangueria volkensii

kimolwet-ne-ingin

Vangueria volkensii

kipkurkuriet

Crotalaria brevidens

kipkurkuriet

Crotalaria ochroleuca

kipkururiet

Crotalaria brevidens

kipkururiet

Crotalaria ochroleuca

kipsoeniot

Rubus volkensii

komolik

Vangueria infausta

komolik

Vangueria madagascariensis

kopko

Acacia nilotica

laiyo-nebo-sin

Corchorus trilocularis

laiyonebo-soin

Corchorus tridens

lamaiyat

Syzygium guineense

legetetyet

Carissa edulis

legetiet

Carissa edulis

leraecwhet

Syzygium guineense

lemeyet

Syzygium cordatum

loplobitet

Commelina forskalaolii

maset

Strychnos henningsii

mborochet

Amaranthus blitum (A. lividus)

mborochet

Amaranthus spinosus

mindeiywet

Rumex usambarensis

mindoywet

Rumex abbysinicus

mindoywet

Rumex usambarensis

mindoywet

Rumex usambarensis

mogoiwet

Ficus sycomorus

mon-foronat

Rhus vulgaris

monjororriat

Rhus vulgaris

muekelwet

Vitex doniana

mugurit

Acacia seyal

muguruit

Acacia drepanolobium

mwokiot

Dovyalis abyssinica

mwokiot

Lippia kituiensis

nderemek (plural)

Basella alba

nderemiat

Basella alba

nemingin

Rubus volkensii

ng'oswet

Balanites aegyptiaca

ngiingichet

Landolphia buchananii

ngonyet

Pappea capensis

nogirwet

Cordia monoica

nokirwet

Cordia sinensis

nukiat

Dovyalis abyssinica

robuonjot-ab-tirita

Ipomoea oenotherae

saiyakirur

Scutia myrtina

sirontet

Rhus natalensis

sitetet

Grewia bicolor

sitetooik (plural)

Grewia bicolor

siwot

Urtica massaica

sosiyot

Phoenix reclinata

soyot

Solanum nigrum

suriat

Rhus natalensis

suriet

Rhus vulgaris

tagaimamiet

Rubus volkensii

tangaimamiet

Rubus pinnatus

tunguroloet

Flacourtia indica

tunoiyet

Landolphia buchananii

turkwot

Asystasia gangetica



Kisii


abanyabwasi*

Ipomoea batatas

amaemba

Sorghum bicolor

amoba (plural)

edible fungi

chichungu

Vigna subterranea

chimbinsi

Cajanus cajan

chinduma (plural)

Dioscorea spp.

chinkomoni (fruits)

Vangueria apiculata

chinkomoni (fruits)

Vangueria madagascariensis

chinkongonywa*

Dovyalis caffra

chinsaga

Cleome gynandra

chinsobosobo (fruits)

Physalis peruviana

egesare

Vigna unguiculata

ekahawa

Coffea arabica

ekawa

Coffea arabica

ekayaba

Dovyalis caffra

ekerandi (fruit)

Lagenaria siceraria

emboga

Amaranthus blitum (A. lividus)

emboga

Amaranthus dubius

emboga

Amaranthus hybridus

emboga

Amaranthus spp.

enderema

Basella alba

enduruma (singular)

Dioscorea spp.

enkomoni (fruit)

Vangueria apiculata

enkomoni (fruit)

Vangueria madagascariensis

ensobosobo (fruit)

Physalis peruviana

esarara

Flueggea virosa

mitoo

Crotalaria brevidens

mutahuru

Vitex doniana

oboba (singular)

edible fungus

obori

Eleusine coracana

omokera*

Annona cherimola

omokomoni

Vangueria apiculata

omokomoni

Vangueria infausta

omokomoni

Vangueria madagascariensis

omokorogoinwa

Dovyalis abyssinica

omonyangateti

Carissa edulis

omonyenya

Acacia spp.

omoraa

Parinari curatellifolia

omosobosobo*

Physalis peruviana

omotere

Corchorus olitorius

omuongo (fruit)

Cucurbita maxima

omwogo*

Manihot esculenta

rikongiro

Commelina spp.

rinagu

Solanum nigrum

risosa*

Cucurbita maxima



Kuria


igikomani

Vangueria apiculata

igikomani

Vangueria infausta

ikikumuni

Vangueria apiculata

munyoke

Carissa edulis

mutaburu

Parinari curatellifolia



Luhya

Notes: Buk: Bukusu; Gis: (Ba-)Gishu; Ida: Idakho; Isu: Isukha; Kab: Kabras; Kha: (Ba-)Khayo; Ksa: Kisa; Man: Banyala; Mrc: Marachi; Mrg: Maragoli; Mrm: Marama; Nya: (Ba-)Nyala; Nyo: (Ba-)Nyore; Sma: Samia; Tac: Tachoni; Tir: Tiriki; Tso: Tsotso; Wan: Wanga.



amabele (Tac)

Sorghum bicolor

amabera (Ksa)

Sorghum bicolor

amabere (Sma)

Sorghum bicolor

amakhuyu (fruit) (Tac)

Ficus sycomorus

amarinda (fruit) (Tac)

Pappea capensis

amarinda (Tac)

Pappea capensis

amatekesi (Tac)

Syzygium guineense

biembaemba

Lantana trifolia

bubwoba (Buk)

edible fungi

bufutu (fruit) (Buk)

Vitex doniana

bukararambi (Buk)

Rubus apetalus

bukararambi (Buk)

Rubus pinnatus

bukhakasu (fruit)

Antidesma venosum

bulo (Buk)

Eleusine coracana

bunyinyi (Buk)

Multidentia crassa

bunyungululwe (fruit) (Buk)

Flacourtia indica

burobelo (fruit) (Buk)

Lannea edulis

burwa (fruit) (Buk)

Carissa edulis

busangura (fruit) (Buk)

Rhus vulgaris

busangura busecha (fruit) (Buk)

Rhus natalensis

busemwa (fruit) (Buk)

Syzygium guineense

busongolomunwa (fruit) (Buk)

Dovyalis macrocalyx

chifutu (Tac) (Buk)

Vitex doniana

chiisaka (plural) (Tac)

Gynandropsis gynandra

chikhanu (Buk)

Sesamum orientale

chimbande (Tac)

Vigna subterranea

chinduli-chimbukusu (fruit) (Buk)

Ximenia americana

chingaayu (fruit) (Ta)

Tylosema fassoglense

chinjayu (Buk)

Lablab purpureus

chisaka (plural) (Buk)

Gynandropsis gynandra

chisaka (Tac)

Gynandropsis gynandra

ekawa (Buk)

Coffea arabica

ekhubi (Sma)

Vigna unguiculata

ekiragai

Mimusops fruticosa

emboka (Buk)

Amaranthus dubius

emboka (Buk)

Amaranthus spp.

emifwora (fruit)

Annona senegalensis

emiro (Ksa, Kab, Tac)

Crotalaria brevidens

emiro (Ksa, Tac)

Crotalaria ochroleuca

emuka (fruit) (Buk)

Lagenaria siceraria

endelema (Buk)

Basella alba

enderema (Tir, Sma)

Basella alba

esaka (singular) (Buk, Sma)

Gynandropsis gynandra

esebebe (Sma)

Cucurbita maxima

eshingayangaya (Kab)

Commelina africana

eshivetso (Kab)

Basella alba

esidiba (Sma)

Asystasia mysorensis

esitipa (Tac)

Asystasia mysorensis

esufwa (hairy) (Buk)

Solanum nigrum

ibunabuni (Mrg)

Sonchus schweinfurthii

ihranda (Mrg)

Lablab purpureus

imbasa (Mrc)

Tylosema fassoglense

imboka (Tac)

Solanum nigrum

imito (Mrg)

Crotalaria brevidens

imito (Mrg)

Crotalaria ochroleuca

inderema (Tac)

Basella alba

itogotia

Erucastrum arabicum

itungu (Mrg)

Dioscorea bulbifera

kamachabungwe (fruits) (Buk)

Saba comorensis

kamachayu (fruits) (Buk)

Tylosema fassoglense

kamaemba (plural) (Buk)

Sorghum bicolor

kamafwora (fruits) (Buk)

Annona senegalensis

kamakhuyu (fruit) (Buk)

Ficus sycomorus

kamarinda (fruit) (Buk)

Pappea capensis

kamatekesi (Buk)

Syzygium guineense

kihuma (Mrg)

Hoslundia opposita

kimiro (Buk)

Crotalaria brevidens

kimiro (Buk)

Crotalaria ochroleuca

kumuro (singular) (Buk)

Crotalaria ochroleuca

kisuvu

Asystasia mysorensis

kumuchabungwe (Buk)

Saba comorensis

kumuchayu (Buk)

Tylosema fassoglense

kumufutu (Buk)

Vitex doniana

kumufwora (Buk)

Annona senegalensis

kumukhakasu (Buk)

Antidesma venosum

kumukhomoli (Buk)

Vangueria infausta

kumukhubwe (Buk)

Tamarindus indica

kumukhuwa (Buk)

Tamarindus indica

kumukhuyu (Buk)

Ficus sycomorus

kumukombera (Buk)

Mondia whitei

kumulamalama (Buk)

Piliostigma thonningii

kumulinda (Buk)

Pappea capensis

kumunasi (Buk)

Cocos nucifera

kumunyenya (Buk)

Acacia spp.

kumunyenya (Buk)

Acacia xanthophloea

kumunyinyi (Buk)

Multidentia crassa

kumunyungululwe (Buk)

Flacourtia indica

kumurwa (Buk)

Carissa edulis

kumusangura (Buk)

Rhus vulgaris

kumusangura kumusecha (Buk)

Rhus natalensis

kumusemwa (Buk)

Syzygium cordatum

kumusemwa (Buk)

Syzygium guineense

kumusitole (Buk)

Syzygium guineense

kumusitole

Syzygium cordatum

kumusongolomunwa (Buk)

Dovyalis macrocalyx

kumutekesi (Buk)

Syzygium guineense

kumutuli-kumubukusu (Buk)

Ximenia americana

kumuumbu (Buk)

Lannea schimperi

kumuyenjayenja (Buk)

Piliostigma thonningii

lidodo (Mrc)

Amaranthus hybridus

lidodo (Sma, Mrc, Bah)

Amaranthus spp.

liemba (singular) (Buk)

Sorghum bicolor

lifwafwa (Buk, Tac)

Commelina benghalensis

lifwora (fruit) (Buk, Mrc)

Annona senegalensis

lihu (Tac)

Corchorus trilocularis

likhubi (Ksa, Mrc)

Vigna unguiculata

liliakhunyu (Buk)

Dioscorea bulbifera

linyolonyolo (Buk)

Commelina benghalensis

linyororo (Mrg)

Commelina africana

liola (Buk)

Amaranthus spp.

liondo (fruit) (Buk, Mrc)

Cucurbita maxima

lirungu

Dioscorea bulbifera

lisaka (Mrc, Wan)

Gynandropsis gynandra

lisebebe (Mrc)

Cucurbita maxima

lisiebeb (Buk)

Cucurbita maxima

lisiebebe (Buk)

Cucurbita moschata

lisutsa (Kab, Mrc)

Solanum nigrum

lisutsa (Tir)

Solanum nigrum

litolotolo (Buk)

Colocasia esculenta

litoto (Buk, Mr'g, Mrc, Wan)

Amaranthus spp.

litoto (Tac)

Amaranthus hybridus

litoto-lia-bamia (Buk)

Portulaca oleracea

lukhanukhanu (Buk)

Sesamum calycinum

lumenenambuli

Lantana trifolia

luoba (Mrc)

edible fungi

lurabu (Buk)

Lagenaria siceraria

lusebi

Keetia gueinzii

lushindu (Mrc)

Phoenix reclinata

mboka (Tac)

Amaranthus dubius

miroo (Mrc)

