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close this book Development in practice - Rural energy and development
close this folder Chapter six - Cooking fuels: toward more sustainable supply and use
View the document Improving end-use efficiency with biomass stoves
View the document Improving charcoal efficiency
View the document Developing more sustainable ways to supply biomass
View the document Agro-forestry and farm forestry
View the document Participatory to forest management
View the document Improving access to kerosene and gas
View the document Subsidies versus price liberalization
View the document Distortionary effects of high taxes on cooking fuels

Participatory to forest management


Experience also suggests that effective management of existing forest resources depends on local people taking responsibility In such participatory programs, small farmers sell all the wood extracted from local woodlands; however; to obtain the revenue from the trees. the farmers must participate in a resource management program mutually agreed upon with the forestry department In such an environment. foresters are no longer enforcers of protective rules, but advisors to farmers on technical issues and on resource planting and management problems

Successful programs using this approach include the Niger Household Energy Project (see box 6 .3) Its initial results suggest that transferring responsibility for forest areas directly to rural communities and introducing taxes or user charges designed to ensure that the market value of fuelwood reflects its real economic costs should lead to more sustainable approaches to resource management Another such project is in the Nazinon region of Burkina Faso In operation since the late 1 980s, it enlists the participation of the rural population in supporting natural forest management and involves the creation of a forest fund from a sales tax on fuelwood that helps to recover costs (RPTES 1995)

To sum up, approaches to improving biofuel supplies have evolved considerably in recent decades. with the participation of farmers-and of rural communities mole generally - in policymaking and the recognition that biofuel supplies are part of the wider problem of resource custody in rural areas being central features of this evolution Many countries are now encouraging the practices discussed here through rural extension and education programs, seedling distribution. and agricultural and forestry research