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close this bookHealth Education Syllabus for Secondary Schools (UNICEF, 46 p.)
close this folderSENIOR ONE
View the documentSECTION A - HEALTH
View the documentSECTION B - PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
View the documentSECTION C - OUR ENVIRONMENT
View the documentSECTION D - WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION
View the documentSECTION E - FOOD AND NUTRITION
View the documentSECTION F - FAMILY HEALTH AND SOCIAL PROBLEMS
View the documentSECTION H - IMMUNIZATION
View the documentSECTION I - COMMUNICATION DISEASES
View the documentSECTION K - MENTAL HEALTH
View the documentSECTION L - ORAL HEALTH
View the documentSECTION M - ESSENTIAL DRUGS
View the documentSECTION N - ACCIDENTS AND FIRST AID
View the documentSECTION O - ALCOHOL AND ALCOHOLISM
View the documentSECTION S - BODY SYSTEMS

SECTION H - IMMUNIZATION

1.0

Immunity

“State of resistance by the body to a particular type of disease or resistance against the agents of infections and parasitic diseases (virus, bacteria and protozoa).”





Features of immunity: Formation of antibodies (defensive substances) produced by WBC, (white blood cells) connective tissue, lymph nodes and spleen.






Specificity: capacity to produce special, exclusive antibodies to fight one type of agent.






Protracted duration in time: The ability to maintain the resistance even after years.






Types of immunity: natural, artificial, active and passive.




1.1

Uses and advantages of Immunization:

Prevention and control of communicable diseases of and eradication of diseases e.g. small pox.





3.

Immunizable diseases

Disease

Vaccine







Measles

Measles



Tuberculosis

BCG (Bacillus Culmitte Guerrin)



poliomyelitis

Polio



Diphtheria

D.P.T.



(Whooping cough)

D.P.T.



Tetanus

T.T.



Small Pox

Small Pox



Yellow Fever




Rabbles




Influenza




Typhus




Typhoid




Cholera




Meningitis

Meningitis



Hepatitis B





Immunization Schedule:






Vaccine

Time

Mode




BCG

Once at birth (or when present)

Injection




DPT

Three times at 6 weeks, 10 weeks 14 weeks.

Injection




Polio

Four times at birth, 6 weeks, 10 weeks, 14 weeks.

Oral




Measles

Once at 9 months

Injection



T.T.

All girls booster at 16 and booster at each pregnancy.




Importance of completing immunization schedule.