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close this bookMalnutrition and Infection - A review - Nutrition policy discussion paper No. 5 (UNSSCN, 1989, 144 p.)
close this folderMALNUTRITION AND INFECTION - by Andrew Tomkins and Fiona Watson1
close this folder3. INFECTION AND RISK OF MALNUTRITION
View the document3.1 MECHANISMS OF NUTRITIONAL CHANGES DURING INFECTION
View the document3.2 GENERAL INFECTIONS
View the document3.3 DIARRHOEA
View the document3.4 MEASLES
View the document3.5 MALARIA
View the document3.6 RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS
View the document3.7 INTESTINAL PARASITES
View the document3.8 AIDS

3.6 RESPIRATORY INFECTIONS

Although studies in the Gambia (Rowland 1977) and Guatemala (Mata 1978) show an association between various respiratory infections and growth faltering, there is little information on the mechanisms by which these cause an effect. Nevertheless, anorexia, fever, pain, vomiting (especially in pertussis) and associated diarrhoea may all be important contributory factors.

Conclusions

Respiratory infection may cause growth faltering.

Research Priorities

Management of respiratory disease

(1) Evaluation of the nutritional impact of Acute Respiratory Infection (ARI) control programme.

(2) Studies of the relative importance of crowding and malnutrition as risk factors for attack rates and severity of diseases such as measles should be established.

(3) Evaluation of the best methods for nutritional management of respiratory infection.

(4) Evaluation of the nutritional impact of prevention of respiratory infection.