Crotalaria brevidens

miroo (Mrc)

Crotalaria ochroleuca

mito (Mrg)

Crotalaria brevidens

mito (Mrg)

Crotalaria ochroleuca

mughomoli (Mrg)

Vangueria infausta

mugombero (Mrg)

Mondia whitei

muholu

Vitex doniana

mukhomoli

Vangueria madagascariensis

murere (Buk, Mrc)

Corchorus olitorius

murere musatsa

Corchorus trilocularis

murere nalubonga (Buk)

Corchorus trilocularis

murere-nalubembe (Buk)

Corchorus trilocularis

musioma (Mrg)

Syzygium cordatum

muvulu (Buk)

Annona senegalensis

nabikumba (Buk)

Oxygonum sinuatum

nabusuma

Keetia gueinzii

nalubembe (Buk)

Corchorus trilocularis

namasaka (Buk, Tac)

Solanum nigrum

namawa (Buk)

Oxygonum sinuatum

namwirobelo

Lannea edulis

neloba (Buk)

Lannea edulis

nyag'ori

Asystasia mysorensis

obengele (Mrc)

Lantana trifolia

obukararambi (Tac)

Rubus apetalus

obukararambi (Tac)

Rubus pinnatus

obule (Mrc, Tac)

Eleusine coracana

obure (Mrc, Tac)

Eleusine coracana

oburwa (fruit) (Tac)

Carissa edulis

obusangura (fruit) (Tac)

Rhus vulgaris

obusangura busecha (fruit) (Tac)

Rhus natalensis

obusemwa (fruit) (Tac)

Syzygium guineense

obusemwa (Tac)

Syzygium cordatum

obwoba (plural) (Tac, Mrc, Sma)

edible fungi

olukenukenu (Tac)

Sesamum calycinum

olwoba (singular) (Tac)

edible fungus

omboga

Amaranthus lividus

omufudu (Mrc)

Vitex doniana

omufutu (Tac)

Vitex doniana

omufutu

Vitex doniana

omugombera (Mrc)

Mondia whiteii

omukhulumuru (Mrm)

Syzygium cordatum

omukhulumuru (Mrm)

Syzygium cordatum

omukhuyu (Mrc)

Ficus sycomorus

omukhuyu (Tac)

Ficus sycomorus

omukombela (Tac)

Mondia whiteii

omukombera (Mrm)

Mondia whiteii

omukombera

Mondia whiteii

omurele (Ksa)

Corchorus olitorius

omurere (Kab, Tir)

Corchorus olitorius

omurinda (Tac)

Pappea capensis

omusangura (Tac)

Rhus vulgaris

omusemwa (Tac)

Syzygium cordatum

omusitole (Tac)

Syzygium guineense

omutekesi (Tac)

Syzygium guineense ssp. senegalensis

shikomoli

Vangueria apiculata

shikomoli

Vangueria infausta

shikuma

Hoslundia opposita

shimanyamunyi

Vangueria apiculata

shingayangaya (Tir)

Commelina africana

sikandakanda (Buk)

Lablab purpureus

sikayangaya (Buk)

Commelina africana

sikhubi (Buk)

Vigna unguiculata

sikhuvbi (Buk)

Vigna unguiculata

simbande

Vigna subterranea

sinyamanyama (Buk)

Pappea capensis

sinyungulwe (Buk)

Flacourtia indica

sitanyamurwe (Buk)

Physalis peruviana

sitipa (Buk)

Asystasia mysorensis

tsibande

Vigna subterranea

tsiderema (plural)

Basella alba

tsimbande (Tac)

Vigna subterranea

tsimboga (Buk)

Amaranthus spp.

tsimboka (Ksa)

Amaranthus spp.

tsinuni (Mrc)

Sesamum orientale

tsisaka (Ks'a, Kab, Tir)

Gynandropsis gynandra

yisaka (singular) (Tac)

Gynandropsis gynandra

yisufwa (Tae)

Solanum nigrum



Luo


abuna

Saba comorensis

abune

Saba comorensis

achak

Launaea cornuta

achokra

Keetia gueinzii

adugo

Acacia drepanolobium

afwong'o

Hoslundia opposita

akado

Euclea divinorum

akeyo

Cleome gynandra

akudtho

Dovyalis abyssinica

akudtho

Dovyalis macrocalyx

akwalakwala-liech

Strychnos spinosa

ali

Acacia seyal

alikra*

Amaranthus hybridus

alot-bo

Vigna unguiculata

alot-dek

Cleome gynandra

amoyo

Maerua decumbens

ang'were-rao

Lippia javanica

anyuka

Vangueria infausta

anyuka

Vangueria madagascariensis

apindi

Vangueria infausta

apindi

Vangueria madagascariensis

apoth

Corchorus olitorius

apoth

Corchorus tridens

apoth

Corchorus trilocularis

apoth-nyapololo

Corchorus olitorius

aroya

Grewia similis

arumbe

Acacia hockii

arupiny

Commiphora africana

atego

Keetia gueinzii

atek

Lantana camara

athuno

Keetia gueinzii

atipa

Asystasia gangetica

atipa

Asystasia mysorensis

awayo

Oxygonum sinuatum

awayo

Rhus vulgaris

bel

Sorghum bicolor

bo

Vigna unguiculata

bongu

Ficus sur

budho*

Cucurbita maxima

bwar

Ocimum basilicum

bwar

Ocimum gratissimum

chumo

Diospyros mespiliformis

chumu

Diospyros mespiliformis

chwaa

Tamarindus indica

deg-akeyo

Cleome gynandra

dek

Cleome gynandra

demra

Basella alba

dodo

Amaranthus spp.

dugna

Acacia drepanolobium

dunga

Acacia drepanolobium

jamna*

Syzygium cumini

jobune

Saba comorensis

juelu

Vitex doniana

jwelo

Vitex doniana

kagena

Flueggea virosa

kagna

Flueggea virosa

kal

Eleusine coracana

kandhira

Brassica carinata

kang'o

Synsepalum brevipes

kango

Olea europaea ssp. africana

kawa

Coffea arabica

kikumba

Keetia gueinzii

kiluor

Acacia senegal

kuogo

Lannea schimperi

kuogo

Lannea schweinfurthii

kwogo

Lannea schimperi

lang'o

Ziziphus mucronata

lang'u

Ziziphus mucronata

magwaga

Lantana trifolia

magwagwa*

Lantana camara

magwagwa

Lantana trifolia

majand-lum

Cymbopogon citratus

mang'u

Sclerocarya birrea

mariwa*

Manihot esculenta

mbaas

Cajanus cajan

mbande

Vigna subterranea

migodha

Scutia myrtina

mito

Crotalaria ochroleuca

mitoo

Crotalaria brevidens

mitoo

Crotalaria ochroleuca

mukutao achak

Syzygium cordatum

mutkuru

Coccinia grandis

muto

Crotalaria ochroleuca

mweny

Lippia javanica

naas*

Cocos nucifera

ndemra

Basella alba

nderma

Basella alba

ner-powo

Grewia villosa

ng'ong'o

Sclerocarya birrea

ng'owo

Ficus vallis-choudae

ngwenye

Hoslundia opposita

nyabend-winy

Lantana trifolia

nyabolo

Annona senegalensis

nyabondo

Mimusops kummel

nyabuth-muok

Cucumis dipsaceus

nyakonglo ojuo*

Physalis mimina

nyakonglo ojuo*

Physalis peruviana

nyakonglo*

Physalis peruviana

nyamridh*

Lantana camara

nyamutkuru

Coccinia grandis

nyaner kadhira

Erucastrum arabicum

nyanyiek-mon*

Bidens pilosa

nyathund-guok

Coccinia grandis

nyatiend-gueno

Oxygonum sinuatum

nyatonglo ojuo*

Physalis mimina

nyatonglo ojuo*

Physalis peruviana

nyatonglo*

Physalis peruviana

nyim

Sesamum orientale

obengle*

Lantana camara

obengle

Lantana trifolia

obolo

Annona senegalensis

obong

Cajanus cajan

obuolo

edible fungi

obwanda

Portulaca quadrifida

obwolo

edible fungi

ochol

Euclea divinorum

ochuoga

Carissa edulis

ochwa

Tamarindus indica

ochwaa

Tamarindus indica

odielo

Commelina africana

odielo

Commelina benghalensis

ododo*

Amaranthus blitum (A. lividus)

ododo*

Amaranthus dubius

ododo*

Amaranthus hybridus

odok

Ficus sycomorus

ofuong'o

Hoslundia opposita

ofwong'o

Hoslundia opposita

ogaka

Aloe secundiflora

ogaka

Aloe spp.

ogal

Piliostigma thonningii

ogalo

Piliostigma thonningii

ogombo

Mondia whitei

ogonjo

Scutia myrtina

oguombula

Antidesma venosum

ojuelo

Vitex doniana

okinga

Ocimum basilicum

okinga

Ocimum gratissimum

okuoro

Pappea capensis

okuru

Oxygonum sinuatum

okworo

Pappea capensis

olemo

Ximenia americana

olemo

Sclerocarya birrea

olimbochok

Ximenia americana

olusia

Vernonia amygdalina

omaange

Pappea capensis

ombasa

Tylosema fassoglense

omboga*

Amaranthus dubius

omboga

Amaranthus graecizans

omboga*

Amaranthus hybridus

ombok-alikra

Amaranthus graecizans

omuya

Vangueria infausta

omwogo*

Manihot esculenta

ong'eni

Ipomoea oenotherae

ong'ong'o

Sclerocarya birrea

ong'ono

Sclerocarya birrea

ongeny

Ipomoea oenotherae

ongono

Scutia myrtina

ongoro

Parinari curatelifolia

onyalobiro*

Lantana camara

onyiego

Bidens pilosa

onyulo

Sesamum calycinum

oriang'

Acacia hockii

oroka

Dioscorea bulbifera

oruka

Dioscorea bulbifera

osangla

Rhus natalensis

oseno

Cordia monoica

osiri

Scutia myrtina

osuga

Solanum nigrum

osuyo

Hydnora abyssinica

otangre

Cucumis dipsaceus

othith

Phoenix reclinata

othith

Phoenix reclinata

otho

Balanites aegyptiaca

othoo

Balanites aegyptiaca

otiep

Acacia senegal

otonglo*

Physalis peruviana

oyuelo

Vitex doniana

oyusu

Hydnora abyssinica

pocho

Ficus thonningii

powo

Grewia bicolor

rabuon*

Ipomoea batatas

rayuthu

Flueggea virosa

roko

Zanthoxylum usambarense

roko

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

sangla

Rhus natalensis

songola

Dovyalis abyssinica

tagalo

Piliostigma thonningii

tek-taguari

Lantana camara

tende*

Phoenix dactylifera

yago

Kigelia pinnata (K. africana)

yunga

Nymphaea lotus

yunga

Nymphaea nouchali



Maasai


Notes:


(a)

Words beginning with il- normally signify the plural form.

