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close this bookKnurling - Course: Techniques for Machining of Material. Instruction Examples for Practical Vocational Training
View the document(introduction...)
View the documentIntroduction
View the documentInstruction example 7.1.: Locking screw
View the documentInstruction example 7.2.: Ring thread gauge
View the documentInstruction example 7.3.: Knurled screw
View the documentInstruction example 7.4.: Control knob
View the documentInstruction example 7.5.: Grip

Instruction example 7.1.: Locking screw

This example serves to practise straight knurling of simple cylindrical parts.



St 42 (steel with tensile strength up to 420 MPa)


dia. 62 x 110 mm

Working tools

Right-bent roughing tool, chuck key, straight knurling tool with straight pitch (t = 0.8 mm)

Measuring and testing tools

Vernier caliper


Hard chuck jaws, supporting plates, coolant and lubricant

Required previous knowledge

Reading of drawings, measuring and testing, behaviour of material in chipless shaping, longitudinal turning and facing, use of coolants and lubricants

Explanations to the working drawing

M 16:

M = metric thread. 16 = nominal diameter

Straight knurling 0.8:

straight knurling = straight wheel

0.8 = tooth pitch 0.8 mm

Sequence of operations



Dimensional inspection

dia. 30 x 14 mm


Clamping of workpiece

Chucking - chuck jaws to chuck on dia. 16 mm, 30 mm deep.


Clamping of tool to produce knurling diameter

Right-bent roughing tool


Setting of cutting values for turning the outside diameter

For steel v = 80 m/min.
Surface finished.


Producing the knurling diameter

By experience it is known that diameter of finished part becomes bigger by approx. half the pitch (1/2 mm) of knurling tool, i.e. diameter to be turned smaller - d = 30 mm less 0.4 mm = 29.6 mm.


Tool change for producing knurling

Width of knurling tool according to width of workpiece.
Knurling tool to be clamped approx. 1 mm below centre and at right angle to workpiece axis.


Setting of cutting values for straight knurling

For steel v = 6 to 10 m/min.
For St 42 v a 10 m/min to be selected.


Straight knurling of diameter

To be cooled and lubricated with diluted soluble oil or cutting oil (heavy pressing force results in high friction and heat).


Tool change for producing the chamfers

Right-bent roughing tool.


Chamfering of workpiece

Chamfering of workpiece after knurling is necessary because material is forced towards end faces, both ends 0.8 x 45° (chamfer = t).


Unloading of workpiece


Dimensional inspection

Dimensional and visual inspection (cleanliness of knurling grooves). Wheel of knurling tool to be cleaned by wire brush.