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close this bookHealth Education Syllabus for Secondary Schools (UNICEF, 46 p.)
close this folderSENIOR FOUR
View the documentSECTION B - PRIMARY HEALTH CARE
View the documentSECTION D - WATER AND ENVIRONMENTAL SANITATION
View the documentSECTION G - MATERIALS AND CHILD HEALTH
View the documentSECTION I - COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
View the documentSECTION J - NON-COMMUNICABLE DISEASES
View the documentSECTION K - MENTAL HEALTH
View the documentSECTION O - ALCOHOL AND ALCOHOLISM
View the documentSECTION Q
View the documentSECTION S - BODY SYSTEMS

SECTION K - MENTAL HEALTH

3.0

Neurotic Illnesses

Types of neurotic Illness. Anxiety. Phobia. Obsessional (Neuroses) compulsive neurosis. Hysteria and some types of depression. Causes of neuroses. Signs and symptoms of neurotic Illness. Effects neuroses have on the family and community.






Prevention, treatment and management of neurotic Illness.




4.0

Organic psychotic Illnesses (Organic)

Types of acute, sub-acute and chronic organic psychoses. Mental psychoses of disorders associated with head organic brain injury. Presenile and senile syndromes dementia. Epilepsy (various forms of). Causes of the various types of organic psychoses. Signs and symptoms of organic psychoses. Effect is of organic psychoses on the prevention, treatment and management of organic psychoses.




5.0

Personality disorders.

Concepts of normality and abnormality as applied to personality. Some types of personality disorders. Inadequate (dependent) compulsive, schizoid, anti-social (socio-pathic) and paranoid personalities.






Causes of personality disorders. Effects of personality disorders on the family and community. Prevention, treatment and management of personality disorders (see Section on “Growth and Development”.




6.0

Alcoholism and Drug Dependence.

See Section on “Alcohol and Alcoholism”: “Drug dependence and smoking”.






(Refer to Section on Alcohol and Alcoholism, Drug Dependence Section and Smoking Section.




7.0

Mental disorders associated with old age.

Concepts of normal ageing (senescence) and abnormal ageing (senility). Senile character changes. Senile dementia. Arteriosclerotic dementia. Functional neuroses and psychoses occurring in old age. Causes, signs and symptoms of senile mental disorders. Effects of senile mental disorders on the family and community. Prevention, treatment and management of senile mental disorders.






Role of the family and community in caring for the mentally disordered elderly people.




8.0

Sexual Disorders.

See sub-section on “Growth and Development” in Section F “Family Health and Social Problems, Senior 2). Psycho sexual development. Normal sexual behaviour. Disorders of sexual function. Importance. Sexual perversions. Homosexuality; transvestism and transexuality; Exhibitionism, voyeurism; fetishism, bestiality, sadism and masochism.






Causes of sexual disorders.



Effects of sexual disorders on the individual, family and community






Prevention, treatment, and management of sexual disorders.




9.0

Mental Retardation

Definition of mental retardation. Grades of mental retardation: severe, moderate and mild. Characteristics of severely, moderately and mildly subnormal patients. Causes and types of mental retardation: mongolism (Down’s syndrome): phenykelonuria; cretinism, hydrocephalus; microcephaly; congenital syphilis; German measles (Rubella); kernicterus; foetal alcohol syndrome; and post-natal infections. Brain injury and severe malnutrition in infancy and early childhood. Effects of mental retardation on the individual, on family and community. Prevention, treatment and management of mental retardation.




10.0

Mental disorders in childhood and adolescence

See sub-section on “Growth and Development”, Section F. Family Health and Social Problems. Types of mental disorders found in children and adolescents: reactive behaviour disorders and conduct disorders; neurotic disorders; habit disorders or developmental disorders e.g. nocturnal enuresis (bed-wetting), encopresis (soiling) habit spasms; stammering; nail-biting and thum-sucking. Organic brain disorders. Psychotic disorders. Epilepsy. Hyperkinetic syndrome. Foetal alcohol effects. “Brain-fag syndrome”.




10.1

Causes

Causes of mental disorders in childhood and adolescence. Signs and symptoms of these disorders.




10.2

Effects.

Effects of these disorders on the family and on the community.




10.3

Prevention and treatment.

Prevention, treatment and management of mental disorders in childhood and adolescence.




11.0

Mental disorders associated with AIDS.

Denial: Concept of denial as applied to patients with AIDS.






Anti-social behaviour in patients with AIDS. Neurotic and psychotic disorders in patients with AIDS. Effects of those disorders on the individual, family and community. Prevention, treatment and management of mental disorders in patients with AIDS (see section I on “communicable diseases - sexually transmitted diseases)”.




12.0

Homicide, Suicide attempted suicide

Definition of homicide, suicide and attempted suicide (para-suicide). Factors associated with suicide and those associated with para-suicide. Suicide rates in different cultures or populations. Types of suicide and those of para-suicide. Suicide and the law. Suicide and homicide (to include definition of homicide). Suicidal pact. Management of the suicidal patients. Prevention of suicide and para-suicide.




13.0

Legal and social aspects of mental disorders.

The current Mental Treatment Act in Uganda and its deficiencies. Need for change. The role of the family and the community in the censation, prevention, treatment and management of mental disorders.