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close this bookCarpentry for Vocational Schools - A Teachers Handbook
close this folder23. STAIRS
View the document(introduction...)
View the document23.1. Technical terms of a stair
View the document23.2. Parts of a stair
View the document23.3. Calculating the number and size of steps
View the document23.4. Calculating the width of the stringers
View the document23.5. Marking out stringers
View the document23.6. Marking out top and bottom end of stringers
View the document23.7. Joining and assembling stairs
View the document23.8. Fixing stairs
View the document23.9. External stairs
View the document23.10. Concrete stairs

23.1. Technical terms of a stair

a) Stringer: - The inclined sides of the stair carrying the steps.

b) Riser: - The vertical timber which closes the space between two steps.

c) Rise: - It is the vertical distance between the top of the one tread and the top of the tread immediately above it. Usually 175 mm.

d) Tread: - The board forming the top-surface upon which the foot is placed.

e) Go or Going: - The horizontal distance between the face of one riser and the face of the next. Usually 250 mm.

f) Nosing: - The rounded edge of the tread projecting over the riser. Usually 20 mm.

g) Landing: - The floor at the beginning or the end of a stair flight and the intermediate floor between two flights.

h) Well or Well-hole: - The space in the centre of a staircase between the outer stringers of the flight.

i) Flight: - A complete set of stairs reaching from floor to floor or from floor to a landing.

j) Newel: - An upright post at each end of a flight of stairs to carry the handrails and sometimes also the stringers.

k) Handrail: - The support for the hands at the sides of the stair.