(b)

The prefixes or- and ol- are normally interchangeable in speech and normally refer to the mature plants, while e- refers to young plants; ol is associated with masculine while e signifies feminine.



eirri-narok

Grewia tenax

eleleshwa-enkop

Vernonia cinerea

elerai

Acacia seyal

eluaai

Acacia drepanolobium

eluai

Acacia drepanolobium

emankulai

Grewia villosa

embokwe

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

emungushi

Rhus vulgaris

enchilewa

Ipomoea longituba

enderkesi

Acacia senegal

engoiswashi

Ipomoea longituba

enkaikuinyoi

Eriosema shirense

enkaikuji

Rubus volkensii

enkaisijoi

Oxygonum sinuatum

enkaisijoi

Rumex abyssinicus

enkaisijoi

Rumex usambarensis

enkaiswishoi

Rumex usambarensis

enkaiteteyiai

Commelina benghalensis

enkamai (plural)

Ximenia americana

enkampa

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

enkamposhi

Momordica rostrata

enkorir

Pentarrhinum insipidum

enkurma-oonkayiok

Lantana trifolia

enonkepiren

Garcinia livingstonei

enoonkoroi

Digera muricata

entamejoi

Urtica massaica

entiangege

Landolphia buchananii

entuyesi

Strychnos henningsii

enyaru

Erucastrum arabicum

enyaru-nanyokie

Amaranthus hybridus

enyaru-olmuaate

Amaranthus hybridus

erukunyi

Hydnora abyssinica

ilama (plural)

Ximenia americana

ilamuriak (plural)

Carissa edulis

ilgum (plural)

Vangueria apiculata

ilkinye (plural)

Euclea divinorum

ilmang'ua (plural)

Sclerocarya birrea

ilmankula (plural)

Grewia villosa

ilmisigiyo (plural)

Rhus natalensis

ilmisigyio (plural)

Rhus vulgaris

ilmorog (plural)

Dovyalis abyssinica

ilokwa (fruits)

Balanites aegyptiaca

ilsagararam

Piliostigma thonningii

ilsek (plural)

Cordia monoica

iluaa (plural)

Acacia drepanolobium

intamejo (plural)

Urtica massaica

interkes (plural)

Acacia senegal

iremit (plural)

Salvadora persica

irgum (fruit)

Vangueria spp.

iri (plural)

Grewia tembensis

iri (plural)

Grewia tenax

isanankurur (plural)

Scutia myrtina

isek

Cordia monoica

isinon (plural)

Lippia kituiensis

isojon (plural)

Euclea divinorum

lemba-e-nabo

Cleome gynandra

msigwe

Rhus vulgaris

mushae

Sorghum bicolor

naibor-lukunya

Cleome gynandra

nangua

Amaranthus sparganiocephalus

nanyi

Amaranthus dubius

nanyi

Amaranthus graecizans

nanyi

Amaranthus hybridus

nanyi

Amaranthus thunbergii

nanyi

Amaranthus sp.

natua-ekong'o

Pappea capensis

natwa-ong'o

Pappea capensis

ngoswaki

Ipomoea longituba

nkosida

Asystasia gangetica

nyani

Amaranthus graecizans

nyani

Amaranthus sp.

nyanyi

Amaranthus graecizans

nyanyi

Amaranthus thunbergii

oirri

Grewia tembensis

oirri

Grewia tenax

ol'matakuroi

Parinari curatellifolia

olaikuinyoi

Eriosema shirense

olaimurunyai

Dovyalis abyssinica

olamai

Ximenia americana

olamposhi

Momordica rostrata

olamuriaki

Carissa edulis

olaposhi

Coccinia grandis

olayakuji

Rubus spp.

olbida

Acacia senegal

olchaki

Vigna membranacea

oldelemet

Sesamum angustifolium

olderkesi

Acacia senegal

oldongururwo

Flacourtia indica

oldorko

Cordia sinensis

oleechei

Crotalaria brevidens

oleechei

Crotalaria ochroleuca

olemuran

Hoslundia opposita

olemuran

Ocimum gratissimum

oleragai

Syzygium guineense

oleragi

Syzygium guineense

olerai

Acacia seyal

olerai-oibor

Acacia seyal

olgum

Vangueria infausta

olgumi

Vangueria apiculata

olgumi

Vangueria infausta

olgumi

Vangueria madagascariensis

olgumi

Vangueria volkensii

oljani-lool-tatwa

Cleome gynandra

oljerai

Acacia seyal

olkalei

Vatovaea pseudolablab

olkiage

Maerua decumbens

olkifulwa

Garcinia livingstonei

olfciloriti

Acacia nilotica

olkinyei

Euclea divinorum

olmagirigiriani

Lantana trifolia

olmang'ua (fruit)

Sclerocarya birrea

olmang'uai

Sclerocarya birrea

olmankulai

Grewia villosa

olmesera

Adansonia digitata

olmiraa

Catha edulis

olmisigiyioi

Rhus natalensis

olmisigiyioi

Rhus tenuinervis

olmisigiyioi

Rhus vulgaris

olmorijoi

Acokanthera oppositifolia

olmorijoi

Acokanthera schimperi

olmorogi

Dovyalis abyssinica

olmotoo

Azanza garckeana

olmpombo

Lablab purpureus

olmuateni

Cleome gynandra

olnasi*

Physalis peruviana

olng'oswa

Balanites aegyptiaca

olng'oswa

Balanites glabra

olnyaasi*

Physalis peruviana

oloibare bare

Dioscorea dumetorum

oloikimbe

Eleusine coracana

oloilalei

Ziziphus mauritiana

oloilalei

Ziziphus mucronata

oloiragai

Syzygium cordatum

oloirangai

Syzygium cordatum

oloireroi

Flacourtia indica

oloiropiji

Ipomoea oenotherae

oloisijoi

Tamarindus indica

oloisugi

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

oloisugi

Zanthoxylum usambarense

oloisuki

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

olokwai

Balanites aegyptiaca

olorok-kilele

Ipomoea oenotherae

olotwalan

Crotalaria brevidens

olotwalan

Crotalaria ochroleuca

olowon

Erucastrum arabicum

olperetini

Ziziphus mucronata

olpombo

Lablab purpureus

olpomboi

Lablab purpureus

olremit

Salvadora persica

olsagararam

Piliostigma thonningii

olsinoni

Lippia kituiensis

olsiteti

Grewia bicolor

oltaraboi

Kigelia pinnata (K. africana)

oltepesi

Acacia tortilis

oltimigomi

Pappea capensis

oltipilikwa

Strychnos henningsii

oltukai

Phoenix reclinata

onyalugwai

Grewia similis

orcharpalani

Acacia hockii

oremit

Salvadora persica

oretiti

Ficus thonningii

orkalei

Vatovaea pseudolablab

orkisikong'o

Pappea capensis

orkorirr

Pentarrhinum insipidum

ormomoi

Solanum nigrum

orng'aboli

Ficus sycomorus

orng'oting'ot

Vigna frutescens

orpande

Lannea schweinfurthii

osananguruti

Scutia myrtina

osanankururi

Scutia myrtina

osaragi

Balanites aegyptiaca

oseki

Cordia monoica

osilalei

Commiphora africana

osilalei

Commiphora schimperi

osinon-kurruti

Scutia myrtina

osinoni

Lippia kituiensis

osoiyai

Basella alba

osojo

Euclea divinorum

osoyai

Basella alba

osukuro

Aloe spp.

osuyai

edible fungi

oyiri

Grewia similis

oyiri

Grewia tembensis

oyirri

Grewia tenax

sagararam (fruit)

Acacia tortilis

warkisikong'o

Pappea capensis



Malakote


Note: some words are borrowed from Somali.



choneh

Commiphora rostrata

dadacha

Acacia tortilis

dadech (young)

Acacia tortilis

dadwota

Acacia tortilis

dawa-aaze

Maerua decumbens

dawa-nyoka

Maerua decumbens

gedo

Phoenix reclinata

huda-hudo

Ximenia americana

jajabho (fruit)

Berchemia discolor

kaka-mchangani

Carissa edulis

kalaqacha

Boscia coriacea

kukube

Thylachium thomasii

loguo

Saba comorensis

mezi (young)

Hyphaene compressa

mokalakala

Carissa edulis

mokoma

Hyphaene compressa

mokopa

Dobera glabra

mokororo

Flueggea virosa

mokowlo

Diospyros mespiliformis

mokoyo

Ficus sycomorus

morhoqa

Tamarindus indica

mubadana

Balanites aegyptiaca

mubadana

Balanites rotundifolia

mubururi

Meyna tetraphylla

mubuyu

Dansonia digitata

mujajabho

Berchemia discolor

munugau

Mimusops fruticosa

murifate

Borassus aethiopum

musigisigi

Antidesma venosum

muswaki

Salvadora persica

mutaale

Cordia sinensis

mutalya-chan

Cordia sinensis

muwarande

Manilkara mochisia

mwebebe

Sorindeia madagascariensis

mwitwa-mow

Salacia madagascariensis

sufi-bara

Lannea alata



Marakwet


adomoyon

Cordia sinensis

arol (plural)

Sclerocarya birrea

arol

Sclerocarya birrea

arolwo

Sclerocarya birrea

bapchebilil

Dovyalis abyssinica

bochon

edible fungi

bukanar

small edible fungi

chebilio (plural)

Maerua decumbens

chebilis

Maerua decumbens

chebiliswo

Maerua decumbens

chebololo

Cucurbita maxima

chementri

Oxygonum sinuatum

chepiliowo (plural)

Maerua decumbens

chepiliswo

Maerua decumbens

chepkarta

Amaranthus hybridus

cherat (plural)

Commelina forskalaei

imito

Crotalaria brevidens

imito

Crotalaria ochroleuca

karkar (plural)

Corchorus trilocularis

kibiryak

Pappea capensis

kibiryokwo

Pappea capensis

kimeley

Urtica massaica

kipchimchim

Coccinia grandis

kipiriak (plural)

Pappea capensis

kipiriokwa

Pappea capensis

kipkanding'wa

Amaranthus dubius

kipkanding'wa

Amaranthus graecizans

kisoyo

Solanum nigrum

kolowo

Vatovaea pseudolablab

komohuo

Vangueria volkensii

komol (plural)

Vangueria madagascariensis

komolwo

Vangueria madagascariensis

korkorwo

Hoslundia opposita

koros (plural)

Dobera glabra

korosion

Dobera glabra

ksoiyek

Solanum nigrum

kunyat (plural)

Ximenia americana

kunyotwo

Ximenia americana

lalat (plural)

Lannea rivae

lalat (plural)

Lannea schimperi

lamai

Syzygium guineense

leketet (plural)

Carissa edulis

leketetwa

Carissa edulis

leketetwo

Carissa edulis

lolotwa

Lannea rivae

lolotwa

Lannea schimperi

lom (plural)

Balanites pedicellaris

lomion

Balanites pedicellaris

lomion

Balanites rotundifolia

lomoiywo

Syzygium guineense

makany

Ficus sycomorus

makany

Ficus sycomorus

malkach

Uvaria scheffleri

malkat

Canthium pseudosetiflorum

malkatwo

Canthium pseudosetiflorum

man (plural)

Lannea schweinfurthii

mendililwa

Dovyalis abyssinica

mendiril

Oxygonum sinuatum

mendirlwo

Dovyalis abyssinica

mendril

Oxygonum sinuatum

merkwo

Garcinia livingstonei

mito

Crotalaria brevidens

mito

Crotalaria ochroleuca

mokongwo

Ficus sycomorus

mokung'ua

Ficus sycomorus

momoon

Rubus pinnatus

monwo

Lannea schweinfurthii

morkut

Cyperus blysmoides

mosiyon

Sorghum bicolor

mosong

Sorghum bicolor

muchuk (plural)

Berchemia discolor

muchukwo

Berchemia discolor

nderemia

Basella alba

ng'eng'ech (plural)

Landolphia buchananii

ng'eng'echwo

Landolphia buchananii

ochon

Saba comorensis

oroluo

Sclerocarya birrea

oron

Tamarindus indica

piriak (plural)

Pappea capensis

rena

Acacia seyal

renon (plural)

Acacia seyal

reper (plural)

Syzygium cordatum

reperwo

Syzygium cordatum

sachan

Cleome gynandra

ses

Acacia tortilis

sesoy (plural)

Acacia tortilis

siitet

Grewia bicolor

simat (plural)

Ficus thonningii

simotwo

Ficus thonningii

sitit (plural)

Grewia bicolor

sorik (plural)

Boscia coriacea

sorikwo

Boscia coriacea

sot

Lagenaria siceraria

suroyo

Cleome gynandra

tabirir

Vangueria volkensii

tabirirwo

Vangueria volkensii

tamalak

Uvaria scheffleri

tarak (plural)

