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close this bookGlobal Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000 Report (UNICEF - WSSCC - WHO, 2000, 90 p.)
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentForeword by the Director-General of WHO and the Executive Director of UNICEF
View the documentForeword by the Chairperson of the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council
View the documentPreface
close this folder1. The Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000
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View the document1.1 Main findings
View the document1.2 Background and methods
View the document1.3 Limitations of the Assessment 2000
close this folder2. Global status
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View the document2.1 Global coverage
View the document2.2 Changes during the 1990s
View the document2.3 Regional coverage in 2000
close this folder3. Sector performance
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View the document3.1 Sector constraints
View the document3.2 Investment in Africa, Asia, and Latin America and the Caribbean
View the document3.3 Costs and tariffs of urban services
View the document3.4 Quality of service
View the document3.5 General planning and management
close this folder4. Water supply and sanitation in large cities
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View the document4.1 Urbanization
View the document4.2 Informal settlements
View the document4.3 Types of water supply service
View the document4.4 Accounting for water loss
View the document4.5 Water quality
View the document4.6 Types of sanitation facility
close this folder5. Challenges, future needs and prospects
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View the document5.1 Future prospects
View the document5.2 Future needs and services
View the document5.3 Ways to face the challenges
View the document5.4 Sustaining the solutions
View the document5.5 Need for monitoring
close this folder6. Africa
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View the document6.1 Overview
View the document6.2 Water supply and sanitation coverage
View the document6.3 Changes during the 1990s
View the document6.4 Trends and future needs
close this folder7. Asia
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View the document7.1 Overview
View the document7.2 Water supply and sanitation coverage
View the document7.3 Changes during the 1990s
View the document7.4 Trends and future needs
close this folder8. Latin America and the Caribbean
View the document(introduction...)
View the document8.1 Overview
View the document8.2 Water supply and sanitation coverage
View the document8.3 Changes during the 1990s
View the document8.4 Trends and future needs
close this folder9. Oceania
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View the document9.1 Overview
View the document9.2 Water supply and sanitation coverage
View the document9.3 Trends and future needs
close this folder10. Europe
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View the document10.1 Overview
View the document10.2 Water supply and sanitation coverage
View the document10.3 Trends and future needs
close this folder11. Northern America
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View the document11.1 Overview
View the document11.2 Water supply and sanitation coverage
View the documentReferences
View the documentAcknowledgements
View the documentAnnex A: Methodology for the Global Water Supply and Sanitation Assessment 2000
View the documentBack Cover

Foreword by the Chairperson of the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council

This document is an important benchmark for international efforts to bring dignity and health to the world's most deprived people. Through the commendable efforts of WHO and UNICEF we now have a sound basis on which to plan, implement and monitor improvements in water supply and sanitation in the coming years.

That such improvements are urgently needed was never in doubt. For many years, governments and international agencies have been shamed by the plight of nearly half the world's population - those who live their lives with no hygienic means of personal sanitation. The 1980s, the International Drinking Water Supply and Sanitation Decade, saw big strides made in finding affordable technologies and participatory approaches to help serve those without access to improved water and sanitation services. But that Decade also demonstrated conclusively that “business as usual” would never bring improvements quickly enough to cope with the backlog and provide access to growing populations. Then, too, UNICEF and WHO brought us the damning statistics to prove it.

In the year 2000, we start with a new perspective. In Vision 21, the Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council (WSSCC) has presented a strong consensus that concerted action supporting people's own energy and initiatives can bring rapid and lasting improvements. Targets will vary from country to country, but Vision 21 envisages that the number of people without access to improved water and sanitation services will be halved by 2015, and universal coverage will be achieved by 2025. To reach these goals, we need continuous advocacy targeted at all the stakeholders. The most powerful advocacy tool is dependable information. The big improvements in data gathering that WHO and UNICEF have introduced with this latest global assessment provide us with the baseline and the monitoring methodology that will ensure reliable and consistent statistics to report our progress with confidence. By focusing on users, rather than providers, as primary sources of data the document gains in credibility and creates just the platform we need for tracking the local initiatives that are at the heart of Vision 21.

I am especially pleased at the innovative use of the Internet to keep the statistics updated and accessible on a day-to-day basis. As of today, all those interested in the sector have access, not just to the analyses made by UNICEF and WHO, but to the complete data on which those analyses are based. It is a huge step forward and one that will pay big dividends as Internet usage spreads across the developing world.

In the coming years, WSSCC will work with WHO and UNICEF to extend the monitoring process. We will look for new indicators, to assess the spread of Vision 21 approaches, to assess the impact on the delivery of basic services to the poor, and to assess the social and economic benefits of improved water and sanitation. In commending WHO and UNICEF for their excellent work to date, I call also on all the Collaborative Council's partners to join in the efforts to extend and improve the data by contributing from their own programmes.

With Global Assessment 2000 we have our starting point defined and our monitors in place. Let's be sure through our combined efforts that the next global assessment in three years' time shows good progress towards our ambitious, but eminently achievable goals.



Richard Jolly
Chairperson, Water Supply and Sanitation Collaborative Council