| Gender issues in health projects and programmes |
Questions for assessing the gender sensitivity of health projects
Given below are questions developed for assessing the gender sensitivity of health programmes, which may prove useful for initiating the process of 'engendering' health programmes:
1. What are women's gender-specific health needs in the programme area ? What attempt has been made to gain a detailed knowledge of those needs ?
2. How far do girls receive differential treatment in the project area ? How does the project address these issues?
3. What are the existing constraints on women's time ? Does the project reduce women's workload? Does the project load all the responsibility for improved health on women rather than also involving men?
4. Has the project understood the informal local methods used by women (and men) to safeguard physical and mental well-being?
5. Is the project clear that women are not a homogenous group, but are divided along class, caste, religious, ethnic lines ? Is it clear that the project will benefit poorer, more marginalised women?
6. Can women in practice make productive use of health facilities, and services, taking into account their workload, daily, and seasonal peaks in activities, financial resources, and lack of mobility and decision-making power? How does the project address these constraints?
7. What kind of quality of care is provided by the health services?
8. Will the project increase women's involvement in decision making within their households and wider community?
9. Will it increase women's ability to act collectively, and organise within the community ?
10. Will it improve women's access to, and control over services and infra-structural facilities?
11. What impact will the project have on the relationships between women and men?
Source: Mosse, Julia Cleves, Gender and Health: Comments arising from NGO proposals and reports, Paper prepared for the JFS/NGO workshop on gender and development, July 1193.