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close this bookBio-Intensive Approach to Small-Scale Household Food Production (IIRR, 1993, 180 p.)
close this folderCrop management
View the documentCrop planning
View the documentUsing the fenceline for planting annual and perennial crops
View the documentCompanion plant guide chart
View the documentVegetables that can be harvested in less than a month
View the documentShade-tolerant vegetables
View the documentDrought-resistant vegetables
View the documentSolarization: A weed control technique using sunlight
View the documentWatering
View the documentMulching
View the documentThe role of organic mulches
View the documentSome tropical materials for use as mulch
View the documentGardening in dry environments
View the documentWater-saving ideas for gardens during dry season
View the documentGrowing vegetables in saline areas
View the documentLead in urban gardens

Companion plant guide chart

"Companion" plants have complementary physical and chemical demands. They will grow well together. "Antagonistic" plants have a negative effect on one another. Avoid planting them close to each other.




Abelmoschus esculentus (ladyfinger)

sweet potato, swamp cabbage, squash, radish, pechay (Brassica chinensis)

Allium cepa (onion)

lettuce, beets, tomato

peas, beans

Allium sativum (garlic)

carrot, lettuce, beets, tomato

peas, beans

Apium graveolens (celery)

cabbage family, tomato, bush bean

Asparagus officinale (asparagus)


Beta vulgaris (beets)

onion, garlic

pole beans

Brassicas (cabbage family)

potato, celery, beet, onion, garlic

pole beans

Colocasia esculenta (taro)

sweet potato, swamp cabbage

Cucumis sativus (cucumber)

corn, pole beans, ladyfinger, cowpea, radish, eggplant


Cucurbita maxima (squash)

bottle gourd, sponge gourd, bitter gourd, cucumber

Ipomoea aquatica (swamp cabbage)

taro, sweet potato, cassava (Manihot esculenta), tomato, ladyfinger, corn, eggplant, amaranth (Amaranthus gracilis)

Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato) ladyfinger,

corn, cassava, eggplant, pigeon pea (Cajanus cajan)

Lactuca sativa (lettuce)

carrots, radish, cucumber

Lagenaria siceraria (bottle gourd)

sponge gourd, bitter gourd, cucumber

Luffa cylindrica (sponge gourd)

bottle gourd,

bitter gourd, cucumber

Lycopersicon Iycopersicum

onion, lettuce, sweet potato,

potato, cabbage


radish, swamp cabbage,

squash, pechay, garlic, asparagus, carrots

Momordica charantia

lima bean (Phaseolus lunatus),

(bitter gourd)

hyacinth bean (Dolichos lablab),

winged bean (Psophocarpus tetragonolobus),

pole bean

Phaseolus aureus (mungbean)

corn, sorghum (Andropogon sorghum)

Phaseolus vulgaris (snap bean)

corn, carrot, cucumber, potato,

onion, garlic

cabbage family

Raphanus sativus (radish)

beans, cucumber, lettuce

Solanum melongena (eggplant)

beans, lettuce,

sweet potato,

swamp cabbage, squash, pechay,

radish, pepper (Capsicum annuum)

Solanum tuberosum (potato)

garlic, beans, corn, cabbage

cucumber, tomato

Vigna sesquipedalis (pole bean)


onion, beet

Vigna sinensis (bush bean)

potato, cucumber, corn, celery