|Malnutrition and Infection - A review - Nutrition policy discussion paper No. 5 (UNSSCN, 1989, 144 p.)|
|MALNUTRITION AND INFECTION - by Andrew Tomkins and Fiona Watson1|
|3. INFECTION AND RISK OF MALNUTRITION|
Although studies in the Gambia (Rowland 1977) and Guatemala (Mata 1978) show an association between various respiratory infections and growth faltering, there is little information on the mechanisms by which these cause an effect. Nevertheless, anorexia, fever, pain, vomiting (especially in pertussis) and associated diarrhoea may all be important contributory factors.
Respiratory infection may cause growth faltering.
Management of respiratory disease
(1) Evaluation of the nutritional impact of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) control programme.
(2) Studies of the relative importance of crowding and malnutrition as risk factors for attack rates and severity of diseases such as measles should be established.
(3) Evaluation of the best methods for nutritional management of respiratory infection.
(4) Evaluation of the nutritional impact of prevention of respiratory infection.