| Sustainable Energy News. - No. 15 November 1996 |
Following the INFORSE Central Asia Workshop, of May 29-31, a number of INFORSE organizations in India have been developing NGO projects promoting many sustainable energy solutions.
The projects will give a new thrust to implementation of sustainable energy solutions in India and in the other Central Asian countries, and will make maximal use of NGO experiences.
The core proposals represent 25 projects for promotion of renewable energy systems and energy conservation in rural areas by information, training, dissemination, and demonstration. Among the objectives of the proposals are to make selected villages self-sufficient in energy, to support village-level economic self-reliance by reducing nceds for external resources, and to improve the living conditions, especially for women. The strategy to achieve this is to use information and establishment of demonstration equipment to motivate as well as organise self-help groups and community-based organisations (CBOs) for collective action in promotion of renewable energy sources. The technologies that will be promoted are solar cookers, solar dryers, solar lanterns (Low-energy lamp with build-in rechargeable battery and small, external solar cell), solar water heaters, biogas plants, smokeless cook stoves, energy plantations (fast-growing fuel wood species), treadle pumps, and bullock driven agricultural equipment. Among the expected results of the projects are a 30-40% reduction of reliance on non-renewable energy sources by the families involved and a 50% reduction in the costs of intensive agriculture. The latter will be achieved by shifting dependency on external inputs to locally available renewable resources, including biogas slurry. The 25 proposals are being developed by 25 NGOs within the INSEDA (Integrated Sustainable Energy &Ecological Development Association).
A project has been proposed to disseminate information build awareness and provide training on a regional scale. It will include the members of INFORSE Central Asia and INSEDA. The courses will primarily prepare local trainers. In addition a regional project has been proposed to disseminate the Bandhu biogas plant (see Sustainable Energy News no. 14 regarding this new type of biogas plant).
All of the proposals have been forwarded to the UNESCO Secretariat for the World Solar Commission, which is developing the World Solar Programme (WSP). Proposals like these could improve the WSP considerably, as they are based more on needs and field experiences, and less on top down ideas, than the current 300+ proposals in the draft WSP of the World Solar Summit. Various other funding opportunities are being considered for the projects as well.
More Information: INSEDA, INFORSE Central Asia
By Pedro S. de Leon, Philippines
The 1996 - 2025 Philippine Energy Plan aims to attain the three-pronged goal of . availability of energy supply; affordable, reasonable energy prices; and, socially as well as environmentally benign energy infrastructures. To pursue the above goals, the Energy Plan includes the following policies: Enhance energy self-sufficiency through exploration, development, and exploitation of indigenous resources (including fossil fuels); diversify sources of both local and imported energy; . pursue large-scale utilization of new and renewable sources; provide reliable and efficient supplies of electricity and of petroleum products; promote conservation and efficient use of energy; . encourage greater private-sector investment and participation in all energy activities; promote the adoption of environment-friendly energy systems; integrate social and environmental concerns in the planning and implementation of energy programs and projects; and . develop an energy information system for planning and decision making processes.
Sustainable Energy in California
In a remarkable open and intense debate with public sessions, a Conference Committee of the California Legislature has developed and approved an electricity restructuring legislation. The new Bill is expected to support sustainable energy development without incurring extra costs for households as some restructuring programmes have done. The main points of the Bill are:
a nonby passable charge to fund energy efficiency, renewable energy development, and low-income services, as well as research, development and dissemination (RD&D) equal to about 2.7% of revenues or 0.3 US cent/kWh (see table below);
substantial rate reductions for residential consumers, who have the greatest difficulties buying cheap electricity on an open market; operation of the transmission grid of California by a nonprofit Independent System Operator, explicit assurances against cross-subsidization between different consumer classes; and
· simultaneous phased-in access to alternative power suppliers for all consumers, starting on January 1, 1998, with protection against abusive practices, and with direct consumer access to renewable-energy producers.
More information: Nemiah Stone, California Energy Commission, 1516 9th Street, Sacramento, California 95814, USA. Fax: +1-916-6544420, and http: //www.ca.gov/.