Cover Image
close this bookThe Functional Significance of Low Body Mass Index (IDECG, 1992, 203 p.)
close this folderMaternal body mass index and pregnancy outcome in the nutrition collaborative research support program
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentThe Nutrition CRSP
View the documentNutritional status and BMI of the women
View the documentRelationship between maternal BMI and other anthropometric variables
View the documentBMI and maternal weight gain
View the documentBMI and post-partum weight and fat retention
View the documentAdditional analyses from the Mexico CRSP
View the documentMaternal BMI and size of the infant at birth
View the documentMaternal BMI and infant size during early lactation
View the documentPredictors of maternal BMI
View the documentConclusions and implications for assessment
View the documentReferences
View the documentDiscussion

Predictors of maternal BMI

Because of the extensive amount of information collected in the Nutrition CRSP, it was possible to explore predictors of maternal BMI. BMI was unrelated to socio-economic status, the value of the family's house, or the education of the mother in any of the projects, including Kenya where energy intake was inadequate. Age had a positive influence only in Egypt, while parity had no relationship to BMI in any location. Finally, energy intake was strongly negatively correlated with BMI in Egypt (with energy intake/kg, r = -0.71, P < 0.01); perhaps fatter women expended less energy in physical activity. The same pattern occurred in Mexico (r = -0.63, P < 0.001). In Kenya, where energy intake was inadequate for some individuals, BMI was not significantly related to the mother's energy intake (r = -0.05).