Ziziphus mucronata

taran (plural)

Grewia tenax

tarokwo

Ziziphus mucronata

tilam (plural)

Ziziphus mauritiana

tilam

Ziziphus mauritiana

tiling'wo

Meyna tetraphylla

tilingwo

Meyna tetraphylla

tiliny (plural)

Meyna tetraphylla

tilomwa

Ziziphus mauritiana

tilomwo

Ziziphus mauritiana

tingas (plural)

Flacourtia indica

tingoswo

Flacourtia indica

tomolokwo

Uvaria scheffleri

tungururwa

Flacourtia indica

tuyun

Balanites aegyptiaca

tuyunwo (plural)

Balanites aegyptiaca



Mbeere


cong'e

Oxygonum sinuatum

gikungui

Cucumis dipsaceus

ginda-arithi

Maerua decumbens

gingara

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

gitangira

Boscia coriacea

gitiko

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

iguko

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

ikunu

mushroom

inagu (singular)

Solanum nigrum

irara

Hyphaene compressa

kagura mbeu

Cleome monophylla

karimi-ka-nthia

Cleome monophylla

karimi-kanthia

Asystasia mysorensis

kigerema

Coccinia grandis

kigerema

Coccinia trilobata

kii

Kedrostis foetidesma

kikiare

Boscia coriacea

kimore

Commelina africana

kimore

Commelina benghalensis

kimore

Commelina forskalaei

king'ong'oya

Momordica rostrata

kirigirigi

Coccinia grandis

kirigirigi

Coccinia trilobata

kirugurugu

Commiphora africana

kithi

Commelina forskalaei

macica

Amaranthus spinosus

managu

Solanum nigrum

mathorokwe

Vigna membranacea

rnatu-ma-nthia

Vigna membranacea

mingongoya

Momordica rostrata

mubaa

Pappea capensis

mubage

Strychnos spinosa

mubage wa andu

Strychnos spinosa

mubebiaiciya

Rhus vulgaris

mubiruiru

Vangueria infausta

mubiruiru

Vangueria madagascariensis

mubiruiru

Vangueria volkensii

mububua

Balanites aegyptiaca

muburu

Vitex payos

mubuu

Grewia villosa

muce

Bridelia taitensis

mucemeri

Acacia nilotica

mucigara

Uvaria scheffleri

muciigara

Manilkara mochisia

mucimoro

Lantana camara

mucobi

Hoslundia opposita

mucururi

Urtica massaica

mudundi

Flacourtia indica

mugaa

Acacia tortilis

mugagu

Ziziphus abyssinica

mugambu

Acacia drepanolobium

muguagua

Commiphora africana

mugucu

Grewia fallax

mugucwa

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

mugumo

Ficus thonningii

mugumo-ciano

Mimusops kummel

mugunga

Acacia drepanolobium

mukandakiria

Cyphia glandulifera

mukanga-arithi

Antidesma venosum

mukangati

Commelina forskalaei

mukangati

Commelina imberbis

mukawa

Carissa edulis

mukenenga

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

mukengeria

Commelina benghalensis

mukenia

Lantana trifolia

mukiare

Boscia coriacea

mukiinyi

Uclea divinorum

mukinda-arithi

Maerua decumbens

mukinda-athuri

Antidesma venosum

mukinyi

Euclea divinorum

mukomboiru

Vangueria volkensii

mukomora

Vangueria infausta

mukomothi

Sclerocarya birrea

mukoro

Diospyros mespiliformis

mukui

Syzygium cordatum

mukumuti

Annona senegalensis

mukungui

Cucumis dipsaceus

mukunya-nthegere

Ziziphus mucronata

mukura

Piliostigma thonningii

mukururu

Flueggea virosa

mukuura

Piliostigma thonningii

mukuyu

Ficus sycomorus

mumuu

Annona senegalensis

mundarithi

Maerua decumbens

mung'othi

Acacia senegal

mungo

Saba comorensis

munyei

Commiphora rostrata

munyua

Acacia hockii

muracu

Lannea schweinfurthii

muraga

Dovyalis abyssinica

muraga

Flacourtia indica

muragwa

Grewia bicolor

muramba

Adansonia digitata

murawa

Grewia bicolor

mureera

Acacia seyal

muriru

Syzygium cordatum

muriru

Syzygium guineense

muruba

Grewia tembensis

muruguci

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

muruoga

Amaranthus spp.

mururu

Acokanthera oppositifolia

musamburu

Lantana camara

mutamaiyu

Flacourtia indica

mutamayu

Flacourtia indica

mutambananguru

Commelina africana

mutambi

Strychnos henningsii

mutanga

Citrullus lanatus

mutangira

Boscia coriacea

muterere

Amaranthus dubius

muterere

Amaranthus spp.

muthanguta

Rhus natalensis

muthanguta

Rhus vulgaris

mutheru

Rhus natalensis

mutheru

Rhus tenuinervis

mutheru

Rhus vulgaris

muthethuka

Antidesma venosum

muthigiyu

Rhus natalensis

muthigiyu

Rhus vulgaris

muthiigi

Rhus natalensis

muthiigi

Rhus vulgaris

muthithi

Tamarindus indica

muthithio

Antidesma venosum

muthiu

Boscia coriacea

muthunga

Launaea cornuta

muthwana

Berchemia discolor

mutogotogo

Pachystigma schumannianum

mutoo

Azanza garckeana

mutoroma

Diospyrus consolatae

mutunga ariithi

Maerua decumbens

mutungu

Lannea alata

mutungurutha

Scutia myrtina

mutura

Ximenia americana

mutuura

Ximenia americana

muura

Parinari curatellifolia

muvuu

Grewia villosa

mwange

Strychnos spinosa

mwange-wa-ndue

Strychnos spinosa

mwere

Pennisetum glaucum

nakamwe

Landolphia buchananii

nang'ombwe

Commelina benghalensis

ndamba na ngaa

Coccinia trilobata

ndambawangaa

Coccinia grandis

ndera

Garcinia livingstonei

ndongoraniria

Eriosema shirense

ng'iru

Ipomoea oenotherae

rwarange

Digera muricata

rwonge

Saba comorensis

rwongi

Saba comorensis

terere

Amaranthus dubius

terere

Amaranthus graecizans

terere

Amaranthus hybridus

tiko

Dactyloctenium aegyptium



Meru


Note: nce- is pronounced as nche-. In Tigania and Igembe (Nyambene), r- is replaced by l-, thus rungu would be lungu.



atha

Urtica massaica

cong'e

Oxygonum sinuatum

dilikoni

Pappea capensis

gikiri (fruit)

Lagenaria siceraria

gikwa

Dioscorea minutiflora

ikuo

Cordia monoica

ituma* (singular)

Colocasia esculenta

kahuwa

Coffea arabica

kariaba*

Dovyalis caffra

kauwa

Coffea arabica

kimore

Commelina benghalensis

maguru (leaves)

Colocasia esculenta

makunu

edible fungi

managu

Solanum nigrum

marenge

Cucurbita maxima

matomoko (fruits)

Annona cherimola

matoo (plural)

Azanza garckeana

matuma* (plural)

Colocasia esculenta

miraa

Catha edulis

mirimamuthua

Rhus vulgaris

mirimuthu

Rhus vulgaris

mpuru (fruit) (Mwimbi)

Vitex payos

mubiru (Mwimbi)

Vangueria infausta

mubiru

Vangueria madagascariensis

muburu

Vitex payos

mubuu

Grewia villosa

mubuyu

Ziziphus mucronata

muchimbi

Strychnos henningsii

mucimoro (Mwimbi)

Lantana camara

mugaa

Acacia spp.

muguchwa

Zanthoxylum chalebeum

mugugu

Keetia gueinzii

mugumo

Ficus natalensis

mugumo

Ficus thonningii

muiru

Vangueria volkensii

mukanjukanju

Hoslundia opposita

mukawa

Carissa edulis

mukengeya

Commelina benghalensis

mukirinyei

Euclea divinorum

mukura

Piliostigma thonningii

mukururu

Flueggea virosa

mukuyu

Ficus sycomorus

munathi*

Cocos nucifera

mung'ei

Bidens pilosa

mungu

Lagenaria siceraria

munyugunyugu

Cleome gynandra

muraga

Flacourtia indica

muramba

Adansonia digitata

murawa

Grewia bicolor

murikitha

Rhus natalensis

muro

Dovyalis abyssinica

muroko

Diospyros mespiliformis

muroroma

Ximenia americana

mururu

Acokanthera oppositifolia

muthigiyu

Rhus vulgaris

muthiriti

Lippia kituiensis

muthithi

Tamarindus indica

muthithiu

Rhus natalensis

muthunka

Launaea cornuta

muthwaye

Berchemia discolor

mutimoko*

Annona cherimola

mutonye

Antidesma venosum

mutoo

Azanza garckeana

mutungururi

Commiphora eminii

muura

Sclerocarya birrea

muya

Sorghum bicolor

mwere

Pennisetum glaucum

nathi*

Cocos nucifera

ncabi

Lablab purpureus

ncugu

Cajanus cajan

ndagarago*

Cymbopogon citratus

ndoroma (fruit)

Ximenia americana

nguyu (fruit)

Ficus sycomorus

njabi

Lablab purpureus

njugu (Mwimbi)

Cajanus cajan

nkamba

Commelina forskaolii

nkawa (fruit) (Mwimbi)

Carissa edulis

ntende*

Phoenix dactylifera

nthoroko

Vigna unguiculata

ntirikomi

Pappea capensis

pau (fruit) (Mwimbi)

Lagenaria siceraria

rukwa

Dioscorea minutiflora

rungu

Lagenaria siceraria

rwoga

Amaranthus blitum (A. lividus)

rwoga

Amaranthus hybridus

rwoga ra kicuka

Amaranthus graecizans

terere

Amaranthus hybridus

terere

Amaranthus spp.

thaa

Urtica massaica

ugimbi

Eleusine coracana



Nandi


kaptowinet

Dovyalis macrocalyx

kipsarkiat

Piliostigma thonningii

kwetingwet

Lannea schimperi

lamayuet

Syzygium guineense

legetetwa

Carissa edulis

lichet

Flacourtia indica

limaiyua

Syzygium guineense

mangwanyet

Lablab purpureus

monion

Erucastrum arabicum

monjororioyot

Rhus natalensis

ngungyet

Landolphia buchananii

nokok

Dovyalis abyssinica

nonion

Erucastrum arabicum

nyingiget

Landolphia buchananii

petiapteriet

Lantana trifolia

pipterit

Lantana trifolia

sebetwet

Ficus sycomorus

tungururiet

Flacourtia indica

usuet

Euclea divinorum



Orma


See also Borana names. Note: c- is pronounced ch-. Many of the words with k- are normally written with q-, thus kolati would be written qolati.



adhe

Salvadora persica

araba

Cordia monoica

baddan

Balanites aegyptiaca

baddan

Balanites rotundifolia

bura-diima

Acacia senegal

bururi

Meyna tetraphylla

chalado

Acacia nilotica

dakar

Boswellia neglecta

deka-dubra

Grewia tembensis

dika

Thylachium thomasii

gashir

Dobera glabra

gudis

Acacia tortilis

hadaraku

Lannea triphylla

haroru

Grewia bicolor

huda-hudo

Ximenia americana

jajab

Berchemia discolor

kalkach

Boscia coriacea

kolati

Mimusops fruticosa

kolati-gurati

Diospyros mespiliformis

komper

Commiphora africana

konchor

Phoenix reclinata

kone

Hyphaene compressa

kororo

Flueggea virosa

kukube-tari

Maerua decumbens

kumudhe

Lannea alata

mader

Cordia sinensis

marafa

Borassus aethiopum

meti (young)

