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close this bookTraditional Food Plants of Kenya (National Museum of Kenya, 1999, 288 p.)
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Appendix: Nutritional composition of edible parts of plants

Species

plant part

energy
kJ

water
%

protein
g

fibre
g

ash
g

fat
g

total
CHO g

NFE
g

vit C
mg

b-carotein
eq mg

Na
mg

P
mg

Ca
mg

Mg
mg

Fe
mg

K
mg

thi
mg

ribo
mg

niac
mg

chlorides
mg

Acacia nilotica

seeds



14.1

14.3

6.2

1.9






23









Acacia senegal

seeds



22

39

7.1

1















Acacia senegal

seeds



40.1

13.7

5

5.8






0.3









Acacia tortilis

seeds


8.28

13.21


16.21

6.93

55.37



18000

42

206

101

23

31

843





Acacia tortilis

green pod

280

75

4.2

7.2

1.5

0.3

19

11.8

1.1


1.03

62.7

187

45

3.9

296

0.23

0.02



Acokanthera oppositifolia

fruit


89.03







3.58












Adansonia digitata

fruit

1229

8.7

2.7

8.9

5.8

0.2

82.6

73.7

20.9


11.2

76.2

335

167

2.65

2409





Adansonia digitata

kernel

1803

8.1

33.7

16.9

5.9

30.6

21.7

4.8



2.48

5.12

273

640

6.55

1275





Adansonia digitata

pulp

1214

16.0

2.2

6.8

4.3

0.8

76.7

69.9

270

70


118

284


7.4


0.37

0.06

2.1


Adansonia digitata

meal

1331

7.4

6.6

5.7

4.2

0.3

81.5

75.8




143

300


2.6


0.02

0.07

2.2


Adansonia digitata

leaves raw

289

77

3.8

2.8





50




400








Aerva lanata

leaves raw


85.85

2.59


3.46




10.84

1518











Aerva lanata

leaves

201

83.1

3.9

2.1

3.0

0.6

9.4

7.3




86

493








Amaranthus sp.

leaves raw


83.28

3.15

2.01

3.12

0.21

10.24

8.23

127.27

10667











Amaranthus sp.

leaves raw

176

84

4.6



0.2



64

5716


103

410








Amaranthus sp.

seeds dried

1490

12.7

14.0



6.0






455

490








Amaranthus sp.

leaves raw

151

86.9

3.5

1.3

2.6

0.5

6.5

5.2

80



67

267


3.9

411

0.08

0.16

1.4


Amaranthus caudatus

leaves raw


75.51

4.72

3.02

5.55

0.29

14.29

11.27

179.49

9031











Amaranthus cruentus

leaves raw


79.96

4.84

2.0

4.36






2.2

94.18

673

644

10.62

1204





Amaranthus dubius

leaves raw


80.74

3.83

3.33

3.45

0.2

11.79

8.46

137.88

10375











Amaranthus hybridus hybridus

leaves raw

336

72.7

6.3

2.8

5.2

0.5

15.3

12.5



6.54

116

553

329

10.9

1389





Amaranthus thunbergii

leaves raw

147

83.6

4.3

2.8

5.1

0.2

6.8

4.0



14.4

67.5

313

135

13.6

381





Antidesma venosum

fruit


83







3.08












Asystasia gangetica

leaves raw


88.04

2.96

1.3

2.95




6.05

4625

38.41

43.08

379

242

15.56

493





Azanza garckeana

fruit


18.0



















Balanites aegyptiaca

fruit raw

511

64.0

2.2


1.9

tr.

31.9


14




47








Balanites aegyptiaca

fruit dried

1151

19.0

5.0

3.1

4.4

0.1

71.5

68.4

35

0


62

141


3.1


0.20

0.11

1.17


Balanites aegyptiaca

kernel dried

2289

5.0

23.0

5.4

3.2

43.5

25.3

19.9

0

0


508

172


7.0


1.60?

