| Opportunities for Control of Dracunculiasis (1982) |
- It is recommended that international and bilateral assistance agencies encourage endemic countries to give priority support to villages with dracunculiasis as part of national and regional potable water plans.
- Internationsl and bilateral agencies should review rural development projects under way or planned in countries with endemic dracunculiasis for opportunities to incorporate or initiate specific activities designed to control the infection,especially in those instances where agriculture, health, and education programs would not reduce the incidence of dracunculiasis.
- International agencies should undertake themselves, or should coordinate programs and funding, to:
- Make consultants available to countries that wish to assess their national dracunculiasis problem, establish surveillance systems, or carry out control activities. Such consultants might include specialists in epidemiology, vector biology, health education, parasitology, or rural water supplies and sanitation.
- Fund research and operational studies pertinent to control of dracunculiasis, especially in association with water development projects.
- Help document the impact on the disease of projects that already provide safe drinking water to populations in dracunculiasis-endemic areas and obtain reliable estimates of program costs associated with various types of control strategies.
- Publish and publicize training manuals and guides for dracunculiasis control programs in languages appropriate for mayor endemic regions of the world.
- Monitor progress in eliminating dracunculiasis from endemic areas.
- Promote and assess technical or scientific breakthroughs pertinent to control of dracunculiasis.
- Supply temephos or other recommended pesticides to national control programs at reasonable cost.
- Sponsor demonstration projects in several endemic regions with different climatic and cultural conditions.
- Sponsor annual or biannual meetings of a small group of international experts to review the status of global anti-dracunculiasis efforts and to make further recommendations for future efforts. The site for such meetings might rotate among the mayor endemic areas of India and West Africa, and perhaps WHO headquarters in Geneva.