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close this book Use of Trees by Livestock : Prosopis - Acacia - Gliricidia - Anti-Nutritive Factors - Quercus - Ficus - Calliandra - Erythrina
close this folder Use of Trees by Livestock : Calliandra
View the document Contents
View the document Acknowledgements
View the document Foreword
View the document Genus Calliandra
View the document Summary
View the document Description and distribution
View the document Fodder characteristics
View the document Anti-nutritive factors
View the document Management
View the document Alternative uses
View the document References and further reading

References and further reading

AHN, J.H., ROBERTSON, B.M., ELLIOTT, R. GUTTERIDGE, R.C. and FORD, C.W. (1989) Quality assessment of tropical browse legumes: tannin content and protein degradation. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 27:147-156.

AKKASAENG, R., GUTTERIDGE, R.C. and WANAPAT, M. (1989) Evaluation of trees and shrubs for forage and fuelwood in northeast Thailand. International Tree Crops Journal, 5:209-220.

ALLEN, O.N. and ALLEN, E.K. (1981) The Leguminosue: A Source Book of Characteristics, Uses and Nodulation. Madison, USA: University of Wisconsin Press.

BAGGIO, A. and HEWELDOP, J. (1984) Initial performance of Calliandra calothyrsus Meissm. in live fences for the production of biomass. Agroforestry Systems, 2:19-29.

BLAIR, G.J., PANJAITAN, M., IVORY, D.A., PALMER, B. and SUDJADI, M. (1988) An evaluation of tree legumes on an acid ultisol in South Sumat Indonesia. Journal of Agricultural Science, 111:435-441.

BLEECKER, A.B. and ROMEO, J.T. (1981) 2,4-trans4,5-trans-4,5-dihydroxypipecolic acid and cic-5 hydroxypipecolic acid from leaves of Calliandra angustifolia and sap of C. confusa. Phytochemistry, 20:1845-1846.

BLEECKER, A.B. and ROMEO, J.T. (1983) 2,4-cis-4, 5cis-4, 5-dihydroxypipecolic acid: a naturally occurring imino acid from Calliandra pittieri. Phytochemistry, 22:1025-1026.

BRAY, R.A., PALMER, B. and IBRAHIM, T. (1989A) multisite trial of shrub legumes on acid soils. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 7:7-8.

BRAZA, R.D. (1991) Insects damaging Cailliandra calothyrsus in the Philippines. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 9:38-39.

BREWBAKER, J.L., HALLIDAY, J. and LYMAN, J. (1983) Economically important nitrogen fixing tree species. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 1:35-40.

BREWBAKER, J.L., WILLERS, K.B. and MACKLIN, B. (1990) Nitrogen fixing trees: validation and prioritization. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 8:8-16.

DALZIEL, J.M. (1937) The Useful Plants of West Tropical Africa. London: Crown Agents for the Colonies.

DIEROLF, T.S. and YOST, R.S. (1989) Survival rates of three tree species in a four-year-old alley cropping trial. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 7:12-13.

ELLA, A. and BLAIR, G.J. (1989) Effect of tree density and cutting frequency on the production of four tree legumes and understorey grass. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 7:14-16.

ELLA, A., BLAIR, G.J. and STUR, W.W. (1991a) Effect of age of forage tree legumes at first cutting on subsequent production. Tropical Grasslands, 25:275280.

ELLA, A., JACOBSEN, C., STUR, W.W. and BLAIR, G. (1989) Effect of planting density and cutting frequency on the productivity of four tree legumes. Tropical Grasslands, 23:28-34.

ELLA, A., STUR, W.W., BLAIR G.J. and JACOBSEN, C.N. (199lb) Effect of plant density and cutting frequency on the yield of four tree legumes and interplanted Panicum maximum cv. Riversdale. Tropical Grasslands, 25:281-286.

EVANS, D.O. and ROTAR, I.P. (1987) Productivity of Sesbania species. Tropical Agriculture (Trinidad), 64:193-200.

GICHURU, M.P. and KANG, B.T. (1989) Calliandra calothyrsus (Meissn.) in an alley cropping system with sequentially cropped maize and cowpea in southwestern Nigeria. Agroforestry Systems, 9:191-203.

GUTTERIDGE, R.C. (1990) Agronomic evaluation of tree and shrub species in southeast Queensland. Tropical Grasslands, 24:29-34.

HU, T.W., CHENG, W.E. and SHEN, T.A. (1983) Growth of the seedlings of four leguminous tree species in relation to soil pH in a pot test. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 1:24-25.

KAUDIA, A. (1990) Report of an insect pest on Calliandra calothyrsus (Meissn.) in Kenya. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 8:126.

LOWRY, J.B. and MACKLIN, W. (1988) Calliandra calothyrsus: an Indonesian favourite goes pantropical. NFT Highlights, 88-02. Waimanalo, Hawaii: Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association.

LENNE, J.M. (1992) Diseases of multipurpose woody legumes in the tropics: a review. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 10:13-29.

MABBERLEY, D.J. (1987) The Plant Book. New York: Cambridge University Press.

