|Hygiene Evaluation Procedures - Approaches and Methods for Assessing Water- and Sanitation-Related Hygiene Practices (INFDC, 1997, 124 p.)|
|2. Planning a hygiene evaluation study|
Write down the amount of resources available to you for use in a hygiene evaluation study. Remember that resources include:
BOX 3: How to Do a Stakeholder Analysis (Adapted from ODA, 1995)
There are several steps to doing a Stakeholder Analysis
· Draw up a "stakeholder table." To do this you need to identify and list all potential stakeholder; identify their interests (overt and hidden) in relation to your study aims and objectives; and determine whether the impact of your study on each of these interests is likely to be positive, negative or unknown.
· Identify risks and assumptions which will affect the study design and success.
It may be that your project has budgeted some money for an evaluation. Find out how much time can be budgeted and who can be assigned to carry out the evaluation. When considering time and human resources, do not restrict your vision to your collaborators or fellow project staff only. Think about ways to involve the people who are going to supply the information you require for the study. You will need to carry out a preplanning piece of investigation to find out who your study populations are, what activity patterns they follow by season, income level, or social status, when might be a good time for them to be involved in your study, and what they might expect to get out of it. You will need to consider all of these before you decide how you are going to use your resources.
The following are some of the items of expenditure that should be included in your budget:
· Training of the study team. This may require hiring a specially designated venue such as a hotel, conference centre, or residential school where the initial training of the study team can be carried our.
· Transportation (vehicle maintenance and fuel). If your project owns vehicle(s), you will need to make prior arrangements to make sure that the study team can travel freely during the conduct of fieldwork.
· Subsistence in the study site. Food, drink and accommodation for the study ream, including the driver(s), should be included in the budget, to avoid unnecessary discomfort or inconvenience during the study period.
· Remuneration for project staff who are going to put in extra hours of work during the study. Project staff will be required to work overtime and to spend time away from their families while conducting the study. This may incur extra expenses particularly for mothers of young children. In addition, many people in poor countries survive by holding a second job, and if they are working away from home, they will not be able to do this. The study coordinator should agree to reasonable payments in cash or in kind, as appropriate.
· Allocate some space to the study team, if possible a room to use for meetings, preparation of materials, further training and documentation, as well as for data management, analysis, and report writing. Show all members of your team your appreciation at the end of the study by giving them something. This could be in cash or kind, depending on what is appropriate to the particular project and in the local cultural context.