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close this bookBio-Intensive Approach to Small-Scale Household Food Production (IIRR, 1993, 180 p.)
close this folderSeed and seedling management
View the documentSaving seeds through gardener curators
View the documentWhy producing your own vegetable seeds is important?
View the documentTraditional or indigenous seeds
View the documentSeed production
View the documentSite selection and timing of seed production
View the documentSeed harvesting and seed extraction
View the documentSeed drying
View the documentSeed storage
View the documentTesting seed quality
View the documentNursery techniques for seedlings

Why producing your own vegetable seeds is important?

1. High-quality seeds can be easily produced and at a low cost, thus, reducing the costs of

2. When the seeds you want are not available in the market, you can produce your own seeds.

3. When you produce your own seeds, you can sell them for income and/or share them with neighbors and friends.

4. By producing your own seeds, you can select seeds suited to your environment. If you want fruits that are big and are not attacked by pests in your garden, you can choose seeds of the plants that are grown in your garden with these specific traits.

5. Saving your own seeds is fun. It is also challenging to save seeds since you can experiment with different seed-saving techniques.

6. Seed self-reliance can be achieved by producing your own seeds.

7. Valuable traditional or indigenous seed varieties of vegetables can be preserved for future generations.

Definition of a Seed

A seed is an undeveloped and dormant plant, usually with a reserve food supply and protected by a seedcoat. It is also defined as a miniature plant in an arrested state of development.

Botanically, the seed is a mature ovule enclosed within the ovary or fruit Seeds of different species vary greatly in appearance, shape, location and structure of the embryo and the presence of storage tissues.

A seed has three basic parts: (1) embryo; (2) food storage tissues or endosperm; and, (3) seed covering or seedcoat.

Definition of a Seed