Cover Image
close this bookRefugee Nutrition Information System (RNIS), No. 30 - Report on the Nutrition Situation of Refugees and Displaced Populations (UNSSCN, 2000, 72 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHighlights
Open this folder and view contentsSub-Saharan Africa
Open this folder and view contentsAsia - Selected situations
View the documentListing of sources
View the documentAbbreviations used in the text
View the documentTables and figures
View the documentNotes on Annex 1 and other nutritional assessments in the text
View the documentACC/SCN publications available
View the documentIndicators

Tables and figures

Table 2: Information Available on Total Refugee/Returnees/Displaced Populations requiring assistance (as of March 2000). Please note that these are best estimates at the time of going to press


Population Numbers



Situation

Condition

Total

Change from Mar-98

Nutr Stat*

Comments


I: V. High Risk

II: High Risk

III: Mod Risk

IV: Not Critical

V: Unknown





Sub-Saharan Africa

1. Angola

150,000

300,000

611,000



1,061,000

0

imp.

Situ. for IDPs In some areas still critical. Situation IDPS who are accessible is improving. Others at high risk.

2. Great Lakes Region


Burundi

100,000

230,000

500,000



830,000

9,000

det.

IDPs in Bujumbura Rurale at high to v. high risk. Others moderate risk. Drought-affected not shown.


Rwanda



652,000



652,000

2,000

stat.

Assume IDPs and refugees remain at moderate risk (no new data).Drought-affected not shown.


Congo/Brazzaville



200,000


238,000

438,000

-385,000

imp.

IDPS in Brazzaville and Pool at moderate risk. Refugees and other IDPs unknown.


E Dem Rep of Congo

306,000

300,000

520,000

156,000

136,000

1,418,000

232,000

det.

War-affected IDPS at very high/high risk. Other IDPs moderate/high. Assume refugees remain the same


Tanzania




465,000


465,000

65,000

stat.

Large increase in number of refugees, nut situ, not critical.

3. Eritrea



372,000



372,000

112,000

stat.

War-affected IDPs at mod. risk. Drought-affected not shown.

4. Ethiopia



350,000

250,000


600,000

26,000

stat.

War-affected IDPs at mod. risk. Refugees not critical. Very large number of drought-affected not shown.

5. Kenya



90,000

125,000


215,000

18,800

stat.

Refugees in Kakuma at moderate risk. Refugees in Dadaab not critical. Drought-affected not shown.

6. Liberia/Sierra Leone Region


Liberia



38,000

58,000


96,000

-414,000

stat.

Refugees in Sinje at moderate risk, others assumed not critical. Returnees no longer shown.


Sierra Leone


300,000

450,000


7,000

757,000

-1,000

stat.

IDPs at high to moderate risk. Refugees unknown.


Guinea-Conakry/Cote d’Ivoire



489,000

101,500


590,000

1,000

stat.

Refugees in Guinea-Conakry at moderate risk. Refugees in Cote d’Ivoire not critical.

7. Somalia

100,000




250,000

350,000

0

det.

Nut. situ. of IDPs In Mogadishu unknown. Those in Bay, Gedo and Bakoolhave very high prevelences of malnutrition.

8. S. Sudan


300,000

2,100,000

162,000


2,562,000

14,000

imp.

Nut. situ. improving for IDPs generally. Refs. not critical. Northern Sudan figures not shown.

9. Uganda


400,000

221,000

173,000


794,000

112,000

det.

Security situation is deterious for IDPs. Refugees not critical. Drought affected not shown.

10. Zambia




175,000

25,000

200,000

25,000

stat.

Nutritional situation of new refugees unknown. Others assumed to be non-critical.

Total (Sub-Saharan Africa)

656,000

1,830,000

6,593,000

1,665,500

656,000

11,400,500

-183,200



Asia (Selected Situations)

11. Afghanistan Region



300,000

1,400,000


1,700,000

0

stat.

IDPs In Afghanistan at moderate risk. Refugees in Pakistan and Iran not critical.

12. Bhutanese Refugees in Nepal




97,600


97,600

-900

stat.

No significant changes in the nutritional situation.

