|Aquaculture - Training Manual (Peace Corps, 1990, 350 p.)|
|Chapter twelve: Program design - week three|
Total time: 30 minutes
· Check and reinforce trainees' comprehension of technical material covered up to this point;
· Emphasize the importance of being observant and sensitive to those around you as aspects of good extension skills;
· Emphasize that trainees are accountable for material and are responsible for taking good notes.
Overview: This is the first of several quizzes that will be given throughout the program to check trainee comprehension and accountability. This quiz, like many in the program, is open book trainees may use their notes. This particular quiz combines some technical material with some nontechnical issues that are important in the development of extension skills and cultural awareness. Quizzes can be developed by the staff to address any aspect of the material or skill development deemed important.
1. The trainer asks for quiet in the room and checks to be sure trainees are not seated so close together as to cause discomfort or interference during the quiz. Ask the trainees to spread out, if appropriate. The trainer tells the trainees that they may use their own notes to respond to the questions in the quiz they are about to be given and announces the time limit. Everyone is asked to get out a sheet of paper, and once the group has settled down, the quiz questions are posted on newsprint.
2. The trainees take the following quiz:
· What are the full names of each of the training staff members, and where did they serve as Peace Corps Volunteers?
· What are the full names of your roommates (or housemates), and what states are they from?
· Name at least two of the people who serve or prepare your meals or provide services for you at your accommodations.
· List at least five of the most important points in the proper handling of fish.
· Farmer Joe has been raising catfish for eight years. He knows that the carrying capacity of his ponds is approximately 5000 pounds per acre. In order to harvest catfish with the popular market weight of one pound, starting with fingerlings that weight 0.1 pound, takes nine months. This year, the market price of catfish has gone up. Farmer Joe, afraid that this higher price will not last long, decides to try to harvest one pound fish in only six months. How can he do this? (Assume he is already using the best feed available and in the greatest amounts possible). How many fingerlings does he need to stock his two-acre pond? What weight fingerlings should he stock? (Individual fish weight and total weight for the two-acre pond).
Resources and Materials:
· Prepared newsprint, tape or flip chart stand.
· If all trainees have not yet completed their stocking plans, do not ask question five. In this case, a different question, perhaps one related to the Pond Observation exercise, could be substituted;
· For question number five, the most straightforward answers are: He can stock larger fingerlings, he will need to stock 10,000 in his two-acre pond, and he should stock 0.4 pound fish for a total stocking weight of 4000 pounds. This is based on an average growth rate of 0.1 pound per month. Since, in reality, growth does not occur at a constant rate, some trainees may try to find a way to account for a changing growth rate in making their calculations. Thus, grading of the quiz should not be rigid. Look for the reasoning the trainee has used, and for his/her general understanding of the concepts;
· The value of the quizzes used in training is not in terms of assigning numerical points to later be averaged together for a grade, nor are quizzes a form of punishment. Here, quizzes are meant to keep trainees alert and to provide them and the staff the opportunity to see how well they understand material and how well they can integrate and apply what they have learned. The staff should keep the quizzes on file, or at least keep a record of comments about how the trainees did on the quizzes. It is helpful to the trainees to go over the quizzes as a group so they can compare the approaches they used and their conclusions. Question number five, in particular, can initiate some interesting discussion since the answer to it is not absolute.