|The Intensive Poultry Farming Industry in the Sahelian Zone (CDI, 1996, 56 p.)|
|1. INTENSIVE POULTRY FARMING IN THE SAHELIAN ZONE|
|1.2. General information on intensive poultry farming|
Unlike small-scale poultry-rearing to meet family needs in rural areas, intensive poultry units are located close to urban centres. Potential consumers of the products of intensive poultry farming are urban populations, local authorities and the hotel industry. Export outlets in some countries of the sub-region may also come up.
Like any other industrial activity, intensive poultry farming implies: capital investment, technical skills, know-how, permanent supervision, rigorous management and commercial ability.
We deliberately limit ourselves in this guide to egg production (for hatching and consumption) and broiler chickens, as these farming activities are far more widespread in the Sahelian region than the production of other poultry (turkeys, guinea fowl, quail, etc).
Other activities take place upstream and downstream of intensive poultry farming:
- The hatchery: produces day-old chicks from hatching eggs, which are either imported or produced in local breeding stock farms;
- The factory manufacturing compound feed for poultry units;
- The factory producing egg trays for egg transportation;
- The abattoir with coldroom for the slaughter of chickens and storage of the carcasses.
Finally, we should mention gathering, transport and packing (eggs, ready-to-roast chickens) operations as well as distribution to the consumer via wholesalers and retailers.