13. Indonesia/East Timor region







0




East Timor



153,000



153,000

3,000

imp.

Nut. situ. of returnees to East Timor not critical.


Indonesia


145,000




585,000

444,000

det.

IDPs In West Timor at high risk due to poor camp conditions. Nut. situ. of other IDPS unknown.

14. Balkans Region



174,000

900,000


1,100,000

0

stat.

Returnees to Kosovo not critical. No information on the IDPs in Serbia.

Nutritional categories: (for a fuller explanation of the see the inside of the back page)

I. Very high risk

- Populations reported with very high risk of malnutrition (or with a high prevalence of malnutrition, where available >20% wasting, and/or micronutrient deficiency diseases and sharply elevated mortality).

II: High risk

- Population at high risk of malnutrition (or with a high prevalence of malnutrition)

III: Moderate risk

- Population at moderate risk of malnutrition (or with a moderate prevalence of malnutrition, pockets of malnutrition may exist)

IV: Not Critical

- Probably not at heightened nutritional risk

V: Unknown

- No information on nutritional status available

Table 3: Summary of Origin and Location of Major Populations of Refugees, Returnees and Displaced People in Africa Requiring Assistance March 2000 - RNIS #30 (population estimates in thousands) Please note that these are best estimates at the time of going to press


To/In

From

Angola

Burundi

Congo/
Brazzaville

Cote d’Ivoire

Dem Rep Congo

Eritrea

Ethiopia

Guinea Bissau

Guinea Conakry

Kenya

Liberia

Rwanda

Sierra Leone

Somalia

Sudan

Tanzania

Uganda

Zambia

TOTAL

Angola

1061


8


156













175

1,400

Burundi


830



20











340



1,190

Congo/Brazzaville



400


12














412

Cote d’Ivoire



















0

Dem Rep Congo



25


1120














1,322

Eritrea






372






32




114

6

25

522

Ethiopia







350



5





150




367

Guinea Bissau









3






12




3

Guinea Conakry



















0

Kenya







5












5

Liberia




100





366




7






473

Rwanda



5


35







620




8

10


678

Sierra Leone




2





120


96


750






968

Somalia







185



155




350


3



693

Sudan





72


60



55





2400


157


2,744

Tanzania



















0

Uganda





3












621


624

Zambia



















0

TOTAL

1061

830

438

102

1418

372

600

0

489

215

96

652

757

350

2562

465

794

200

11401

1.

This chart is intended to include major population groups in Africa (i.e. over 100,000 people affected from country of origin).

2.

‘Boxes on the diagonal (shaded) show internally displaced populations and returnees (total = 8,874,000).

3.

Numbers referred to in the text are usually by the country where the population is located (i.e. column totals).

4.

For the regional situations of Burundi/Rwanda and Liberia/Sierra Leone the description is by country of origin (i.e. row totals).


The Number of refugees, returnees and IDPs in Sub-Saharan Africa and their nutritional risk over time

Annex 1: Results of Surveys Quoted in March 2000 RNIS Report #30 - usually children 6-59 months

Survey Area

Survey Conducted by

Date

% Wasted**

% Severely Wasted**

Oedema (%)

Crude Mortality (/10,000/day)

Under 5 Mortality (/10,000/day)

Measles Immunisation Coverage (%)

1. Angola

a. Malange

MSF-H

Jan-00

7.8*

1.1*


1.6

2.5


b. Lombe

MSF-H

Jan-00

17.1*

6.4*


1.3

2.8


c. Kuito, Bie Province


Town

MSF-B/ICRC

Dec-99

8*

1.5


1.9

3.8



Camps

MSF-B/ICRC

Dec-99

16.1*

1.3*


2.4

4.5


d. Matala, Huila Province


New IDPs

ACH

Oct-99

9.9*

1.7*

0.9*


5.2

79.9


More-established IDPs

ACH

Oct-99

6.7*

1.3*

0.6*


1.0

6.9

e. Ganda, Benguela Province


Town

ACH

Feb-00

29.3*

8*

3.6

3.1




Camps

ACH

Feb-00

10.0*

2.4*

0.9




2. Great Lakes

a. Kayanza, Burundi

ACF-F

Nov-99

6.3

0.7

0.2

0.5

1.3

89.3

b. Brazzaville, RoC


South Brazzaville

ACF-F

Mar-00

6.6*

0.2*






North Brazzaville

ACF-F

Mar-00

5.4*

0.3*





c. Mayama, RoC

ACF-F

Feb-00

24.1 (MUAC)