0.07

1.3


Balanites aegyptiaca

seeds

2140


27

1.0

3.7

34






720









Balanites aegyptiaca

fruit

1129


4.9

3.5








58









Balanites aegyptiaca

fruit

1357


4.1

6.6

3.9







80









Basella alba

leaves raw


90.2

1.85

1.5

1.4

0.33

6.22

4.73

227.45

1927











Basella alba

leaves raw

84

92.5

1.8

0.8

1.7

0.3

3.7

2.9

39



69

138








Basella alba

leaves raw

80

93.4

1.6

0.6





85

3500



105

1.6







Berchemia discolor

fruit









116












Berchemia discolor

fruit


38.65

0.99

30.43

3.08

2.8

59.26


2.85


300

2250

18.75

1250

175

7500




38.48

Borassus aethiopum

fruit raw

179

87.6

0.8



0.1



5



30









Boscia coriacea

fruit ripe

1994

7.46

16.63

31.92

4.82

1.93


44.7













Brassica carinata

leaves


86.1

3.5

1.6

3.4

0.8

4.3


197



77









Cajanus cajan

seed whole dried

1444

9.9

19.5

7.3

3.8

1.3

65.5

58.2

tr.

55


285

161




0.72

0.14

2.9


Cajanus cajan

seeds raw unripe


67.4

7.0

3.5

1.3

0.6

23.7?

20.2













Cajanus cajan

seeds dry ripe


10.1

19.2

8.1

3.8

1.5

65.4

57.3













Carissa edulis

fruit ripe, no seeds

77.2

3.4

2.0


















Carissa edulis

fruit unripe with seeds

79.2

5.7

2.0


















Citrullus lanatus

fruit raw

92

93.6

0.5

0.4

0.3

0.1

5.5

5.1

8

250


9

8


0.3


0.04

0.05

0.1


Citrullus lanatus

flesh

60

94.2

0.4

1.2

1.1

0.04

4.26

3.06

9.2


2.1

5.1

31.6

16

0.3

267





Citrullus lanatus

seed

1274

5.7

17.9

41.8

1.9

20.2

54.3

12.5



5.67

474

54

209

6.55

433





Citrullus lanatus

fruit


93.4

0.5

0.2

0.5

0.1

5.5

5.3













Cleome gynandra

leaves raw

181

85

5.1

1.3

3.6

0.6

5.7

4.4



33.6

12.0

262

86.8

18.8

410





Cleome gynandra

leaves raw

142

86.6

4.8

1.2

3.0

0.4

5.2


13



111

288


6.0






Cleome gynandra

leaves cooked

172

86.6

4.2

1.3

1.9

1.0

6.3





94

135


3.4






Commelina benghalensis

leaves raw


82.31

3.79


1.98






2.83

37.15

228

109

11.59

616.5





Commelina forskaolii

leaves dry



20.25

17.4

15.7

2.89

61.16

43.76













Commiphora sp. nr. campestris

fruit unripe


77.42

1.04


1.27
















Corchorus olitorius

leaves raw

243

80.4

4.5

2.0

2.4

0.3

12.4

10.4

80

6410


122

360


7.2


0.15

0.53

1.2


Corchorus olitorius

leaves dried

1000

20.2

19.0


9.1

1.6

50.1


2.0



525

1540


8.0






Corchorus olitorius

leaves raw

180

86.1

5.6

1.7





55

7900



270


7.7






Corchorus trilocularis

leaves raw


86.91

3.36

1.43

1.83




7.55

3562











Cordia sinensis

fruit


12.06

25.89

26.38

5.32

5.01

68.98




2125

3500

1250

1250

275

125




28.41

Cordia sinensis

berry ripe

2015

8.79

16.59

6.81


5.25

27.11

44.24













Crotalaria brevidens

leaves raw


74.5

8.8

1.6

1.6








222


0.8






Crotalaria brevidens

leaves raw



4.55






122

5800



270


38






Crotalaria ochroleuca

leaves raw


74.5

8.8


1.6
















Cucumis dipsaceus

leaves raw

146

89.9

1.0

tr.