MACQUEEN, D.J. (1991) Exploration and collection of Calliandra calothyrsus as a foundation for future genetic improvement. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 9:96-98.

MACQUEEN, D.J. (1993) Calliandra Series Racemosae Taxonomic Information; OFI Seed Collections; Trial Design. Oxford: Oxford Forestry Institute.

McDOWELL, L.R., CONRAD, J.H., ELLIS, G.L. and LOOSLI, J.K. (1983) Minerals for Grazing Ruminants in Tropical Regions. Gainesville, USA: University of Florida/US Agency for International Development.

MAHYUDDIN, P., LITTLE, D.A. and LOWRY, J.B. (1988) Drying treatment drastically affects feed evaluation and feed quality with certain tropical forage species. Animal Feed Science and Technology, 22:69-78.

NAS (1979) Tropical Legumes: Resources for the Future. Washington, D.C., USA: National Academy Press.

NETERA, S.N., PALMER, B. and BRAY, R.A. (1992) Differential response to phosphorus and lime of two accessions of Calliandra calothyrsus on an acid soil. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 10:62-65.

NRC (1983) Calliandra: A Versatile Small Tree for the Humid Tropics. Washington, D.C., USA: National Academy Press.

PALMER, B., BRAY, R.A., TATANG IBRAHIM and FIJLLOON, M.G. (1989) Shrub legumes for acid soils. In: Management of Acid Soils in the Humid Tropics of Asia. CRASSWELL, E.T. and PUSHPARAJAH, E. (eds). Monograph No.13. Canberra, Australia: Australian Centre of International Agricultural Research (ACIAR).

PALMER, B. and SCHLINK, A.C. (1992) The effect of drying on the intake and rate of digestion of the shrub legume Calliandra calothyrsus. Tropical Grasslands, 26:89-93.

PANJAITAN, M. (1988) Nutritive value of tree legumes introduced in Indonesia. IARD Journal, 10:73-80.

PANJAITAN, M., JESSOP, R. and STUR, W.W. (1989) Evaluation of tree legume species at different agroclimatic zones of Indonesia. pp. 945-946. In: Proceedings, XVI International Grassland Congress, Nice, France, October 1989. Versailles, France: Association Français pour la Production Fourragére.

POTTINGER, A.J. (1992) Nitrogen fixing tree research networks co-ordinated by the Oxford Forestry Institute. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 10:7-12.

RAHARJO, Y.C. and CHEEKE, P.R. (1985) Palatability of tropical tree legume forage to rabbits. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 3:31-32.

ROMEO, J.T. and SWAIN, L.A. (1986) Persistence of non-protein seed amino acid S-(ß-carboxyethyl) cysteine in young leaves of Calliandra rubescens: ecological implications. Journal of Chemical Ecology, 12:2089-2096.

ROMEO, J.T., SWAIN, L.A. and BLEECKER, A.B. (1983) cis-4-hydroxypipecolic acid and 2,1-cis-4,5trans-4, 5-dihydroxypipecolic acid from Calliandra. Phytochemistry, 22:1615-1617.

ROSECRANCE, R.C., ROGERS, S. and TOFINGA, M. (1992) Effects of alley cropped Calliandra calothyrsus and Gliricidia septum on weed growth, soil properties, and taro yields in western Samoa. Agroforestry Systems, 19:57-66.

ROURKE, M.K. and SUARDIKA, I.P.P. (1990) Onfarm species trials to investigate several NFT species for use in terraced hedgerows. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 8:37-39.

SALAZAR, A. and PALM, C.A. (1987) Screening of leguminous trees for alley cropping on acid soils of the humid tropics. pp. 61-67. In: Gliricidia septum (Jacq.) Walp.: Management and Improvement. Proceedings, Workshop, CATIE, Turrialba, Costa Rica, June 1987. Special Pub. 87-01. Hawaii, USA: Nitrogen Fixing Tree Association.

SHELTON, H .M ., LOWRY, J. B., GUTTERIDGE, R.C., BRAY, R.A. and WILDIN J.H. (1991) Sustaining productive pastures in the tropics: 7. Tree and shrub legumes in improved pastures. Tropical Grasslands, 25:119-128.

TEKLE-HAIMANOT, A., WEERARATNA, C.W. and DOKU, E.V. (1991) Evaluation of three tree legume species in western Samoa. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 9:71-74.

TOMANENG, A.A. (1991) Production of Calliandra seedlings from young coppice cuttings. Nitrogen Fixing Tree Research Reports, 9:99.

UPHOF, J.C.Th. (1968) Dictionary of Economic Plants. 2nd edn. New York: Verlay von J. Cramer.

YAMOAH, C., GROSZ, R. and NIZEYIMANA, E. (1989) Early growth of alley shrubs in the Highland region of Rwanda. Agroforestry Systems, 9:171-184.

Other titles in the Use of Trees by Livestock series include:

I Prosopis

2 Acacia

3 Gliricidia

4 Anti-nutritive factors

5 Quercus

6 Cassia

7 Ficus