|Manual for Trainers of Small Scale Beekeeping Development Workers (Peace Corps, 1983, 392 p.)|
People react in different ways to insect stings. It is important that the beekeeper know about the variety of possible reactions, as well as what to do in the more extreme cases. This session gives the Trainee background information on the body responses which cause anaphylactic shock and other, less severe reactions. Trainees discuss the symptoms of anaphylactic shock and the appropriate treatments. Also, Trainees are made aware of the different emergency medical treatments which are likely to be available in the future work situations.
· To describe the different levels of human body responses to bee stings.
· To identify the causes of anaphylactic shock.
· To practice treatment of anaphylactic shock victims.
· To discuss where the necessary materials for treatment are available in small communities.
· To discuss the ethics and legal implications of treating severe reactions to bee stings.
- The Beekeeper's Handbook, pp. 112113.
- "Bee Sting Allergy.
- "Hypersensitivity to Bee Venom"
newsprint, markers, sting kit or treatment medicines, syringes, oranges
· Treatment in severe reaction cases is best left to professionals. This session is best facilitated by a nurse or someone with experience treating anaphylactic shock.
Step 1: Reactions to Stings (25 minutes)
Describe the variety of body responses to bee stings. Determine whether examples of the various reactions exist within the training group. Define anaphylactic shock.
Step 2: The Immune System (30 minutes)
Describe the human immune system and which reactions by the immune system produce the different responses to bee stings. Encourage questions and clarify doubts which may exist among the Trainees.
Step 3: Treatment for Bee Stings (20 minutes)
Discuss various treatments, including folk treatments, for the different reactions to bee stings. Question the Trainees concerning what they have been told about this and how well treatments have worked with them.
Pass around different samples of sting kits and/or syringes and adrenalin for the Trainees to examine.
Step 4: Using a Syringe (20 minutes)
Simulate the proper way to give injections for anaphylactic shock by injecting an orange with water.
· Under the guidance of a professional, this step can provide the Trainees with experience using a syringe and applying an injection.
Step 5: Available Resources (15 minutes)
Determine where sting kits or their components will be available in small communities or typical Peace Corps sites. Identify the personnel within a small community who would be adequately trained to recognize and treat bee sting victims.
Step 6: Ethical/Legal Implications (10 minutes)
Discuss the potential risks and ethics of treating an anaphylactic shock case from the viewpoint of a Peace Corps Volunteer in the absence of professional aid. Stimulate discussion by considering such points as:
- the beekeeper from America with the magic cures in a life-threatening situation
- what might happen if treatment does not work
- who was responsible for the victim's sting in the first place.