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close this bookManual for Trainers of Small Scale Beekeeping Development Workers (Peace Corps, 1983, 392 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentAcknowledgments
Open this folder and view contentsIntroduction
View the documentSession 1: Establishing observation hives - group resource assessment
Open this folder and view contentsSession 2: Introduction to family live-in
View the documentSession 3: Training site investigation
View the documentSession 4: Defining expectations
View the documentSession 5: Assembling protective clothing
View the documentSession 6: Constructing KTBH's and preparing the apiary site
Open this folder and view contentsSession 7: Bee colony cycle - introduction to Trainee facilitation
Open this folder and view contentsSession 8: adult learning and an introduction to method demonstrations - basic insect anatomy
Open this folder and view contentsSession 9: Communication and listening skills
View the documentSession 10: Establishing individual nucs
View the documentSession 11: Functional biology of the honey bee
Open this folder and view contentsSession 12: Introduction to assessment and selection
View the documentSession 13: Introduction to program evaluation
View the documentSession 14: Bee management techniques
Open this folder and view contentsSession 15: Basic nutrition
Open this folder and view contentsSession 16: Types of bees and the bee-human relationship
View the documentSESSION 17: Foraging
View the documentSession 18: Hive design criteria and swarm boxes
Open this folder and view contentsSession 19: Role of the volunteer in development
Open this folder and view contentsSession 20: The bee space and types of hives
Open this folder and view contentsSession 21: Obtaining bees
View the documentSession 22: Transferring colonies
View the documentSession 23: Family live-in analysis
Open this folder and view contentsSession 24: Queen rearing
Open this folder and view contentsSession 25: Health and hygiene
View the documentSession 26: Swarming, supersedure and absconding
View the documentSession 27: Culture shock
View the documentSession 28: Constructing a swarm board and swarms
View the documentSession 29: Visual aids-queen rearing preparation
View the documentHandout 29A: Selecting communication tools
View the documentHandout 29B: Visual aids
Open this folder and view contentsSession 30: Extractors and solar wax melters
Open this folder and view contentsSession 31: Women in development-the role of men and women
Open this folder and view contentsSession 32: Mid-program evaluation
View the documentSession 33: Melliferous plants
View the documentSession 34: Preparation for site visit-information gathering
Open this folder and view contentsSession 35: Site visit-follow-up and cloncusions
View the documentSession 36: Honey
View the documentSession 37: Other hive products
View the documentSession 38: Anaphylactic shock
Open this folder and view contentsSession 39: Introduction to the bee fair
View the documentSession 40: Beeswax field trip
View the documentSession 41: Bees and trees
View the documentSession 42: Project planning and development
View the documentSession 43: Creamed honey and beeswax products
View the documentSession 44: Introduction to final assessment
View the documentSession 45: Cost analysis and project evaluation
View the documentSession 46: Bee diseases and pests
View the documentSession 47: Insecticides and bees
Open this folder and view contentsSession 48: Cooking with honey
View the documentSession 49: Introducing innovation-expectations beyond training
View the documentSession 50: Future training needs
View the documentSession 51: Site restitution
View the documentSession 52: Final program evaluation
Open this folder and view contentsAppendices

Session 38: Anaphylactic shock


2 hours


People react in different ways to insect stings. It is important that the beekeeper know about the variety of possible reactions, as well as what to do in the more extreme cases. This session gives the Trainee background information on the body responses which cause anaphylactic shock and other, less severe reactions. Trainees discuss the symptoms of anaphylactic shock and the appropriate treatments. Also, Trainees are made aware of the different emergency medical treatments which are likely to be available in the future work situations.


· To describe the different levels of human body responses to bee stings.

· To identify the causes of anaphylactic shock.

· To practice treatment of anaphylactic shock victims.

· To discuss where the necessary materials for treatment are available in small communities.

· To discuss the ethics and legal implications of treating severe reactions to bee stings.


- The Beekeeper's Handbook, pp. 112113.

- "Bee Sting Allergy.

- "Hypersensitivity to Bee Venom"


newsprint, markers, sting kit or treatment medicines, syringes, oranges


Trainer Note

· Treatment in severe reaction cases is best left to professionals. This session is best facilitated by a nurse or someone with experience treating anaphylactic shock.

Step 1: Reactions to Stings (25 minutes)

Describe the variety of body responses to bee stings. Determine whether examples of the various reactions exist within the training group. Define anaphylactic shock.

Step 2: The Immune System (30 minutes)

Describe the human immune system and which reactions by the immune system produce the different responses to bee stings. Encourage questions and clarify doubts which may exist among the Trainees.

Step 3: Treatment for Bee Stings (20 minutes)

Discuss various treatments, including folk treatments, for the different reactions to bee stings. Question the Trainees concerning what they have been told about this and how well treatments have worked with them.

Pass around different samples of sting kits and/or syringes and adrenalin for the Trainees to examine.

Step 4: Using a Syringe (20 minutes)

Simulate the proper way to give injections for anaphylactic shock by injecting an orange with water.

Trainer Note

· Under the guidance of a professional, this step can provide the Trainees with experience using a syringe and applying an injection.

Step 5: Available Resources (15 minutes)

Determine where sting kits or their components will be available in small communities or typical Peace Corps sites. Identify the personnel within a small community who would be adequately trained to recognize and treat bee sting victims.

Step 6: Ethical/Legal Implications (10 minutes)

Discuss the potential risks and ethics of treating an anaphylactic shock case from the viewpoint of a Peace Corps Volunteer in the absence of professional aid. Stimulate discussion by considering such points as:

- the beekeeper from America with the magic cures in a life-threatening situation
- what might happen if treatment does not work
- who was responsible for the victim's sting in the first place.