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close this bookFormulae and Tables - Wood / Textbooks for Vocational Training
close this folder7. Hand Tools
View the document(introduction...)
View the document7.1. Measuring and Marking Tools
View the document7.2. Sawing Tools
View the document7.3. Planing Tools
View the document7.4. Mortising and Ripping Tools
View the document7.5. Drilling and Boring Tools
View the document7.6. Rasps and Files
View the document7.7. Other Tools

7.3. Planing Tools

Parts of a plane


Figure 8 Parts of plane

Kind of plane

Cutting angle d in º

Applications

finish plane


45

without flap; coarse chip removal, for flattening and rough smoothing, chip thickness up to 1 mm

1 plane knife, 2 plane body, 3 chip hhole, 4 workpiece, 5 chip, 6 wedge angle, 7 cutting angle, 8 flap of the plane



double iron plane


45

with flap, smoother surface than with the finish plane, for flattening of finished surfaces

1 plane knife, 2 plane body, 3 chip hole, 4 workpiece, 5 chip, 6 wedge angle, 7 cutting angle, 8 flap of the plane



trying plane

45

with flap; basically a long double plane; for dressing of surfaces, for edging and jointing of narrow surfaces

smoothing plane


49

with flap; for smoothing of surfaces, for planing of end surfaces

1 plane knife, 2 plane body, 3 chip hole, 4 workpiece, 5 chip, 6 wedge angle, 7 cutting angle, 8 flap of the plane



rabbet plane


45...48

simple rabbet plane without flap, double rabbet plane with flap; for replaning and resmoothing of rebates

Recommendations for maintenance and use

Regularly clean the plane iron and the face of the plane; when putting the plane down, lay it on its side; the face of the plane must be even, if not, dress it and afterwards oil it slightly; replace faces of planes that are excessively worn by new ones; if the plane is blocking, check whether the flap is tightly fitting, the wedge is fitting or whether the pressure of the wedge is properly acting on the lower part of the plane iron.