0.8

0.7

7.6


21



25

14


1.0


0.03

0.05



Cyperus blysmoides

corm sheaths



12.44


12.81

3.14















Dactyloctenium aegyptium

whole seed

1440

11.4

15.7

2.8

2.9

1.9

68.1





460









Dialium orientale

fruit pulp


20.37

2.44


2.83
















Dialium orientale

fruit pulp with membrane


20.44

2.16


3.42
















Digera muricata var. patentipilosa

leaves raw


88.48

3.2

1.07

2.53




4.85

3800

65.32

73.73

316

190.4

14.9

597.8





Digera muricata ssp. trinervis

leaves raw


88.43

2.89

1.97

2.44

0.04

6.21

4.24

35.17

5719











Dioscorea bulbifera

tuber

326

79.4

1.4

1.2

1.0

0.2

18.0





58

40


2.0






Dioscorea bulbifera

tuber

469

71.0

1.5

0.9

0.9

0.1

26.6





29

69








Dioscorea dumetorum

tuber

519

67.3

3.2

0.8

1.1

0.1

28.3





45

52








Dioscorea minutiflora

tuber

494

64.0

3.0

10

1.5

0.1

27.0





41

69








Diospyros mespiliformis

fruit pulp raw

522.5

64.5

1.0






13



46









Dobera glabra

fruit green


11.04

22.63

19.1

20.66
















Eleusine coracana

whole grain red

1373

11.3

7.5

3.4

3.3

1.4

76.5














Eleusine coracana

whole grain white

1444

10.5

9.9

2.7

3.1

4.5

72.0














Eleusine coracana

grain

1377

10.9

7.4

4.3


1.3

77.7



tr.


244

397


17.1


0.18

0.11

0.8


Ficus sycomorus

fruit

227

82.7

1.3

3.6

1.3

0.9

13.8

10.2



3.91

36.5

68.1

42.3

1.94

399





Flacourtia indica

fruit


72.3







0












Grewia bicolor

fruit dry (flesh + skin)

1302

13.2

10.3

13.5

5.9

0.1

70.5

57

9.3


12.4

181

268

317

5.92

1707





Grewia tenax

fruit


59.14

4.5

21.13

4.33

6.8

60.87


161.09

1400

350

2750

1875

1250

125

7500




2.93

Grewia villosa

fruit flesh

443

70

3.3

1.9

2

0.2

24.5

22.6



3.8

41


34.6

1.9

672





Grewia villosa

berries green


84.2

1.6

5.9

1.5

0.1


6.7













Hyphaene compressa

fruit


6.45

1.24

14.95j

8.24

2.74

67.36




3100

3000

1250

2500

275

16250




0

Hyphaene compressa

fruit (mesocarp)


10.73

1.95

15.09

7.5
















Hyphaene coriacea

pulp ripe


11.72

4.66

28.86

4.55

3.91


58.02













Ipomoea aquatica

leaves raw


87.95

3.15

1.13

1.3





3063











Ipomoea aquatica

leaves raw


83.54

3.42

2.25

1.81






121.74

61.85

261.5

73.3

11.7

545.7





Ipomoea aquatica

leaves raw

184

85.0

3.3

1.9

2.0

0.4

9.3

7.4




42

180


5.4






Ipomoea aquatica

leaves raw

126

90.0

2.7

1.1





45

2900



60


2.5






Ipomoea longituba

tuber


85.72

4.02

1.61

1.6

0.1

8.56

6.96



6.32

22.85

599

72.61

6

230.6





Ipomoea mombassana

leaves raw


87.3

3.25

1.9

2.16

0.26

7.03

5.13

18.62

5969











Ipomoea mombassana

leaves raw


86


2.1

1.89

0.29




6862











Kedrostis pseudogijef

leaves raw


88

3.0

2.58

2.45

0.20

6.47

3.89

33.87

4505











Lablab purpureus

seed whole dried

1423

10.9

22.8

8.6

3.2

1.0

62.1


tr.