Hyphaene compressa

odha

Ficus sycomorus

roka

Tamarindus indica

udesi

Commiphora rostrata

waradhe

Manilkara mochisia

yak

Adansonia digitata



Pokomo


bungo

Strychnos spinosa

mchanga

Elaeis guineensis

mfudu

Vitex mombassae

mhali

Cordia sinensis

mtale

Cordia sinensis

muhale

Cordia sinensis

mukuha

Dobera glabra

munyiza

Euclea divinorum

nyambembe

Sorindeia madagascariensis



Pokot


Note: in some cases, the spellings of words that have a or o are difficult as their pronunciation may lie between the two vowels as a in aron.



adome (fruit)

Cordia sinensis

adomeyon

Cordia sinensis

alaskau

Cucumis dipsaceus

allechuwa

Commiphora africana

aportotoyon

Commelina forskalaei

ariapongos

Coccinia grandis

ariapongos

Cucumis dipsaceus

arol (plural)

Sclerocarya birrea

aron

Tamarindus indica

ashokonyon

Salvadora persica

asiokon

Salvadora persica

asiokonion

Salvadora persica

aurieng'o

Hydnora abyssinica

chapkamkam

Strychnos henningsii

chekirio

Digera muricata

chemalokutan

Mimusops kummel

chemanka

Acacia senegal

chemankayan

Acacia senegal

chemchai

Lippia carviodora

chementril

Oxygonum sinuatum

chepchai

Lippia kituiensis

chepiliswo

Maerua decumbens

chepiwa

Hoslundia opposita

chepkarkarian

Corchorus trilocularis

chepkuratian

Amaranthus spinosus

chepliswo

Maerua decumbens

chepochepkai

Flueggea virosa

cheprukwo

Lannea schimperi

cheptapesyit

Lannea edulis

cheptuya

Euclea divinorum

chepuluswo

Maerua decumbens

chererayan

Digera muricata

cheretwo

Commelina forskalaei

cheriyan

Digera muricata

cherotwo

Commelina forskalaei

chesapulian

Cucumis dipsaceus

chesokisyon

Leptadenia hastata

chesuwancha

Vigna sp.

chesuwarian

Vernonia cinerea

chokow'o

Salvadora persica

chow

Corchorus olitorius

chuchween (plural)

Dovyalis macroalyx

chuchwenion

Dovyalis macrocalyx

chururkchir

Erucastrum arabicum

chuwugh

Acacia seyal

kamra

Crotalaria brevidens

kamra

Crotalaria ochroleuca

kaprimot

Digera muricata

karaturwa

Dovyalis abyssinica

karelmet

Cleome gynandra

karelmet

Crotalaria ochroleuca

katagh

Commiphora africana

kaworiongo

Hydnora abyssinica

kela (plural)

Vatovaea pseudolablab

kelion

Acokanthera schimperi

kelowo

Vatovaea pseudolablab

kelpomough

Portulaca oleracea

kelyomough

mushroom

ketporapis

Coccinia grandis

kinyat (plural)

Ximenia americana

kinyotwo

Ximenia americana

kiptanya

Amaranthus thunbergii

kiptarpotich

Flueggea virosa

komol (plural)

Vangueria madagascariensis

komolwo

Vangueria infausta

komolwo

Vangueria madagascariensis

kopko

Acacia nilotica

korosion

Dobera glabra

ksoiyo

Solanum nigrum

ksoyo

Solanum nigrum

kukugho

Strychnos spinosa

kuutitan (fruit)

Cucumis dipsaceus

lakatetwa

Carissa edulis

lamaiwa

Syzygium guineense

lamaiyua

Syzygium guineense

lokimeta

Commiphora rostrata

lokotetwo

Carissa edulis

lolotwo

Lannea rivae

loma (fruits)

Balanites rotundifolia

lomion

Balanites pedicellaris

lomion

Balanites rotundifolia

makow (plural)

Grewia villosa

mamachemeloi

Corchorus trilocularis

mamapatontolwo

Corchorus trilocularis

matagh

Eleusine coracana

mataighio (singular)

Eleusine coracana

meley

Urtica massaica

merwo

Garcinia livingstonei

meworil

Oxygonum sinuatum

mintirilwo

Dovyalis abyssinica

mochonyon

Lippia kituiensis

moikut

Cyperus blysmoides

moino

Lannea schweinfurthii

mojonyon

Lippia kituiensis

mokoghio

Grewia villosa

mokong'wo

Ficus sycomorus

mokono

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

mokuwo

Grewia villosa

molkech

Uvaria scheffleri

molkotwo

Canthium pseudosetiflorum

monmonwo

Rubus pinnatus

monmoon (plural)

Rubus pinnatus

mosongh (plural)

Sorghum bicolor

mosyoon

Sorghum bicolor

muchuk (plural)

Berchemia discolor

muchukwo

Berchemia discolor

muikisia

Uvaria scheffleri

ng'eng'echwo

Landolphia buchananii

ng'eng'eech (fruit)

Landolphia buchananii

nokow'o

Ficus vallis-choudae

oota

mushroom

ooten (plural)

mushroom

oroluo

Sclerocarya birrea

oron

Tamarindus indica

orongwo

Asystasia mysorensis

pchichen

Coccinia grandis

pchichin (fruit)

Coccinia grandis

portotion

Commelina benghalensis

portotoyon

Commelina forskalaei

priak (plural)

Pappea capensis

priokwo

Pappea capensis

ptanya

Amaranthus dubius

ptanya

Amaranthus graecizans

ptanya

Amaranthus thunbergii

puriokwo

Pappea capensis

pusyoon

Mimusops kummel

putoro

Canthium lactescens

rachan

Basella alba

rena

Acacia seyal

reper (plural)

Syzygium cordatum

reperwo

Syzygium cordatum

ses

Acacia tortilis

sesoy (plural)

Acacia tortilis

sikukuu

Amaranthus spinosus

simayon

Hoslundia opposita

simaywa

Hoslundia opposita

simbai (plural)

Hoslundia opposita

simboywo

Hoslundia opposita

simotwo

Ficus thonningii

siria (plural)

Rhus natalensis

siryewo-kaptamu

Rhus vulgaris

siryowo

Rhus natalensis

sitet

Grewia bicolor

sitowonyon

Acacia draepanolobium

sonkoou (plural)

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

sonkouwo

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

sorich (plural)

Boscia coriacea

sorichon

Boscia coriacea

sunkululwo

Boswellia neglecta

suriyo

Cleome gynandra

takayua

Hyphaene compressa

tamrenwo

Uvaria scheffleri

tamuketwo

Uvaria scheffleri

tapa-murkutwo

Lippia carviodora

taparper

Vangueria apiculata

tapirpirwo

Vangueria volkensii

tapoyo

Lannea triphylla

taran (plural)

Grewia tenax

tarmuch

Coccinia grandis

tilam (plural)

Ziziphus mauritiana

tiling (plural)

Meyna tetraphylla

tiling'wo

Meyna tetraphylla

tilomwo

Ziziphus mauritiana

tinkas (plural)

Flacourtia indica

tinkoswo

Flacourtia indica

tirak (plural)

Ziziphus abyssinica

tirak (plural)

Ziziphus mucronata

tirkirwo

Vitex doniana

tirokwo

Ziziphus abyssinica

tirokwo

Ziziphus mucronata

tlomwo

Ziziphus mauritiana

tomekekwo

Uvaria scheffleri

topererwo

Cordia monoica

toperpirwo

Vangueria apiculata

toporewo

Cordia monoica

toprepirwo

Vangueria apiculata

toronwo

Grewia tenax

tumeighio

Portulaca oleracea

tuyun (plural)

Balanites aegyptiaca

tuyunwo

Balanites aegyptiaca



Rendille


abah (gum)

Acacia senegal

akhai (fruit)

Salvadora persica

arlilo (fruit)

Grewia bicolor

baar

Hyphaene compressa

bejelo

Lannea alata

bekeila-ki-dakhan

Cleome gynandra

bubunto

Ficus sycomorus

dabach

Grewia bicolor

dahar

Acacia tortilis

domook (fruit)

Grewia tenax

fulai

Acacia seyal

gab

Ziziphus mauritiana

gab

Ziziphus mucronata

galafu

Lippia carviodora

galdayan

Commiphora rostrata

gayer

Cordia sinensis

geiybekeila

Cleome gynandra

gengalat

Solanum nigrum

gey-gidhan

Digera muricata

gey-i-qoona

Hyphaene compressa

giddan

Digera muricata

giddan-ki-dahn

Digera muricata

hadhaadh

Acacia senegal

halale

Boswellia neglecta

hanja (resin)

Boswellia neglecta

hayayi

Salvadora persica

henadi

Vatovaea pseudolablab

hinaadi

Vatovaea pseudolablab

ilbule (fruits)

Balanites rotundifolia

ilbule

Balanites pedicellaris

ilgiliti

Acacia nilotica

ilmasara

Commiphora africana

ilmo (fruit)

Ficus sycomorus

irigormosso

Vangueria madagascariensis

kahabale (fruit)

Vatovaea pseudolablab

kahabele (tuber)

Vatovaea pseudolablab

kalum

Balanites pedicellaris

koh

Cordia crenata

kulum

Balanites rotundifolia

lahuhuge

Coccinia grandis

lerokoa

Commiphora africana

lyoror

Boscia coriacea

madeer

Cordia sinensis

mulahanyo

Grewia tenax

niondoh

Lannea triphylla

obhoob

Grewia villosa

qabdo (fruit)

Acacia tortilis

qoona (fruit)

Hyphaene compressa

yoror

Boscia coriacea



Sabaot


bulgelwa

Vitex doniana

cheptuishak

Euclea divinorum

chuuandet

Balanites aegyptiaca

katagi

Ziziphus mauritiana

kotelalam

Sclerocarya birrea

letwa

Scutia myrtina

marungiyandet

Annona senegalensis

mucukwet

Dioscorea minutiflora

mundililwet

Dovyalis abyssinica

musapchet

Dioscorea minutiflora

mutoywo

Ximenia americana

njowaruwa

Rhus vulgaris

pulgelwet

Vitex doniana

sakiantet

Cleome gynandra

shiendet

Euclea divinorum

sirwa

Rhus natalensis

tungururu

Flacourtia indica

uluteywa

Ximenia americana

uswa

Euclea divinorum

wuswet

Euclea divinorum



Samburu


dalamboi

Tylosema fassoglense

dorgo

Cordia sinensis

dudhu

Cucumis dipsaceus

ilchinge

Euclea divinorum

ilerendei

Ziziphus mauritiana

ilmisingiyot

Rhus natalensis

irri

Grewia tembensis

irri

Grewia tenax

labai

Hoslundia opposita

labebegi

Vigna membranacea

laburaun

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

lagat

Lablab purpureus

lagrat-denai

Grewia bicolor

lairakai

Syzygium cordatum

lairakai

Syzygium guineense

lamai

Adansonia digitata

lamai

Ximenia americana

lamantume

Cordia monoica

lampurori

Lannea triphylla

lamulii

Syzygium cordatum

lamulii

Syzygium guineense

lamuriai

Carissa edulis

lamuriei

Carissa edulis

lamuyaki

Maerua decumbens

laparaan

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

lapironit

Bridelia taitensis

lapurori

Lannea schweinfurthii

lapurori

Lannea triphylla

lasaitet

Cleome gynandra

lchinge

Euclea divinorum

ldelopiji

Ipomoea oenotherae

lderendei

Ziziphus mauritiana

lderendei

Ziziphus mucronata

lderkesi

Acacia senegal

ldooge

Digera muricata

lecholoo

Boswellia neglecta

lejoro

Rhus vulgaris

lekawai

Phoenix reclinata

lekulee

Launaea cornuta

lekuruu

Solanum nigrum

leminyani

Lippia carviodora

lemoldongu

Basella alba

lemudong'o

Basella alba

leperei

Syzygium cordatum

leperei

Syzygium guineense

leperia

Corchorus tridens

leperia

Corchorus trilocularis

lera

Acacia seyal

lerai

Acacia seyal

leroongo

Pappea capensis

leturmet

Meyna tetraphylla

lgerdedi

Acacia senegal

lgueita

Cordia sinensis

lgumi

Vangueria volkensii

lgurong'ui

Pappea capensis

lgurugu

Pappea capensis

lgweita-orok

Cordia sinensis

lkarayoi

Grewia tenax

lkarraiyo

Grewia bicolor

lkasiyoi

Garcinia livingstonei

lkiloriti

Acacia nilotica

lkinoi

Lannea alata

lkirebuk

Flueggea virosa

lkiremichoi

Meyna tetraphylla

lkogomi

Grewia tenax

lkormosiyoi

Vangueria madagascariensis

lkoromos/yoi

Vangueria infausta

lkoromosien

Vangueria infausta

lkoromosien

Vangueria madagascariensis

lkoromosyei

Vangueria apiculata

lkoromosyeoi

Vangueria apiculata

lkuroti

Cyperus blysmoides

lkutetei

Landolphia buchananii

lmaim

Commiphora rostrata

lmakutikuti

Lippia carviodora

lmanturre

Cordia sinensis

lmisigiyoi

Rhus natalensis

lmludai

Vangueria volkensii

lmomoi

Solanum nigrum

lmoroo

Dovyalis abyssinica

lnanyo

Vatovaea pseudolablab

lng'aboli

Ficus sycomorus

lng'arboli

Pentarrhinum insipidum

lngongomi

Grewia tenax

loilalei

Ziziphus mucronata

loisiasi

Ipomoea longituba

loisugi

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

loisuki

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

loiswasi

Ipomoea longituba

lokiteng'

