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close this book Reforestation in the Pacific Islands
close this folder 1. Introduction
View the document Objectives of This Manual
View the document What is Forestry?
View the document The Problem of Deforestation
View the document Causes of Deforestation
View the document Basic Uses of Forest Products

What is Forestry?

Forestry may be defined as the practice of managing forests and forest related resources for the purpose of achieving desired goals, such as conservation or production. Forests provide numerous benefits, particularly in conservation of natural resources and production of important commodities--food and fodder, fuel and timber. Forestry programs may have many different goals, including afforestation, fire protection, watershed management, erosion control, agroforestry, fuelwood production, and regeneration of species diversity or natural habitats for wildlife.

Forestry practices differ from place to place. They depend upon the natural resources, land use patterns, and policies and regulations that are in effect. One Pacific island country may have young, or maturing, forests that are the symbol of a recovery from past mismanagement or natural disasters. In another country, mature forests may be under severe pressure and never fully recover. On other islands, forestry projects may have reclaimed denuded slopes, turning them into viable food and wood-producing projects.