328

90


9.0


0.54

0.14

2.3


Lablab purpureus

pods immature


82.4

4.5

2.0

1.0

0.1

12

10













Lablab purpureus

pulse dry


9.6

24.9

1.4

3.2

0.8

61.5

60.1













Landolphia buchananii

fruit


87.5







18.29












Launaea cornuta

leaves raw


88.77

2.66

1.29

2.16




6.06

4609











Launaea cornuta

leaves raw


82.69

3.62

1.98

2.61






1.62

48.47'

355.2

121.69

12.72

396.66





Leptadenia hastata

leaves raw

226

81.0

4.9

4.7

2.6

0.2

11.3


78

4915


94

417


5.4


0.25

0.35

1.9


Maerua decumbens

fruit ripe

1990


24.18

16.57

1.85

1.48


51.18













Nymphaea lotus

root

502

64

5.2

1.0

1.1

0.2

29.5





151

93








Ocimum basilicum

leaves

313.5

77.1

5.5

2.1

5.2

1.4

13.9














Oxygonum salicifolium

leaves raw


88.69

2.3

1.68

2.1




10.16

3250











Pennisetum glaucum

grain whole dried

1427

12.0

10.4

1.9

2.0

4.0

71.6


3

tr.


286

22


20.7


0.3

0.22

1.7


Portulaca oleracea

leaves raw

96

90.6

2.4

0.8

2.5

0.3

4.2


58



31

104


1.4


0.03

0.15



Portulaca oleracea

leaves raw

142

87.5

2.2

1.1





20

1300



115


1.4






Salvadora persica

fruit


10.72

14.77

4.03

8.82

5.27

49.31




725.

2500

875

125

300

875




49.27

Sclerocarya birrea

flesh

225

85

0.5

1.2

0.9

0.4

13.2

12

194


2.24

11.5

20.1

25.3

0.5

317





Sclerocarya birrea

nut

2703

4

28.3

2.9

3.8

57.3

6.6

3.7



3.81

808

118

462

4.87

601





Sclerocarya birrea

fruit pulp raw


87.0







179












Sclerocarya birrea ssp caffra

fruit raw

126

91.7

0.5

0.5

0.2

0.1

7.5


68



19

6


0.1


0.03

0.05

0.2


Sesamum calycinum

leaves raw


76.51

5.60

2.23

2.23

0.62

15.04

12.81

47.06

8302

2.32

59.95

373.5

168.9

35.22

410





Sesamum orientale (S. indicum)

seed whole dried

2336

5.2

17.9

4.5

6.2

48.4

22.3


tr.

30


600

816


8.1






Sesamum orientale (S. indicum)

seed


5

22



50















Solanum nigrum

leaves raw

159

87.2

4.3

1.3

2.0

0.8

5.7


20

3660


75

442


1.0






Solanum nigrum

leaves raw

184

85

4.6

1.1





30

1700



215


4.2






Sorghum bicolor

grain whole brown

1431

9.5

10.3

2.4

2.9

2.9

74.4

72













Sorghum bicolor

grain whole red

1419

11.5

9.8

2.3

2.0

3.1

73.6

71.3


10


318

30


15.6


0.29

0.28

3.7


Sorghum bicolor

grain whole while

1431

11.0

9.8

2.4

2.0

3.2

74.0

71.6




320

40


5.8


0.21




Stathmostelma propinquum

tuber (semi-dry)