Ipomoea oenotherae

lokwai

Balanites aegyptiaca

loloroi

Flacourtia indica

lomunyanyi

Lippia carviodora

looisietchi

Ipomoea longituba

lopisedi

Pappea capensis

loposeta

Pappea capensis

lorumcheria

Digera muricata

lparwai

Hyphaene compressa

lpopoi

Grewia villosa

lpupoi

Grewia villosa

ltaai

Basella alba

ltani

Basella alba

ltebebiti

Vigna membranacea

ltepes

Acacia tortilis

ltilimani

Commiphora rostrata

Itooj

Manilkara mochisia

luai

Acacia drepanolobium

luoi

Acacia drepanolobium

lyoret

Garcinia livingstonei

manok (gum)

Acacia senegal

mir

Amaranthus dubius

mir

Amaranthus graecizans

musigio

Rhus natalensis

nairepirepi

Amaranthus spinosus

naisichoi

Rumex abyssinicus

naiteteyyai

Commelina africana

naketeyai

Commelina africana

nanyoi

Vatovaea pseudolablab

nchipilikwa

Strychnos henningsii

nchunge

Oxygonum sinuatum

nchungee

Portulaca quadrifida

ndaaruma

Dobera glabra

ndukee

Digera muricata

ng'aisichoi

Basella alba

ngabitoo

Vigna frutescens

ngaiteteyai

Commelina benghalensis

ngururusi

Vangueria volkensii

ngumrusia

Vangueria volkensii

njasi

Vatovaea pseudolablab

njunge

Erucastrum arabicum

njunge

Oxygonum sinuatum

nkaisiruaruai

Coccinia grandis

nkaisiruaruai

Coccinia trilobata

nkujit-ae-nkeok

Hyphaene compressa

ntalanwen

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

nterere

Amaranthus dubius

nterere

Amaranthus graecizans

ntererei

Amaranthus dubius

ntererei

Amaranthus graecizans

ntujuu

Cucumis dipsaceus

nturmayei

Portulaca oleracea

nyoni

Amaranthus dubius

nyoni

Amaranthus graecizans

nyoni

Amaranthus sparganiocephalus

reteti

Ficus thonningii

rogei

Tamarindus indica

sabai

Cleome gynandra

sagaram (fruits)

Acacia tortilis

sakurdumii

Kedrostis pseudogijef

sananguri

Scutia myrtina

santaiti

Berchemia discolor

sarai

Balanites pedicellaris

sarai

Balanites rotundifolia

se'eki

Cordia monoica

sebit

Landolphia buchananii

seketeti

Lantana trifolia

senoni

Lippia kituiensis

serichoi

Boscia coriacea

serr-i

Dobera glabra

seteti

Grewia bicolor

shinghe

Euclea divinorum

silalei

Boswellia neglecta

silapani

Cordia sinensis

sinoni

Lippia kituiensis

sioloran

Rhus vulgaris

sokotei

Salvadora persica

sokotu

Salvadora persica



Sanya (Sanye, Liangulu)


adhe

Salvadora persica

amosi kunde

Vigna unguiculata

auwaki

Hyphaene compressa

badhane

Balanites aegyptiaca

badhesa

Mimusops fruticosa

bombo

Vangueria infausta

buchuma

Lagenaria siceraria

chamari*

Ipomoea batatas

chamarirobia

Ipomoea aquatica

dhoka

Manilkara sansibarensis

doka

Manilkara sansibarensis

gadhayu

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

gony'ora

Phoenix reclinata

gune (tuber)

Nymphaea nouchali

gurura

Carissa edulis

gurura

Carissa tetramera

handaraku

Lannea schweinfurthii

haroru

Grewia bicolor

haroru korma

Grewia tenax

hathocha

Landolphia kirkii

ho'orocha

Cordia sinensis

horocha

Strychnos madagascariensis

hudahuda

Ximenia americana

itkindu

Phoenix reclinata

kabanesa

Landolphia petersiana

kahu

Commelina africana

kahu

Commelina africana

kahu

Commelina forskaolii

kahu

Commelina imberbis

kanjakanja

Salacia madagascariensis

kararacha

Diospyros consolatae

kikosho

Corchorus olitorius

kikosho

Corchorus tridens

kikosho

Corchorus trilocularis

kimanjala

Piliostigma thonningii

kiswenya

Amaranthus hybridus

kiswenya-korati

Amaranthus spinosus

kone

Hyphaene compressa

kukube

Salacia madagascariensis

kumudhin

Oxygonum salicifolium

kumunye (edible)

Lagenaria siceraria

kunazi (fruits)

Ziziphus mauritiana

kuraga

Manilkara sulcata

kuraga

Manilkara sulcata

magadhoguyo dhembela

Garcinia livingstonei

manga

Manihot esculenta

mangula

Strychnos madagascariensis

mangula

Strychnos spinosa

marafa

Borassus aethiopum

mbalazi (fruit)

Cajanus cajan

metsengwa

Elaeis guineensis

mkalakala

Bridelia cathartica

mkiboyea

Flueggea virosa

mkidonyathi

Dovyalis abyssinica

mkikili

Citrullus lanatus

mkikufathi

Vitex ferruginea

mkikufathi

Vitex mombassae

mkikufathi

Vitex payos

mkikufathi

Vitex spp.

mkukura

Ziziphus mucronata

mnavu

Solanum nigrum

mogodonya

Flacourtia indica

mpweke

Diospyros squarrosa

msinga

Sorghum bicolor

mthonokobada

Annona senegalensis

mtserere

Hoslundia opposita

mtsunga

Launaea cornuta

mukunazi

Ziziphus mauritiana

mushomoro

Lantana camara

muzungwe

Moringa oleifera

mwangani

Cleome gynandra

n'dufulukwa

Vernonia cinerea

nadhi

Cocos nucifera

njugu

Vigna subterranea

odha

Berchemia discolor

odha

Ficus sycomorus

pea (leaves)

Manihot esculenta

pupu

Lablab purpureus

roka

Tamarindus indica

shilole dal thu

Uvaria acuminata

shilole korima

Uvaria scheffleri

shiyole

Uvaria acuminata

shoshobli

Dialium orientale

shoshole

Dialium orientale

shusholwe

Dialium orientale

sisino

Sesamum orientale

thalakushe

Asystasia gangetica

walidhenya

Thylachium thomasii

wario

Aerva lanata

wimbi

Eleusine coracana

yaka

Adansonia digitata



Somali


Note: the letter c may be pronounced as ah or may be silent, only giving the next word a deeper sound.



abar mog

Maerua decumbens

abq

Acacia tortilis

abqo (pods)

Acacia tortilis

adad

Acacia senegal

adad ak

Pappea capensis

adad-geri

Acacia senegal var. senegal.

adadak

Pappea capensis

adde

Salvadora persica

ade

Salvadora persica

adhei

Salvadora persica

adishawel

Carissa edulis

alol

Phoenix reclinata

anri

Lannea triphylla

asel

Pappea capensis

ausdenan

Dactyloctenium giganteum

baamiya

Azanza garckeana

baar

Hyphaene compressa

baaror

Lannea triphylla

balambal

Ipomoea oenotherae

balanbal

Ipomoea aquatica

bar

Commelina spp.

bar

Hyphaene coriacea

baradurua

edible fungi

barambar

Coccinia grandis

barda

Ficus sycomorus

bardafa

Borassus aethiopum

bassac

Tylosema fassoglense

berde

Ficus sycomorus

berde

Ficus sur

bire berfo

Ipomoea mombassana

bocore

Nymphaea nouchali

bukural

Kigelia pinnata (K. africana)

bun

Coffea arabica

cismaan

Uvaria acuminata

daargo sagar

Amaranthus hybridus

daargo-warabe

Amaranthus hybridus

dabaunun

Commiphora africana

dabell (young)

Hyphaene compressa

dainjo

Commiphora rostrata

damiek

Grewia tenax

dan-farur

Grewia tenax

danusagar

Commiphora rostrata

daresa

Garcinia livingstonei

dargu

Amaranthus graecizans

debhi

Grewia bicolor

deen

Berchemia discolor

deen

Lannea schweinfurthii

degeiyar

Boscia coriacea

degeiyar

Boscia coriacea

deka

Grewia tenax

demeg

Grewia tembensis

dhangalow

Saba comorensis

dhayedhabe

Lippia carviodora

dheen-den ro'o

Berchemia discolor

dingah

Hydnora abyssinica

dongola

Saba comorensis

dowee

Grewia bicolor

dumeg

Grewia tembensis

dumod

Lantana camara

edaad

Acacia senegal

edad

Acacia senegal

ensili

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

fod cadde

Aerva lanata

frim

Dialium orientale

fulaay-boor

Acacia drepanolobium

fulai

Acacia seyal

fulaii

Acacia seyal var. fistula

fullai

Acacia seyal

garas

Dobera glabra

garso (plural)

