Cover Image
close this book Development in practice: Toward Gender Equality
View the document Foreword
View the document Acknowledgments
close this folder Definitions and Data Notes
View the document Definitions
View the document Data Notes
View the document Summary
View the document Progress to Date
View the document Why Do Gender Inequalities Persist?
View the document Strategies for the Future
View the document Conclusion
close this folder Chapter one
View the document Gender Inequalities Persist
View the document Education
View the document Health
View the document Employment Work
close this folder Chapter two
View the document Gender Inequalities Hamper Growth
View the document Household and Intrahousehold Resource Allocation
View the document Linkages between Education Health, and Nutritious
View the document Household and Labor Market Linkages
View the document Formal Sector Employment
View the document Informal Sector
View the document Access to Financial Markets
View the document Access to Lund and Property
View the document Access to Extension Services
View the document Conclusion
close this folder Chapter three
View the document Public Policies Matter
View the document Equalizing Opportunities by Modifying, the Legal Framework
View the document Land and Property Rights
View the document Labor Market Policies and Employment Law
View the document Family Law
View the document Women's bargaining position in relation to household
View the document Financial Laws and Regulations
View the document Macroeconomic: Policies
View the document Inflation tends to hit women harder than men.
View the document Sectoral Investments
View the document Using Targeting Measures to Narrow the Gender
View the document Involving Beneficiaries in Public Policy
View the document Generating and Analyzing Gender-Desegregated Data
View the document Working in Collaboration
View the document Strengthening International Policies to Meet New Challenges
View the document Conclusions
View the document Notes
View the document References

Summary

THREE messages echo throughout this document:

• The causes of gender inequality are complex, linked as they are to the intrahousehold decisionmaking process. However the decisions are made. the intrahousehold allocation of resources is influenced by market signals and institutional norms that do not capture the full benefits to society of investing in women. Low levels of education and training. poor health and nutritional status, and limited access to resources depress women's quality of life and hinder economic efficiency and growth.

• It is therefore essential that public policies work to compensate for market failures in the area of gender equality. These policies should equalize opportunities between women and men and redirect resources to those investments with the highest social returns. Of these investments. female education, particularly at the primary and lower-secondary level, is the most important, as it is the catalyst that increases the impact of other investments in health, nutrition, family planning, agriculture, industry, and infrastructure.

• Women themselves are agents for change because they play a key role in shaping the welfare of future generations. Public policies cannot be effective without the participation of the target group-in this case. women, who make up more than half the world's people. Their views need to be incorporated into policy formulation.