17.6 (MUAC)





d. North Pool, RoC

ACF-F

Mar-00

9.9 (MUAC)

2.0 (MUAC)





e. Lemera, DRC

ACF-USA

Jan-00

7.4

1.3

3.5

2.5

0.7


4. Ethiopia

a. Konso Special Woreda

MSF-H

Jan-00

12.9*

2.0*

0.9



24.0

6. Liberia/Sierra Leone Region

a. Sinje Camp, Liberia


Camp I (old refugees)

ACF-F

Dec-99

9.0

0.6

0.0

0.6

1.0

56.8


Camp II (newly established refs.)

ACF-F

Dec-99

6.5*

0.9*

0.0

1.0

1.6

57.1

b. Bo town, Sierra Leone

ACF-F

Nov-99

7.2*

0.7*

0.1

0.7

3.1

33.6

7. Somalia

a. Hudur

UNICEF

Sep-99

15.5

5.7

1.5



43.0

b. Rabdure

UNICEF

Dec-99

30.0*

6.0*




28.0

c. Bardera

UNICEF

Dec-99

17.5

4.5

1.0



76.0

d. Belet Weyne

Town

IMC

Aug-99

23.6

4.7

0.5


1.6

23.3


Villages

IMC

Sep-99

15.6

2.1

5.7 (?)


1.9

29.5

8. Sudan

a. Athoc

MEDAIR

Dec-99

21.7

2.1




55

b. Akuem, BEG

MDM

Nov-99

11.9

1.3

2.5


3.1

56.4

c. Panthou, BEG

MSF-B

Oct-99

18.2

1.3

0.0




d. Malualkon, BEG

TearFund

Oct-99

12.2

1.3

0.0



32.7

e. Aweil West, BEG

CONCERN

Nov-99

10.4*

3.1*


0.8

1.9

30.0

f. Gogrial, BEG

World Vision

Nov-99

5.9

1.2





g. Tonj, BEG

World Vision

Nov-99

8

0.6





h. Juba, Equatoria

ACF-F

Dec-99

11.1*

1.0*




44.5

9. Uganda

a. Kitgum


Non-displaced villages

ACF-USA

Dec-99

3.5

0.1

0


1.3

18.2


IDP camps

ACF-USA

Dec-99

6.6*

1.4*

0.3


1.3

16.2

b. Gulu


Camps with health facilities

ACF-USA

Oct-99

4.9*

0.7*

0.2


1.2

37.3


Camps without health facilities

ACF-USA

Oct-99

3.8*

0.4*

0.3*


15.2

29.1

11. Afghanistan

a. Panjshir


Official camps

ACF-F

Nov-99

12.0*

1.9*




40.7


Public Buildings

ACF-F

Nov-99

12.6*

3.1*




40.7


Unofficial camps

ACF-F

Nov-99

7.5*

1.3*




40.7

14. Indonesia

a. Belu district, W. Timor

UNICEF

Dec-99

23.6

3.6





b. Kupang district, W. Timor

UNICEF

Jan-00

12.1

1.0





c. Naen camp, W. Timor

MSF-H

Feb-00

33.0

7.0





15. Balkans Region

a. Kosovo

AAH-UK

Jan-00

4.6

1.0

0.1



18.0

b. Konik camp, Montenegro

ACF-F

Nov-99

2.9

1.0

0.5




**wt/ht unless specified; cut-off = n.s. means not specified but usually-2SD wt/ht for wasting and -3SD wt/ht for severe wasting

*Oedema is included in this figure.

MUAC unless specified cut-off for wasting is < 124 mm and < 110 mm for severe wasting

Measles immunisation coverage is usually determined by card

NOTE: see box on back cover for guidance in interpretation of indicators.