Dobera glabra

ged hamu

Lippia carviodora

geed xamar

Lantana viburnoides

ghalangal

Boscia coriacea

ghalanghal

Boscia coriacea

gidami

Sorghum bicolor

gisrep

Albizia amara

gob

Ziziphus mauritiana

gohosa

Cyperus blysmoides

gooso

Cyperus blysmoides

gora

Xanthoxylum chalybeum

gud

Cordeauxia edulis

guduud

Keetia zanzibarica

guider

Acacia nilotica

gup

Ziziphus mauritiana

hadesa

Strychnos henningsii

hamar

Tamarindus indica

hammes-sagara

Commiphora africana

hamur geb

Ziziphus mucronata

hamur-gob

Ziziphus mauritiana

hashanli

Grewia tembensis

hashileh

Grewia tenax

hayab

Pentarrhinum insipidum

hidow

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

hidowensili

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

hungureri

Cucumis dipsaceus

hungureri damer

Cucumis dipsaceus

infidi

Brassica carinata

jaad

Catha edulis

jag

Adansonia digitata

jano

Commiphora rostrata

jano sagarr

Commiphora rostrata

jarba

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

jenau

Commiphora rostrata

jeu-gurreh

Cleome gynandra

kalejeje

Ficus thonningii

kamasha

Grewia tenax

kamudhe

Lannea alata

kobish

Grewia villosa

kolati

Mimusops fruticosa

kolati

Diospyros mespiliformis

kor'guba

Berchemia discolor

korati

Diospyros mespiliformis

kula

Lagenaria siceraria

kullan

Balanites aegyptiaca

kullan

Balanites rotundifolia

kumudhe

Lannea alata

laka

Hydnora abyssinica

like

Hydnora abyssinica

maderie

Salacia madagascariensis

magafur

Boswellia neglecta

magafur

Boswellia rivae

malmalei

Hoslundia opposita

marah

Acacia nilotica

marai

Acacia nilotica

mareer

Cordia sinensis

mareer-booy

Uvaria scheffleri

marer

Cordia sinensis

marer-girgir

Cordia monoica

marer-koh

Cordia crenata

marergoh

Cordia monoica

marfi

Vitex ferruginea

mawa

Moringa stenopetala

maydho

Phoenix reclinata

mirafur

Boswellia neglecta

moroh

Leptadenia hastata

mugli

Boswellia microphylla

mukerafo

Rorippa nasturtium-aquaticum

murcud

Ximenia americana

murie

Grewia tenax

murie-bonati

Grewia tembensis

muryo

Grewia tenax

nasi

Cocos nucifera

natana

Canthium pseudosetiflorum

ohia

Thylachium thomasii

ohia-sagara

Maerua decumbens

ohob

Grewia villosa

parampar

Coccinia grandis

qat

Catha edulis

qoona (fruit)

Hyphaene compressa

qoone

Hyphaene coriacea

qumbe

Cocos nucifera

qup

Ziziphus mauritiana

quraa

Acacia tortilis

qurac

Acacia tortilis

qurah

Acacia tortilis

rahkai

Tamarindus indica

rasso

Amaranthus sparganiocephalus

reehan

Ocimum gratissimum

reexam

Lippia carviodora

roqe

Tamarindus indica

saar saar

Ipomoea plebeia

salalmac

Sesamum orientale

timir

Phoenix dactylifera

timir

Phoenix dactylifera

timir-duur

Canthium glaucum

tuger

Acacia nilotica

tuwer

Acacia nilotica

waanri

Lannea triphylla

waradhe

Manilkara mochisia

waradhei

Manilkara mochisia

yaaq

Adansonia digitata

yaq

Adansonia digitata

yeheb

Cordeauxia edulis

yihip

Cordeauxia edulis

yumaruk

Oxygonum sinuatum



Swahili


bamba

Oxygonum salicifolium

bungo (fruit)

Saba comorensis

fiwi (fruit)

Lablab purpureus

fuchwe

Asystasia gangetica

jaja

Commelina forskalaei

kala

Corchorus olitorius

kanzira-sukuma

Brassica carinata

karacha

Antidesma venosum

kiazi kikuu

Dioscorea dumetorum

kiazi kikuu

Dioscorea minutiflora

kifuka

Vernonia cinerea

kikunde warimu

Vigna membranacea

kikwa

Dioscorea dumetorum

kikwakwa

Strychnos madagascariensis

kikwakwa

Strychnos spinosa

kikwata

Acacia senegal

kilungwana

Landolphia kirkii

kimbugimbugi

Dactyloctenium aegyptium

kimbugimbugi

Dactyloctenium giganteum

kindiri

Oxygonum salicifolium

kinongo

Aerva lanata

kongwa

Commelina africana

kongwe

Commelina forskalaei

kongwe

Commelina imberbis

korie

Strychnos madagascariensis

kunde

Vigna unguiculata

mafa (leaves)

Solanum macrocarpon

makoma

Hyphaene coriacea

makombe

Tamarindus indica

mariga

Dioscorea dumetorum

maringa

Dioscorea dumetorum

matango

Cucurbita maxima

matoje (fruit)

Rubus pinnatus

mawele (plural)

Pennisetum glaucum

mbaazi

Cajanus cajan

mbalibali

Acacia drepanolobium

mbokwe

Annona senegalensis

mbua nono

Antidesma venosum

mbua ya nuno

Antidesma venosum

mbunga

Landolphia kirkii

mbungo

Saba comorensis

mbuyu

Adansonia digitata

mbwanga

Vitex mombassae

mchambigi

Manilkara sulcata

mchapa

Borassus aethiopum

mchedi

Manilkara sulcata

mchegi

Manilkara sansibarensis

mcheje mume

Manilkara sulcata

mchekeche

Piliostigma thonningii

mchicha

Amaranthus dubius

mchicha

Amaranthus graecizans

mchicha

Amaranthus hybridus

mchicha mwitu

Amaranthus graecizans

mchikichi

Elaeis guineensis

mchikichi

Piliostigma thonningii

mchongoma

Flacourtia indica

mchunga

Sonchus schweinfurthii

mchunju

Balanites aegyptiaca

mdaha mwitu

Hoslundia opposita

mfiwi

Lablab purpureus

mfudu

Vitex doniana

mfudu

Vitex ferruginea

mfudu

Vitex mombassae

mfudu

Vitex payos

mfukufuku

Grewia bicolor

mfundumaji

Vitex mombassae

mfuta mwitu

Sesamum calycinum

mfuta

Sesamum orientale

mganda

Uvaria scheffleri

mganda-simba

Uvaria acuminata

mgege

Vitex mombassae

mgiriti

Diospyros mespiliformis

mgovigovi

Flacourtia indica

mgunga

Acacia nilotica

mgunga

Acacia nilotica

mgunga

Acacia senegal

mgunga

Acacia tortilis

mguvi

Manilkara sansibarensis

mgweni

Uvaria acuminata

mikoche

Grewia bicolor

miwele (plural)

Pennisetum glaucum

mjafari

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

mjenga

Elaeis guineensis

mjuari

Syzygium cordatum

mjungu

Acacia nilotica

mjunju

Balanites aegyptiaca

mkabili

Cleome gynandra

mkadi

Diospyros mespiliformis

mkandi

Dactyloctenium giganteum

mkarakara

Bridelia cathartica

mkarati

Bridelia cathartica

mkindu

Phoenix reclinata

mkingiri

Flacourtia indica

mkoche

Hyphaene compressa

mkoma

Hyphaene compressa

mkoma

Hyphaene coriacea

mkone

Grewia bicolor

mkono chuma

Rhus natalensis

mkonochuma

Rhus vulgaris

mkororo

Commiphora africana

mkulu

Berchemia discolor

mkuna chuma

Rhus natalensis

mkunazi

Ziziphus mauritiana

mkunazi

Ziziphus mucronata

mkunguma

Sorindeia madagascariensis

mkuyu

Ficus sycomorus

mkwaju

Tamarindus indica

mkwamba

Flueggea virosa

mlala

Hyphaene compressa

mlala

Hyphaene coriacea

mlama-mwitu

Rhus vulgaris

mlandege

Ficus thonningii

mlanyuni

Hoslundia opposita

mlenda

Corchorus olitorius

mlenda

Corchorus tridens

mlenda

Corchorus trilocularis

mlishangwe

Rhus vulgaris

mnafisi

Boscia coriacea

mnafu

Solanum nigrum

mnago

Manilkara mochisia

mnavu

Solanum nigrum

mng'ambo kope

Mimusops fruticosa

mng'ongo

Sclerocarya birrea

mngombe

Diospyros mespiliformis

mnguvi

Mimusops fruticosa

mnyaa

Hyphaene compressa

mnyambo

Hydnora abyssinica

mnyambo

Hydnora africana

mnyumbu

Lannea schweinfurthii

mongo

Sclerocarya birrea

moyo

Landolphia kirkii

mpekechu

Dialium orientale

mpekechu

Garcinia livingstonei

mpeketo

Garcinia livingstonei

mpepeta

Dialium holtzii

mpepeta

Dialium orientale

mpingi

Ximenia americana

mpira

Landolphia kirkii

mpira

Saba comorensis

mporopojo

Keetia zanzibarica

mpweke

Diospyros mespiliformis

mpweke

Diospyros squarrosa

mpyo

Landolphia kirkii

mrinja-kondo

Rhus vulgaris

mrongo

Moringa stenopetala

msambarau

Syzygium cordatum

msasa

Cordia monoica

msasuzi

Antidesma venosum

msega

Dobera glabra

msega

Dobera loranthifolia

msegese

Piliostigma thonningii

mshomoro

Lantana camara

mshonjie

Manilkara sansibarensis

msindi

Diospyros mespiliformis

msisi

Tamarindus indica

msunguti

Acokanthera oppositifolia

mswaki

Dobera glabra

mswaki

Dobera loranthifolia

mswaki

Salvadora persica

mtalawanda

Manilkara mochisia

mtama

Sorghum bicolor

mtandamboo

Carissa edulis

mtandamboo

Carissa tetramera

mtapa

Borassus aethiopum

mteja

Flueggea virosa

mtengeji

Canthium glaucum

mteremtere

Hoslundia opposita

mtetewe

Acacia nilotica

mteweji

Manilkara sulcata

mtikini

Asystasia gangetica

mtikiti

Citrullus lanatus

mtindapo

Keetia gueinzii

mtindapo

Keetia zanzibarica

mtishangwe

Rhus natalensis

mtoje

Rubus pinnatus

mtokuu

Annona senegalensis

mtomoko mwitu

Annona senegalensis

mtonga

Salvadora persica

mtonga

Strychnos madagascariensis

mtope tope

Annona senegalensis

mtotozi

Garcinia livingstonei

mtundakula

Ximenia americana

mtundukula

Ximenia americana

mtunguma

Sorindeia madagascariensis

muaa

Hyphaene compressa

muizu wa kirisa

Thylachium thomasii

mukhalita

Ziziphus mauritiana

mukorobosho

Grewia villosa

mulambulo

Hoslundia opposita

mulenda

Corchorus olitorius

mungango

Sclerocarya birrea

muuyu

Adansonia digitata

muwatata

Azanza garckeana

mvepe

Lantana trifolia

mviru

Vangueria infausta

mviru

Vangueria madagascariensis

mvumba

Vitex mombassae

mvumo

Borassus aethiopum

mvunja kondo

Rhus natalensis

mwaacha

Uvaria acuminata

mwangani

Cleome gynandra

mwele

Pennisetum glaucum

mwimbi

Eleusine coracana

myungiyungi

Nymphaea nouchali

mziwaziwa

Antidesma venosum

mzuari

Syzygium cordatum

mzuari

Syzygium guineense

mzunze

Moringa stenopetala

ndapo

Keetia zanzibarica

ndiga

Dioscorea dumetorum

nduwe

Azanza garckeana

njugu mawe

Vigna subterranea

simsim

Sesamum indicum

sope tope

Annona senegalensis

ubani

Boswellia neglecta

ufuta

Sesamum indicum

ulimbo

Landolphia kirkii

uvuta

Sesamum indicum

uwele

Pennisetum glaucum

uyoga

edible fungi

viazi tamu

Ipomoea batatas

viazi-vikuu (.plural)

Dioscorea bulbifera

vigongo

Dioscorea dumetorum

wimbi

Eleusine coracana



Taita


bule

Rumex usambarensis

chanya

Amaranthus hybridus

imbo (fruit)

Salacia erecta

kangalige

Maerua decumbens

kichanya

Amaranthus dubius

kichanya

Amaranthus graecizans

kigangachi

Phoenix reclinata

kimbungu

Rhus longipes

kirimba

Carissa edulis

kisambara

Dactyloctenium giganteum

kiwowa

Balanites aegyptiaca

kizenya

Amaranthus dubius

kizenya

Amaranthus graecizans

m'mbuku

Euclea divinorum

mako

Dioscorea dumetorum

makongo

Oxygonum salicifolium

mameru (plural)