4.29

6.8

11.25

1.12

83.34

76.54













Strychnos innocua

fruit


70.6







14












Strychnos spinosa

fruit

305

78.8

2.7

1.4

1.8

0.1

16.6

15.2

10.6


4.55

22.6

45.8

43.6

0.75

328





Strychnos spinosa

fruit

301

79.7

1.6

0.6

1.0

0.6

17.1

18




42

28


0.7


0.11

0.17

1.9


Syzygium guineense

fruit


88.1



















Tamarindus indica

fruit raw

285

80.2

2.0

8.4

1.0

0.2

16.6

8.2

8



97

60








Tamarindus indica

fruit dried

1130

21.3

5.0

18.3

2.4

0.6

70.7

52.4

9

60


190

166


2.2


0.18

0.09

0.6


Tamarindus indica

Fruit pulp


20.6

3.1

3.0

2.1

0.4

73.8

70.8













Tamarindus indica

seeds



16.0



5.5















Thylachium thomasii

tuber


76.12

4.87

2.44

2.60

0.12

16.29

13.85



150.56

57.31

397

206.44

0.84

506.26





Urtica massaica

leaves raw


80.45

5.79

1.82

3.26




138.6

8116











Vangueria madagascariensis

fruit green


11.96

9.75

43.93

7.27
















Vangueria infausta

fruit

498

64.4

1.4

4.7

1.4

0.1

32.7

28

4.7


28.1

36.6

24.9

39.1

1.07

521





Vatovaea pseudolablab

leaves raw


83.44

5.41

2.89

1.69

0.66

8.81

5.91

113.69

5177











Vernonia cinerea

leaves raw


89.32

2.8

1.16

2.41




6.07

2515.5











Vigna membranacea caesia

leaves dry



26.25

17.3

12.13

3.0

58.63

41.33













Vigna membranacea caesia

leaves raw


80.9

6.56

2.0

2.83

0.37

9.34

7.34


4812.5











Vigna unguiculata

leaves raw

142

88.4

4.2

1.7





35

2400



110


4.7






Vigna unguiculata

pulse dry


11.0

23.4

3.9

3.6

1.3

60.7

56.8













Vigna unguiculata

pods young green


86.2

3.4

1.8

0.9

0.3

9.2

7.4













Vigna unguiculata

leaves


84.4

4.7

1.8

2.0

0.3

4.3


87












Vigna unguiculata

leaves raw

184

85

4.7



0.3



56

7970


63

256








Vigna unguiculata

leaves dried

950

10.6

22.6



3.2



86



348

1556








Vigna unguiculata ssp unguiculata

seeds dried

1415

11.4

22.4

5.4

3.7

1.4

61.0

55.6

2



416

104




0.08

0.09

4.0


Vitex doniana

fruit

435

70.6

0.7

1.3

0.9

0.4

' 27.4


9



47

34


2.7


0.02




Vitex doniana

fruit

1031


0.3

27

5.5

0.8






50









Vitex payos

fruit

63








1.95

593.75











Ximenia americana

fruit

556

64.8

2.8

1.2

1.9

0.8

29.7

28.5

69.7

680

3.36

34.2

7.58

31.1

1.27

718





Ximenia americana var. Caffra

fruit

37.4

77.4

1.9

0.9

1.3

1.5

17.9

17.0

68.2


1.25

35.4

8.17

19.0

0.49

558

0.03

3.02



Zanthoxylum chalybeum

fruit dry


10.98

8.5


5.52

7.75

67.26




13.65

196.0

964.0

285.3

21.81

1460





Ziziphus mauritiana

fruit semi-dry

1005

30.8

3:7

2.8

2.4

0.1

63.0


35

0


64

170


3.1


0.02


2.1


Ziziphus mauritiana

fruit dried

1201

17.4

4.3

3.4

2.8

0.1

75.4


24

0


56.0

210


3.0


0.03

0.02

2.1


Ziziphus mauritiana

fruit dry

565


1.2

1.5


0.3



400



110









Ziziphus mucronata

fruit

1695


4.4

11.4

4.3

21.8






120









Ziziphus mucronata

fruit

653

56.4

5.6

2.0

3.2

0.4

34.4

32.4

86.4


2.82

32.0

80.9

54.9

0.89

57.1





These data are from a number of sources listed in the Bibliography.

Key




b-carotein eq

p-carotene equivalent

Ca

calcium

CHO

carbohydrates

Fe

iron

K

potassium

Mg

magnesium

Na

sodium

NFE

nitrogen-free extract

niac

niacin

ribo

riboflavin

thi

thiamine

tr.

trace

kJ

kilojoules

g

grams

mg

milligrams

mg

micrograms