|Delivery of Oral Doses of Vitamin A Deficiency and Nutritional Blindness: A State-of-the-art Review - Nutrition policy discussion paper No. 2 (UNSSCN, 1987, 120 p.)|
The ACC/SCN State-of-the-Art Series aims to provide authoritative information to help policy-making and implementation of programmes to improve nutrition in the world. This document concerns prevention of vitamin A deficiency, which is the objective of a Ten-Year UN Programme, launched in 1985. It is a coordinated effort between UN and national governments, currently with components from FAO, UNICEF and WHO. This paper contains very useful information for governmental and non-governmental organizations cooperating in the solution of this widespread problem.
The paper by Drs. West and Sommer concerns immediate alleviation and prevention of vitamin A deficiency by distribution of large doses. This intervention provides the first step in eliminating vitamin A deficiency - a major cause of blindness and ill-health. Fortification of a dietary vehicle with vitamin A, and increasing the consumption of vitamin A and carotene-rich foods, the other major interventions, are introduced in the discussion. The information in this document should facilitate the decisions for undertaking preventive measures, and provide guidance on design and implementation of programmes.
Papers in the State-of-the-Art Series centre around a contribution from acknowledged experts in the field, with discussion to round out the subject. An introduction provides the context and highlights the bases for policy formulation and programme implementation.
Concerted action by international and national agencies is needed. The role of the SCN and its structure - member UN and Bilateral Agencies, Advisory Group on Nutrition, and the Secretariat - is to facilitate these coordinated efforts. We hope that this publication will be useful for an effective attack on vitamin A deficiency, saving sight and lives.