Saba comorensis

maratua

Rubus pinnatus

mbalu

Digera muricata

mboghombogho

Vangueria infausta

mbuche

Dovyalis abyssinica

mdolondolo

Acokanthera oppositifolia

meru

Saba comorensis

mhale

Digera muricata

mkongo

Syzygium guineense

mkunguruli

Sorindeia madagascariensis

mjarnba

Adansonia digitata

mmara

Grewia bicolor

mmbogha

Grewia tembensis

mmeru-sukari

Landolphia kirkii

mndendele

Pappea capensis

mnyinya

Launaea cornuta

mshashote

Grewia villosa

msheshere

Rumex usambarensis

mshoshoti

Grewia villosa

msungusungu

Acokanthera oppositifolia

mtandamboo

Carissa edulis

mtandamboo

Carissa tetramera

mtundukula

Ximenia americana

mtungu

Boswellia neglecta

mtunguru

Thylachium thomasii

muimbo

Salacia erecta

muku

Ficus sycomorus

mumeru

Saba comorensis

mung'anga

Garcinia livingstonei

munyanga

Garcinia livingstonei

mushiga

Lannea alata

musu

Syzygium cordatum

musu

Syzygium guineense

mvudi

Lantana camara

mvudi

Lippia kituiensis

mvumu

Ficus thonningii

mvunde

Hoslundia opposita

mwakiserere

Rumex usambarensis

mwemberi

Lantana camara

mwemberi

Lantana trifolia

mzwana

Berchemia discolor

ndaendae

Rubus pinnatus

ndaindai

Rubus apetalus

ndaindai

Rubus pinnatus

ndandai

Rubus pinnatus

ndandangoma

Carissa edulis

ndelema

Basella alba

ndendele (fruit)

Pappea capensis

ndimu

Saba comorensis

ndunda

Solanum nigrum

ndundukula (fruit)

Ximenia americana

ngariso

Lannea alata

ngomba

Erucastrum arabicum

seria

Rhus vulgaris

shighiri

Acacia nilotica

tagashiko

Ximenia americana

vikunguu

Rhus vulgaris

voga

edible fungi



Taveta


irara

Hyphaene compressa

ivungu

Saba comorensis

mase

Syzygium guineense

mdaria

Vangueria madagascariensis

mdaria

Vangueria volkensii

mhongana

Phoenix reclinata

mposi

Elaeis guineensis

mugongolo

Diospyros mespiliformis

mundaraha

Sorindeia madagascariensis

mwemba

Grewia tembensis



Teso


abatot

Dioscorea bulbifera

akima

Eleusine coracana

aogot

Dioscorea minutiflora

atenum

Garcinia livingstonei

atigo

Corchorus trilocularis

eborborei

Ficus sycomorus

ebubu

Rhus natalensis

ebwolo

Annona senegalensis

ecadoi

Cleome gynandra

echomai

Balanites aegyptiaca

edukudukut

Borassus aethiopum

edukut

Borassus aethiopum

eduro

Ficus natalensis

eduro

Ficus sycomorus

ejikai

Sclerocarya birrea

ekajikai

Sclerocarya birrea

ekapelimen

Acacia nilotica

ekarukei

Vitex doniana

ekarukei

Vitex doniana

ekisim

Acacia hockii

ekodokodoi

Acacia senegal

ekodokodoi

Ziziphus abyssinica

ekoramai

Acacia seyal

ekoropot

Commelina benghalensis

ekum

Diospyros mespiliformis

ekunoit

Acacia senegal

ekwalakwala

Garcinia livingstonei

ekwalakwalat

Strychnos spinosa

ekwatet

Rhus vulgaris

ekwayu

Rhus vulgaris

elakas

Flueggea virosa

elamai

Ximenia americana

emairungi

Catha edulis

emaniman

Coccinia grandis

emuriei

Carissa edulis

emus

Euclea divinorum

emusogot

Phoenix reclinata

epapai

Piliostigma thonningii

epeduru

Tamarindus indica

epena

Cajanus cajan

epwatet

Rhus vulgaris

esidiba

Asystasia mysorensis

esilang'

Ziziphus abyssinica

esilang'

Ziziphus mauritiana

eturukukut

Strychnos spinosa

eusuk

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

ewaya

Rhus natalensis

ewayo

Rhus natalensis

ewelo

Vitex doniana

eyelel

Acacia drepanolobium

ikanyum

Sesamum indicum

imomwa

Sorghum bicolor

olimu

Ximenia americana



Tharaka


ikuru (plural)

Lagenaria siceraria

ituma*

Colocasia esculenta

marenge*

Cucurbita maxima

mathoroko

Vigna unguiculata

mikwaji*

Manihot esculenta

mituungu

Lannea alata

muboobua

Balanites aegyptiaca

mubuu

Grewia villosa

muguna-kirindi

Adansonia digitata

muguunda

Moringa stenopetala

mukenia

Lantana trifolia

mukiindu

Phoenix reclinata

mukonde

Euclea divinorum

mukurungu

Meyna tetraphylla

mukururu

Flueggea virosa

mukuura

Piliostigma thonningii

munatha

Maerua decumbens

mungaritha

Dobera glabra

munya

Sorghum bicolor

muraagwa

Grewia bicolor

muramba

Adansonia digitata

murawa

Grewia bicolor

muroroma

Ximenia americana

muruguyu

Hyphaene compressa

muthithi

Tamarindus indica

muthiuthiu

Boscia coriacea

muthuchi

Lannea schweinfurthii

muthugagu

Cordia monoica

muthunka

Launaea cornuta

muthuthuura

Garcinia livingstonei

muthwana

Berchemia discolor

mutugangu

Cordia monoica

mutunkuuri

Commiphora rostrata

muungu

Lagenaria siceraria

muyee

Bridelia cathartica

muyee

Bridelia taitensis

mwemba

Acacia nilotica

mwere

Pennisetum glaucum

ngurungu (fruit)

Meyna tetraphylla

ngwaci*

Ipomoea batatas

njavi

Lablab purpureus

njugu

Cajanus cajan

nthoroko

Vigna unguiculata

rwoga

Amaranthus graecizans

terere

Amaranthus dubius

ugimbi

Eleusine coracana



Tugen


adomewa

Cordia sinensis

adumewa

Cordia sinensis

barsute

Salvadora persica

biriokwo

Pappea capensis

chebiwa

Acacia nilotica

chebiwo

Acacia nilotica

edoma (leaves)

Cordia sinensis

kimolik

Vangueria infausta

kisakiat

Cleome gynandra

kisuchon

Solanum nigrum

kisuchot

Solanum nigrum

kokian

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

kokiin (plural)

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

komolik

Vangueria madagascariensis

lamaek (fruit)

Syzygium guineense

legetetwa

Carissa edulis

lobbitiet

Commelina benghalensis

lokoek (fruit)

Ficus sycomorus

lokoitwo

Ficus sycomorus

lokoiwo

Ficus sycomorus

lomoiwo

Syzygium guineense

lubchan

Basella alba

mokilokwa

Keetia gueinzii

mokuiwo

Grewia villosa

momonwo

Rubus pinnatus

mowonwo

Rubus pinnatus

muchukwa

Berchemia discolor

myengwo

Ximenia americana

narogeki

Nymphaea nouchali

ngonswo

Balanites aegyptiaca

ngoswa

Balanites aegyptiaca

ninoiwa

Ziziphus mucronata

noswo

Manilkara mochisia

ntereryan

Corchorus olitorius

sekechewo

Lantana trifolia

sesya

Acacia tortilis

siesiet

Acacia tortilis

sirkwa

Boscia coriacea

siwon

Urtica massaica

sogotaiwa

Salvadora persica

talatany (fruit)

Flacourtia indica

tapuya

Lannea triphylla

taran

Grewia tenax

taronwet

Grewia tenax

tilattil

Acacia hockii

tilingwo

Meyna tetraphylla

tilinyek (fruit)

Meyna tetraphylla

tilomwo

Ziziphus mauritiana

tingoswo

Flacourtia indica

tirikikwa

Balanites rotundifolia

tololokwo

Sclerocarya birrea

tungururwo

Flacourtia indica



Turkana


Note: in Turkana, -ch is normally written -c, thus elamach will normally be written elamac.



adeya

Amaranthus graecizans

akademoit

Cyperus blysmoides

akeju-apoo

Ipomoea plebeia

akio

Cleome gynandra

amunyet

Citrullus lanatus

arekoi

Coccinia grandis

ataa-kunyuk

Ipomoea plebeia

auriong'o

Hydnora abyssinica

ebaale

edible fungi

ebei

Balanites rotundifolia

ebune

Solanum nigrum

echaboi

Cleome gynandra

echekereng

Acacia seyal

echoke

Ficus sycomorus

echoke

Flacourtia indica

edapal

Dobera glabra

edeya

Amaranthus sparganiocephalus

edome

Cordia sinensis

eedung

Boscia coriacea

eeng'ol

Hyphaene compressa

eerut

Maerua decumbens

eewoi (mature)

Acacia tortilis

egilae

Vatovaea pseudolablab

egum

Diospyros mespiliformis

egumoit

Diospyros mespiliformis

ekadala

Coccinia grandis

ekadeli

Commiphora africana

ekadet-etum

Cyperus blysmoides

ekadeteu

Rhus natalensis

ekadetewae

Rhus natalensis

ekajiket

Sclerocarya birrea

ekalale

Ziziphus mauritiana

ekaleruk

Cucumis dipsaceus

ekaletelete

Portulaca oleracea

ekali

Grewia bicolor

ekamong'o

Leptadenia hastata

ekapelimen

Acacia nilotica

ekiliton

Amaranthus graecizans

ekoromomwae

Digera muricata

ekoromwae

Digera muricata

ekoromwait

Acacia seyal

ekunde

Vigna unguiculata

ekunoit

Acacia senegal

elakas

Flueggea virosa

elamach

Balanites pedicellaris

elamae

Ximenia americana

emaleker

Grewia tembensis

emaler

Vangueria apiculata

emaniman

Coccinia grandis

emaniman

Vangueria infausta

emaret

Vigna unguiculata

emeyen

Berchemia discolor

emeyen

Berchemia discolor

emidi-kan

Canthium pseudosetiflorum

eng'ol

Hyphaene compressa

eng'omo

Grewia tenax

eome

Cucumis dipsaceus

eosin-aikeny

Digera muricata

epeduru

Tamarindus indica

epespes

Amaranthus spinosus

epong'ae

Grewia villosa

eroronyit

Balanites aegyptiaca

esekon

Salvadora persica

esilang'

Ziziphus abyssinica

esilang'

Ziziphus mucronata

esokon

Salvadora persica

esugumaran

Meyna tetraphylla

esuuja

Solanum nigrum

etiir (young)

Acacia tortilis

etirae

Commelina benghalensis

etirae

Commelina forskalaei

etoler

Pappea capensis

etopojo

Lannea rivae

etopojo

Lannea schimperi

etopojo

Lannea triphylla

etoukoroe

Canthium pseudosetiflorum

etulelo

Erucastrum arabicum

etuntun

Cordia monoica

eur

Lippia carviodora

eurumosing

Commiphora rostrata

eusugu

Zanthoxylum chalybeum

eyelel

Acacia drepanolobium

lojeel

Corchorus olitorius

lojeel

Corchorus trilocularis

lokiliton

Amaranthus graecizans

lokimeta

Commiphora rostrata

lokora

Commiphora rostrata

lookwa

Amaranthus spinosus

louyeing'orok

Amaranthus graecizans

louyeing'orok

Amaranthus sparganiocephalus

nabutachwee

Commelina benghalensis

nakadoki

Phoenix reclinata

namale

Corchorus trilocularis

namunio

Erucastrum arabicum

namunye

Citrullus lanatus

ng'akalalio (fruits)

Ziziphus mauritiana

ng'ikuram

Nymphaea nouchali

ng'imomwa

Sorghum bicolor

ngomwo

Dovyalis abyssinica