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close this book Pig waste management and recycling: The Singapore experience
View the document Foreword
View the document Preface
View the document Acknowledgments
Open this folder and view contents 1. A summary of the Singapore experience
Open this folder and view contents 2. Pig production
Open this folder and view contents 3. Pig house ventilation in the tropics
Open this folder and view contents 4. Pig housing in the tropics
Open this folder and view contents 5. Environmental impact of pig wastes
Open this folder and view contents 6. Olfaction and malodours in pig farming areas
Open this folder and view contents 7. Algae biomass recovery and utilization
Open this folder and view contents 8. Recovery of fungal and: bacterial biomass
Open this folder and view contents 9. Design and construction of the ponggol pigwaste plant
Open this folder and view contents 10. Units of treatment and unit operations
View the document Acronyms and abbreviations
View the document Sources

Acronyms and abbreviations

AAL

aerated anaerobic lagoon

ADAB

Australian Development Assistance Bureau (Canberra, Australia)

ALW

animal live weight

AOC

annual operating costs

APU

animal production unit

ASEAN

Association of South East Asian Nations (Jakarta, Indonesia)

BDT

best demonstrated treatment

BOD

biochemical oxygen demand

BOD5

biochemical oxygen demand after 5 days

BV

biological value

CFU

colony-forming unit

CGS

Capital Grants Scheme

COD

chemical oxygen demand

CODR

reduction in chemical oxygen demand

CP

crude protein

DAF

dissolved air flotation

DC

digestibility coefficient

DFS

dissolved fixed solids

DO

dissolved oxygen

EIS

environmental impact assessment statement

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (Rome, Italy)

FP

fermented product

GBP

gross biomass productivity

GTZ

German Agency for Technical Cooperation (Eschborn, Germany)

HDT

hydraulic detention time

ICC

initial capital costs

IDRC

International Development Research Centre (Ottawa, Canada)

IFPL

Industrial Farm Pte Ltd (Singapore)

MARDI

Malaysian Agricultural Research and Development Institute (Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia)

MET

most economical treatment

MIG

malodour index gas

MPT

most practical treatment

MWT

modular waste treatment

NPU

net protein utilization

NR

nitrogen reduction

OLR

organic loading rate

PER

protein efficiency ratio

PFA

pig feedlot farming area

PH

person-hour

PMY

porkers marketed per year

PPC

Ponggol Pig Centre (Singapore)

PPD

Primary Production Department (Ministry of National Development, Republic of Singapore)

PPP

Ponggol Pigwaste Plant (Singapore)

PPRTI

Pig and Poultry Research and Training Institute (Singapore)

R&D

research and development

SCP

single-cell protein

SFR

solids flux rate

SFS

suspended fixed solids

SLS

settleable solids

SOS

sulfate sulfur

SPM

standing pig marketed

SPP

standing pig population

SRT

solids retention time

SSP

standing sow population

SST

solids stabilization treatment

STT

stabilized treatment technology

TAN

total ammonia nitrogen

TCDC

Technical Cooperation among Developing Countries

TDS

total dissolved solids (or nonfilterable solids)

TFS

total fixed solids (or inorganic solids)

TKK

total potassium

TKN

total Kjeldahl nitrogen

TKO

total potash

TLW

total live weight

TNA

total nitrates

TNN

total nitrate nitrogen

TPO

total phosphates

TPP

total phosphorus

TSS

total suspended solids (or filterable residue)

TTS

total solids

TVS

total volatile solids (or organic solids)

TWF

total waste flow

TWW

total wet weight

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme (New York, USA)

USD

United States dollar

VFA

volatile fatty acid

VSS

volatile suspended solids

WWS

wastewatershed