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close this bookGlobal Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report (UNICEF - WSSCC - WHO, 2000, 90 p.)
close this folder11. Northern America
View the document(introduction...)
View the document11.1 Overview
View the document11.2 Water supply and sanitation coverage

(introduction...)


Figure

This chapter presents data for Northern America. Urban and rural water supply and sanitation coverage figures are shown by country, area or territory for both 1990 and 2000. Changes in coverage over time and projected changes in population are also briefly discussed.

11.1 Overview

Data representing 99.9% of the Northern American population suggest that 99.9% of the population in the region has coverage for both water supply and sanitation, the highest reported for any world region.

According to the results of the Assessment 2000, there is a negligible proportion of the global population without access to improved water supply and sanitation services in the Northern American region.

The region is comprised of only five areas: Bermuda, Canada, Greenland, Saint Pierre and Miquelon, and the United States of America. More than three out of four people in the region live in urban areas. Urban coverage of water and sanitation are both reported to be 100% of the population. Nevertheless, approximately 71 000 people in rural areas do not have access to either improved water supply or sanitation.

11.2 Water supply and sanitation coverage

Table 11.1 provides data for 1990 and 2000, by country, area or territory.

Coverage data are available for only two of the five areas in the region, Canada and the United States of America. Coverage is high for water supply and sanitation in these two countries, with only the rural areas of Canada reporting less than 100% coverage.

No map has been provided for Northern America, as data are only available for two countries. The data available for Canada and the United States of America suggest that coverage is very high and has remained so over the 1990s. Population projections for the region suggest that the urban population will continue to grow, while the rural population will decline. In terms of meeting sector targets, an additional 39 million people will need access to both urban water supply and sanitation by 2015, mainly because of population growth.

TABLE 11.1 NORTHERN AMERICA: WATER SUPPLY AND SANITATION COVERAGE BY COUNTRY, AREA OR TERRITORY, 1990 AND 2000


Year

Total population1 (thousands)

Urban population (thousands)

Rural population (thousands)

% urban water supply coverage

% rural water supply coverage

% total water supply coverage

% urban sanitation coverage

% rural sanitation coverage

% total sanitation coverage

Bermuda

1990

59

59

0








2000

65

65

0







Canada

1990

27 791

21 283

6 508

100

99

100

100

99

100


2000

31 146

24 017

7 129

100

99

100

100

99

100

Greenland

1990

55

44

11








2000

56

46

10







Saint Pierre and Miquelon

1990

7

6

1








2000

7

6

1







United States of America

1990

254 076

191 159

62 917

100

100

100

100

100

100


2000

278 357

214 915

63 442

100

100

100

100

100

100

1 Source: (10)