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close this bookBetter Farming Series 17. Groundnuts (FAO, 1977, 40 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentPreface
View the documentWhy groundnuts are grown
close this folderChoosing seeds
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow to choose good seeds
View the documentDisinfecting seeds
View the documentUsing selected seeds
View the documentHow to know whether seeds are good
View the documentChoosing the land
close this folderMarking out the boundaries of the field
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentHow to calculate the area of a field
close this folderTilling
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWhy till the soil before sowing?
View the documentHow to plough
close this folderSowing
View the documentWhen to sow
View the documentHow to sow
View the documentWhat is the correct spacing?
close this folderApplying fertilizers
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentWhat fertilizers to use
View the documentHow to apply fertilizers
close this folderCultivating
View the documentWhy cultivation is needed
View the documentHow to cultivate
View the documentWhen to cultivate
View the documentProtect groundnuts from disease
close this folderHarvesting
View the documentWhen to harvest
View the documentHow to harvest
View the documentWhat to do after harvesting
View the documentStoring
View the documentMachines and animal power are very useful in growing groundnuts
View the documentCrop rotation
View the documentSuggested question paper

Why till the soil before sowing?

Tilling 15 to 20 centimetres deep will stir the soil very well.

Do this work with the hoe or the plough.

Tilling loosens the soil; it gets air and water well into the soil.

Tilling enables you to mix the herbage with the soil. When the herbage rots, it makes humus.
When the herbage is too big, cut it, pile it up and burn it before tilling; and then you must spread the ashes all over the soil.

In a soil well loosened by tilling, the water penetrates well and stays for a long time.

Therefore, till at the beginning of the rainy season, so that the soil holds the water.

This first tilling is very important; do it just as soon as you can move the soil.

21. Tilling, or turning the soil over, can be done with the hoe, the spade or the digging fork.

But this is slow and tiring work.

Nowadays, people use a plough drawn by donkeys or oxen. The work is done better and more quickly.

The plough

Most often, people use a simple plough. The plough consists of a ploughshare, a mouldboard and two handles.

Handles for holding the plough