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close this bookGlobal Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report (UNICEF - WSSCC - WHO, 2000, 90 p.)
close this folder11. Northern America
View the document(introduction...)
View the document11.1 Overview
View the document11.2 Water supply and sanitation coverage

11.2 Water supply and sanitation coverage

Table 11.1 provides data for 1990 and 2000, by country, area or territory.

Coverage data are available for only two of the five areas in the region, Canada and the United States of America. Coverage is high for water supply and sanitation in these two countries, with only the rural areas of Canada reporting less than 100% coverage.

No map has been provided for Northern America, as data are only available for two countries. The data available for Canada and the United States of America suggest that coverage is very high and has remained so over the 1990s. Population projections for the region suggest that the urban population will continue to grow, while the rural population will decline. In terms of meeting sector targets, an additional 39 million people will need access to both urban water supply and sanitation by 2015, mainly because of population growth.

TABLE 11.1 NORTHERN AMERICA: WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION COVERAGE BY COUNTRY, AREA OR TERRITORY, 1990 AND 2000


Year

Total population1 (thousands)

Urban population (thousands)

Rural population (thousands)

% urban water supply coverage

% rural water supply coverage

% total water supply coverage

% urban sanitation coverage

% rural sanitation coverage

% total sanitation coverage

Bermuda

1990

59

59

0








2000

65

65

0







Canada

1990

27 791

21 283

6 508

100

99

100

100

99

100


2000

31 146

24 017

7 129

100

99

100

100

99

100

Greenland

1990

55

44

11








2000

56

46

10







Saint Pierre and Miquelon

1990

7

6

1








2000

7

6

1







United States of America

1990

254 076

191 159

62 917

100

100

100

100

100

100


2000

278 357

214 915

63 442

100

100

100

100

100

100

1 Source: (10)