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close this book Energy research in developing countries
View the document Acknowledgments
View the document Introduction
Open this folder and view contents Volume 1: Patterns of energy use in developing countries
Open this folder and view contents Volume 2: Energy demand: analysis, management, and conservation
Open this folder and view contents Volume 3: Energy economics
Open this folder and view contents Volume 4: Electricity
Open this folder and view contents Volume 6: Oil and gas
Open this folder and view contents Volume 6: Alternative liquid fuels
Open this folder and view contents Volume 7: Nonconventional energy
Open this folder and view contents Volume 8: Bioenergy
Open this folder and view contents Volume 9: Human energy
Open this folder and view contents Volume 10: Energy planning: models, information systems, research, and development
Open this folder and view contents Volume 11: Energy in Africa
Open this folder and view contents Volume 12: energy in Asia
Open this folder and view contents Volume 13: energy in China
Open this folder and view contents Volume 14: energy in Latin America
View the document Acronyms and abbreviations
Open this folder and view contents Bibliography

Acronyms and abbreviations

AC

alternating current

ARI

accuse respiratory infections

BaP

benzo[a]pyrene

BHEL

Bharat Heavy Electricals Limited

BWR

boiling water reactor

CANDU

Canadian deuterium uranium

CFRI

Central Fuel Research Institute

CMRS

Central Mining Research Station

CNG

compressed natural gas

CRF

capital recovery factor

DC

direct current

EBT

energy balance table

EDA

energy demand analysis

EDM

energy demand management

EHV

extra-high voltage

KIM

energy-intensive material

EMF

Energy Modeling Forum

EOR

enhanced oil recovery

ERG

Energy Research Group

ESDM

energy supply and demand management

ESM

energy supply management

FAO

Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations

FBR

fast breeder reactor

FTE

freight transport energy

GDP

gross domestic product

GNP

gross national product

HVDC

high-voltage direct current

IBRD

International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank)

IIASA

International Institute of Applied Systems Analysis

IIP

Indian Institute of Petroleum

IMF

International Monetary Fund

INEP

integrated national energy planning

IO

input-output

IRR

internal rate of return

IRS

Institute of Reservoir Studies

LDC

less developed country

LNG

liquefied natural gas

LPG

liquefied petroleum gas

LRMC

long-run marginal cost

LWR

light water reactor

MEDEE

Modele d'evolution de la demande d'energie

MIGA

Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

MSEDM

Minimum Standard Energy Demand Model

MSY

maximum sustainable yield

MTBE

methyl tertiary butyl ether

NGO

nongovernmental organization

NPV

net present value

NSSS

nuclear steam supply system

OECD

Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development

OIDCs

oil-importing developing countries

OLADE

Organizacion Latinoamericano de Energia

OPEC

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries

PAH

polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon

PCF

plant capacity factors

PRC

People's Republic of China

PTE

passenger transport energy

PV

present discounted value

PVC

present value of total costs

PWR

pressurized water reactor

R&D

research and development

RAPAD

Research Association for Petroleum Alternatives Development

RES

reference energy system

RWS

rated wind speed

SCADA

system control and data acquisition

SCP

single-cell proteins

SIMA

Simulation of Macroeconomic Scenarios to Assess Energy Demand

SIPH

solar industrial process heat

SRMC

short-run marginal cost

TSP

total suspended particulates

UHV

ultra-high voltage

UNDP

United Nations Development Programme

UNIDO

United Nations Industrial Development Organization

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

WAES

Workshop on Alternative Energy Systems

WASP

Wein Automatic System Planning Package

WEC

World Energy Conference