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close this bookSpecial Public Works Programmes - SPWP - Community Water Supply - A Community Participation Training Element for SPWP User Beneficiaries (ILO - UNDP, 1987, 100 p.)
close this folderSESSION 3: The Relationship of Water, Sanitation and Disease - Water-Washed and Water-Site-Related Disease
View the documentGUIDELINES
View the documentREADING SECTION


In a certain village there is plenty of water available during the wet season because people catch rain from their roofs into tanks. There are few skin infections at this time.

During the dry season, however, the only source of water is a clean spring that is one-half hour walk away. During this time the women notice that their children have more sores and skin infections. Some are very painful. Even the adults notice more infections. When there are sores on their feet or hands, they are sometimes unable to work.

The villagers also find that there is still a lot of diarrhoeal disease during the dry season. They used to believe that most diarrhoea occurred during the wet season. Now they wonder why there is so much during the dry season too.

1. What do you believe are the causes of the dry season infections and disease in this village?

2. How would you explain the problem to the villagers? What would you say?

3. What could be done to help the people of this village?

4. What would you tell these villagers to do if there was an outbreak of malaria? What could they do to help prevent an outbreak of river blindness or yellow fever?